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49 Cards in this Set

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sudden onset

acute

long term, long lasting

chronic

what type of disease/illness can be treated with antibiotics?

bacterial disease

what type of disease/illness cannot be treated with antibiotics?

virus

what are the three sides of the health triangle

physical, mental, social

what are the four major factors that determine your health and the percentage each has?

lifestyle choices 51%


heredity 20%


environment 20%


available health care 9%

the collective beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group

culture

what is the term for voluntarily choosing not to do something?

abstinence

list the three top causes of death in the US

heart disease


cancer


respiratory disease

how much sleep should a normal adolescent get each night?

9.25 hours

the beliefs and standards that are important to a person when making a decision are called what?

values

a person who can supervise another person's medical treatment if that person can not do it for themself

health care advocate

list 3 forms of popular media

internet


TV


radio

example of patient skills

asking questions, knowing family history

ratio of body fat to lean tissue

body composition

the amount of force a muscle can exert

muscular strength

the ability of muscles to perform physical tasks over time without becoming fatigued

muscular endurance

the ability to move a body part through its full range of motion

flexibility

the ability of your heart, lungs, and blood vessels to send fuel and oxygen to your tissues during long periods of activity

cardio respiratory endurance

the surgeon general recommends that everyone do _______ minutes of activity on most days of the week

30

what percentage of the body is fluid

60-75%

what ending can be added to a word to mean "inflammation or irritation"

-itis

each time ice is applied to an injury it should not be left on for longer than ______

10-15 minutes

an injury to a ligament

sprain

an injury to a muscle or tendon

strain

anabolic steroids are synthetic forms of the male hormone ______

testosterone

what is the proper name for a brain bruise?

concussion

what are the three basics of any exercise program?

progression, overload, specifity

what is the common name for a bruise

contusion

what is it called when a bone moves out of socket?

dislocation

prepares your muscles for workout

warm up

prepares your muscles to return to their resting state

cool down

activity that uses large muscle groups for at least 20 minutes

exercise

intense short bursts of activity in which large muscle groups do not use oxygen

anaerobic

FITT principle

frequency


intensity


type


time



the ideal range for your heart to work during activity

target heart range

a unit of heat or energy

calorie

people who get most of their protein from plants

vegetarians

experts say that we should limit the fat in our diet to no more than _____ of our total daily calories

30%

what food group should we get the least calories from

fats, sugars, oils

three types of eating disorders

anorexia nervosa


bulimia nervosa


binge eating

important nutrient to help clean out digestive sytstem

fiber

a weight loss plan that is only popular for a short period of time

fad diet

best weight loss plan includes two things

eating right


exercise

three layers of the skin

epidermis


dermis


subcutaneous layer

most common type of cancer

skin cancer

everyone should wear at least SPF ______

15

virus you should protect yourself from when getting a tattoo or piercing

hepatitis, HIV

warts are caused by receiving a ____