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87 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the 1944 GI Bill of Rights gave
veterans subsidies for education or opening small businesses
Taft-Hartley Act
June 1947 veto over Truman
greatly restricting the activities and power of labor unions
Wagner Act
July 1935 FDR
protects the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions and to take part in strikes
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia
Civil Rights Act of 1964
July 1964 JFK
landmark piece of legislation in the U.S. that outlawed racial segregation in schools, public places, & employment
Truman Doctrine
March 1947 Truman
stated that the U.S. would
support the Kingdom of Greece and Turkey economically and militarily to prevent their falling under Soviet control
Marshall Plan
U.S. would finance the reconstruction of European economy to repell communisim
Eisenhower Doctrine
January 1957 Eisenhower
stated that the U.S. would use armed forces upon request in response to imminent or actual aggression to the U.S. countries that opposed to communism would be given aid
in 1948 how did the Sovient Union challenge the policies of allies in western europe
Soviet Union closed off surface access to Berlin frm the west
What was NATO?
Original purpose?
April 1949 Trumam
armed attack against one member is attack against them all
strengthen ties w/European democracies
history of Korea pre WII-WII thru most of 1950's
pre WII Korea was occi[ied by Japan, after WII Korea was taken frm Japan & divide 38th parallel
What was the Korea War about
stop the spread of comminusim
the war relations to the 1952 election
hurt Truman's popularity
American general fired by the president during the war
General MacArthur
election 1948
winner & chief issue
Harry Truman
Taft-Hartley Act
election 1952
winner & chief issue
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Korea War & commuisim
election 1960
winner & chief issue
Civil Liberities
election 1964
winner & chief issue
Lyndon B. Johnson
social security & civil rights
election 1968
winner & chief issue
Vietnam War
to contain the spread of commisism
was a U.S. State Department official involved in the establishment of the United Nations. He was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950
Alger Hiss
was the Governor of New York (1943-1955) & the unsuccessful Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in 1944 and 1948
Thomas Dewey
American writer and editor. A Communist party member and Soviet spy, he renounced communism and became an outspoken opponent. He is best known for his testimony about the perjury and espionage of Alger Hiss
Whittaker Chambers
American communists who were executed after having been found guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage. The charges were in relation to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. Theirs was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history
Julius & Ethel Rosenberg
U.S. Secretary of State under President Eisenhower. early Cold War era, advocating an aggressive stance against communism around the world
John Foster Dulles
He was noted for making claims that there were large numbers of Communists and Soviet spies and sympathizers inside the federal government and elsewhere
Joseph McCarthy
became dictar of Cuban after he took it over
Fidel Castro
brother of JFK assinated during the election of 1968
Robert F. Kennedy
He served as National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State in the Richard Nixon administration. Kissinger emerged unscathed from the Watergate scandal, and maintained his powerful position when Gerald Ford became President.
Henry Kissinger
only Vice President in U.S. history to resign because of criminal charges
Spiro Agnew
massive retaliation
is a military doctrine and nuclear strategy in which a state commits itself to retaliate in much greater force in the event of an attack John Foster Dulles
"new look" foreign policy
Eisenhower's concern for balancing the Cold War military commitments of the United States with the nation's financial resources and emphasized reliance on strategic nuclear weapons to deter potential threats
russian satillites sent up in space
American spy plane
cold war
the nuclear arm race between Russia & America
Bay of Pigs
special ops led by America (JFK) to overthrow Fidel Castro
Cuban missile crisis
a stand off between American & Russina. Russia was setting up missle sites in Cuba
America's policy towards Latin America during the Cold War?
mostly neglected Latin American & supported those only opposed to commuisim
Nixion's policy of detente
policy moving away frm containment dealing w/ the countries as seprate powers
US-Soviet treaty that indicate easing of cold war tensions
SALT Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
War on Poverty?
Whose program?
Was it successful?
policy to combat the increasing poverty line.
Lydon Johnson.
