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158 Cards in this Set

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Death of a Salesman
Arthur Miller
Willy Loman
salesman; definition of success- well liked and impressive; difference between liked and well-liked; influences him- his father- inventor, flute player, Ben- does not know Ben very well, and Dave Singleman; Willy is happy with physical work- maybe he has followed the wrong dream; maybe he has created his own religion for himself
he was in jail- he stole a suit- wanted to get out of a job; sells his way out of every job- he hates his jobs; lost something somewhere in his life- trying to fill some space- possibly his father; one of the few Enlightened- Charley too!
the most irrational of all;Willy’s thirty-two-year-old younger son. Happy has lived in Biff’s shadow all of his life, but he compensates by nurturing his relentless sex drive and professional ambition. Happy represents Willy’s sense of self-importance, ambition, and blind servitude to societal expectations. Although he works as an assistant to an assistant buyer in a department store, Happy presents himself as supremely important. Additionally, he practices bad business ethics and sleeps with the girlfriends of his superiors.
she never really understand what is going on- her husband has the wrong job; Willy’s loyal, loving wife. Linda suffers through Willy’s grandiose dreams and self-delusions. Occasionally, she seems to be taken in by Willy’s self-deluded hopes for future glory and success, but at other times, she seems far more realistic and less fragile than her husband. She has nurtured the family through all of Willy’s misguided attempts at success, and her emotional strength and perseverance support Willy until his collapse.
Willy’s next-door neighbor. Charley owns a successful business and his son, Bernard, is a wealthy, important lawyer. Willy is jealous of Charley’s success. Charley gives Willy money to pay his bills, and Willy reveals at one point, choking back tears, that Charley is his only friend.
Bernard is Charley’s son and an important, successful lawyer. Although Willy used to mock Bernard for studying hard, Bernard always loved Willy’s sons dearly and regarded Biff as a hero. Bernard’s success is difficult for Willy to accept because his own sons’ lives do not measure up.
Willy’s wealthy older brother. Ben has recently died and appears only in Willy’s “daydreams.” Willy regards Ben as a symbol of the success that he so desperately craves for himself and his sons.
The woman
Willy’s mistress when Happy and Biff were in high school. The Woman’s attention and admiration boost Willy’s fragile ego. When Biff catches Willy in his hotel room with The Woman, he loses faith in his father, and his dream of passing math and going to college dies.
Howard Wagner
Willy’s boss. Howard inherited the company from his father, whom Willy regarded as “a masterful man” and “a prince.” Though much younger than Willy, Howard treats Willy with condescension and eventually fires him, despite Willy’s wounded assertions that he named Howard at his birth.
A waiter at Frank’s Chop House. Stanley and Happy seem to be friends, or at least acquaintances, and they banter about and ogle Miss Forsythe together before Biff and Willy arrive at the restaurant.
Miss Forsythe and Letta
Two young women whom Happy and Biff meet at Frank’s Chop House. It seems likely that Miss Forsythe and Letta are prostitutes, judging from Happy’s repeated comments about their moral character and the fact that they are “on call.”
Charley’s secretary.
American Dream in Death of a Salesman
man vs. industry or technology; families working to make something of themselves and they are being held back by something
 Images of modern world- technology- car, fridge, Howard with his tape recorder; making us work harder than ever before
 By now Willy should have been more successful and life should be easier but its becoming more difficult
Ben represents someone who can go into the jungle and come out w/ something
 Survival of the fittest
"the woods are burning"
their time to start being successful; no time left
 Nature is important to him: upset by the land around him is now apartments; talks about planting his garden; driving in the Chevy w/ the top down
 Problem w/ the sky: you can’t see it anymore
 Willy is all of us; man is removed from natural world w/ artificial ideals
Garden: Death of a Salesman
wants to plant a garden in the middle of the night
 when he realized he had never accomplished anything
Who said "Pop, I'm a dime a dozen and so are you."
Who said "He had the wrong dreams, all all wrong."
Who said "My own apartment and plenty of women."
What was Biff doing in the West before the play begins?
Working on a farm
What did Biff steal from Bill Oliver’s store when he was a boy?
A crate of basketballs
What did Biff steal from Bill Oliver’s store when he was an adult?
a fountain pen
What product does Willy sell?
Miller doesn't specify
For what region is Willy responsible in his sales?
New England
How old is Happy?
