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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Altar #4 - La Venta, Olmec, Formative

- Like Colossal Head, focus is on the face

- Naturalistic pose

- Monster face at top of altar

- David Grove argued that they were not altars bot Olmec thrones instead

-> Because it showed a ruler (fancy headdress + necklace)

Great Mound - La Venta, Olmec, Formative

Head 1 (El Rey) - San Lorenzo, Olmec, Formative

- Elongated eyes, full lips, ear gauges

- Created on behalf of rulers

- put outside to serve as protection

- in general they serve as portraits

Building L (Temples aof the Danzantes) - Monte Alban, Zapotec, Formative

Danzante - Monte Alban, Zapotec, Formative

- Called Danzante because ppl. thought they were dancers

- carvings of male figures may represented as dead

- Open mouths, closed eyes, genitals mutilated/castrated

- May also interpreted as victims of war of Zapotec

Mound J (observatory) - Monte Alban, Zapotec, Formative

- highly refined and complex astronomical observatory

- also has astronomical alignments with the setting positions of the stars

Site of Monte Alban - Monte Alban, Zapotec, Formative

- pyramids and artificial mounds were litertally carved out of the mountain


Guachimontones - Teuchitlan, West Mexican, Formative

-prehispanic archaeological site

- a major site of a pre-columbian complex society known as Teuchitlan (meaning Place dedicated to the Gods)

- dominat features are circular pyramids in the middle of circular building complexes

High status couple - Nayarit, West Mexican, Formative

- come in a pair - could indicate a marriage

- same size indicating equal status

- clothes + jewelry

Polychrome Ceramic - Chupicuaro, West Mexcican, Formative

- big hips represent female

- found in shaft tomb

- made from ceramic ( hollow)

Ball player figurines - El Openo, West Mexican, Formative

- May represent female ball players

- wears hacha, palma, yoke

Figurine - Teotihuacan, Teotihuancano, Formative

- standardized

- every figurine looks the same

- focus on the face

Great Goddess (Tepantitla mural) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic

- central image depicts great goddess

- tree grows behind her, adorning it are butterflies, spiders, and flowers

- water flow from hands (may represent abundance)

- Dress is cover in floral and star motif

- Headdress depicts a bird with multiple feathers

- wears 2 large ear spools

- represent fertility

Miccaotli (Way of the Dead) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic

- a large avenue of Teotihucan

- has that name because of the pyramids along the sides were memorials and burials for the dead

- there were also many Talud-Tablero platforms along the way

- flanked by Pyramid of Sun/Moon

Mosaic Mask - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic

- teotihuacan-style funerary object

- function during classic period is unknown

- during post classic, it was used to bury with an important character

- Mosaic pieces were added on later to represent a goddess of fertility and water

Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent (older view) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic

- famous due to the discovery of more than a hundred possibly-sacrificial victims found buried underneath the structure

-takes its name from representations of the Mesoamerican "feathered serpent" deity which cover its side

Temple of the Feathered Serpent (Crocodilian) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic

- decoration on the outside edged of the pyramid

- often identified as Tlaloc.

Temple of the Feathered Serpent (Feathered Serpent) - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic

- May represent "war serpent" or "fire serpent" wearing a headdress with the Teotihuacan symbol for war.

Pyramid of the Moon - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic

- 2nd largest pyramid in Teotihucan

- mimics the contours of the mountain Cerro Gordo

- some called it Tenan, Nahuatl for "mother/protective stone"

- flanked the avenue of the dead

- a platform on top used to conduct ceremonies in honor of the great goddess

Pyramid of the Sun - Teotihuacan, Teotihuacano, Classic

- largest pyramid in Teotihuacan

- found along Way of the Dead between Moon Pyramid and Ciudadela

- significant for its structure - which oriented to according to Teotihuacanos calendar

- pyramid built over a man-made tunnel leading into a cave

- obsidian arrowhead and human figurines have been discovered inside the pyramid

South Ballcourt (Panel 1) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic

- depicts a ballgame with 2 players in the middle

- 2 observers on the sideline

- ball in the middle indicate it is a ball game

- players wore ballgame accessory

- Deity on the side watch

South Ballcourt (Panel 3 - Line Drawing) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic

South Ballcourt (Panel 3) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic

South Ballcourt (Panel 4 Line Drawing) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic

South Ballcourt (Panel 4) - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, Classic

- aftermath of a ball game

- the loser is being sacrifice

- ceremonial knife being use

Pyramid of the Niches - El Tajin, Olmeca-Xicalanca, CLassic

- 7 stories

- sloping base wall called Talud and vertical wall called Tablero

- unusual because of niches

- 365 niches represent solar year

- niches imitate caves

- flanked by 2 smaller structure named building 2 and building 4