Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/481

Click to flip

481 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
unfathomed UNFATHOMED [4n'f952md]
UNFATHOMED adj.深不可测的; 无法理解的(英) adj.深不可测的 (immeasurable);无法理解的 (impossible to comprehend)(记) un+fathomed(可测的 ,理解的)(例) the dark unfathomed caves of ocean
unfeigned UNFEIGNED [3n'feind]
UNFEIGNED adj. 真实的; 不作假的(记) un(不)+feigned( 假的)
unfettered UNFETTERED [3n'fet2d]
UNFETTERED adj.无忧无虑的(英) adj. 不受拘束的(emancipa ted, liberated)(记) un(不)+fettered(束 缚的)
unflappable UNFLAPPABLE [3n'fl9p2b2l]
UNFLAPPABLE adj. 临危不乱的,镇定自 若的(英) adj. 临危不乱的,镇定自 若的 (never losing one's calmness)(考) unflappable : upset / obstinate : persuade(镇定自若的不容易被 扰乱/固执的不容易被 说服)(记) un(不)+flappable (易慌乱的)
unfold UNFOLD [3n'f2uld]
UNFOLD v. 展开,打开; 逐渐呈现(英) v. 展开,打开( open from a folded position)(记) un(不)+fold(折叠 )
unfounded UNFOUNDED [3n'faundid]
UNFOUNDED adj.无事实根据的(英) adj.无事实根据的(gr oundless, unwarranted)(记) un(没有)+founded(有 根据的)
ungainly UNGAINLY [3n'geinli]
UNGAINLY adj.笨拙的(英) adj.笨拙的(lacking in smooth or dexterity;clumsy)(考) loquacious : succinct / adroit : ungainly(多话的不简洁/灵巧 的不笨拙)反义词:lissome(敏 捷的); adroit(机敏的)(记) un(不)+gainly(优雅 的)(例) ungainly strides(笨拙的大步 子)
ungenerous UNGENEROUS [3n'd7en2r2s]
UNGENEROUS adj. 吝啬的(记) un(不)+generous( 慷慨的)
unglazed UNGLAZED [3n'gleizd]
UNGLAZED adj. 未上釉的(记) un(不)+glazed(上 釉的,上光的)
ungovernable UNGOVERNABLE [3n'g3v2n2bl]
UNGOVERNABLE adj. 难统治的(记) un(不)+governable (可统治的)
ungrudging UNGRUDGING [3n'gr3d7i8]
UNGRUDGING adj. 慷慨的(记) un(不)+grudging( 吝啬的)
unguarded UNGUARDED [3n'gdid]
UNGUARDED adj.不留神的; 没有防备的(英) adj.不留神的(free from guile or wariness);没有防备的(unprotec ted)(例) an unguarded remark(说漏嘴的话)
unguent UNGUENT ['38gw2nt]
UNGUENT n.药膏,软膏(英) n.药膏,软膏 (a soothing or healing salve;ointment)(考) 反义词:salubrious( 有益健康的); salutary(有益健康的)(记) unge(=unct油)+ent→ 油膏,软膏
unicorn UNICORN ['ju:nik0:n]
UNICORN n.(传说中的)独角兽(英) n.(传说中的)独角兽( a mythical animal with a single horn in the middle of the forehead)(记) uni(一个)+corn(角)
unidentified UNIDENTIFIED [3nai'dentifaid]
UNIDENTIFIED adj. 未被认出的(记) un(不)+identify( 识别)+ed
unidimensional UNIDIMENSIONAL [ju:n2di'men62nel]
UNIDIMENSIONAL adj. 一维的; 一方面的(记) uni(一个)+dimensi onal(空间的)
unification UNIFICATION [`ju:nifi'kei62n]
UNIFICATION n. 统一,一致(英) n. 统一,一致 (the result of unifying)(考) 反义词:divergence( 分歧)(记) 来自动词unify(统一 )+cation
uniform UNIFORM ['ju:nif0:m]
UNIFORM n. 制服; adj. 相同的,一致的(英) n. 制服; adj. 相同的,一致的 (the same all over)(考) homogenization : uniform / putrefaction : rotten(一致化一致/腐烂化 腐烂)反义词:variegation (杂色)(记) uni(一个)+form( 形状)