What did Willy's father sell?
Where did Willy's father go after he abandoned his family?
Where did Ben end up when he went looking for his father?
Where does Biff find Willy and the Woman?
How old was Dave Singleman when he died?
What is the name of the restaurant where Happy and Biff take Willy?
Frank's Chop House
How much money does Charley usually give Willy each week?
What subject did Biff fail in high school?
Where does Happy work?
in a store
What was Biff's position at Bill Oliver's store when he was a boy?
shipping clerk
On what day of the week does Willy die?
On the sales trip that immediately preceds the beginning of the playn which city did Willy reach before turning back?
How long has Willy worked for his sales firm?
Between 34 and 36 years
What does Howard show Willy in his office?
His wire recorder
What is Bernard's adult occupation?
What does Biff allow Bernard to carry to the Ebbets Field Game?
His shoulder pads
What does Happy order from Stanley at the restaurant?
To what kind of store does Willy ask Stanley to direct him?
A seed store
Stanley Kowalski
like Blanche describes him “animal like”; smarter than he appears; has a battle w/ Blanche for Stella;The husband of Stella. Stanley is the epitome of vital force. He is loyal to his friends, passionate to his wife, and heartlessly cruel to Blanche. With his Polish ancestry, he represents the new, heterogeneous America. He sees himself as a social leveler, and wishes to destroy Blanche’s social pretensions. Around thirty years of age, Stanley, who fought in World War II, now works as an auto-parts salesman. Practicality is his forte, and he has no patience for Blanche’s distortions of the truth. He lacks ideals and imagination. By the play’s end, he is a disturbing degenerate: he beats his wife and rapes his sister-in-law. Horrifyingly, he shows no remorse. Yet, Blanche is an outcast from society, while Stanley is the proud family man.
Stella Kowalski
Stanley’s wife; pregnant; passionately in love with Stanley; has a naive view of love (seductive bad boys); Blanche’s younger sister, about twenty-five years old and of a mild disposition that visibly sets her apart from her more vulgar neighbors. Stella possesses the same timeworn aristocratic heritage as Blanche, but she jumped the sinking ship in her late teens and left Mississippi for New Orleans. There, Stella married lower-class Stanley, with whom she shares a robust sexual relationship. Stella’s union with Stanley is both animal and spiritual, violent but renewing. After Blanche’s arrival, Stella is torn between her sister and her husband. Eventually, she stands by Stanley, perhaps in part because she gives birth to his child near the play’s end. While she loves and pities Blanche, she cannot bring herself to believe Blanche’s accusations that Stanley dislikes Blanche, and she eventually dismisses Blanche’s claim that Stanley raped her. Stella’s denial of reality at the play’s end shows that she has more in common with her sister than she thinks.
Blanche DuBois
a high school English teacher; Stella’s younger sister but takes care of Stella; described as a moth (like her behavior); doesn’t like the bright light b/c it tends to make her look older; Stella’s older sister, who was a high school English teacher in Laurel, Mississippi, until she was forced to leave her post. Blanche is a loquacious and fragile woman around the age of thirty. After losing Belle Reve, the DuBois family home, Blanche arrives in New Orleans at the Kowalski apartment and eventually reveals that she is completely destitute. Though she has strong sexual urges and has had many lovers, she puts on the airs of a woman who has never known indignity. She avoids reality, preferring to live in her own imagination. As the play progresses, Blanche’s instability grows along with her misfortune. Stanley sees through Blanche and finds out the details of her past, destroying her relationship with his friend Mitch. Stanley also destroys what’s left of Blanche by raping her and then having her committed to an insane asylum.
Harold "Mitch" Mitchell
Stanley’s army friend, coworker, and poker buddy, who courts Blanche until he finds out that she lied to him about her sordid past. Mitch, like Stanley, is around thirty years of age. Though he is clumsy, sweaty, and has unrefined interests like muscle building, Mitch is more sensitive and more gentlemanly than Stanley and his other friends, perhaps because he lives with his mother, who is slowly dying. Blanche and Mitch are an unlikely match: Mitch doesn’t fit the bill of the chivalric hero, the man Blanche dreams will come to rescue her. Nevertheless, they bond over their lost loves, and when the doctor takes Blanche away against her will, Mitch is the only person present besides Stella who despairs over the tragedy.
