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26 Cards in this Set

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Altar #4 - La Venta, Olmec, Formative



- Like Colossal Head, focus is on the face


- Naturalistic pose


- Monster face at top of altar


- David Grove argued that they were not altars bot Olmec thrones instead


-> Because it showed a ruler (fancy headdress + necklace)

Great Mound - La Venta, Olmec, Formative

Head 1 (El Rey) - San Lorenzo, Olmec, Formative



- Elongated eyes, full lips, ear gauges


- Created on behalf of rulers


- put outside to serve as protection


- in general they serve as portraits

Building L (Temples aof the Danzantes) - Monte Alban, Zapotec, Formative

Danzante - Monte Alban, Zapotec, Formative



- Called Danzante because ppl. thought they were dancers


- carvings of male figures may represented as dead


- Open mouths, closed eyes, genitals mutilated/castrated



- May also interpreted as victims of war of Zapotec

Mound J (observatory) - Monte Alban, Zapotec, Formative



- highly refined and complex astronomical observatory


- also has astronomical alignments with the setting positions of the stars

Site of Monte Alban - Monte Alban, Zapotec, Formative



- pyramids and artificial mounds were litertally carved out of the mountain


-

Guachimontones - Teuchitlan, West Mexican, Formative



-prehispanic archaeological site


- a major site of a pre-columbian complex society known as Teuchitlan (meaning Place dedicated to the Gods)


- dominat features are circular pyramids in the middle of circular building complexes

High status couple - Nayarit, West Mexican, Formative



- come in a pair - could indicate a marriage


- same size indicating equal status


- clothes + jewelry

Polychrome Ceramic - Chupicuaro, West Mexcican, Formative



- big hips represent female


- found in shaft tomb


- made from ceramic ( hollow)

Ball player figurines - El Openo, West Mexican, Formative



- May represent female ball players


- wears hacha, palma, yoke


Figurine - Teotihuacan, Teotihuancano, Formative



- standardized


- every figurine looks the same


- focus on the face

Great Goddess (Tepantitla mural) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic



- central image depicts great goddess


- tree grows behind her, adorning it are butterflies, spiders, and flowers


- water flow from hands (may represent abundance)


- Dress is cover in floral and star motif


- Headdress depicts a bird with multiple feathers


- wears 2 large ear spools


- represent fertility

Miccaotli (Way of the Dead) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic



- a large avenue of Teotihucan


- has that name because of the pyramids along the sides were memorials and burials for the dead


- there were also many Talud-Tablero platforms along the way


- flanked by Pyramid of Sun/Moon

Mosaic Mask - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic



- teotihuacan-style funerary object


- function during classic period is unknown


- during post classic, it was used to bury with an important character


- Mosaic pieces were added on later to represent a goddess of fertility and water

Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent (older view) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic



- famous due to the discovery of more than a hundred possibly-sacrificial victims found buried underneath the structure


-takes its name from representations of the Mesoamerican "feathered serpent" deity which cover its side

Temple of the Feathered Serpent (Crocodilian) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic



- decoration on the outside edged of the pyramid


- often identified as Tlaloc.


Temple of the Feathered Serpent (Feathered Serpent) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic



- May represent "war serpent" or "fire serpent" wearing a headdress with the Teotihuacan symbol for war.

Pyramid of the Moon - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic



- 2nd largest pyramid in Teotihucan


- mimics the contours of the mountain Cerro Gordo


- some called it Tenan, Nahuatl for "mother/protective stone"


- flanked the avenue of the dead


- a platform on top used to conduct ceremonies in honor of the great goddess

Pyramid of the Sun - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic



- largest pyramid in Teotihuacan


- found along Way of the Dead between Moon Pyramid and Ciudadela


- significant for its structure - which oriented to according to Teotihuacanos calendar


- pyramid built over a man-made tunnel leading into a cave


- obsidian arrowhead and human figurines have been discovered inside the pyramid

South Ballcourt (Panel 1) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic



- depicts a ballgame with 2 players in the middle


- 2 observers on the sideline


- ball in the middle indicate it is a ball game


- players wore ballgame accessory


- Deity on the side watch

South Ballcourt (Panel 3 - Line Drawing) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic

South Ballcourt (Panel 3) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic

South Ballcourt (Panel 4 Line Drawing) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic

South Ballcourt (Panel 4) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic



- aftermath of a ball game


- the loser is being sacrifice


- ceremonial knife being use

Pyramid of the Niches - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, CLassic



- 7 stories


- sloping base wall called Talud and vertical wall called Tablero


- unusual because of niches


- 365 niches represent solar year


- niches imitate caves


- flanked by 2 smaller structure named building 2 and building 4