• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
itard = retard (boy is deficient)

society had role in children dev

the boy appeared to be mentally deficient because he was isolated from society
preyer = first to prey/write textbook

wrote first textbook on child dev

wanted to identify sequences of behavior because they would show how new forms of behavior emerged from earlier forms
i.e. crawling becomes walking
proposed the existence of the critical period in newly hatched geese dev when they imprint
children dev based on sex drive

watson = nba = any job is possible

use learning principles to train any infant to dev into whatever he/she wished
skinner = brian skinner learning

operant conditioning

learning shaped by consequences of behavior
bandura = ban yeh (chinese). observe others

children observe other

zone of proximal development: gap between what child can do by himself and what they can do when interacting with others
erikson = erik (magneto). magnets not biological. cont throughout life

social and cultural factors influence dev. NOT biological

dev process continues throughout life rather than end in adolescence
schema = most basic unit of cognitive function. provides understanding for the world

schemas change through adaptation (assimilation and accommodation)

assimilation = incorporate new experiences into existing schema

children go through equilibration (back and forth finding a fit between existing schema and new exp)
what is plasticity?
reliability of conclusions for experiments
definition of continuous/discontinuous?
cont = gradual small changes

disc = a series of radical changes
types of research designs:
1) longitudinal
2) cross-sectional
3) cohort sequential
4) microgenetic
longi = collect info about a group over time

cross = collect info about various ages at one time

cohort = combines both cross and long. study several over time

micro = focus on dev over short periods esp children during major changes
critical period
a period when specific biological or environmental events are required for normal dev to occur
sensitive period
when an event has more meaning/more effect at a certain age than at another
what are the four domains of development?
1. social
prior experience does not get in the way of gathering and analyzing date
whether other researchers can use same procedures to get same results
mitosis and meiosis?
mitosis = replication of all cells except sperm/ova

meiosis (MY O) = generates sperm and Ova
genotype vs phenotype
geno = genetic detail

pheno = observable trait/behavior
a canalized trait follows a strictly defined path regardless of any env/genetic influences or variations
times when laws of genetic inheritance does not hold?
there are 2 conditions when they do not apply

1) mutation. a permament change in DNA
2) genetic imprinting. alleles are chemically marked that on pair member is activated
dominant allele disorders examples?
waardenburg syndrome = unusual pigmentation. two color eyes/shocking white hair

marfan syndrome = 1 in 5k or 1 in 10k occurs. affects connective tissue (elongated fingers)
codominant disorders
AB blood type = type A mother and type B father. blood of each is expressed which means CODOMINANT
1 in 10k males only. takes a long time for blood to clot
klinefelter syndrome
1:900 males XXY

males fail to develop secondary sex characteristics (facial hair/voice change)

-breast development, penis not fully developed
turner's syndrome
1:2500/8000 females XO

incomplete development of sex characteristics at puberty
extra y syndrome
1:1000 males XYY

above avg height, large teeth, and sometimes severe acne
triple x
1:500/1250 females

tallness and impaired verbal intelligence
fragile x
changes in X chromosome

causes retardation
down syndrome
95% children with DS have 3 copies of chromosome 21

-mental retardation
-1:1000 births

-the older u are, the higher chance of having child with DS
-mothers eggs are exposed to environmental effects