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53 Cards in this Set

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Q: aboveboard ABOVEBOARD [2'b2v`b0:d]
ABOVEBOARD adj./adv. 光明正大的(英) adj./adv. 光明正大的(honest and open)(考) 反义词: chicanery(诡计, 狡诈); surreptitious(秘密 的)(记) above(在上面)+boa rd(木板)→一切都 放到桌面上谈→光明 正大的(例) The deal was completely aboveboard.
Q: absentmindedness ABSENTMINDEDNESS [`9bs2nt'maind2d`n2s]
ABSENTMINDEDNESS n. 心不在焉(英) n. 心不在焉(state of forgetfulness)(记) absent(茫然的)+mind ed(心思)+ness→心思 恍惚
Q: abridge ABRIDGE [2'brid7]
ABRIDGE v.删减; 缩短(英) 删减(to reduce in scope, extent);缩短(to shorten by using fewer words; condense)(考) 反义词:amplify(放 大)(记) a+bridge(短, 桥)→弄短→删减;联 想记忆:a+bridge,一 座桥把路缩短了
Q: abash ABASH [2'b96]
ABASH v.使害羞,使尴尬(to make embarrassed)(记) 中间有灰ash,灰头灰 脸的反义词: embolden(v. 使 … 大胆)
Q: abate ABATE [2'beit]
ABATE v.减轻,减少(英) v.减轻,减少(to make less in amount; wane)(考) abate : tax / alleviate : distress(减少税收/减轻压力)反义词: augment(增加); intensify(加强); promote(促进)(记) a+bate(走,打)→走 下去→减轻(同) 同根词:rebate(回扣 ), debate(辩论)
Q: abandon ABANDON [2'b9nd2n]
ABANDON v./n.放弃; 放纵(英) v./n.放弃(to give up completely; desert, forsake);放纵(unrestrained freedom or emotion)(考) inhibition: abandon / agitation: tranquility(禁欲不放纵 / 躁动不宁静)abandon : inhibition / despair : hope(放纵无禁止/绝望无 希望)(记) 尤其要记住GRE中常考 的'放纵'一义(abando ned behavior)(同) n. abandonment
Q: abase ABASE [2'beis]
ABASE v.贬抑,使卑下(to humble or humiliate;disgrace)(记)a+base(降低) →贬低(同) 同根词:debase(贬低 ); basement(地下室)
Q: abbreviate ABBREVIATE [2'bri:vieit]
ABBREVIATE 缩短;缩写(英) v. 缩短(make shorter);缩写(shor ten a word or phrase);(考) abbreviate : sentence / abridge : essay(缩短句子/缩写文章)反义词: extend(扩展); prolong(延长)(记) ab+brev(短)+iate(同) 派生词: abbreviation(缩短, 缩写)同根词:brevity(简 短)
Q: abdicate ABDICATE ['9bdikeit]
ABDICATE v.让位,辞职,放弃(英) v.让位,辞职,放弃( to give up a throne, authority)(考) abdicate : throne / resign : office(放弃王位/放弃职位)反义词: usurp(篡夺); assume(担当官位);co nstitute(任命)(记) ab+dic(说话,命令)+ ate→不再命令→退位;(同) 派生词: abdication(n. 退位), abdicator(n. 退位者)同根词:dictator(命 令者,独裁者); indicate(表示, 暗示)
Q: abdomen ABDOMEN ['9bd2m2n]
ABDOMEN n. 腹, 下腹(胸部到腿部的部 分)(英) 腹(the part of body cavity from thorax to the pelvic girdle, containing the digestive organs, etc.);下腹(胸部到腿部的部 位)(the area of this part);(同) 派生词: abdominal(腹部的)
Q: abduct ABDUCT [9b'd3kt]
ABDUCT v.绑架,拐走(英) v.绑架,拐走(to take[a person]away unlawfully; kidnap)(记) ab+duct(引导)→把人 带走→绑架;(同) 派生词: abduction(n. 绑架)同根词:viaduct(高 架桥), introduction(介绍, 引入)
Q: aberrant ABERRANT [9'ber2nt]
ABERRANT adj. 越轨的;异常的(英) 越轨的(turning away from what is right);异常的(deviating from what is normal)(考) 反义词: normal(正常的); typical(典型的)(记) ab+err(错误)+ant→ 走向错误→越轨的(同) 派生词: aberrance, aberration(n. 越轨行为)同根词:errant(错误 的,离正道的), erratic(古怪的)
Q: abet ABET [2'bet]
ABET v.教唆,协助(罪犯)(英) v.教唆,协助(罪犯) (to incite or help in wrongdoing)(考) abet : assistance / counsel : guidance(教唆是一种帮助/忠 告是一种指导)反义词: frustrate(使灰心); stymie(阻碍); forestall(预先阻止) ; thwart(阻碍); impede(阻碍)(同) n. abetment, abettor(例) He abetted the thief in robbing the bank.
Q: abeyance ABEYANCE [2'bei2ns]
ABEYANCE n. 中止,搁置(英) n. 中止,搁置(temporar y suspension of an activity )(考) 反义词: continuance(继续)(例) The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.