uniformity UNIFORMITY [`ju:ni'f0:miti]
UNIFORMITY n. 一致(考) 反义词: variation(差异); diversity(多种多样)(记) uniform(一致的)+i ty
unify UNIFY ['ju:nifai]
UNIFY v. 统一,使成一体; 使相同(英) v. 统一,使成一体; 使相同( make all the same)(考) 反义词:partition( 分裂)(记) un(一个)+ify
unilateral UNILATERAL [`ju:ni'l9t2r2l]
UNILATERAL adj.单方面的(英) adj.单方面的(one-si ded; affecting only one side)
unimpassioned UNIMPASSIONED [`3nim'p962nd]
UNIMPASSIONED adj. 没有激情的(记) un(不)+impassione d(充满激情的)
unimpeachable UNIMPEACHABLE [`3nim'pi:t62b2l]
UNIMPEACHABLE adj.无可指摘的,无可 置疑的(英) adj.无可指摘的,无 可置疑的(irreproach able, blameless)(考) 反义词:open to question(易受质疑的 )(记) un(不)+impeachable( 受责备的)(例) a man of unimpeachable character
unimpressive UNIMPRESSIVE [3nim'presiv]
UNIMPRESSIVE adj. 给人印象不深的,平 常的(考) 反义词:redoubtable (可怕的)(记) un(不)+impressive (给人印象深刻的)
uninhabitable UNINHABITABLE [`3nin'h9bit2b2l]
UNINHABITABLE adj. 不适于居住的(英) adj. 不适于居住的(unfit to be lived in)(记) un(不)+inhabitabl e(适于居住的)
uninitiated UNINITIATED [3ni'ni6i2tid]
UNINITIATED n. 外行的,缺乏经验的(记) un(不)+initiate( 传授)+d
uninspired UNINSPIRED [3nin'spai2d]
UNINSPIRED adj. 缺乏想象力的(英) adj. 缺乏想象力的(not showing imagination)(记) un(不)+inspired( 有灵感的)
unintelligible UNINTELLIGIBLE [`3nin'telid72bl]
UNINTELLIGIBLE adj. 难解的(记) un(不)+intelligib le(可理解的)
unique UNIQUE [ju:'ni:k]
UNIQUE adj. 唯一的;独特的(英) adj. 唯一的 (being the only one of its type);独特的(unusual)(考) 反义词:ubiquitous( 普通的); stock(普通的)(记) uni(单一)+que(表 形容词)→单一的→ 独特的
unison UNISON ['ju:nis2n]
UNISON n.齐奏,齐唱;一致的 或协调的行动(英) n.齐奏,齐唱;一致的 或协调的行动( complete accord)
unitary UNITARY ['ju:nit2ri]
UNITARY adj. 单一的(记) uni(单一)+tary
unitize UNITIZE ['ju:nitaiz]
UNITIZE v. 使统一,使成整体(记) uni(单一)+tize
univocal UNIVOCAL [`ju:ni'v2uk2l]
UNIVOCAL adj. 意思明确的(英) adj. 意思明确的(having only one meaning)
unjustifiable UNJUSTIFIABLE [3n'd73stifai2bl]
UNJUSTIFIABLE adj. 不合道理的(记) un(不)+justifiabl e(可证明为正当的, 有理由的)
unjustified UNJUSTIFIED [3n'd73stifaid]
UNJUSTIFIED adj. 未被证明为正当的, 无法解释的(记) un(不)+justified (有正当理由的,合 理的)
unkempt UNKEMPT [`3n'kempt]
UNKEMPT adj.(衣服,头发)不整 洁的(英) adj. (衣服,头发)不整洁 的 (messy not combed)(考) 反义词:dapper(整洁 的)(记) un(不)+kempt(整洁的 )(例) an unkempt appearance(不修边幅 的外貌)
unleash UNLEASH [3n'li:6]
UNLEASH v. 发泄,发动(英) v. 发泄,发动( set feelings and forces free from control)(记) un(不)+leash(控 制,约束)
unlettered UNLETTERED [3n'let2d]
UNLETTERED adj. 无学问的; 文盲的(英) adj. 无学问的 (not well educated);文盲的 (not able to read)(考) 反义词:erudite(博 学的)(记) un(不)+lettered( 有学问的)
unmanageable UNMANAGEABLE [3n'm9nid72b2l]
UNMANAGEABLE adj. 难管理的(考) indecipherable : decoded / unmanageable : controlled(无法破译不能被破译 /无法控制不能被控制)(记) un(不)+manageable (易管理的)
