Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

need ______ to make hormones. thyroid hormone gives us energy

iodine

hyperthyroid Graves disease: too much energy


s/s

nervous weight gain sweaty hot exophthalmos low attention span increased appetite irritable fast gi increased b/p heart problems bigger thyroid

amiodarone an antiarrythmic contains iodine may affect

thyroid fxn

d/c iodine containing drugs for ________ before thyroid scan

1 week

hyperthyroid tx

antithyroids iodine compounds in milk/juice straw beta blockers blocks surg of epi not for asthmatics diabetics radioactive iodine-destroys thyroid cells watch for thyroid storm

hyperthyroid sx

thyroidectomy give tapazole preop to stun thyroid post op no tension on incision no reaching hob elevated look for bleed behind neck hoarsness weak voice tx report pressure keep trache at bedside eye care important

hypothroidism myxedema at birth called creatinism watch for newborn


s/s

no energy fatigue slow gi increased wt cold slow slurred speech no expression

hypothyroid tx

take synthroid for life tend to have CAD get EKG

hyperparathyroid-hypercalcemia-hypophos Sedated


s/s

too much ca serum ca up serum phos down

hyperparathyroidism tx

partial parthyroidectomy out 2 PTH secretion down ca down look for hypocalcemia

hypoparathyroidism-hypocalcemia-hyperphos


not sedated


s/s

not enough PTH low ca high phos

hypoparathyroidism tx

iv ca phos binding drugs

cortisol is a hormone of the __________ _______

adrenal cortex

increased ACTH=increased

cortisol level

too many steroids=

hypercortisolism

aldosterone: retain _____ &_____


loose K

sodium and water

too much aldosterone

fluid vol excess and hypokalemia

not enough aldosterone

fluid vol deficit and hyperkalemia

addisonian crisis



severe hypotension and vascular collapse

cushings

too much steroids


steroids decrease serum ca by excreting it through gi tract

diabetes type 1

little or no insulin first sign dka appears abruptly


have to have insulin

diabetes type 1 s/s

polyuria -think shock first


polydipsia -thirst


polyphagia-hunger


treat with insulin

diabetes type2 s/s

overwt


metabolic syndrome-abd obesity increased triglycerides decreased hdl increased b/p CAD


treat with lifestyle chgs

diabetic pt illness=

DKA


in type 1 metabolic acidosis

ideal HbAc is

4-6% or less

HbAc of _____ is dx of diabetes

6.5-7%

________ insulin is only one given in iv fluids or infusion

regular

_______________ is only one given via subQ insulin infusion pump

rapid acting "log"

hypoglycemia is glucose level of _____ or less

70, give D50W unconcious give sugar and fatty foods give milk juice honey under tongue

type 1think ___________


type 2think___________

DKA


HHNK (no acidosis, no ketones, no kussmauls)