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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the parts of the pelvic girdle? (6)
Sacrum
Ilium
Femur
Pubis
Ischium
Pubic Symphysis
What is the other name for a pelvic brim?
Pelvic inlet
Where is the greater pelvis located?
Superior to the pelvic brim
Where is the lesser pelvis located?
inbetween the pelvic inlet and the pelvic outlet
The general structure of the pelvis is thick and heavy (Male or Female)?
Male
The general structure of the pelvis is thin and light (Male or Female)?
Female
The greater pelvis is deep (Male or Female)?
Male
The greater pelvis is shallow (Male or Female)?
Female
The lesser pelvis is narrow and deep, tapering (Male or Female)?
Male
the lesser pelvis is wide and shallow, cylindrical (Male or Female)?
Female
The pelvic inlet is heart-shaped and narrow (Male or Female)?
Male
The pelvic inlet is oval and rounded, wide (Male or Female)?
Female
The pelvic outlet is comparatively small (Male or Female)?
Male
The pelvic outlet is comparatively large (Male or Female)?
Female
The pubic arch & subpubic angle is narrow (<70)
Male
The pubic arch & subpubic angle is wide (>80)
Female
What is the pelvic floor?
A muscular sheet that covers the pelvic outlet
What are the 3 midline orifices?
urethral
vaginal
anal
What is the function of the pelvic floor? (2)
Supports pelvic viscera
Resist increase in intra-abdominal pressure
The pelvic organs are covered by p.......
peritoneum
The peritoneum forms pouches what is the male pouch called?
Vesico-rectal pouch
What are the female pouches called? (2)
Vesico-uterine
Utero-recto
Which pouch is a common site for accumulation of free-fluid or pus through the transvaginal approach?
utero-rectal pouch
What is the external genitalia called?
Vulva
What is the function of the vulva?
Sensory and erectile tissue
Direct flow of urine
Prevent entry of foreign material
What is the function of the vagina?
Receives the penis and ejaculate
Part of birth canal
Canal for menstrual fluid
What are the 3 parts of the uterus called?
Fundus
Body
Cervix
What are the 3 layers of the uterus?
Perimetrium
Myometrium
Endometrium
How many openings does the uterus have?
3
What are the 3 paired ligaments?
Round
Ovarian
Suspensory
What is the normal uterine disposition?
anteverted-anteflexed
What are the 3 orientation axes for the uterine disposition?
Vagina
Cervix
Uterus
What are the 3 variation of the uterine disposition?
Excessive anteflexion
Retroverted retroflexion
Retroverted anteflexed
What is included in the round ligament
Uterus to labia majorum
What is the broad ligament?
Double layer of peritoneum draped over uterus and uterine tube
What is included in the ovarian ligament?
ovary to uterus
What is included in the suspensory ligament?
Ovary to lateral pelvic wall, contains ovarian vessels
Weakening of pelvic floor muscles or damage during childbirth can lead to.....
prolapse there are 3 degree of prolapse
What are uterine fibroids?
non-cancerous uterine growth
What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?
Menorrhagia
pain
Bladder and bowel problems
What are the treatments for uterine fibroids?
Myomectomy
Uterine artery embolism
Hysterectomy
Testes enclosed in scrotal sac are attached to body wall by....
spermatic cord
What are the 4 things that are included in the spermatic cord?
Ductus deferens
Blood vessels
Nerves
Enclosed in muscular sheath
What is inguinal hernia
gonad descent in males
What are the 2 types of inguinal hernia?
1. Superficial inguinal ring
2. Deep inguinal ring
Where is the sperm produced?
Testes/ ductus deferens
What is the percentage of sperm produced?
2 - 5%
Where is the semen produced?
In the seminal vesicles
what is the percentage of semen produced?
65 - 75%
what is produced by the prostate?
prostatic fluid
What is the percentage of prostatic fluid?
25 - 30%
What are the 4 parts of the urethra?
1. Pre-prostatic
2. Prostatic
3. Membranuous
4. Spongy or penile
How many erectile bodies does the male have?
3
What are the 2 types of erectile body?
Corpus cavernosa
Corpus spongiosum
The erectile bodies are attached to the....
urogenital triangle
The penile urethra runs through which type of erectile body?
corpus spongiosum
What is the function of penis and erectile body
Forms part of the reproductive and urinary system
Transmit both semen and urine