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85 Cards in this Set

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biopsychosocial
a perspective on drug abuse treatment that recognizes biological, psychological, and social factors, underlying drug taking behavior and encourages an integrated approach, based on three factors, in designing an individuals treatment program.
dare
drug abuse resistance education
resilience
the inclination to resist the effect of risk factors through the action of protective factors.
5 stages
precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance
prevention program

public programs designed to curb drug problems.

primary prevention

a type of intervention in which the goal is to forestall the onset of drug use by an individual who has had little or no previous exposure to drugs.

secondary prevention

a type of intervention in which the goal is to reduce the extent of a drug use in individuals who have already been exposed to drugs.

tertiary

a type of intervention in which the goal is to prevent relapse in an individual following recovery in a drug treatment program.
prescription drugs
medicinal drugs available to the public only when approved by a medical professional and dispensed by a licensed.

asprin

acetylsalicylic acid ASA
acetemetaphin

Tylenol

ibuprofen

advil, motrin, and nuprin

naproxen

used to be prescription, now OTC, brand name aleve.
SSRI

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, a group of antidepressants that slowdown reuptake of serotonin at synapses in the brain. ex: Prozac, celexa, Lexapro, paxil, and Zoloft.

NSAID

non steroidal anti inflammatory drug. a group of OTC analgesics or prescription analgesics that are unlike cortisone, but still reduce pain and swelling.

ergogenic

performance enhancing

Anabolic androgenic

drugs that promote masculinizing changes in the body and increase muscle development

steroid hazards
gynecomastia, priapism, hormone imbalences, roid rage, premature balding

Enzyme immunoassay (EIA)

one of the two major drug testing techniques for detecting banned substances and drugs.

gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry

a drug testing technique based on the combination of gas chromatography and mass spectrometry
androstenedione

a dietary supplement, acting as a metabolic precursor to testosterone and used as an ergogenic agent.
top 3 prescription drugs


1. depression


2. acid reflux


3.cholestoral



sedative hypnotics

a category of depressant drugs that provide a sense of calm and sleep.
barbiturates


a drug within a family of depressants derived from a barbituric acid and used as a sedative-hypnotic and antiepileptic medication



benzodiazepines
a family of antianxiety drugs. ex: valium, librum, and halcion
nitrous oxide
an analgesic gas commonly used in modern dentistry
valium

antianxiety drug, diazepam

GABA

gamma-hydroxybutryric acid, chief inhibitory transmitter
hypoxia

a deficiency in oxygen uptake
toluene


a compound in glues, cements and other adhesive products. inhalation of these products results in behavioral and neurological impairment.




androgenic

acting to promote masculinizing changes in the body.
anabolic

acting to promote protein growth and muscle development
anabolic steriods

drugs patterned after the testosterone molecule that promote masculine changes in the body and increase muscle development the full name is anabolic androgenic steroids.
adrenocortical steroids

a group of hormones secreted by the adrenal glands. their anti-inflammatory action makes them useful for treating arthritis and muscle injuries
gynecomastia

an enlargement of the breasts

priapism

a condition marked by persistent and frequently painful errections

muscle dysmorphia

the perception of ones own body as small and weak and of ones musculature as inadequately developed, despite evidence to the contrary. also known as megorexia. the condition of a form of body dysmorphic disorder.

human growth hormone

a naturally occurring hormone promoting growth, particularly in the long bones of the body.

acromegaly

a condition resulting in structural abnormalities of the head, hands, and feet, as well as damage to the internal organs

creatine

a dietary supplement available for ergogenic uses
Enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT)

a commercial testing kit for screening for major controlled substances, based on enzyme immunoassay analysis
antianxiety drugs

medications that make the user feel more peaceful or tranquil, also called tranquilzers.

inhalants

chemicals that produce breathable vapors. they produce euphoriant and depressant effects when sniffed or inhaled.
phenobarbital

a long-acting barbiturate drug, usually marketed in generic form.
amobarbital


an intermediate-acting barbiturate drug. brand name amytal.




pentobarbital

a short acting barbiturate drug, brand name is nembutal

secobarbital


a short acting barbiturate drug. brand name is seconal.




