Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-was the demigod son of Zeus and Alcmene, the grand-daughter of Perseus and the wife of Amphitryon.
- He was, arguably, the greatest of the mythical Greek heroes, best known for his superhuman strength and many stories are told of his life. The most famous group of stories tell of his Twelve Labours
The Twelve Labours
-Slay the Nemean Lion and bring back its skin.
-Slay the Lernaean Hydra.
-Capture the Ceryneian Hind.
-Capture the Erymanthian Boar.
-Clean the Augean stables in one day.
-Slay the Stymphalian Birds.
-Capture the Cretan Bull.
-Steal the Mares of Diomedes.
-Obtain the Girdle of Hippolyte.
-Obtain the Cows of Geryon.
-Steal the Apples of the Hesperides.
-Capture Cerberus.
Story of Omphale
Omphale was a queen or princess of Lydia. As penalty for a murder, Heracles was her slave. He was forced to do women's work and wear women's clothes, while she wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried his olive-wood club. After some time, Omphale freed Heracles and married him. Some sources mention a son fathered on Omphale who is variously named. For further details see Omphale.

It was at that time that the cercopes, mischievous wood spirits, stole Heracles' weapons. He punished them by tying them to a stick with their faces pointing downward.
Iole and Heracles
King Eurytus of Oechalia promised his daughter, Iole, to whoever could beat his sons in an archery contest. Heracles won but Eurytus abandoned his promise. Heracles killed him and his sons and abducted Iole.
Hylas and Heracles
While walking through the wilderness, Heracles was set upon by the Dryopians. He killed their king, Theiodamas, and the others gave up and offered him Prince Hylas. He took the youth on as his weapons bearer and beloved. Years later, Heracles and Hylas joined the crew of the Argo. As Argonauts they only participated in part of the journey. In Mysia, Hylas was kidnapped by a nymph. Heracles, heartbroken, searched for a long time but Hylas had fallen in love with the nymphs and never showed up again. The ship set sail without them
Giants killed by Heracles
Cycnus, Porphyrion and Mimas.
Heracles's various adventures
- defeated the Bebryces (ruled by King Mygdon) and gave their land to Prince Lycus of Mysia, son of Dascylus.
-He killed the robber Termerus.
- visited Evander with Antor, who then stayed in Italy.
- killed King Amyntor of the Dolopes for not allowing him into his kingdom. He also killed King Emathion of Arabia.
- killed Lityerses after beating him in a contest of harvesting.
- killed Poriclymenus at Pylos.
- founded the city Tarentum (modern: Taranto) in Italy.
- learned music from Linus (and Eumolpus), but killed him after Linus corrected his mistakes. He learned how to wrestle from Autolycus. He killed the famous boxer Eryx of Sicily in a match.
-This man later participated in many other adventures. He was an Argonaut. He killed Alastor and his brothers.
When Hippocoon overthrew his brother, Tyndareus and killed Tyndareus' son, Lycon, as King of Sparta, he reinstated the rightful ruler and killed Hippocoon.