unmoved UNMOVED [3n'mu:vd]
UNMOVED adj. 无动于衷的,冷漠的; 镇定的(英) 无动于衷的,冷漠的(s howing no pity or sympathy)镇定的(not worried)(记) un(不)+moved(感 动的)
unnoticed UNNOTICED [3n'n2utist]
UNNOTICED adj. 不引人注意的(考) 反义词:sensation( 轰动的事件)-unnotic ed event(未被关注的事)(记) un(不)+notice(注 意)+ed
unobjectionable UNOBJECTIONABLE [3n2b'd7ek62n2bl]
UNOBJECTIONABLE adj. 不惹人讨厌的(记) un(不)+objectiona ble(讨厌的)
unobservable UNOBSERVABLE [`3n2b'z2:v2bl]
UNOBSERVABLE adj. 难以察觉的(记) un(不)+observable (看得见的)
unobstructed UNOBSTRUCTED [`3n2b'str3ktid]
UNOBSTRUCTED adj. 没有障碍的(记) un(不)+obstruct( 障碍)+ed
unobtainable UNOBTAINABLE [3n2b'tein2b2l]
UNOBTAINABLE adj. 难获得的(记) un(不)+obtainable (能得到的)
unobtrusive UNOBTRUSIVE [3n2b'tru:siv]
UNOBTRUSIVE adj. 不引人注目的(英) adj. 不引人注目的(not very noticeable or easily seen)(考) 反义词:blatant(显 眼的)(记) un(不)+obtrusive (突出的)
unorthodox UNORTHODOX [4n'0:42d0ks]
UNORTHODOX adj. 非正统的(英) adj. 非正统的(different from usual or ordinary beliefs)(记) un(不)+orthodox( 正统的)
unorthodoxy UNORTHODOXY [4n'0:42d0ksi]
UNORTHODOXY n. 非正统,异端(记) un(不)+orthodoxy (正统)
unpalatable UNPALATABLE [3n'p9l2t2bl]
UNPALATABLE adj. 令人讨厌的(英) adj. 令人讨厌的(unpleasa nt and difficult for the mind to accept)(记) un(不)+palatable (合意的)
unprecedented UNPRECEDENTED [3n'presidentid]
UNPRECEDENTED adj. 前所未有的(英) adj. 前所未有的(never having happened before)(记) un(不)+precedent (先例)+ed
unpredictable UNPREDICTABLE [`3npri'dikt2bl]
UNPREDICTABLE adj. 无法预言的,无法预 测的(英) 无法预言的,无法预测 的(that cannot be predicted)捉摸不透的(tending to show sudden unexpected changes, in behavior, ideas)(考) 反义词:dependable( 可靠的)(记) un(不)+predictabl e(可预言的)
unpremeditated UNPREMEDITATED [3npri'mediteitid]
UNPREMEDITATED adj. 非预谋的(记) un(不)+premeditat ed(预谋的)
unprepossessing UNPREPOSSESSING [3npri:p2'zesi8]
UNPREPOSSESSING adj. 不吸引人的(考) 反义词:entrancing( 使人入神的); winsome(迷人的)(记) un(不)+prepossess ing(引人注意的)
unpretentious UNPRETENTIOUS [3npri'ten62s]
UNPRETENTIOUS adj. 不炫耀的(英) adj. 不炫耀的(not attempting to seem special, important, wealthy)(考) 反义词:bombastic( 夸大的)(记) un(不)+pretentiou s(自命不凡的)
unprincipled UNPRINCIPLED [3n'prinsip2ld]
UNPRINCIPLED adj. 肆无忌惮的(英) adj. 肆无忌惮的(without regard to moral values, standards of honorable behavior)(记) un(不)+principled (有道德原则的)
unpromising UNPROMISING [3n'pr0misi8]
UNPROMISING adj. 无前途的(记) un(不)+promising (有前途的)
unprovoked UNPROVOKED [`3npr2'v2ukt]
UNPROVOKED adj.(生气等)无缘无 故的(记) un(不)+provoked(激 怒)(例) make an unprovoked attack(无故发动进攻 )
unqualified UNQUALIFIED [3n'kw0lifaid]
UNQUALIFIED adj. 无资格的 ;无限制的,绝对的(英) adj. 无资格的 (not having suitable qualifications);无限制的,绝对的 (not limited)(记) un(不)+qualified (有资格的)
