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30 Cards in this Set

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1. - What is the main function of the endocrine system?
the collection of glands that produce hormones to regulate all functions of our body.
2. - How is form the endocrine system?
is form by glands and tissues and cells.
3. - What does the cells secrete?
hormones.
4. - Describe the endocrine glands:
organs that are sources of hormones.
5. - What are the hormones?
chemical messengers that travel through body.
6. - What is the name of the study of the endocrine system and the diagnosis and treatment of its disorders?
Endocrinology.
7. - What hormone does the Pineal Gland produce?
Melatonin.
8. - What hormone does the Anterior Pituitary gland produce?
Growth Hormone (GH).
9. - What hormone does the Posterior Pituitary produce?
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH).


10. - What hormone does the Thyroid gland produce?

Thyroid hormone (T3 and T4) and Calcitonin.

11. - What hormone does the Parathyroid gland produce?
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH).
12. - The Adrenal Gland is divide in two?
Yes...Adrenal Cortex and Adrenal Medulla.
13. - What does the Adrenal Cortex releases?
Hormones that regulate mineral content in blood.
14. - What hormones does the Adrenal Medulla produce?
Epinephrine and norepinephrine.
15. - What hormone does the Pancreas produce?
Insulin and glucagon.
16. - What hormone does the Thymus produce?
Thymosin.
17- In what systems the thymus plays a big role?
Endocrine and lymphatic and immune system.
18. - Identify the two divisions of the gonads:
Testes and Ovaries.
19. - What hormone does the Testes produce?
Androgens in males.
20. - What hormone does the Ovaries produce?
Estrogens in females.
21. – What hormone regulates the Day-night cycle?
the melatonin.
22. - What hormone regulates the water balance?
the antidiuretic hormones.
23. - What hormone is regulated in stress situations?
Epinephrine.
24. - What is the result of insulin plus glucose?
Glycogen.
25. - What is the result of glucagon plus glycogen?
Glucose.
26. - What is the main function of the androgens?
Sperm formation and development of male char.
27. - What is the main function of the estrogens?
the development of female char.
28. - What happen if the Ca2+ drops?
the bones will breakdown.
29. - What will happen if I drink so much?
the alcohol will inhibit ADH causing the increased output of urine.
30. - Each type of hormone is target cell or organ?
True.