Stella’s friend, upstairs neighbor, and landlady. Eunice and her husband, Steve, represent the low-class, carnal life that Stella has chosen for herself. Like Stella, Eunice accepts her husband’s affections despite his physical abuse of her. At the end of the play, when Stella hesitates to stay with Stanley at Blanche’s expense, Eunice forbids Stella to question her decision and tells her she has no choice but to disbelieve Blanche.
Allan Grey
The young man with poetic aspirations whom Blanche fell in love with and married as a teenager. One afternoon, she discovered Allan in bed with an older male friend. That evening at a ball, after she announced her disgust at his homosexuality, he ran outside and shot himself in the head. Allan’s death, which marked the end of Blanche’s sexual innocence, has haunted her ever since. Long dead by the time of the play’s action, Allan never appears onstage.
A Young Collector
A teenager who comes to the Kowalskis’ door to collect for the newspaper when Blanche is home alone. The boy leaves bewildered after Blanche hits on him and gives him a passionate farewell kiss. He embodies Blanche’s obsession with youth and presumably reminds her of her teenage love, the young poet Allan Grey, whom she married and lost to suicide. Blanche’s flirtation with the newspaper collector also displays her unhealthy sexual preoccupation with teenage boys, which we learn of later in the play.
Shep Huntleigh
A former suitor of Blanche’s whom she met again a year before her arrival in New Orleans while vacationing in Miami. Despite the fact that Shep is married, Blanche hopes he will provide the financial support for her and Stella to escape from Stanley. As Blanche’s mental stability deteriorates, her fantasy that Shep is coming to sweep her away becomes more and more real to her. Shep never appears onstage.
Stanley’s poker buddy who lives upstairs with his wife, Eunice. Like Stanley, Steve is a brutish, hot-blooded, physically fit male and an abusive husband.
Stanley’s poker buddy. Like Stanley and Steve, Steve is physically fit and brutish. Pablo is Hispanic, and his friendship with Steve, Stanley, and Mitch emphasizes the culturally diverse nature of their neighborhood.
A Negro Woman
In Scene One, the Negro woman is sitting on the steps talking to Eunice when Blanche arrives, and she finds Stanley’s openly sexual gestures toward Stella hilarious. Later, in Scene Ten, we see her scurrying across the stage in the night as she rifles through a prostitute’s lost handbag.
A Doctor (Streetcar)
At the play’s finale, the doctor arrives to whisk Blanche off to an asylum. He and the nurse initially seem to be heartless institutional caretakers, but, in the end, the doctor appears more kindly as he takes off his jacket and leads Blanche away. This image of the doctor ironically conforms to Blanche’s notions of the chivalric Southern gentleman who will offer her salvation.
A Mexican woman
A vendor of Mexican funeral decorations who frightens Blanche by issuing the plaintive call “Flores para los muertos,” which means “Flowers for the dead.”
A supply man who is Stanley’s coworker and his source for stories of Blanche’s disreputable past in Laurel, Mississippi. Shaw travels regularly through Laurel.
Impressionism in Streetcar Named Desire
visual: the piano playing always describes the mood; Blanche’s clothes: furs, jewelry, luxurious
"this crazy streetcar named Desire"
“haven’t you ever wanted what I have or been in my position”; how Blanche gets there… she came down on the streetcar
What is Tennessee William's real name?
Thomas Linear Williams- he was from a poor family and his father left them when he was young; sister was mentally unstable and mother was controlling; in his spare time he wrote poetry
Who wrote A Streetcar Named Desire?
Tennessee Williams
Symbol of Light in Streetcar
Throughout the play, Blanche avoids appearing in direct, bright light, especially in front of her suitor, Mitch. She also refuses to reveal her age, and it is clear that she avoids light in order to prevent him from seeing the reality of her fading beauty. In general, light also symbolizes the reality of Blanche’s past. She is haunted by the ghosts of what she has lost—her first love, her purpose in life, her dignity, and the genteel society (real or imagined) of her ancestors.Bright light, therefore, represents Blanche’s youthful sexual innocence, while poor light represents her sexual maturity and disillusionment.
Bathing in Streetcar
Her sexual experiences have made her a hysterical woman, but these baths, as she says, calm her nerves. In light of her efforts to forget and shed her illicit past in the new community of New Orleans, these baths represent her efforts to cleanse herself of her odious history. Yet, just as she cannot erase the past, her bathing is never done. Stanley also turns to water to undo a misdeed when he showers after beating Stella. The shower serves to soothe his violent temper; afterward, he leaves the bathroom feeling remorseful and calls out longingly for his wife.
