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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
4 levels of insight
1. objective
2. patterns of bx
3. motivational insight
4. genetic insight
Group cohesiveness is the same thing as
therapeutic relationship, there's just more people doing it
Yalom believes people seeking assistance from a mental health professional have in common two difficulties
1. establishing and maintaining meaningful personal relationships

2. maintaining a sense of personal worth (self-esteem)
3 variables correlated with popularity in group
1. previous self-disclosure
2. interpersonal compatibility
3. other sociometric measures (i.e.young, good looking, educated)
Group cohesiveness increases
group attendance
members of a cohesive group will (8 actions)
1. influence more
2. be influenced more
3. self-disclose more
4. listen more
5. participate more
6. protect group norms
7. be less suseptible to disruption
8. have greater ownership
Horizontal therapy is
here and now and future (Rogers)
Vertical therapy is
trying to find out how you got here (Freud, Jung)
As per group member feedback, what therapist behavior is the least helpful?
Imitative bx
Family reenactment is
the corrective recapitulation of the primary family experience
Nothing take precedence over
the theraputic relationship or group cohesiveness
The therapist attends to gatekeeping, which is
prevention of member attrition
Culture building
therapist funtions indirectly to create a culture where everyone shares
Two basic roles the therapist may assume in the group
1. technical expert
2. model-setting participant
Examples of group norms (6)
1. self-monitoring group
2. self-disclosure
3. Procedure
4. The importance of group to its members
5. members as agents of help
6. support and confrontation
The major difference between a psychotheapy group and others...
The here and now focus
The here and now focus is not just an orientation...
it is indispensable
Everything that Yalom does is to...
bring people back into a here and now focus
Two types of countertranference and their meanings
Objective countertransference: reflecting on the client's characteristic interpersonal impact on you and others

Subjective countertransference: idiosyncratic reactions that reflect more specifically on what you personally carry into the relationship
Techniques of process illumination
1. ct recognizes their own interpersonal habits
2. ct appreciates the impact of this bx on others, other's opinions of them, and their own self-regard
3. ct decides if they are satisfied with their habitual interpersonal style
4. ct transforms intent into decision, decision into action
5. ct solidifies the change and transfers it into larger life
There are times when the therapist must sit on...
his wisdom and wait for the group arrive to solutions
Example of process comment
"What's happened in the group now is that you've distanced yourself."
One formidable problem with explanations based on the distant past is...
they have within them the seeds of therapeutic despair
The past no more determines the present and the future than...
is determined by them.
An issue critical to the existence or function of the entire group always takes precedence over...
narrower interpersonal issues
Most important type of interpretation
mutative interpretation: clarifying aspects of transference
Main theraputic task of therapist
analysis of transference
What occurs in every group?
Transference is so powerful that no therapist shall have...
favorites to keep stability in the group.
Principles for the therapist when recieveing feedback from the group (3)
1. take is seriously
2. obtain consensual validation
3. check your own internal experience
Ideal group size
Most important factor to Yalom when picking group members
Who profits less from the group experience
those who are most satisfied with themselves
9 reasons for drop outs
1. external factors
2. group deviancy
3. problems of intimacy
4. fear of emotional contagion
5. inability to share the therapist
6. complications of concurrent individual and group therapy
7. early provocateurs
8. inadequate orientation to therapy
9. complications arising from subgrouping
Frans Alexander
Corrective emotional experience
Maxwell Jones
emphasized nervious system's effect on mental health
L. Marsh
psychoeducation and organized classes with lectures, homework, and grades
Abraham Low
Founded Recovery, Inc - the nations oldest and largest self-help program for current and former psychiatric patients.

Wrote textbook: "Mental Health Through Will Training"
Foulkes and Anthony
Suggest blending diagnoses and disturbances to form a therapeutically efffective group.

Also said, "There are times when the therapist must sit on his wisdom, must tolerate defective knowledge and wait for the group to arrive at solutions."
Albert Bandura
emphasized imitation and modeling
H. Sullivan
consensual validation

"parataxic distortions"
Carl Rogers
actualization tendency

Horizontal and upward therapy
H. Strupp
"time limited psychotherapy”

integration of classical and interpersonal psychoanalysis

analysis of transference
Main goal of Dynamic Therapy
relief of suffering
awarness of self, minus evaluation of self
clinical empathy - helping the ct to know they are not alone in their experience
caring about others
11 Therapeutic Factors
1. instillation of hope
2. universality
3. imparting information
4. altruism
5. corrective recapitulaion of the primary family group
6. development of socializing techniques
7. imitative behavior
8. interpersonal learning
9. group cohesiveness
10. catharsis
11. existential factors
The therapist translates depression into its interpersonal issue, like...
passive dependency, isolation, obsequiousness (excessive obedience), inability to express anger, hypersensistivety to separation
One good friend can...
inoculate suicide or depression
Sequence of microcausm #11
adaptive spiral set in motion, first inside the group, then outside
S. Freud
catharsis is not enough.
2 therapists, 4 girls, 2 guys
Irv, Joan are co-therapists

Ladies: Alice, Cathy, Darlene, Betty

Men: Bob, Allen, Dan