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63 Cards in this Set

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Which important principle of US government is reflected in the diagram above?


A.)separation of powers


B.)popular sovereignty


C.)federalism


D.) individual rights

Separation of powers

Which of the following principles in the US Constitution best expresses the idea of federalism?



A.) The powers not delegated to the national government are reserved to the states.


B.)no soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any home


C.) excessive bail shall not be required nor excessive fines imposed


D.) Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion

The powers not delegated to the national government are reserved to the states

Which of the following repaired correctly?



A.)legislative branch of government – Supreme Court


B.) executive branch of government – House of Representatives


C.) executive branch of government – governor


D.)judicial branch - Congress

Executive branch of government- governor

The diagram above best describes the constitutional principle of –



A.)republicanism


B.)checks and balances


C.) popular sovereignty


D.) federalism

Checks and balances

Slavery was legally abolished throughout Texas as a result of the-


A.)surrender of the Confederate forces


B.)end of reconstruction


C.)passage of the civil rights act of 1875


D.) ratification of the 13th amendment

Ratification of the 13th amendment

A primary reason for the passage of the 14th amendment in 1868 was to-


A.)guarantee citizenship rights to the newly freed slaves


B.)continue the presidential plan for reconstruction


C.)uphold the legality of the Black Codes


D.)prohibit the succession of states

Guarantee citizenship rights to the newly freed slaves

The events above where part of the –


A.)compromise of 1850


B.) treaty of Guadalupe – Hidalgo


C.)Kansas – Nebraska act


D.) US – Mexican war

Compromise of 1850

Which statement best describes how the status of African-Americans in the South changed soon after the end of Reconstruction in 1877?


A.) The Supreme Court consistently supported civil rights for African Americans


B.) poll taxes and literacy tests were eliminated for African-Americans


C.)increasing numbers of African-Americans were elected to public office


D.)african-Americans faced increasing discrimination and segregation

African-Americans faced increasing discrimination and segregation

Which statement best describes how the status of African-Americans in the South changed soon after the end of Reconstruction in 1877?


A.) The Supreme Court consistently supported civil rights for African Americans


B.) poll taxes and literacy tests were eliminated for African-Americans


C.)increasing numbers of African-Americans were elected to public office


D.)african-Americans faced increasing discrimination and segregation

African-Americans faced increasing discrimination and segregation

The railroad building boom during the 19th century contributed to –


A.)increasing agricultural production in the Northeast


B.)The establishment of trade relations with Mexico


C.)dramatic population decreases in southern cities


D.)The rapid industrialization of the United States

The rapid industrialization of the United States

What factor would be considered most reasonable for the employment trend of depicted in the chart?


A.)The increasing use of technology


B.)restricting immigration to the US


C.)increasing funds spent on agricultural programs


D.)restricting trade with other countries

The increasing use of technology

The formation of national labor unions in the late 1800s was mainly a response to –


A.)passage of federal laws that favored workers


B.)laws restricting immigration and naturalization


C.)Poor working conditions and low wages in many industries


D.)economic depressions that have led to high unemployment

Poor working conditions and low wages in many industries

After the Civil War, southern state legislatures attempted to restrict the rights of formerly enslaved persons by –


A.)passing Black codes


B.)ratifying the 15th amendment


C.)supporting the goals of the radical Republicans


D.) enacting legislation to strengthen the Freedman's Bereau

Passing Black codes

During the late 19th century, the above sequences of events resulted in the –


A.)denial of most African-Americans of the right to vote


B.)movement to repeal the 14th amendment to the constitution


C.)strengthening of the Republican Party in the South


D.)expansion of free public education to all children

Denial of most African-Americans of the right to vote

What was a major result of the Civil War?


A.) The judiciary became the dominant branch of the federal government


B.)The power of the central government was strengthened


C.)States were given the right to succeed from the union


D.) Congress passed an amendment to provide for the direct election of Senators

The power of the central government was strengthened

What was a major result of the Civil War?


A.) The judiciary became the dominant branch of the federal government


B.)The power of the central government was strengthened


C.)States were given the right to succeed from the union


D.) Congress passed an amendment to provide for the direct election of Senators

The power of the central government was strengthened

The above quotation describes the 19th century American belief in


A.)populism


B.) manifest destiny


C.)sectionalism


D.) States rights

Manifest destiny

What was a major result of the Civil War?


A.) The judiciary became the dominant branch of the federal government


B.)The power of the central government was strengthened


C.)States were given the right to succeed from the union


D.) Congress passed an amendment to provide for the direct election of Senators

The power of the central government was strengthened

The above quotation describes the 19th century American belief in


A.)populism


B.) manifest destiny


C.)sectionalism


D.) States rights

Manifest destiny

What major trend occurred to the population the Texas as industrialization increased?


