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29 Cards in this Set

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Hunger

physiological state that results when not enough food is eaten to meet energy needs

Malnutrition

condition of impaired development or function caused by deficiency or excess

Undernutrition

food supply insufficient to meet needs of a population

Overnutrition

excess amount of food leading to over consumption and poor food choices

Famine

- extreme shortage of food leading to massive starvation in a population


- leads to crop failure, bad weather, political unrest

Food Insecurity

condition of anxiety about running out of food or money to buy food

Green Revolution

- increased crop yields in 1960s


- development of "super" crops

AIDS

- 33 million people affected


- largest regional increase in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Effects of Undernutrition during Pregnancy

- fetal development affected


- increased risk of death for both

Effects During Fetal and Infant Stages

- poor growth and development


- pre term delivery

Effects During Childhood

- permanent brain impairment


- stunted growth


- impaired motor skills

Effects in Older Adults

- many on fixed incomes


- many forced to choose between medication or food

Listeria Monocytogenes

- found in unpasteurized milk, soft cheeses made from raw milk, raw cabbage


- causes flu-like symptoms

Hemorrhoids

- straining during elimination


- a result of constipation

Edema

- placental hormone causes body tissue to retain fluid


- increase in blood volume

Physiological Anemia

mothers blood volume increases to 150% of normal

Gestational Diabetes

- hormones synthesized by placenta decrease action of insulin


- 4% of pregnancies

Colostrum

- thick, yellow fluid produced during late pregnancy and few days after birth

Fore milk

resembles skim milk

Hind milk

resembles cream

Caffeine

decreases iron absorption

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)

chronic alcoholism in women

Mercury

avoid swordfish, shark, king mackerel and tile fish

Faillure to Thrive (FTT)

poor parent-infant interactions

Readiness for Solid foods

- reaches 13 pounds


- 6 months of age

Vegetarianism

- iron deficiency


- vitamin B-12 deficiency



Autism Spectrum Disorder

affects 1 in every 150 children

Cirrhosis

- fatty infiltration of the liver


- increased synthesis of fat


- enlarged fat cells

Nutrition & Cancer

- 2nd leading cause of death


- 1500 deaths each day due to cancer