REM sleep rebound

a phenomenon associated with the withdrawal of barbiturate drugs in which the quality of rapid eye movement sleep increases, resulting in disturbed sleep and nightmares.
chloral hydrates

a depressant drug once used for the treatment of insomnia. it is highly reactive with alcohol and can severely irritate the stomach.
methaqualone

a nonbarbituate depressant drug once used as a sedative. brand name Quaalude.

meprobamate

a nonbarbiturate antianxiety drug and sedative. miltown

chlordiazepoxide

a major bennie drug for the treatment of anxiety. brand name librium

diazepam
valium

zolpidem

a nonbennie sedative hypnotic drug for treatment of insomnia, brand name ambien 1993
eszopiclone
a nonbennie sedative hypnotic drug for treatment of insomnia, brand name lunesta 2005
buspirone

a nonbennie antianxiety drug. brand name BuSpar. 1986

beta blockers

medicinal drugs that are traditionally used to treat cardiac and blood pressure disorders. they are also prescribed for individuals who suffer from stage fright or anxiety regarding a specific event.
whippets

small canisters containing pressurized nitrous oxide.

ether

an anesthic drug first introduced to surgical practice by William T. Morton in the 1840's. it is highly flammable.

acetone

a chemical found in nail polish removers and other products

benzene

a carcinogenic compound found in many solvent products, representing a serious health risk when inhaled.
hexane

a dangerous compound present in many glues and adhesive products. inhalation of these products has been associated with muscle weakness and atrophy.

triorthocresyl phosphate

a gasoline additive. inhalant of TCP containing gasoline has been linked to spastic muscle disorders and liver problems.

oil of mustard

an additive in Testor brand hobby kit glues that produces nasal irritation when inhaled, thus reducing the potential for inhalant abuse.
OTC drugs

Medicinal drugs available to the public without the requirement of a prescription. they are often referred to as nonprescription drugs.
dietary supplements

products distributed with the intention of supplementing the diet, that contain a vitamin, mineral, amino acid, herb, or other botanical product, enzyme, organ tissue, metabolites or any combination of these substances.
phases of approving prescription drugs

stage 1: healthy volunteers


stage 2: small population of patients w/ med condition


stage 3:large population of patients.


stage 4:availble to public but monitored





patent

the exclusive right of a drug company to market a particular drug. the duration of a patent is 20 years.

bioequivalence

a characteristic of two drugs in which all pharmacological and physiological effects are identical.

salicylic acid

a drug developed in the 1900 century to treat mild pain, extremely irritating to the stomach

anti-inflammatory

having an effect that reduces inflammation and soreness.
antipyretic

having an effect that reduces inflammation or soreness
prostaglandins

hormone-like substances that are blocked by many OTC analgesic drugs.
reyes syndrome

a rare but very dangerous childhood disorder that has been associated with the administration of ASA type analgesic drugs for the treatment of viral infections.
diphenhydramine

one of to FDA approved active ingredients in OTC sleep aid products, such as nytol and sleepinal
doxylamine succinate

one of two FDA approved active ingredients, such as nytrol and sleepinal
doxyalmine succinate

one of two FDA approved active ingrediants in OTC sleepaid products, such as unisom.

psychiatric drugs

medications used to treat forms of mental illness

psychotropic medication

an alternative term for psychiatric drugs

biomedical model

the theoretical position that mental disorders are caused by abnormal biochemical processes in the brain.
antipsychotic drugs

medication used to treat symptoms of schizophrenia.

schizophrenia


a major mental illness, characterized by being "cut-off" from reality. symptoms include hallucinations and delusional thinking.




delusions
ideas that have no foundation in reality

catatonia

a symptom displayed by some schizophrenic patients, characterized by a rigid, prolonged body posture.
typical antipsychotic drugs

a majority of available antipsychotic all of which are associated with Parkinson like effects.