unravel UNRAVEL [3n'r9v2l]
UNRAVEL v.解开,拆散(英) v.解开,拆散(to resolve the intricacy, complexity, or obscurity of)(考) conundrum : solve / tangle : unravel(解决难题/解决纷乱)(记) un(不)+ravel(纠缠)(例) unravel the threads of a tangled skein(将一团乱线解 开)
unregenerate UNREGENERATE [3nri'd7en2r2t]
UNREGENERATE adj. 不知悔改的(英) adj. 不知悔改的 (making no attempt to change one's bad practices)(考) truculent : gentleness / unregenerate : remorse(凶残的不温柔/不悔 改的不后悔)(记) un(不)+regenerate (更新的)
unregulated UNREGULATED [3n'regjuleitid]
UNREGULATED adj. 未受管理的,未受约 束的(记) un(不)+regulate( 管制)+ed
unremitting UNREMITTING [38'rimiti8]
UNREMITTING adj. 不松懈的,持续的(英) adj. 不间断的,持续的(ne ver stopping)(记) un(不)+remitting (间断的)
unrepentant UNREPENTANT [3nri'pent2nt]
UNREPENTANT adj. 不悔悟的,不后悔的(记) un(不)+repentant (后悔的)
unrepressed UNREPRESSED [`3nri'prest]
UNREPRESSED adj.未被限制的(英) adj.未被限制的(考) 反义词:restrained( 受限制的)
unrequited UNREQUITED [3nri'kwaitid]
UNREQUITED adj. 无报答的(考) 反义词: remunerative(有报酬 的)
unreserved UNRESERVED [`3nri'z2:vd]
UNRESERVED adj. 无限制的;未被预定的(英) adj. 无限制的(without limited);未被预定的(not reserved)(记) un(不)+reserved( 保留的)
unresolved UNRESOLVED [3nri'z0lvd]
UNRESOLVED adj. 无决心的;未解决的(记) un(不)+resolved( 下定决心的)
unresponsive UNRESPONSIVE [3nri'sp0nsiv]
UNRESPONSIVE adj. 反应迟钝的(记) un(不)+responsive (反应快的)
unrestrained UNRESTRAINED [3nri'streind]
UNRESTRAINED adj. 未受抑制的,放纵的(英) adj. 未受抑制的,放纵的( not held back or controlled)(记) un(不)+restrained (受限制的)
unruly UNRULY [3n'ru:li]
UNRULY adj.粗野的,无法无天 的(英) adj.粗野的,无法无 天的 (not readily ruled, disciplined, or managed)(考) 反义词: subdued(屈服的)(记) un(不)+rul(=rule统 治)+y→没法统治的(例) an unruly horse(难驾驭的烈马)
unsavory UNSAVORY [3n'seiv2ri]
UNSAVORY adj.难吃的;名声不好 的(英) adj.难吃的(distaste ful);名声不好的(morally offensive)
unscathed UNSCATHED [4n'skei5d]
UNSCATHED adj.未受损伤的,未遭 伤害的(英) adj.未受损伤的,未 遭伤害的 (wholly unharmed)(记) un(不)+scathed(损伤 的)(例) He escaped unscathed from the car wreck.
unscented UNSCENTED [3n'sentid]
UNSCENTED adj. 无气味的(考) 反义词:redolent(芳 香的)(记) un(不)+scented( 有气味的)
unschooled UNSCHOOLED [3n'sku:ld]
UNSCHOOLED adj. 未受学校教育的(记) un(不)+school(教 育)+ed
unscrupulous UNSCRUPULOUS [3n'skru:pjul2s]
UNSCRUPULOUS adj.肆无忌惮的(英) adj.肆无忌惮的(unpr incipled)(记) un(不)+scrupulous( 小心的)(例) He was cruel, treacherous, and unscrupulous.
unscrupulousness UNSCRUPULOUSNESS [3n'skru:pjul2snis]
UNSCRUPULOUSNESS n. 狂妄,肆无忌惮(考) 反义词:probity(正 直)(记) un(不)+scrupulousne ss(小心翼翼)
unseemly UNSEEMLY [3n'si:mli]
UNSEEMLY adj.不适当,不宜(英) adj.不适当,不宜(no t according with established standards of good form or taste)(考) 反义词:decorous(有 礼貌的)(记) un(不)+seemly(得当 的)(例) at the most unseemly hours.