Drunkenness in Streetcar
Both Stanley and Blanche drink excessively at various points during the play. Stanley’s drinking is social: he drinks with his friends at the bar, during their poker games, and to celebrate the birth of his child. Blanche’s drinking, on the other hand, is anti-social, and she tries to keep it a secret. She drinks on the sly in order to withdraw from harsh reality. A state of drunken stupor enables her to take a flight of imagination, such as concocting a getaway with Shep Huntleigh. For both characters, drinking leads to destructive behavior: Stanley commits domestic violence, and Blanche deludes herself. Yet Stanley is able to rebound from his drunken escapades, whereas alcohol augments Blanche’s gradual departure from sanity.
The Varsouviana Polka
The polka music plays at various points in A Streetcar Named Desire, when Blanche is feeling remorse for Allen’s death. The first time we hear it is in Scene One, when Stanley meets Blanche and asks her about her husband. Its second appearance occurs when Blanche tells Mitch the story of Allen Grey. From this point on, the polka plays increasingly often, and it always drives Blanche to distraction. She tells Mitch that it ends only after she hears the sound of a gunshot in her head.
The polka and the moment it evokes represent Blanche’s loss of innocence. The suicide of the young husband Blanche loved dearly was the event that triggered her mental decline. Since then, Blanche hears the Varsouviana whenever she panics and loses her grip on reality.
“It’s Only a Paper Moon”
The song’s lyrics describe the way love turns the world into a “phony” fantasy. The speaker in the song says that if both lovers believe in their imagined reality, then it’s no longer “make-believe.” These lyrics sum up Blanche’s approach to life. She believes that her fibbing is only her means of enjoying a better way of life and is therefore essentially harmless.
What subject did Blanche teach at Laurel High School?
What does Blanche give the Young Collector?
A kiss
Why is Blanche grateful to the doctor in the final scene?
He is a kind stranger
Why did Blanche leave her job as a schoolteacher in Laurel?
She had an affair with a young male student.
Who wrote A Lost Lady?
Willa Cather
Mrs. Forrester
confident, charming, genuine, gracious, unique, mysterious, admirable, adventurous, and outspoken
The Parlor
certain people are not allowed in the house and others are but not in the parlor
represents masculinity; Ivy Peters cuts the woodpecker's eyes, Captain Forrester cuts the turkey, Mrs. Forrester and Frank go to cut trees for Xmas, Neil cuts flowers, Captain doesn't want Mrs. to shave him, Ivy announces he will cut the wheat
Jewelry in Lost Lady
Mrs. Forrester takes jewelry on and off; rings hurt when she goes out with Ellinger, takes off her rings when aiding Neil
Why is it called A Lost Lady?
Neil, the boys, and the reader lose Mrs. Forrester. Neil places her on a pedastal, but she has lost herself.
Social Societies in Lost Lady
based on money and race; 2 German boys would not enter the house b/c they knew their place, Bohemian cook,
What is the first image of wealth and elevated society?
the marsh
Falling symbol in Lost Lady
Mrs. Forrester falls while skiing and meets the Captain, Neil falls out of tree and is cared for by Mrs., Captain falls off his horse
Captain's Philosophy on Life
if you can dream it and dream hard enough it will become a reality
Why Mrs. Forrester drinks
to self medicate and escape the reality
When does Neil reject the image he created
when he hears Mrs. Forrester and Frank laughing and throws down the flowers into the mud
When does the first part of Lost Lady end?
When Neil goes to college, the Forresters fall apart.
Sun Dial Symbol
Captain's last possession; Captain watches time pass and Mrs. hates it- reminds her of her youth passing her; it is buried w/ the Captain
Captain Forrester
A strong man who made his fortune building track for the railroads in the old pioneering days. He is proud of his beautiful wife. The novel opens at a time when he has already been physically destroyed by a fall from a horse. After suffering two strokes he eventually dies, signifying the end of the pioneering era.
Neil Herbert
The main character, Niel is a young boy when he meets Mrs. Forrester. He falls in love with what she represents and struggles to preserve his boyhood image of her. After watching her first have an affair with Frank Ellinger and later Ivy Peters, he finally gives up on her. Niel realizes by the end of the novel that his perception of Mrs. Forrester is based on the Captain's influence over her.