Q: abhor ABHOR [2b'h0:(r)]
ABHOR v.憎恨,嫌恶(英) v.憎恨,嫌恶(to shrink from in hatred; detest; hate)(考) 反义词: adore(热爱); greatly admire(非常仰慕)(记) ab+hor(恨,怕)(同) 同根词:horrible(可 怕的),horrid
Q: abhorrent ABHORRENT [2b'h0r2nt]
ABHORRENT adj. 可恨的,可厌的(英) adj. 可恨的,可厌的(caus ing disgust or hatred; detestable; hateful);(考) abhorrence : dislike / adoration : fondness(憎恶是十分讨厌/爱 慕是十分喜欢)(同) 派生词: abhorrence(n.憎恶)
Q: abide ABIDE [2'baid]
ABIDE v.容忍,忍受(英) v.容忍,忍受( put up with)(记) abide=tolerate,和 词组abide by(遵守)意义不同(例) I cannot abide rude people.
Q: abiding ABIDING [2'baidi8]
ABIDING adj. 永久的, 持久的(英) adj. 永久的, 持久的(enduring, for a long time)(考) 反义词: evanescent(短暂的)- abiding(永久的)
Q: abject ABJECT ['9bd7ekt]
ABJECT adj. 极可怜的;卑下的(英) 极可怜的(miserable; wretched);卑下的(lacking self-respect; degraded; base)(考) 反义词:exultant(欢 跃的)(记) ab+ject(抛扔)→抛掉 的→可怜的(同) 同根词:reject(抛弃 ,拒绝), projectile(投射物)
Q: abjure ABJURE [2b'd7u2]
ABJURE v. 誓绝;弃绝(英) 誓绝(to give up on oath; renounce);弃绝 ( recant)(考) 反义词: espouse(支持拥护); affirm(坚决肯定); embrace(拥护)(记) ab+jure(发誓)→发誓 去掉→弃绝(同) 同根词:perjury(伪 誓,伪证), jury(陪审团)
Q: ablution ABLUTION [2'blu:62n]
ABLUTION n. (宗教的)净礼,沐浴(英) n. (宗教的)净礼,沐浴( a washing of the body as a religious ceremony)(记) ab+lut(冲,洗)+ion →沐浴(同) 同根词:dilute(冲 淡,稀释), antediluvian(史前的 ,大洪水以前的,luv =lut)
Q: abnegate ABNEGATE [`9bni'geit]
ABNEGATE v. 克己,放弃(英) v. 克己,放弃(give up rights; self-deny; renunciate )(考) 反义词: reaffirm(再次确认和 肯定)(记) ab+neg(反对,否认)+ ation→反对自己放纵 →克制;(同) 派生词: abnegation(n. 放弃权利)同根词:negative(消 极的,否认的),rene ge(背信弃义)
Q: abnormal ABNORMAL [9b'n0:m2l]
ABNORMAL adj. 不正常的,变态的(英) adj. 不正常的,变态的(no t normal; irregular )(记) ab+norm(标准)+al→ 不正常的;注意比较 :anomaly(反常)
Q: abode ABODE [2'b2ud]
ABODE n. 住处,住所(英) n. 住处,住所( home; residence)(记) 不要和adobe(土坯)相 混
Q: abolition ABOLITION [`9b2'li62n]
ABOLITION n. 废除,革除(英) n. 废除,革除(abolishi ng or being abolished)(考) abolitionist: slavery / anarchist: government(废奴主义者不要奴隶 制 / 无政府主义者不要政 府)反义词: persist in salvery(坚持奴隶制)(记) 由动词abolish(废除) 而来(同) 派生词: abolitionist(n. 废奴主义者)(例) the abolition of slavery
Q: abominable ABOMINABLE [2'b0min2b2l]
ABOMINABLE adj. 可恶的;极坏的(英) 可恶的(nasty and disgusting; loathsome);极坏的(highly unpleasant; disagreeable)
Q: abominate ABOMINATE [2'b0mineit]
ABOMINATE v. 痛恨;厌恶(英) 痛恨(to feel hatred and disgust for; loathe);厌恶(to dislike very much)(考) 反义词: esteem(尊敬)(记) ab+omin=omen(凶兆)+ ate→痛恨(坏运气)(同) 同根词:ominous(凶 险的)
Q: aboriginal ABORIGINAL [9b2'rid72n2l]
ABORIGINAL n. 原始居民,土著(英) n. 原始居民,土著(peop le existing in a place from earliest days; native)(记) ab+origin(起源)+al
Q: abortive ABORTIVE [2'b0:tiv]
ABORTIVE adj. 无结果的,失败的(英) adj. 无结果的,失败的(un successful; fruitless; futile)(记) ab+or=ori(产生)+tiv e→没有产生→无结果 的;(同) 派生词: abortion(n. 流产, 失败)
Q: abound ABOUND [2'baund]
ABOUND v. 充满; 富于(英) 充满(exist in large numbers);富于(to have plenty; teem with)(记) a+bound(边界) →没有边界→多得没 边; 注意abundant(富裕的)(例) Wild animals abound in this park.