Plessy v. Ferguson
a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the U.S., upholding the constitutionality of racial segregation even in public accommodation, under the doctrine of "separate but equal"
Brown v. Board of Education
a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court, which overturned earlier rulings going back to Plessy v. Ferguson, by declaring that state laws that established separate public schools for black and white students denied black children equal educational opportunities
Kennedy's initial approach to the race question?
approch with caution trying not to displease either side he soon found that this wouldn't work.
What were the actions of the botcotts attempting to promote?
equal rights among all people
an African American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the American civil rights movement
led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycot t& helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957
Martian Luter King Jr.
was an African American Muslim minister, public speaker, and human rights activist. he was a courageous advocate for the rights of African Americans, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans. He has been described as one of the most influential African Americans of the 20th century
Malcom X
was a Trinidadian-American black activist active in the 1960s American Civil Rights Movement. He rose to prominence first as a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Stockley Carmichael
notable for his leadership of the Black Muslims and the Nation of Islam
Ilijah Muhammad
African-American boxer who converted to islam & was part of the nation of islam
Muhammad Ali
What did Nixon consider his chief task during the first term
What was Nixon's major economic problem?
What happened to Nixion's Vice President?
plead guilty to tax evasion & resigned to avoid jail time
What happened at Kent State & Jackson State?
involved the shooting of students by members of the Ohio National Guard on. Four students were killed. Some of the students who were shot had been protesting against the American invasion of Cambodia, which President Richard Nixon announced in a television address
What were the terms of the Vietnam peace settlement?
ceasefire, return of American prisoners of war, & withdrawal of U.S. forces frm Vietnam
What was Watergate scandal about?
Nixon opretiaves caught breaking into the demcractic headquaters
What pieces of evidence were used to convict Nixon?
recored tape of him
What finally happened to Nixon?
he resigned to avoid impeechment
in the 1950s, what major improvement was made in public transportation?
building of highways
How did Newton Minnow feel about TV?
"vast Wasteland"
How did the blacks react to the murder of Martin Luther King, Jr.?
riots against white instutions
Famous Chicano leader?
Cesar Chavez
U. of Calif riots?
fight for black rights, staged sit-downs strikes
sexual behavior in the human male
Alfred Kinsey
bith of the modern gay rights movement
Stonewall Riots which occurred in Greenwich Village in June 1969
an American feminist, activist and writer, best known for starting what is commonly known as the "Second Wave" of feminism through the writing of her book The Feminine Mystique
Betty Friedam
How did the women's right movement of the 1960s differ frm that of the earlier Progressive movement?
demanded total equality
Why did the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) boycott the West in the early 1970s?
U.S. helping Iseral
dilemmas confronted Americans in the 1960s
What were the Native Americans doing in the 1960s?
organizing and demanding the return on law that was wrongly taken frm them
What major problems did President Jimmy Carter face dmestic & foreign?
economic downturn stagflation middle east in unrest & trouble in Iran
What was Jimmy Carter's greatest diplomatic achievement?
negotiatons with Israel & Egypt
What did Jimmy Carter think was wrong with the American people?
unmoral and matrealsic
President Regan's tax policy?
cut back on goverment spending cut income tax
Income Tax Act of 1986
seconed Regan tax cut
"Star Wars"
Strategic Defense Initiative
major consequence of Regan's presidency
poor pooer rich richer
main reason for the collapse of Soviet-style communism in Eastern Europe
Gorbachev annoucing that he wouldn't force a commuisim remgoem in any country
What did George H.W. Bush exploit in the 1988 presidential campaign?
crime & race
What crime did Bush H.W. focus on after the election?
illegal drugs
first women named to supreme court
Sandra Day O"Connor
an attorney and a Democratic politician and a former member of the United States House of Representatives. She was the first female Vice Presidential candidate representing a major American political party
Geraldine Ferraro
was an American evangelical Christian pastor, televangelist, and a controversial conservative commentator
Jerry Falwell
an evangelist and an Evangelical Christian. He has been a spiritual adviser to multiple U.S. presidents
Billy Graham
an American actor, recognised as a romantic leading man during the 1960s and 1970s. . Died of AIDS
Rock Hudson
arranged the arms sales of Iran-Contra Arms Deal
Oliver North
What pledge did Bush H.W. make that he couldn't keep?
not to raise taxes