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220 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What disease can cause loss of smell?

Parkinsons

What causes an abnormality in peripheral vision?

Homonymous Hemianopsia

A difference of greater than 0.4 mm in pupil diameters?

Anisocoria

Involuntary jerking movement of the eyes?

Nystagmus

Drooping of the upper eyelids?

Ptosis

What nerve is responsible for blinking?

5

The inability to know what something is by feeling it?

Asterognosis

The inability to recognize a number being drawn on you?

Graphesthesia

If you touch both sides of someone's body but they only identify one?

Extinction

Loss of voice?

Aphonia

Defect in the muscular control of speech?

Dysarthria

Slow talking with impaired writing, naming, and repeating?

Broca's Aphasia

Inability to understand, repeat, write, name, or talk?

Wernicke's Aphasia

What is the top score that someone could get on the Glascow scale and still be in a coma?

8

Would someone with a 4 on the Glascow scale be in a coma?

yes

Tapping lightly over the median nerve to test for carpal tunnel?

Tinnels Test

A test which checks for sciatica?

Straight-Leg Test

What does unequal leg length signify?

Scoliosis

Flexing the wrists inward and pushing them together for a minute?

Phalen's Test

When neck flexion causes the hip and knee to move?

Brudinski's Sign

When people have trouble straightening their knee while the hip is flexed?

Kernig's Sign

A test used for a small knee effusion?

Bulge Test

Pushing the patella against the femur to test for effusion?

Ballotement

Rotating Knee to check for meniscus tear?

McMurray's Sign

Pushing a patients knee inwards and pulling the ankle outwards?

Valgus Test

Pushing the knee out and the ankle in?

Varus Test

The anterior drawer sign would signify a tear in what?

ACL

What is a sideways drawer test called?

Lachman Test

A positive romberg test would signify what?

Cerebral Ataxia

Widespread musculoskeletal pain all over the body?

Fibromyalgia

Chronic inflammation of snyovial membranes of hands and feet causing stiffness in the morning?

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Loss of cartilage within the joints?

Osteoarthritis

Symmetric pain of the hips and shoulders accompanied by malaise and depression?

Polymyalgia Rheumatic

Tenderness over the top of the femur near the hip?

Trochanteric Bursitis

Extreme joint pain with sudden onset could be caused by what?

Septic Arthritis

A state of consciousness in which you may move and speak without being aware?

Fugue State

Hard nodules on both sides of the distal finger joints?

Heberden's Nodes

What kind of arthritis often involves the DIP Joints?

Psoriatic

Low back pain that radiates down the leg?

Sciatica

Neuromuscular and urogenital symptoms resulting from multiple compressions?

Cauda Equina

Damage to a facial nerve which causes paralysis of weakness?

Bell's Palsy

The normal inward curvature of the lumbar and cervical spine?

Lordosis

The outward rounding of the thoracic area of the spine?

Kyphosis

Similar to tics, but involving large portions of the body?

Dystonias

Slow and twisting movements of the hands caused by cerebral palsy?

Athetosis

Brief, rapid movements that seldom repeat themselves?

Chorea

Rhythmic movements of the face due to drugs or elderliness?

Face Dyskensias

What would someone have if they're having the worst headache of their life?

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

3 out of 5 POUND markers would signify what?

Migraine

Progressive lower extremity weakness could be caused by what?

Guillan Barre Syndrome

What test occurs when you are asked to touch your opposite shoulder blade?

Apley Scratch Test

Pressing on the scapula and raising the arm is what test?

Neer's Impingement

Raising the elbow while performing internal rotation of the arm?

Hawkin's Impingement

The empty can test would test for an injury in what muscle?

Supraspinatus

What is the term for lateral epicondylitis?

Tennis Elbow

What is the term for medial epicondylitis?

Pitcher's Elbow

Rotating your hands so your thumbs go internally?

Pronation

Rotating your hands so your palm goes up?

Supination

Nodules that occur in the Proximal finger joints?

Bouchard's Nodules

Heverden's and Bouchard's nodules are signs of what?

Degenerative Joint Disease?

A fracture at the end of the radius?

Colle's Fracture

Tenderness over the anatomical snuffbox could signify what?

Scaphoid Fracture

Accumulation of sodium urate crystals?

Gout

Frozen shoulder?

Adhesive Capsulitis

Nodule causing Contracture of the hand?

Dupuytrea's Contracture

Swelling, ulceration, and discharge at a joint?

Tophaceous Gout

Painless nodule that causes a snapping noise?

Trigger Finger

Cysts along the tendon Sheaths?

Ganglion

Pain that occurs when straightening the fingers?