A.)Farm population increased


B.)migration to the rural areas increased


C.)immigration decreased


D.)urbanization increased

Urbanization increased

In 1861 the north went to war with South primarily to


A.)liberate the slaves


B.)prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs


C.)preserve the union


D.) avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the south

Preserve the union (keep it one big happy family)


These excerpts offer different points of view about


A.)The Texas war of Independence


B.)The admission of California to the union


C.) The US – Mexican war


D.)The accusation of Gadsden purchase from Mexico

The US – Mexican war

In 1861 the north went to war with South primarily to


A.)liberate the slaves


B.)prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs


C.)preserve the union


D.) avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the south

Preserve the union (keep it one big happy family)


These excerpts offer different points of view about


A.)The Texas war of Independence


B.)The admission of California to the union


C.) The US – Mexican war


D.)The accusation of Gadsden purchase from Mexico

The US – Mexican war

Which of the following best describes the situation the Freedman and the decade following the Civil War?


A.)each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the union government


B.)all were immediately granted political equality by the emancipation proclamation


C.)The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters


D.)they were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship

The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters

In 1861 the north went to war with South primarily to


A.)liberate the slaves


B.)prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs


C.)preserve the union


D.) avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the south

Preserve the union (keep it one big happy family)

Which of the following best describes the situation the Freedman and the decade following the Civil War?


A.)each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the union government


B.)all were immediately granted political equality by the emancipation proclamation


C.)The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters


D.)they were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship

The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters

Which issue is reflected in these headlines?


A.)status of slavery in the territories and states


B.)growth of agriculture on the Great Plains


C.)Clash of federal and state powers


D.) conflicts with foreign nations over the west

Status of slavery in the territories and states

In 1861 the north went to war with South primarily to


A.)liberate the slaves


B.)prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs


C.)preserve the union


D.) avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the south

Preserve the union (keep it one big happy family)


These excerpts offer different points of view about


A.)The Texas war of Independence


B.)The admission of California to the union


C.) The US – Mexican war


D.)The accusation of Gadsden purchase from Mexico

The US – Mexican war

Which of the following best describes the situation the Freedman and the decade following the Civil War?


A.)each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the union government


B.)all were immediately granted political equality by the emancipation proclamation


C.)The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters


D.)they were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship

The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters

Which issue is reflected in these headlines?


A.)status of slavery in the territories and states


B.)growth of agriculture on the Great Plains


C.)Clash of federal and state powers


D.) conflicts with foreign nations over the west

Status of slavery in the territories and states

During reconstruction, Southern blacks typically did which of the following


A.)tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers


B.)migrated north word, exercising their new freedom


C.)owned and worked small farms


D.) worked as day laborers in towns and cities

Tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers

In 1861 the north went to war with South primarily to


A.)liberate the slaves


B.)prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs


C.)preserve the union


D.) avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the south

Preserve the union (keep it one big happy family)


These excerpts offer different points of view about


A.)The Texas war of Independence


B.)The admission of California to the union


C.) The US – Mexican war


D.)The accusation of Gadsden purchase from Mexico

The US – Mexican war

Which of the following best describes the situation the Freedman and the decade following the Civil War?


A.)each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the union government


B.)all were immediately granted political equality by the emancipation proclamation


C.)The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters


D.)they were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship

The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters

Which issue is reflected in these headlines?


A.)status of slavery in the territories and states


B.)growth of agriculture on the Great Plains


C.)Clash of federal and state powers


D.) conflicts with foreign nations over the west

Status of slavery in the territories and states

During reconstruction, Southern blacks typically did which of the following


A.)tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers


B.)migrated north word, exercising their new freedom


C.)owned and worked small farms


D.) worked as day laborers in towns and cities

Tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers

Which statement best summarizes one of the principles of the US Constitution?


A.) The executive branch is free to determine how government should be administered


B.)The people are the ultimate source of power


C.) Government has the duty to maintain order by any means necessary


D.) The interests of the states take precedence over their citizens

The people are the ultimate source of power

In 1861 the north went to war with South primarily to


A.)liberate the slaves


B.)prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs


C.)preserve the union


D.) avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the south

Preserve the union (keep it one big happy family)


These excerpts offer different points of view about


A.)The Texas war of Independence


B.)The admission of California to the union


C.) The US – Mexican war


D.)The accusation of Gadsden purchase from Mexico

The US – Mexican war

Which of the following best describes the situation the Freedman and the decade following the Civil War?