Judge Pommeroy
Niel's uncle, he is a lawyer that falls on hard times much the way the Forresters do.
Ivy Peters
An elder boy who knocks down a woodpecker and slits her eyes before releasing her. He is cocky and pretentious and becomes a lawyer. Later in the novel he becomes very wealthy and eventually he succeeds in owning the Forrester estate.
Frank Ellinger
A large man, he is a bachelor at the beginning. Frank is Mrs. Forrester's lover and visits her when the Captain is away from the house. He later marries Constance Ogden.
Constance Ogden
A girl Niel's age whom he tries to entertain at the Forresters, she later marries Frank Ellinger
Adolph Blum
One of Niel's friends, he accidentally comes across Mrs. Forrester and Frank Ellinger in the cedar grove.
Who wrote A Wagner Matinee?
Willa Cather
Aunt Georgianna
when she was 17 she sacrificed an entire life and moved to NE; played piano and taught Clark how to play; was silent and sleepwalking through her life
Who wrote Paul's Case:A Study in Temperament?
Willa Cather
What was Paul's hometown like as a kid?
like Pittsburgh; his street (Cordelia) was monotonous with all the same houses; (Cordelia was a daughter of King Lear and she was the least liked so she hung herself)
Paul's teachers
thought he was psycho with his smile; wears a red carnation
Flowers in Paul's Case
Paul likes flowers for their beauty; red flower at the beginning and end
Family Life in Paul's Case
they had a picture of John Calvin and George Washington- symbol of pre-destination and working hard
Was Paul an artist?
He was basically lazy and wanted to immerse himself in beautiful things. Loves to be around the arts but doesn't want to create one
Why does Paul kill himself?
He doesn't want to go back to everything he blocked from memory
Why is it called Paul's Case: A Study in Temperament?
He has a bad case of depression and boredom.
Who wrote The Story of an Hour?
Kate Chopin
Who is the protagonist in Story of an Hour
Mrs. Mallard- like a duck she stays together forever, stuck with her husband
"O the joy that kills"
she wasn't happy her husband was back; just surprised
How does Chopin allude to her own life in Story of an Hour?
she's not happy; husband is away all the time; probably boring
Who wrote Desiree's Baby?
Kate Chopin
Who is the protagonist in Desiree's Baby?
Irony in Desiree's Baby
Armand stops loving Desiree when he realizes she is black and then he finds a letter his mom wrote to his father revealing she too was black
Who wrote The Little Foxes and The Children's Hour?
Lillian Helman
A Lost Lady is a story about...
the death of the Pioneer Age and a changing class and social structure.
2 distinct social classes in A Lost Lady are..
the Atlantic aristocrats and the homesteaders
Paul sees himself as...
a flower where there is no place nice enough
Paul's father is a devout...
In A Wagner Matinee Aunt Georgianna can be seen as...
a martyr
Cather draws a comparison between Georgianna and...
the Nebraska landscape
The Flying Dutchman is...
an opera by Wagner that could symbolize Aunt Georgianna's life
In Love on the Bon-Dieu Azenor...
falls in love and rescues a young girl (Lalie)
Lalie is hoping to buy what with her eggs...
nice shoes for Easter
Father Antoine told Madame Zidore she must let Lalie...
go to church
The egg in Lalie's hand suggests to Azenor that...
she loves him
Mrs. Mallard had a...
heart condition
The 2 women in Miss Tempy's kitchen are...
preparing their friend for burial
(Huck Finn)The Duke's favorite career is...
a tragedian
The first thing the king does on his arrival in town is...
take Huck to work a revival
The King runs his first scam by pretending to be a...
Duke prints up a picture of Jim as...
a runaway slave
Edmund Kean the Elder and David Garrick the Younger are...
stage names for the King and Duke
Boggs is...(Huck Finn)
the town drunk
Sherburn warns Boggs to stop his tirate and...
shoots Boggs in the street
The Royal Nonesuch is...
a scam and incenses the townspeople
Who said "to see a person as a stereotype is not to see a person at all and being seen as a stereotype can make a person invisible"?
Ralph Ellison
What is the question Twain asks through Huck?
Can we free ourselves from all the forms of social and person slavery?
What was Twain's first success as a humorist?
