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131 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Abate

to reduce in amount



abscond

to leave secretly

abstain

to choose not to do something

abyss

an extremely deep hole

adulturate

to make impure

advocate

to speak in favor of

aesthetic

concerning the appreciation of beauty

aggrandize

to increase in power

amalgamate

to combine

ameliorate

to make better; more improve

anachronism

something out of place in time

analogous

similar to alike in some way; equivalent to

antipathy

extreme dislike

arbitrate

to judge a dispute between two opposing parties

ardor

intense and passionate feeling

assuage

to make an unpleasant thing less severe

attenuate

to reduce in force or degree

audacious

fearless and daring

austere

severe or stern

banal

cliched; boring; predictable

bombastic

pompous in speech and manner

candid

impartial and honest in speech

capricious

changing one's mind often and quickly

castigate

to punish or criticize harshly

caustic

biting in wit

chicanery

deception by means of craft or guile

convoluted

intricate and complicated

corroborate

to provide supporting evidence

credulous

too trusting; gullible

crescendo

steadily increasing volume or force

decorum

appropriateness of behavior

deference

respect; courtesy

deride

to speak of or treat with contempt; to mock

desiccate

to dry out thoroughly

desultory

jumping from one thing to another; disconnected

diatribe

an abusive, condemnatory speech

diffident

lacking self-confidence

dilate

to make larger; to expand

dilatory

intended to delay

dilettante

someone with amateurish and superficial interest in a topic

dirge

a funeral hymn or mournful speech

disabuse

to set right; to free from error

disparate

fundamentally different; entirely unlike

dissemble

to present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character

dissonance

a harsh and disagreeable combination; often of sounds

dogma

a firmly held opinion; often religious

dogmatic

dictatorial in one's opinion

dupe

to deceive; a person who is easily deceived

ecclectic

selecting from or made up from a variety of sources

efficacy

effectiveness

elegy

a sorrowful poem or speech

eloquent

persuasive and moving; especially in speech

enervate

to reduce in strength

engender

to produce, cause, or bring about

enigma

a puzzle; a mystery

enumerate

to count; to list, or itemize

ephemeral

lasting a short time

equivocate

to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead

erudite

learned; scholarly; bookish

esoteric

known or understood by only a few

estimable

admirable

eulogy

speech in praise of someone

euphemism

use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one

exculpate

to clear from blame; prove innocent

exigent

urgent; requiring immediate attention

exonerate

to clear of blame

fawn

to grovel

fervid

intensely emotional; feverish

florid

excessively decorated or embellished

foment

to arouse or incite

garrulous

tending to talk a lot

gregarious

outgoing; sociable

guile

trickery; deceit

iconoclast

one who opposes established beliefs

impervious

impossible to penetrate

impetuous

quick to act without thinking

implacable

unable to be calmed down or made peaceful

inchoate

not fully formed; disorganized

ingenuous

showing innocence or childlike simplicity

inimical

hostile; unfriendly

innocuous

harmless

insipid

lacking interest or flavor

intransigent

uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled

inundate

to overwhelm; to cover with water

irascible

easily made angry

laconic

using few words

laud

to give praise; to glorify

loquacious

talkative

malinger

to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill

malleable

capable of being shaped

misanthrope

a person who dislikes others

mollify

to calm or make less severe

monotony

lack of variation

obdurate

hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion

obsequious

overly submissive and eager to please

obstinate

stubborn; unyielding

obviate

to prevent; to make unnecessary

occlude

to stop up; to prevent the passage of

onerous

troublesome and oppressive

opprobrium

public disgrace

ostentation

excessive showiness

paragon

model of excellence or perfection

pedant

someone who shows off learning

perfidious

willing to betray one's trust

perfunctory

done in a routine way; indifferent

placate

to soothe or pacify

precipitate

to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation

prevaricate

to lie or deviate from the truth

pristine

fresh and clean

prodigal

lavish; wasteful

proliferate

to increase in number quickly

propitiate

to conciliate; to appease

propriety

correct behavior; obedience to rules and customs

prudence

wisdom; caution; restraint

quiescent

motionless

rarefy

to make thinner or sparser

repudiate

to reject the validity of

reticent

silent; reserved

rhetoric

effective writing or speaking

satiate

to satisfy fully or overindulge

soporific

causing sleep or lethargy

specious

deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious

stolid

unemotional; lacking sensitivity

tacit

done without using words

taciturn

silent or not talkative

tirade

long; harsh speech or verbal attack

torpor

extreme mental and physical sluggishness

transitory

temporary; lasting a brief time

vacillate

to sway physically; to be indecisive

veracity

filled with truth and accuracy

verbose

wordy