A.)each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the union government


B.)all were immediately granted political equality by the emancipation proclamation


C.)The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters


D.)they were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship

The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters

Which issue is reflected in these headlines?


A.)status of slavery in the territories and states


B.)growth of agriculture on the Great Plains


C.)Clash of federal and state powers


D.) conflicts with foreign nations over the west

Status of slavery in the territories and states

During reconstruction, Southern blacks typically did which of the following


A.)tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers


B.)migrated north word, exercising their new freedom


C.)owned and worked small farms


D.) worked as day laborers in towns and cities

Tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers

Which statement best summarizes one of the principles of the US Constitution?


A.) The executive branch is free to determine how government should be administered


B.)The people are the ultimate source of power


C.) Government has the duty to maintain order by any means necessary


D.) The interests of the states take precedence over their citizens

The people are the ultimate source of power

This statement was issued by


A.) Robert E. Lee


B.)Andrew Johnson


C.)Ulysses S. Grant


D.)Abraham Lincoln


Abraham Lincoln

In 1861 the north went to war with South primarily to


A.)liberate the slaves


B.)prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs


C.)preserve the union


D.) avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the south

Preserve the union (keep it one big happy family)


These excerpts offer different points of view about


A.)The Texas war of Independence


B.)The admission of California to the union


C.) The US – Mexican war


D.)The accusation of Gadsden purchase from Mexico

The US – Mexican war

Which of the following best describes the situation the Freedman and the decade following the Civil War?


A.)each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the union government


B.)all were immediately granted political equality by the emancipation proclamation


C.)The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters


D.)they were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship

The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters

Which issue is reflected in these headlines?


A.)status of slavery in the territories and states


B.)growth of agriculture on the Great Plains


C.)Clash of federal and state powers


D.) conflicts with foreign nations over the west

Status of slavery in the territories and states

During reconstruction, Southern blacks typically did which of the following


A.)tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers


B.)migrated north word, exercising their new freedom


C.)owned and worked small farms


D.) worked as day laborers in towns and cities

Tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers

Which statement best summarizes one of the principles of the US Constitution?


A.) The executive branch is free to determine how government should be administered


B.)The people are the ultimate source of power


C.) Government has the duty to maintain order by any means necessary


D.) The interests of the states take precedence over their citizens

The people are the ultimate source of power

This statement was issued by


A.) Robert E. Lee


B.)Andrew Johnson


C.)Ulysses S. Grant


D.)Abraham Lincoln


Abraham Lincoln

Under the constitutional principle of popular sovereignty, the authority of government is derived from-


A.)The will of the people


B.)The US Supreme Court


C.)acts of the US Congress


D.)State legislatures

The will of the people

In 1861 the north went to war with South primarily to


A.)liberate the slaves


B.)prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs


C.)preserve the union


D.) avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the south

Preserve the union (keep it one big happy family)


These excerpts offer different points of view about


A.)The Texas war of Independence


B.)The admission of California to the union


C.) The US – Mexican war


D.)The accusation of Gadsden purchase from Mexico

The US – Mexican war

Which of the following best describes the situation the Freedman and the decade following the Civil War?


A.)each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the union government


B.)all were immediately granted political equality by the emancipation proclamation


C.)The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters


D.)they were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship

The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters

Which issue is reflected in these headlines?


A.)status of slavery in the territories and states


B.)growth of agriculture on the Great Plains


C.)Clash of federal and state powers


D.) conflicts with foreign nations over the west

Status of slavery in the territories and states

During reconstruction, Southern blacks typically did which of the following


A.)tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers


B.)migrated north word, exercising their new freedom


C.)owned and worked small farms


D.) worked as day laborers in towns and cities

Tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers

Which statement best summarizes one of the principles of the US Constitution?


A.) The executive branch is free to determine how government should be administered


B.)The people are the ultimate source of power


C.) Government has the duty to maintain order by any means necessary


D.) The interests of the states take precedence over their citizens

The people are the ultimate source of power

This statement was issued by


A.) Robert E. Lee


B.)Andrew Johnson


C.)Ulysses S. Grant


D.)Abraham Lincoln


Abraham Lincoln

Under the constitutional principle of popular sovereignty, the authority of government is derived from-


A.)The will of the people


B.)The US Supreme Court


C.)acts of the US Congress


D.)State legislatures

The will of the people

What best explains why slavery had nearly disappeared in the north before the Civil War?


A.) Slave rebellions had forced an end to slavery in the north


B.)slavery did not fit the economic interests of the north


C.)The Constitution required the end of slavery in the north


D.) slave ownership was too expensive for northern farmers

Slavery did not fit the economic interests of the north