Tenosynovitis

Infection caused by a finger tip puncture?

Felon

When the big toe starts facing laterally and the ball of the foot grows medially?

Hallux Valgus

Pain on the bottom of the foot could be caused by what?

Morton's Neuroma

What is a corn that occurs between the toes called?

Soft Corn

What material should people with diabetic neuropathy wear?

Nylon

Stiffness after inactivity?

Gelling

A T-Score less than -2.5 would signify what?

Osteoporosis

A T-score between 2.5 and 1.5 would signify what?

Osteopenia

What hormones increase bone density?

Anabolic Agents

Palpable bogginess or doughiness of the synovial Membrane?

Synovitis

When you must speak loudly to get a response?

Lethargic

When you must shake a patient to get a response?

Obtunded

When the patient is only a rousable by painful stimuli?

Stuporous

Mood changing very erratically?

Labile

Words or phrases that are substituted for not being able to think of a word?

Circumlocutions

When words are malformed, wrong, or invented?

Parphasias

Speech characterized by indirection due to excess details?

CIrcumstantiality

Speech in which topics shift with relation between topics?

Derailment

Accelerated change of topics in a very fast but coherent matter?

Flight of Ideas

Invented or distorted words?

Neologisms

Fabrication of facts to hide memory impairment?

Confabulation

Persistent repetition of words or ideas?

Perseverations

Repetition of the words or phrases of others?

Echolalia

Choosing words on basis of sound rather than meaning?

Clanging

Believing a comet passing by means you should buy a car?

Delusion of Reference

Believing you have a disease that you don't have?

Somatic Delusion

A band of skin innervated by the sensory root of a single spinal nerve?

Dermatome

Patient stands with the arms forward to see if they go down?

Pronator Drift

What system of the brain controls balance and coordination?

Vestibular

What system of the brain is responsible for rhythmic movement and steady posture?

Cerebellar

Being able to tell which direction a body part is moving?

Proprioreception

What is the normal reflex graded as?

2+

What would a brisk reflex that would signify a problem be graded as?

4+

A hyperactive response usually at the ankle?

Clonus

Motor disturbances marked by a random change of posture?

Aterixis

Stiffness of the hamstrings?

Kernig's Sign

What is the best guide for noting chest abnormalities?

Sternal Angle

What should you count to make a vertical location?

Ribs

What is the lung divided in half by?

Oblique Fissure

What is the right lung divided by?

Minor Fissure

Serous Membranes that cover the outer surface of each lung?

Pleurae

Where does lung pain come from?

Adjacent Pleura

Coughing up blood from the lungs?

Hemoptysis

What is the order for normal examination?

Inspection Palpation Percussion Auscultation

Where should you place thumbs for chest expansion?

10th Rib

SOft and low pitched sounds heard in both lungs?

Vesicular

Loud and high pitch notes heard over the manubrium?

Bronchial

Intermediate intensity sounds heads over the 1st and 2nd interspaces?

Bronciovesicular

Inflammation of cartilage connecting ribs to sternum?

Chostochondritis

What kind of sputum is clear, white, or gray?

Mucoid

What kind of sputum is yellow or green?


Perulent

A high pitches wheeze?

Stridor

The serous membrane that covers the rib cage and upper diaphragm?

Parietal Pleura

What disease causes coughing up of blood?

TB

What lung sound has the inspiration heard for longer?

Vesicular

A low pitched, snoring-like adventitious sound?

Rhonchi

What part of the stethoscope is used to hear low pitched sounds

Bell

Information that is described by the patient?

Subjective

Information that is proven by assessment?

Objective

What is the word used for the alcohol assessment?

CAGE

The word for something that is physically wrong?

Pothophysiology

Reproducing the same test results at a new day and time?

Reliability

The ability to read a positive result as accurate?

Sensitivity

The ability to read negative results as accurate

Specificity

The odds of a disease compared to a non diseased person?

Likelihood Ratio

The degree of observer agreement?

Kappa Measurement

Pain related to the body tissues?

Nociceptive/Somatic

Pain from direct trauma to the nervous system?

Neuropathic

Pain related to how the patient reports the pain?

Psychogenic

Pain that is from no obvious or identifiable cause?

Idiopathic

Education before someone gets a disease?


Primary

The position when a woman is getting her genitals examined?

Lithotomy

What is done last during the abdominal examination?

Palpation

What is the acronym used for taking an oral history?

Situation


Background


Assessment


Recommendation

Ability to distinguish between diseased and non-diseased individuals?

Validity

What syndrome can cause very little height?

Turner's

What is the outer layer of the pericardium?

