• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
three physical barriers that isolates China from the rest of the world
Gobi desert
Himalaya Mountains
Mongolian and Tibetan Plateau
Which side of China is the most favorable to live in and why

bigger cities are here
major rivers are here
most rivers are here
lower elevation
fertile soil
what are dikes and canals used for
to control flooding
what are the three major rivers in china
Huang He (Yellow)
Yangtze (Chang)
Xi (west river)
Which river is nicknamed Chinas Sorrow or River of Sorrow
Yellow river (Huang He)
Shanghai (the biggest port of all) is on this river
Chang (Yangtze)
Three Gorges Dam
controversial dam- If built it could provide great economical gain-- but it could destroy the natural flow and flooding of the Chang River and could force millions of people out of their homes
what is so special about Han Chinese (the ethnic group)
95% of the people in China are Han
national language of China
what is the official name of China today
People's Republic of China
what is the job of most chinese people
population of China
1.3 billion
Capital of China
Major drug of China
why is the yellow river yellow
b/c it is full of silt-- also called Loess soil

when the loess soil floods over to the banks it fertilizes the soil for the farmers
what are the dangers of the yellow river
it has a major devastating flood almost every 2 years-- these floods will obviously kill the corps and cause major destruction
a ruling family-- series of rulers from the same family

Dynastic rule was the main type of rule in ancient China
Who was believed to be the son of the heavens?
the emperor
Mandate of Heaven
belief that if a ruler was following the mandate the ruler was good and good things would happen-- if not then bad things would happen and the ruler should be overthrown

MOH-- commands from heaven to the emperor
Dynastic Cycle
the steps in a Dynasty-- its a continual process that provides the transition between one dynasty to another

1) New emperor gains power
2) Empire flourishes
3) Peak of the Empire
4) Empire begins to falter-- corruption-- revolts-- riots
5) Empire falls
6) New emperor takes power
Xia dynasty
first dynasty- not sure it actually existed-- legendary dynasty
Xiang Dynasty
skilled with bronze
existed 4000 years ago
The first dynasty we have archaeological proof of
proof that it really existed

agricultural revolution is during this time
Zhou Dynasty
Civil war- the people were divided during this time period-- not united--

Confucius was during this time period- great philosopher
Qin Dynasty
used Legalism
First dynasty to unite the Chinese people

Shir Huangdi- when he died he had terra-cotta statues buried in his tomb to accompany him in heaven

Great wall of China is built
Han Dynasty
95% of the Chinese people today can trace their roots back to this dynasty

Sizemograph (could predict earthquakes) was invented-- bowl of water on the floor

Implemented civil service exams- if you wanted a job in the government you had to pass a test (such as surviving in a cave for three days)
Tang and Song Dynasty

Paper, Printing presses for books, Increased literacy
Yuwang Dynasty
Ruled by Mongols not by the Chinese

Kublai Khan rules China through Beijing

Marco Polo came to China from Europe and befriended Kublai Khan-- when Marco Polo went back to Europe he took with him goods from China-- THIS OPENED UP INTEREST IN EUROPE TO TRADE WITH CHINA
Silk Road
Trade route to China
Who were the two people that opened up European interest in trading with China
Marco polo and Vaso De gama

Vasco-- found the sea route
Marco- brought back the goods
Ming Dynasty
Ming Vases-- extremely valuable

Culturally flourished
where does the yellow river start and end
start- himalayas
End- Yellow sea
What two things happened that had a big effect on Chinas relationship with the west
1) Qing Dynasty entered a long period of decline- the dynasty was weak and vulnerable
2) Industrial revolution in Europe- their army was becoming more powerful so they had the ability to take over China
Kowtow and Europe
Europeans refused Kowtow (bowing to the emperor as a sign of respect) b/c they wanted equal trading rights- they wanted to be equal
Opium War
British began selling Opium to China

the opium got the chinese addicted to it and the trade hurt China's economy

the opium war started when the CHinese destroyed a British opium ship

the british won the war
Treaty of Nanjing
ended the opium war
Emperor had to pay for the opium destroyed
British gained the island of Hong Kong
CHina was forced to open more ports for trading
westerners won this right-- if a westerner was accused of a crime in China they had the right to be tried in their own court instead of a Chinese court
Spheres of Influence
an area in which a foreign nation has special economic privileges such as rights to build railroads and factories

China was spilt into Spheres of Influence between the European nations
Sino Japanese war
Japan expanded into China and adapted China's advanced technologies and modernized industries

then the Japanese declared war and they won since they were more technologically advanced

The japanese won Taiwan in the end
Open Door policy
Policy ordered that all nations have equal access to trade with China

Made by the US to protect their own trade with China and to make sure nobody in Europe would set up colonies in China
Taiping Rebellion
most serious peasant uprising

Hurt the dynasty it took place in

14 years long-- millions killed
Guang Xi
supported the Hundred Days of Reform (the effort to modernize China)

Issued laws to update civil service exam, westernize schools, and modernize
Ci Xi
leader of the conservatives who opposed reformers (modernization)

believed that modernization will threaten the traditional Confucian order

when she became empress she ended the influence of modern reforms

encouraged the Boxers and Boxer rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
Anti foreigner chinese people took action when a lot of foreigners came to China

They wanted to wipe all the foreigners off of China-- and were successful at it
Fists of Righteous Harmony
Formed by the boxers (anti foreign chinese people)

wanted to expel all foreigners

responsible for the deaths of hundreds

Got defeated by an international army organized by Western powers
Revolution of 1911
China declares itself a republic

ends the ancient system of imperial rule

Civil war raged b/c government was unstable
Dr. Sun Yatsen
president of the new republic

Organized the Nationalist party

Made the Three principles of the People
Three principles of the People

Support democracy

Ensure a decent life for all Chinese
Yuan Shikai
forced Yatsen out of office
Chiang Kai Shek
appointed by Yatsen to command the nationalist army

Took over the nationalist party when Yatsen died
Chinese communist party
worked with the nationalists to expel all foreigners

Mao Zedong=leader
Long March
Chiang (leader of nationalists) launched a campaign against Mao (leader of communists) and chased Mao for a very long time
Who joined together to fight the japanese during WWI
the nationalists and communists-- they won the war too
Famous Chinese philosopher
Zhou Dynasty

Made the Five Relationships
Husband Wife
Son Father
Ruler Ruled
Friend Friend
younger brother Brother

these relationships set the social standards that exist today
Yu the Great
Legendary founder of the Xia dynasty

gained the position by stopping the flooding of the Yellow river
Ying and Yang

the belief that nature and man should live together in harmony-- the less rules there are in society the better- things should be left to function naturally
filial piety
the duty and respect children owe their parents
the followers of Confucious recorded his teachings in the analects
Lao Zi
founder of daoism
Qing (Manchu) dynasty
Foreigners invade China

Spheres of Influence are created

RULED BY FOREIGNERS- foreigners created strict ethnocentric rules-- like no marriage between Manchus and Chinese