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28 Cards in this Set

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Tendon joining aorta and pulmonary trunk together. What is it the remnant of during what development?

Ligamentum arteriosum. Remnant of ductus arteriosus during foetal development.

What valve separates the right atrium and right ventricle?

Tricuspid valve

What valve separates the left atrium and left ventricle?

Mitral valve

What valve separates the left ventricle and aorta?

Aortic valve

What valve separates the pulmonary artery and the right ventricle?

Pulmonary valve

What is the function of the ventricles?

The ventricles are used to pump blood out of the heart. Either to the lungs to become reoxygenated (right), or to the systemic circuit (body) to used (left).

Name of the wall that separates the left and right sides of the heart?

Septum

What are the two circuits connected to the heart and what do they involve?

Systemic and pulmonary (lungs) circuit.


Systemic circuit: the body


Pulmonary circuit: lungs

Heart anatomical position

The inferior middle mediastinum.

Heart anatomical position

The inferior middle mediastinum.

Where does the systemic circuit start and finish?

Starts at aorta and ends at vena cava.

Heart anatomical position

The inferior middle mediastinum.

Where does the systemic circuit start and finish?

Starts at aorta and ends at vena cava.

Sac that covers heart?

Pericardial sac/ pericardium.

Heart anatomical position

The inferior middle mediastinum.

Where does the systemic circuit start and finish?

Starts at aorta and ends at vena cava.

Sac that covers heart?

Pericardial sac/ pericardium.

Pulmonary circuit start and finish?

Pulmonary trunk/artery then pulmonary veins.

What is the function of an artery?

Transports blood from heart e.g. pulmonary artery + aorta.

What is the function of an artery?

Transports blood from heart e.g. pulmonary artery + aorta.

Function of capillaries. Thickness of capillaries?

Allows for the exchange of gases and nutrients between blood and tissue. Roughly one cell thick.

What is the function of an artery?

Transports blood from heart e.g. pulmonary artery + aorta.

Function of capillaries. Thickness of capillaries?

Allows for the exchange of gases and nutrients between blood and tissue. Roughly one cell thick.

Function of veins?

Transport blood to heart e.g. vena cava + pulmonary veins.

What is the function of an artery?

Transports blood from heart e.g. pulmonary artery + aorta.

Function of capillaries. Thickness of capillaries?

Allows for the exchange of gases and nutrients between blood and tissue. Roughly one cell thick.

Function of veins?

Transport blood to heart e.g. vena cava + pulmonary veins.

Wall of the hearts layers?

Epicardium, myocardium, endocardium (from outer to inner)