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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Covers body surfaces; lines body cavities, hollow organs, and ducts (tubes); and forms glands.
Epithelial tissue
Protects and supports body and its organs, binds organs together, stores energy reserves as fat, provides immunity.
Connective tissue
Generates physical force needed to make body structures move.
Muscular tissue
Detects changes inside, outside body, initiates and transmits nerve impulses (action potentials) that coordinate body activities to help maintain homeostasis
Nervous tissue
Points of contact between plasma membranes of cells. Tightly join epithelial and some muscle and nerve cells into functioning units.
Cell junctions
Name the epithelial tissue:
Lines the mouth and protects underlying tissues in areas subject to abrasion.
Stratified squamous tissue
(keratinized or non-keratinized)
Name the epithelial tissue:
Located in the alveoli (lung air sacs) and allow for the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Simple squamous
Name the epithelial tissue:
Forms kidney tubules and is involved in absorption and secretion.
Simple cuboidal
Name the epithelial tissue:
Lines nasal cavities and upper airways, and moves substances over the epithelial surface.
Ciliated simple columnar
Name the epithelial tissue:
Forms the mesothelium of the peritoneum and endothelial cells of the blood vessels.
Simple squamous
Name the epithelial tissue:
Lines the stomach and small intestines, functions in secretion and absorption.
Nonciliated simple columnar
Name the epithelial tissue:
Lines the bladder and ureters.
Simple transitional
Microvilli increase the surface area of this epithelial tissue
Nonciliated simple columnar
Simple squamous epithelium that lines heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels
Simple squamous epithelium that forms epithelial layer of serous membranes such as peritoneum, pleura, or pericardium
Contains elastic fibers and found in the lungs.
Elastic connective tissue
Packed with parallel bundles of collagen fibers and found in tendons.
Dense regular connective tissue
Has firm gelatinous ground substance containing collagen fibers, and is found in the tracheal wall to prevent trachea from collapsing.
Hyaline cartilage
Found under covering and lining epithelial tissue, and contains some fibers and ground substance that helps the flow of nutrients to epithelial tissues.
Areolar connective tissue
Contains many elastic fibers, found in the ear, epiglottis, and auditory tube (Eustachian tube).
Elastic cartilage
Hard extracellular matrix, contains osteons, and is involved in protection and support.
Bone (Compact bone tissue)
Forms a framework in the spleen, bone marrow, and lymph nodes, and contains fine branching fibers.
Reticular connective tissue
Many bundles of collagen fibers running in different directions, and gives strength to skin and layers of muscle tissue.
Dense irregular connective tissue
Fluid extracellular matrix contains cells that transport oxygen to cells.
Contains a large number of fat-storing cells.
Adipose tissue
Firm gelatinous ground substance, a lot of collagen fibers, found in intervertebral discs and the pubic symphysis.
Osteoblasts produce extracellular matrix (2 types).
Spongy bone tissue, compact bone tissue
Chondrocytes produce extracellular matrix (3 types).
Hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, and elastic cartilage
Hard extracellular matrix forms trabeculae.
Spongy bone tissue