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28 Cards in this Set

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Direct rule

Local elites were replaced with Western officials

White man's burden

European moral responsibility to civilize primitive people

Emilio Aguinaldo

Later of independence movement in the Philippines

Indirect rule

Keeping local elites in power

What hardships were experienced by peasants that worked on foreign owned land

Harsh conditions miscommunications


long hours


little pay

Suez Canal

Vital for trade on the Mediterranean and Red Sea in Egypt

Mohammed Ali

Seized power in Egypt and established a separate state

David living stone

Explore uncharted regions in Africa

Cecil Rhodes

Journalist influence British policy in South Africa

Boers

Dutch

What was David livingstones goal with his explorations

Find a river


solve could open central Africa to trade

By 1914 which to states in Africa remained free

Ethiopia Liberia

What were the cons to indirect rule

Mother country doesn't have so much control


Lack trust with African elites

First war of independence

Sepoy mutiny

Indian national Congress

Calls for sharing government

Mohondas Gandhi

Leader of independence movement


peaceful

Viceroy

Governor her role as a representative as a monarch

What were the positive effects of British rule in India

Order and stability protection

What was the Lord Macaulay's goal with the new school system established in India

Literate


control government


good soldiers

Creoles

Descendants of Europe Born in Latin America believed revolutionary principles and equality

Mestizos

Mixed Europeans native descendants

Liberators of South America

Simon bolivar and José de San Martin

Benito juarez

Liberal reforms to Mexico redistribute of land (peasants)

Monroe doctrine

Granted the independence of Latin America countries and warned against European intervention in Latin America

Caudillos

Dictators rolling with military force

Emiliano Zapota

Mexican Revolution seizing land from high people

Penninsulares

Spanish and Portuguese officials

What was the result of the prosperity from increase exports in Latin America

US that wealthier


gained a middle-class