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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Color: Yellow
Name / (Additive): SPS- Sodium Polyanethol
Outcome?: Sterile sample
Tests: Blood cultures
Department: Microbiology
1st tube
Color: Light blue
Name / (Additive): (Sodium Citrate - Heparin)
Outcome?: plasma
Tests: PT, PTT & INR
Department: Coagulation
2nd tube
Color: Royal Blue
Name / (Additive): Trace element free
Tests: for things like lead testing
Department: Chem lab
3rd tube
Color: Red
Name / (Additive): SST (Serum separator tube)
Outcome?: Serum
Tests: liver function, glucose, SST Dilantin, cholesterol & BMT
Department: Chem lab
4th tube
Color: light green
Name / (Additive): PST (Plasma separator tube) / Lithium heparin and gel seperator
Outcome?: Plasma
Tests: hepatic function tests, electrolytes and therapeutic drug monitoring & toxicology
Department: Chem lab
5th tube
Color: Green
Name / (Additive): Heparin (lithium or sodium)
Outcome?: Plasma
Tests: hepatic function tests, electrolytes and therapeutic drug monitoring & toxicology
Department: Chem lab
6th tube
Color: Lavender or pink
Name / (Additive): EDTA
Outcome?: whole blood
Tests: CBC
Department: Hematology and bloodbank
7th tube
Color: Gray
Name / (Additive): glycolytic inhibition (Oxalate / fluoride)
Outcome?: plasma or serum, depends on which additive is used
Tests: Glucose Levels, Blood Alcohol Levels
Department: Chem lab
8th tube
Color: Yellow ACD
Name / (Additive): ACD (acid citrate dextrose)
Department: bloodbank and immunohematology
9th tube
The tubes sent to the chem lab?
(Answers are listed in order of draw)
Royal blue, SST, lt green, green & gray
Gel used for separation?
Thixotropic
Additives are for?
Clotting (whole blood and plasma)
Non-additive tubes are for?
Serum
Used as part of OSHA's bloodborn pathogen standards?
Gloves
Used to prevent sepsis?
Antiseptics
What do we use for antiseptic?
70% isopropyl alcohol (isopropanol)
Used to remove/kill microorganisms using a 1:100 ratio?
Disinfectants
CDC says these are an approved alternative to hand washing...?
Alcohol based hand sanitizers
What is not approved to to apply pressure because of sticking to the wound?
Cotton balls
Where are needles and lancets put after use?
A sharps container
What is used to cut off blood flow in the veins where venipuncture will take place?
A tourniquet
What are the 3 types of needles used in veinipuncture?
Multisample (ETS), hypodermic (syringe) & winged infusion (butterfly) needles
4 parts to a needle?
Lumen, Bevel, shaft & hub
The internal space of a needle is called?
The lumen
The slant to a needle point?
Bevel
The tube portion to a needle?
Shaft
The part of a needle that connects to the blood collection device?
Hub
The number that relates to the lumen of a needle?
Gauge
The way gauge is determined..
Lager the gauge #, the smaller the lumen
The evacuated tube system it what type of system?
A closed system
What is used in an evacuated tube to draw the blood?
A vacuum
Which has more drawing power, a large or small tube?
A large one, there is more vacuum space
2 types of tubes?
Additive and non-additive tubes
How are tube and functions differentiated?
Color coding
In this geographical area, they are rarely used for patients with small or difficult veins?
A syringe
What is used to remove blood from a syringe?
An ETS syringe transfer device
In this geographical area, what is most used for difficult or small veins?
Butterfly needles
Order of draw, using the grouping of types of tests:
1: Sterile tubes (blood cultures): Yellow SPS, Aerobic & Anerobic
2: Coagulation tube: Lt blue
3: Serum tubes: Red & SST's
4&5: Plasma tubes: Lt green, Green, lavender & pink
- 4: Heparin tubes: Lt green & Green
- 5: EDTA tubes: lavender & pink
6: Glycolytic inhibitor tube: Gray
A) Which department deals with the "garbage" in the blood?

B) What is the most common tube used for these tests?
A) Chemistry

B) SST