unsettle UNSETTLE [3n'setl]
UNSETTLE v. 使不安宁,搅乱(英) v. 使不安宁,搅乱( make less calm, more anxious, dissatisfied)(考) 反义词:ensconce(安 置)(记) un(不)+settle(使 平静)
unsettled UNSETTLED [3n'set2ld]
UNSETTLED adj. 未解决的; 不稳定的(英) adj. 未解决的; 不稳定的(changeable )(记) 来自动词unsettle(使 不安)
unsophisticated UNSOPHISTICATED [3n-s2'fistikeitid]
UNSOPHISTICATED adj. 不懂世故的,单纯的(英) adj. 不懂世故的,单纯的( not sophisticated)(记) un(不)+sophistica ted(老于世故的,复 杂的)
unsound UNSOUND [`3n'saund]
UNSOUND adj. 不结实的,不坚固的; 无根据的(英) 不结实的,不坚固的(n ot in a health or strong condition)无根据的(not firmly based)(记) un(不)+sound(合 理的,可靠的)
unspoiled UNSPOILED [3n'sp0ild]
UNSPOILED adj. 未损坏的,未宠坏的(考) 反义词:cosseted(受 宠的)(记) un(不)+spoil(损 坏)+ed
unspoken UNSPOKEN [3n'sp2uk2n]
UNSPOKEN adj. 未说出口的(记) un(不)+spoken(说 出的)
unspotted UNSPOTTED [`3n'sp0tid]
UNSPOTTED adj. 清白的,无污点的(英) adj. 清白的,无污点的(wi thout spot, flawless)(考) 反义词:maculated( 有污点的)(例) an unspotted reputation(清白的名 声)
unstable UNSTABLE [3n'steibl]
UNSTABLE adj. 不坚固的; 不稳定的(英) adj. 不坚固的; 不稳定的(likely to change or fail)(记) un(不)+stable(稳 定的)
unstinting UNSTINTING [3n'stinti8]
UNSTINTING adj. 极为慷慨的,大方的(英) adj. 极为慷慨的,大方的( very generous)(记) un(不)+stint(吝 惜,限制)+ing
unstudied UNSTUDIED [3n'st3did]
UNSTUDIED adj.不造作的,优雅的(英) adj.不造作的,优雅 的(not done or planned for effect)(记) un(没有)+studied→ 不是习得的,自然的(例) unstudied grace(自然的优雅)
unsubstantiated UNSUBSTANTIATED [3ns2b'st9n6ieitid]
UNSUBSTANTIATED adj. 未经证实的,无事实 根据的(考) 反义词:verified(证 明的)(记) un(不)+substantia te(证实)+ed
untapped UNTAPPED [3n't9pt]
UNTAPPED adj. 未开发的,未利用的(英) adj. 未开发的,未利用的 (not yet put to use)(记) un(不)+tap(开发 ,利用)+ed
untenable UNTENABLE [3n'ten2b2l]
UNTENABLE adj. 无法防守的,站不住 脚的(英) adj. 无法防守的,站不住 脚的(impossible to defend or show to be reasonable)(考) untenable : defended / inevitable : avoided / invulnerable : injued(难以防守的不易被防 守/不可避免的不易被 避免/不受伤害的不易 被伤害)(记) un(不)+tenable( 站得住脚的)
unthreatening UNTHREATENING [4n'4ret2ni8]
UNTHREATENING adj. 不威胁的(考) 反义词:minatory(威 胁的)(记) un(不)+threatenin g(威胁的)
untimely UNTIMELY [3n'taimli]
UNTIMELY adj. 过早的;不适时的(英) adj. 过早的(happening too soon); 不适时的(not suitable for the occasion)(记) un(不)+timely(及 时的,适时的)
untold UNTOLD [`3n't2uld]
UNTOLD adj. 无数的, 数不清的(考) untold : number / everlasting(intermi nable) : duration(数不清的是数字/无 限长的是时间)反义词: quantifiable(可计量 的); calculable(可预测的)
untoward UNTOWARD [`3nt2'w0:d]
UNTOWARD adj.不幸的,(坏事)没 料到的(英) adj.不幸的,(坏事) 没料到的(unlucky;a dverse , unpropitious)(考) 反义词:favorable( 有利的); favorable and anticipated(有利且 在期望中的); fortunate(幸运的)(记) un(不)+toward(向… 走)→不可预料的方向 走→没料到的(例) an untoward incident(不幸的事件 )
untutored UNTUTORED [3n'tju:t2d]
UNTUTORED adj. 未经教育的(考) 反义词: polished(优雅的)
