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8 Cards in this Set

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Carolingian Renaissance

During the Carolingian Renaissance, the ideals and growth at that time surrounded culture and intellect. Charlemagne and his son Louis as well as David and Solomon (biblical paragons) played a crucial part as patrons of learning and the arts, which influenced western European life. Carolingians supported intellectual scholars and throughout time, a new style of handwriting and punctuation was created. This era collapsed when the emperor was not able to meet expectations and the central authority turned on each other and broke down.

Charles Martel

Martel who was also known as "the Hammer," was the son of an Austrasian nobleman named Pepin. He was able to continue his father's conquests by repelling a Muslim raiding party that had advanced into France's territory. By settling his status as an effective ruler of the franks, he had established an alliance with missionaries from England who were attempting to convert some other countries to Christianity.


Frankish ruler Charlemagne also known as "Charles the Great," to the Germans. He led the Frankish dynasty (Carolingian) and succeeded in conquering many countries such as the Lombard kingdom, Catalonia, and areas of central Europe. Through his conquered countries, he forced the conversion of Christianity to those who were not yet Christian. He was a strong leader in the Christian Society and believed there was no distinction between religion and politics.


Vikings (the Rus') who were typically Scandinavian traders who raided ports and slaved people, had grown from small operations to large armies in the thousands. The Vikings controlled parts of eastern England, Ireland, Scotland, and Normandy (Norseman-Land). As Scandinavia started to convert to Christianity, the viking attacks lessened.


Feudalism had many different meanings. To scholars, it was a social order that showed that men who owned property were served by serfs and to others, it meant lesser men held land from the greater men in return for such.

William the Conqueror


Capetian Dynasty