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55 Cards in this Set

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Distress

unhealthy/negative

Eustress

positive

Acute stress

short term

Chronic stress

long term

Symptoms of stress

Increased heart-rate


Wide pupils


Tense muscles


Blood flow to skin reduced


Blood to brain/muscles increase


Immune sys. temporarily shuts down


Nervous sys. activated

GAS

General Adaptation Syndrome


1) alarm: cortisol released


2) resistance: body gathers resources


3) recovery or exhaustion: return to normalcy!! or breakdown

Fight or flight

psychological response to stress

Emotional problem

Pattern of thinking that causes emotional pain/prevents normal living


People can overcome w/ help

Psychiatrist

m.d.


Prescribes meds

Psychologist

Can have m.d. - not necessary

Mild depression

reversed through routine change

Severe depression

requires diagnosis & treatment

Depression symptoms

Guilt


Apathy/no feelings


Flat affect


Hard to concentrate


Sleep patterns change


Eating habits change

Depression

Treatable & real

Suicide

More men than women successfully commit suicide, women make more attempts


3rd leading cause of death for teens

Dysfunctional family

Rigid rules


Secrets


Lack unity


Impairment of coping

Codependent/enabler

Dependent on the impaired person



Abuse

Active: physical/sexual


Passive: withholding affection/necessities

Roles

Hero: shoulders responsibility


Scapegoat/rebel: accepts blame


Joker/mascot: comedic relief


Lonely one/lost one: needs help from others, removed

Qualities of functional family

Commitment


Appreciation


Communication


Spend time together


Values


Coping/resiliency

Child abuse

Maltreatment of child under 18 by someone who is responsible for their welfare


Comission or omission (neglect)

Child sexual abuse

Most common: between fathers & daughters


Rape


Incest


Fondling


Exhibitionism


Pornography


Not just intercourse

Sexual abuse signs

No obvious signs


Low self esteem


Seductiveness


Avoidance of talk of sex

Why do you drink?

Celebrate


Unwind


Taste


Custom


Peer pressure


Rebelling

Alcohol

Depressant, slows central nervous sys.


Not an aphrodisiac

How Alcohol Affects Someone

Height/weight


How fast they drink it


Content/concentration


Gender


Tolerance


Food in stomach


Mental disposition


Setting

1 drink

1/2 oz pure ethanol

Liver

Breaks down alcohol

Proof

Strength


Percent = 1/2 proof


80 proof = 40%

BAC

Blood Alcohol Concentration


.08 = legally intoxicated


.02 = under 21

DUI

Driving Under the Influence


Safe: 1 drink an hr

Alcohol poisoning

1) Judgement/reason


2) Speech/vision


3) Muscular control


4) Respiration/heartbeat

Binge drinking

5 or more standard drinks in a row for men


4 or more for women

Range of drinkers

Moderate: responsible


Social: drinks socially, either mod. or problem


Problem: on way to addiction


Alcoholic: full blown addiction

Euphoria

High

Dysphoria

Low

Physical abuse

Physical injury


Burns, fractures, welts, cuts, or internal injury


Name of discipline/punishment

Psychological/emotional abuse

Impaired psychological growth & development


verbal, demands of child's performance


Low self esteem = result

Child Neglect

omission, basic needs not met (clothes, food, hygiene, medical attention, education, supervision)

How authorities respond to abuse

Keep family together

First child abuse case

Animal rights group brought it to court

Abusive parents

Usually do love their kids

Stimulant

speed up CNS


Euphoria


Anxiety/paranoia


Ex: caffeine, tobacco, cocaine, Ritalin, nicotine

Depressant

slow down CNS


"At ease"


Release of inhibitions


Slurred speech, loss of balance


Impaired thinking/judgement


Ex: alcohol, valium, ativan, seconal, inhalants

Hallucinogens

Speeding up & slowing down


Distortion of brain messages


Perception of time


Ex: LSD, PCP, Peyote, Psilocybin

Narcotics

Blocks pain


Slows down CNS


Supress cough


Ex: heroin, morphine, codeine, opium, demerol, methadone

Cannabis

Euphoria


Relaxed inhibitions


Increased appetite


Disorientation


Ex: marijuana, hashish, hash oil

Signs of addiction/alcoholism

Lying to spouse


Hiding


Depression


Physical abuse to others


Physical need/dependence


Drinking aloe


Strain of relationships

Signs of suicide

Depression


Previous attempt


Verbal cues


Sleep/eating change


Loss of interest in hobbies


Giving away possessions


Low self esteem


Increased drug/alcohol use


Sudden "lift" in depression

What do to help suicidal person

Recognize signs


Trust your gut


Tell others


LISTEN


Stay w/ them


Urge pro help


ASK if they are thinking of suicide

Eating disorder

Low self esteem leads to it


Anorexia, bulimia, binge


Anyone can get one, mostly young women


Treatment: inclusion of family members, consultation & psychotherapy

Anatomy

Structure

Physiology

Function

Anorexia nervosa

Loss of 20 - 25% body weight


Cessation of menses


Hyperactivity


Constipation


Depression


Hair loss, growth of fine hair on body


Low pulse, cold

Bulimia

Binge and then vomit


Laxative use


Irregular menses


Swollen glands in neck


Tooth decay


Compulsive exercise