unversed UNVERSED [`3n'v2:st]
UNVERSED adj.不熟练的,不熟知 的(记) un(不)+versed(精通 的)(例) an unversed girl(无阅历的姑娘)
unwarranted UNWARRANTED [3n'w0r2ntid]
UNWARRANTED adj. 没有根据的(英) adj. 没有根据的(unwelcom e and done without good reason)(记) un(不)+warranted (有根据的)
unwieldy UNWIELDY [3n'wi:ldi]
UNWIELDY adj.笨重的,笨拙的(英) adj.笨重的,笨拙的( not easily managed or used;cumbersome)(记) un(不)+wieldy(支配 的,控制的)→不可控 制的→笨重的
unwind UNWIND [3n'waind]
UNWIND v. 松开;放松(英) v. 松开( come undone or undo);放松( stop being nervous)(记) un(不)+wind(缠, 绕)
unwise UNWISE [3n'waiz]
UNWISE adj. 愚笨的(考) 反义词:judicious( 明智的)(记) un(不)+wise(明智的)
unwitting UNWITTING [`3n'witi8]
UNWITTING adj.无心的,不经意的(英) adj.无心的,不经意 的 (not intended; inadvertent; unaware)(记) un(不)+witting(知道 的,有意的)(例) His insult,though unwitting, pained her.
unwonted UNWONTED [3n'w2untid]
UNWONTED adj.不寻常的, 不习惯的(英) adj.不寻常的, 不习惯的(unaccustom ed; unusual)(考) 反义词:habit(习惯) -unwonted behavior(不寻常的行 为); usual(普通)
unworldly UNWORLDLY [3n'w2:ldli]
UNWORLDLY adj. 非尘世的(记) un(不)+worldly( 世间的)
unyielding UNYIELDING [3n'ji:ldi8]
UNYIELDING adj. 不屈的(记) un(不)+yielding( 屈服的)
upbraid UPBRAID [`3p'breid]
UPBRAID v.斥责,责骂(英) v.斥责,责骂(to criticize severely; scold vehemently)(考) upbraid : disapproval / lament : grief / dote : like(极度不赞成是谴责/ 极度悲伤是悲叹/极度 喜爱是溺爱)反义词:laud(赞美); extol(赞扬)(记) up(向上)+braid(辫子 )→揪辫子→责骂(例) The teacher upbraided the student for being habitually late.
up-front UP-FRONT [`3p'fr3nt]
UP-FRONT adj. 坦率的(英) adj. 坦率的(very direct and making no attempt to hide one's meaning)(记) up(向上)+front( 前面)
upgrade UPGRADE [`3p'greid]
UPGRADE v. 提升,给...升级(英) v. 提升,给...升级( give a position of more importance to)(记) up(向上)+grade( 等级)→升级
upheaval UPHEAVAL [3p'hi:v2l]
UPHEAVAL n.动乱,大变动(英) n.动乱,大变动 (extreme agitation or disorder)(记) 来自upheave(举起, 鼓起),up+heave(举 起,胀起)(例) political upheavals(政治动乱)
uphold UPHOLD [`3p'h2uld]
UPHOLD v.维护,支持(英) v.维护,支持(to give support to)(考) 反义词:abrogate(废 除)(记) up+hold(举)→举起来 →支持(例) He had sworn to uphold the law.
upholstery UPHOLSTERY [3p'h2ulst2ri]
UPHOLSTERY n.室内装潢品(地毯, 窗帘等)(英) 室内装潢品(地毯,窗 帘等) (materials [as fabric, padding, and springs] used to make a soft covering, esp. for a seat)(记) up+holster(皮套)+y →为家具装好皮套等
upright UPRIGHT ['3prait]
UPRIGHT adj. 垂直的;正直的(英) adj. 垂直的 (straight up);正直的 (honest, fair)(考) 反义词:list(倾斜)(例) an upright citizen
uproar UPROAR ['3pr0:]
UPROAR n. 喧闹,骚动(英) n. 喧闹,骚动 (confused noisy activity)(例) The meeting ended in an uproar
upshot UPSHOT ['3p60t]
UPSHOT n.结果;结局(英) n.结果;结局(outcome ; final result)
upstage UPSTAGE [3p'steid7]
UPSTAGE adj.骄傲的,高傲的(英) adj.骄傲的,高傲的 (haughty)(记) up+stage(舞台)→在 舞台上→高高在上的(例) She wasn't the least upstage about it.