The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County
Sam's younger brother died how...
in a boiler explosion
before the war in Latin
What is the climax of Huck Finn?
"All right then I'll go to hell"
Who wrote The Scarlet Letter?
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Hester Prynne
Hester is the book’s protagonist and the wearer of the scarlet letter that gives the book its title. The letter, a patch of fabric in the shape of an “A,” signifies that Hester is an “adulterer.” As a young woman, Hester married an elderly scholar, Chillingworth, who sent her ahead to America to live but never followed her. While waiting for him, she had an affair with a Puritan minister named Dimmesdale, after which she gave birth to Pearl. Hester is passionate but also strong—she endures years of shame and scorn. She equals both her husband and her lover in her intelligence and thoughtfulness. Her alienation puts her in the position to make acute observations about her community, particularly about its treatment of women.
Hester’s illegitimate daughter Pearl is a young girl with a moody, mischievous spirit and an ability to perceive things that others do not. For example, she quickly discerns the truth about her mother and Dimmesdale. The townspeople say that she barely seems human and spread rumors that her unknown father is actually the Devil. She is wise far beyond her years, frequently engaging in ironic play having to do with her mother’s scarlet letter.
Roger Chillingworth
“Roger Chillingworth” is actually Hester’s husband in disguise. He is much older than she is and had sent her to America while he settled his affairs in Europe. Because he is captured by Native Americans, he arrives in Boston belatedly and finds Hester and her illegitimate child being displayed on the scaffold. He lusts for revenge, and thus decides to stay in Boston despite his wife’s betrayal and disgrace. He is a scholar and uses his knowledge to disguise himself as a doctor, intent on discovering and tormenting Hester’s anonymous lover. Chillingworth is self-absorbed and both physically and psychologically monstrous. His single-minded pursuit of retribution reveals him to be the most malevolent character in the novel.
Reverunt Dimmesdale
Dimmesdale is a young man who achieved fame in England as a theologian and then emigrated to America. In a moment of weakness, he and Hester became lovers. Although he will not confess it publicly, he is the father of her child. He deals with his guilt by tormenting himself physically and psychologically, developing a heart condition as a result. Dimmesdale is an intelligent and emotional man, and his sermons are thus masterpieces of eloquence and persuasiveness. His commitments to his congregation are in constant conflict with his feelings of sinfulness and need to confess.
Governor Bellinham
Governor Bellingham is a wealthy, elderly gentleman who spends much of his time consulting with the other town fathers. Despite his role as governor of a fledgling American society, he very much resembles a traditional English aristocrat. Bellingham tends to strictly adhere to the rules, but he is easily swayed by Dimmesdale’s eloquence. He remains blind to the misbehaviors taking place in his own house: his sister, Mistress Hibbins, is a witch.
Mistress Hibbins
Mistress Hibbins is a widow who lives with her brother, Governor Bellingham, in a luxurious mansion. She is commonly known to be a witch who ventures into the forest at night to ride with the “Black Man.” Her appearances at public occasions remind the reader of the hypocrisy and hidden evil in Puritan society.
Reverund Wilson
Boston’s elder clergyman, Reverend Wilson is scholarly yet grandfatherly. He is a stereotypical Puritan father, a literary version of the stiff, starkly painted portraits of American patriarchs. Like Governor Bellingham, Wilson follows the community’s rules strictly but can be swayed by Dimmesdale’s eloquence. Unlike Dimmesdale, his junior colleague, Wilson preaches hellfire and damnation and advocates harsh punishment of sinners.
In what century is the story of Hester Prynne set?
17th century
What is the occupation of the narrator in the story?
Customs officer
Where do Hester and Chillingworth live before coming to America?
With whom has Chillingworth been living before he appears in Boston?
Native Americans
What item in the governor's mansion shows Hester a distorted reflection of herself?
A suit of armor
How does Mistress Hibbins eventually die?
She is executed publicly as a witch
How does Hester support herself financially?
As a seamstress
Next to whom is Hester buried?
How does Pearl acknowledge Dimmesdale as her father at his death?
by kissing him
What mark can supposedly be seen on Dimmesdale's chest?
a scarlet letter "A"
How does Pearl become wealthy?
She inherits Chillinworth's estate and marries a nobleman
What does Chillingworth pretend to be?
A doctor
What does Hester's "A" eventually come to represent to the townspeople?