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10 Cards in this Set

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Consuls

Primary executives in the Roman Republic, elected for one year terms, who commanded the army in battle, administered state business, and supervised financial affairs; originally the office was limited to patricians.

Patricians

The Roman aristocracy; wealthy landowners who held political power.

Plebeians

The common people of Rome, who had few of the patricians' advantages.

Senate

The assembly that was the main institution of government in the Roman Republic. It grew out of an earlier council of advisors to the king.

Paterfamilias

The oldest dominant male of the family, who held nearly absolute power over the lives of family members as long as he lived.

Manumission

The freeing of individual slaves by their masters.

Pax Romana

A period of Roman security, order, harmony, flourishing culture, and expanding economy during the first and second centuries c.e.

Pagan

From a Latin term meaning "of the country," used to describe non- Christian followers of the Greco- Roman gods.

Bishop

A Christian church officials with jurisdiction over a certain area and the power to determine the correct interpretation of Christian teachings.

Heresy

A religious practice or belief judge unacceptable by church officials.