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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


- Large immigration

~Germans, Scottish, Slaves

- Increased demand for manufactured goods

- Hierarchies formed

1750s Hierarchies


- Merchant Elite

- Artisans/Craftsman

- Unskilled White labor

- Slaves


- Planter Elite

- Yoeman

- Poor Whites

- Slaves

2nd Continental Congress

12/13 states attended in Philly

- Georgia wanted British protection

Created a Navy, established foreign relations, and began foreign trade

Lord Dunworth's Proclamation

Promised slaves freedom if they enlisted with the British

Articles of Confederation

Created in 1777

Not put into effect until 1781

No ability tax

Each state got 1 vote

No police/ no way to enforce laws

Economy after the Revolution

Merchants and consumers relied on credit

US dollar was virtually worthless

Congress could not fix the economy because of the Articles of Confederation

Shays' Rebellion

Series of protests in 1787 where farmers protested high taxes by the federal government

Shut down courts to prevent foreclosures

West vs. East

Western farmers wanted lower taxes

Eastern manufacturers wanted higher taxes backed by gold and silver, and wanted farmers to be regulated

Fugitive Slave Clause

Escaped slaves must be returned to owners or face a fine or prison time

Agricultural Boom

Early 1800s

Growth in commercial farming

Invention of Cotton Gin

Alabama Fever

Large rise in cotton prices

Civilizing Plan

Plan to assimilate Indians in the Southeast

Turn them into farmers

Created by George Washington

Pan Indian Movement

Native American groups joined together to fight white settlers in the Nortwest

Tecumseh, Patawatame, Battle of Tippacanoe

Creek Civil War

Redsticks (Wanted to fight the Americans)

Friendly Indians (American allied indian tribes)

Indian Removal Act

Andrew Jackson

Plan to push indians furtherwest

Cherokee Trail of Tears


Forced movement of southeastern indians to territory west of the Mississippi

Election of 1800

First Party System

Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans

Louisiana Purchase

Bought from French in 1803

War of 1812


Wanted to end British Impressment

Wanted to take Florida and Canada

1814 - British burned the White House

Hartford Convention

Northeast states met to discuss the War of 1812

Wanted to end the war, possibly seceed

Panic of 1819

First Major peacetime financial crisis in the US

Transportation Revolution

Better roadways

More efficient routes




- Erie Canal

European Immigration

Wage Labor

Panic of 1837

Ran out of money for canals

Results in many half built canals

Walthem Lowell System

Large Factories

People made parts for the final product rather than one person making the whole thing

High Work load, low wages

Development of Workers organizations

Homestead Act

Migrants were given 160 Acres of land for living in a territory for more than 5 years and paying a filing fee

Market Revolution