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10 Cards in this Set

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Polis

Generally translated "city state" it was the basic political and institutional unit of ancient Greece.

Hoplites

Heavily armed citizens who served as infantrymen and fought to defend the Polis.

Democracy

A type of Greek government in which all citizens administered the workings of government.

Oligarchy

A type of Greek government in which a small group of wealthy citizens, not necessarily of aristocratic birth, ruled.

Tyranny

Rule by one man who took over an existing government, generally by using his wealth to gain a political following.

Delian League

A grand naval alliance created by the Athenians aimed at liberating Ionia from Persian rule.

Mystery Religions

Religious systems in the Hellenistic world that incorporated aspects of both Greek and Eastern religions; they were characterized by secret doctrines, rituals of initiation, and the promise of an afterlife.

Epicureanism

A Greek system of philosophy founded on the teachings of Epicurus that viewed a life of contentment, free from fear and suffering, as the greatest good.

Stoicism

The most popular of Hellenistic philosophies, it considered nature an expression of divine will and held that people can be happy only when living in accordance with nature.

Heliocentric Theory

The earth and planets revolve around the Sun.