Parietal

What is the inner serous layer?

Visceral

What valce is between the right atrium and ventricle?

Tricuspid

What is the left atrioventricular valve called?

Mitral

What set of valves prevents bloodflow back into the ventricles?

Semilunar

What is the contraction phase of the cardiac cycle called?


Systole

The pressure at which the ventricles fill?

Preload

Stroke Volume X Heart Rate = ?

Cardiac Output

The ability of cells to respond to electrical stimulation?

Excitability

The ability to pass electricity from cell to cell?

Conductivity

What is the pacemaker of the heart?

Sinoatrial Node

What creates a slight delay before impulses go to the ventricles?

AV Node

What connects the atria and ventricles electrically?

Bundle of His

What fivers spread impulses throughout the ventricle walls?

Purkinje System

What is the monitoring lead?

Lead 2

How much time does 1 small box cover?

0.04 Seconds

WHat is caused by an open channel between the aorta and pulmonary artery?

Patent Ductus

Bruits are symptomatic of what disease?

Atherosclerosis

What would 120-139/80-89 be?

Prehypertension

In what disease in the carotid upstroke delayed?

Aortic Stenosis

A greater than normal drop in BP during inspiration?

Paridoxical pulse

What is the length of a normal PR interval?

.12-.2

What is the normal QRS length?

.06-.1

What is it called when the QRS is greater than 0.1?

Bundle Branch Block

What disease is signified by Atrial flutter?

CHF

What ausculatory area is at the apex?

Mitral

Where is the pulmonic area located?

2nd left interspace

What is the area at the 2nd right interspace?

Aortic Area

Where is the tricuspid area?

Lower Left Sternal Border

What disease would have aggravation with exertion?

COPD

Fluid accumulation in the pleural space?

Pleural Effusion

PE would cause what to shift to the side?

Trachea

When one or more pulmonary arteries is blocked?

Pulmonary Embolism

When skin is depigmented and loses color?

Vitiligo

A common fungal infection of the skin causing pigment issues?

Tinea Versicolor

Collagen vascular disease causes what, which is patches over the eyelids?

Heliotrope

What is the word for a common mole?

Benign Nevus

Round or oval patches of hair loss?

Alopecia Areata

Separating of nail from nail bed?

Onycholysis

Nearsightedness?

Myopia

Aging Vision?

Presbyopia

Specks in the vision where a patient can't see?

Scotomas

The benign midline lump on the roof of the mouth?

Torus Palatine

JVD is common in what?

CHF

White patches in the mouth?

Leukoplakia

Angina pectoris is caused by what?

Myocardial Ischemia

Prolonged myocardial ischemia?

Myocardial Infarction

What position is the apex felt best in?

Left lateral Decubitus

Thickened asymmetrical plaques that narrow the lumen?

Complex Atheromas

Plaque Rupture?

Thrombosis

Pain with walking that is relieved by sitting?

Spinal Stenosis

When wrist pulses are normal but spasm of arteries causes pallor of fingers?

Raynaud's Disease

What is the number for a normal brisk pulse?

2

What test is done to diagnose arterial insufficiency in the arm?

Allen Test

Where is cancer most often found in the breast?

Upper Outer Quadrant

Inappropriate discharge of milk containing fluid?

Galactorrhea

Lesions in young women which are smooth, rubbery, and round?

Fibroadenoma

What provides a 5 year and lifetime risk for breast cancer?

Gail Model

What model involves risk for girls by looking at the family?

Claus Model

A benign but painful condition of dilated ducts with inflammation?

Mammary Duct Ectasia

A sweat gland infection?

Hidradeneitis

Deeply pigmented and velvety axillary skin?

Acanthosis Nigricans

Milky discharge unrelated to pregnancy or lactation?

Nonpuerperal Galactorrhea

Spontaneous bloody discharge from a duct can be from what?

Paget's Disease

The boundary between somatic and visceral nerve supplies?

Anorectal Juntion

What is the test for prostate cancer?

PSA

An arrhythmic area with some hair over the sacrum?

Polonidal Cyst

A tight prepuce that cannot be retracted over the glans?

Phimosis

When the prepuce cannot be returned to normal position?


Paraphimosis

Inflammation of the glans?


Balanitis

When a hernia's contents cannot be returned to the abdominal cavity?

Incarcerated

When blood supple to the entrapped contents is compromised?

Strangulated

A mass in the scrotum in which fingers can palpate above the mass?

Hydrocele

The most common hernia?

Indirect Inguinal

What cloaks the front of the testicles and can accumulate fluid?

Tunica Vaginalis