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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 parts to the personality
ID
EGO
SUPEREGO
Assumptions underlying Freud’s Theory
1.Reflex-arc
2. Energy homeostasis
3. Adaptation
4. Neural-integration hierarchy
Reflex-arc Assumption
Tendency for an organism to respond when stimulated
Energy Homeostasis Assumption
The goal of this system is to maintain a homeostatic (equilibrated) state.
The major physic energy or drive is
libidinal
Freud Sigmand
Psychosexual Stages
Erik Erickson:
Psychosocial stages
Melanie Klein:
Object Relations theory
John Bowlby
: Attachment theory
Object Relations Theory
Is a theory of relationships between people, in particular within the family and especially between mother and child
Characteristics of Attachment
Safe Haven

Secure Base

Proximity Maintenance

Separation Distress
John B. Watson (1878-1958)
Social Learning Theory: Behaviorism
BF Skinner 1904-1990
Social Learning Theory:
Operant Conditioning Theory
Albert Bandura (1925 - )
Social Cognitive Learning Theory
Modeling
Jean Piaget
Cognitive -Developmental Theory
Constructivism:
development occurs as children actively manipulate and explore the environment
Qualitative change:
Children at different stages think in qualitatively different ways
Germinal Period:
Mitotic division of zygote into multiple cells.
Heterochrony:
Different parts of the organism develop at different rates
Heterogeneity:
Variability in levels of development of different parts of the organism at a given time
Epigenetic Hypothesis:
Interactions between the cells and their environment generate the new cell forms and emergence of body organs
Germinal period
(single-cell zygote  morula  blastocyst)
Embryonic Period
Begins with implantation and lasts about 6 weeks. At the end of this period, the organism begins to respond to direct stimulation
the embryo starts to differentiate into layers
ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm.
Cephalocaudal :
proceeds from head down
Proximodistal:
From middle of organism out to the periphery
Fetal Period
Skeletal ossification at week 8/9 and continues until birth
Fetus at approx. 9 weeks
Week 3
Heart beating
Waardenburg Syndrome
Dominant
Sex-Linked Traits
Red-green color blindness, hemophilia, muscular dystrophy
Down Syndrome:
**Chromosomal Error
Sex Chromosome Abnormalities
Klinefelter Syndrome (XXY)- males

Turner Syndrome (X0)- females

Extra Y Syndrome (XYY)

Triple X Syndrome (XXX)-
Sex- Linked Abnormality: Klinefelter
Extra X chromosome
Turner Syndrome
Missing X chromosome.
Baldwin Effect
Lactose Tolerance
We begin as a zygote,
a single cell
Week one and two
Morula Stage- ball of sister cells
Week 3
Heart beats and cNS
Week 4
Leg, arm, heart, brain, muscle and backbone
-- embryo
Week 5
Umbilical Cord
Week 6
Pancreas
Head bigger than body
Week 7
Eyes, elbows, baby teeth
nerve cells. Male gonads
Week 8
MAJOR ORGANS HAVE primitive shape. Startle reflex and generalized movement
Cortex
Week 9
Now called fetus
Week 12
Sucking and swallowing
Week 13
Ears and eyes moving into place
Week 18
Lungs
Teratogens:
Alcohol
Rubella (German measles):
heart disease, cataracts, deafness, and mental retardation
Sleep
infants begin their sleep with active REM sleep and then fall into quiet (NREM) sleep
Conditioning
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Implicit memory -
unconscious learning process.
Procedural and
sensory
3 category babies
Easy
Difficult
Slow-to-warm-up
Soft Spots
Fontanel
Growth plates of the long bones
epiphysis
Birth brain size
1/2 of size of adult brain
visual abilities
Slightly blurred at birth
Color vision
By 2 months
Face stimulie
2 months
auditory and visual
3 months
Language areas
Blue
1-2
motor
Object permanence
8 months or younger does
8-12 months
(A not B error)
Incomplete object permanence
9-11
Mimick