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30 Cards in this Set

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Political situation in Germany

- effects of a system of proportional representation


- instability of a coalition government


- implications of article 48 of the Weimar constitution


- faces opposition from the left and right wing

Weaknesses of the Weimar Government

Proportional representation

Voting for a party rather than candidates

what did proportional representation lead to?

High degree of fragmentation in government, too many smaller competing parties without anyone gaining majority

Problems with Coalition government

-Extreme parties unwilling to compromise


-Kept breaking up, leading to frequent changes


-20 different governments from 1919 to 1933

Effects of coalition

Difficult to pass laws, appeared weak to the people

Article 48

President could suspend social liberties and call for emergency power

What about article 48?

Enabled hitler to rise to power legally and remain in power

Opposition from the left wing

-supported communism and were influenced by SU


-led spartacist rebellion in 1919

Opposition from the left wing

-supported communism and were influenced by SU


-led spartacist rebellion in 1919

Opposition from the right wing

-disagreed with TOV terms and salty over WGC


-wanted dictatorship


-Led kapp putsch in 1920 and Munich beer hall putsch

Germany's Economic Circumstances

hyperinflation in 1923 and the great depression of 1931

Germany's Economic Circumstances

hyperinflation in 1923 and the great depression of 1931

economic problems that led to hyperinflation

Post war impact on economy, reapportion payments, having to pay workers that went on strike bc France and Belgium invaded the ruhr

Germany's Economic Circumstances

hyperinflation in 1923 and the great depression of 1931

economic problems that led to hyperinflation

Post war impact on economy, reapportion payments, having to pay workers that went on strike bc France and Belgium invaded the ruhr

Impact of Great Depression

- Economic crisis --> social crisis --> political crisis


- led to increase in anti-democratic deputies in parliament


- decline of parliamentary democracy

Hitler's Ideologies

-anti semitism


-anti communism


-social darwinsim


-pan germanism


-lebensraum


-anti democracy

There are 6

Hitler's Ideologies

-anti semitism


-anti communism


-social darwinsim


-pan germanism


-lebensraum


-anti democracy

There are 6

Hitler's Leadership Abilities

1. Nazi ideology and promises to the people


1. Charisma and oratorical skill


3. Exploitation of the fear of communists


4. Skill fullness at making deals with Politicians


5. Reorganisation of the nazi party

(5)

Hitler's Ideologies

-anti semitism


-anti communism


-social darwinsim


-pan germanism


-lebensraum


-anti democracy

There are 6

Hitler's Leadership Abilities

1. Nazi ideology and promises to the people


1. Charisma and oratorical skill


3. Exploitation of the fear of communists


4. Skill fullness at making deals with Politicians


5. Reorganisation of the nazi party

(5)

How hitler exploited fear of communism

-got the wealthy to fund his political campaign


-used personal armed forces to help fight communists

Hitler's Ideologies

-anti semitism


-anti communism


-social darwinsim


-pan germanism


-lebensraum


-anti democracy

There are 6

Hitler's Leadership Abilities

1. Nazi ideology and promises to the people


1. Charisma and oratorical skill


3. Exploitation of the fear of communists


4. Skill fullness at making deals with Politicians


5. Reorganisation of the nazi party

(5)

How hitler exploited fear of communism

-got the wealthy to fund his political campaign


-used personal armed forces to help fight communists

How Hitler Reorganised the Nazi Party

1. Increased party membership


2. Formed SA and SS


3. Started nazi propaganda

Hitler's Ideologies

-anti semitism


-anti communism


-social darwinsim


-pan germanism


-lebensraum


-anti democracy

There are 6

Hitler's Leadership Abilities

1. Nazi ideology and promises to the people


1. Charisma and oratorical skill


3. Exploitation of the fear of communists


4. Skill fullness at making deals with Politicians


5. Reorganisation of the nazi party

(5)

How hitler exploited fear of communism

-got the wealthy to fund his political campaign


-used personal armed forces to help fight communists

How Hitler Reorganised the Nazi Party

1. Increased party membership


2. Formed SA and SS


3. Started nazi propaganda