upstart UPSTART ['3pstt]
UPSTART n.突然升官的人,暴发 户(英) n.突然升官的人,暴 发户(one that has risen suddenly)(记) up→start(开始)→开 始向上→升官(例) an upstart family(暴发户)
upsurge UPSURGE ['3ps2:d7]
UPSURGE n.(情绪)高涨(英) n.(情绪)高涨(a rapid or sudden rise)(记) up+surge(浪潮)→浪 潮向上→高涨(例) upsurge of emotions(情绪的高涨 )
upswing UPSWING ['3p`swi8]
UPSWING n.上升,增长(英) n.上升,增长(a marked increase or improvement)(记) up+swing(摆动)→向 上摆动→上升(例) The economy is on the upswing now.
uptight UPTIGHT ['3ptait,3p'tait]
UPTIGHT adj.焦虑不安的(英) adj.焦虑不安的(bein g tight, nervous, or uneasy)(记) up+tight(紧的)(例) People are uptight about the war and things like that.
urban URBAN ['2:b2n]
URBAN adj. 城市的(考) 反义词:bucolic(乡 村的)
urbane URBANE [2:'bein]
URBANE adj.温文尔雅的,懂礼 的(英) adj.温文尔雅的,懂 礼的(notably polite ; polished)(考) urbane : gaucherie / guileless : chicanery(礼貌的人不粗鲁/诚 实的人不狡诈)circumspect : prudence / urbane : polish(谨慎的[人]谨慎/文 雅的[人]文雅)反义词:rude(粗鲁的 ); rustic(乡村的)(记) urban(都市的)+e→像 城市人一样→有礼貌的(例) an urbane manner
urchin URCHIN ['2:t6in]
URCHIN n.顽童(英) n.顽童(mischievous child [usually a boy])
urge URGE ['2:d7]
URGE v. 催促,怂恿;强烈要求(英) v. 催促,怂恿( try very hard to persuade);强烈要求( suggest very strongly)(考) irk : enrage / suggest : urge(激怒比使烦恼更强烈 /敦促比建议更强烈)
urgency URGENCY ['2:d72nsi]
URGENCY n. 紧急(考) rail : vehemence / entreat : urgency(抨击的特点是猛烈/ 恳求的特点是急切)
ursine URSINE ['2:sain]
URSINE adj.熊的,像熊的(英) adj.熊的,像熊的(of or relating to a bear)(记) urs(熊)+ine;(同) 参考:Ursa Major(大熊星座)
usher USHER ['362]
USHER n.领座员,招待员; v.引,领(英) n.领座员,招待员; v.引,领 (introduce)(记) 分割记忆:us-her(她 领我们进去)(例) The girl ushered me to my seat.
usurp USURP [ju:'z2:p]
USURP v.篡夺,霸占(英) v.篡夺,霸占(to seize and hold in possession by force )(考) embezzle : funds / usurp : power(贪污资金/篡夺权利)usurp : take / overwhelm : defeat(篡夺是完全夺取/压 倒性胜利是完全打败)反义词:abdicate(让 位)(记) use(用)+urp,看作up 用(阴谋)上台→篡夺; 比较usury(高利贷)(例) usurp the throne(篡夺王位)
usury USURY ['ju:72ri]
USURY n.放高利贷(英) n.放高利贷 (the lending of money at exorbitant interest rates)(记) us(=use)+ury→用钱 生钱→放高利贷(同) 派生词: usurious (adj.放高利贷的)(例) lend money at usury
utensil UTENSIL [ju:'tens2l]
UTENSIL n.工具,(厨房)用具(英) n.工具,(厨房)用具( an implement, instrument, or vessel used in a household kitchen)(记) ut(用)+ensil→用品 →器皿(例) kitchen utensils
utilitarian UTILITARIAN [ju:`tili'te2ri2n]
UTILITARIAN adj.功利的,实利的(英) adj.功利的,实利的( exhibiting or preferring mere utility)
utilize UTILIZE ['ju:tilaiz]
UTILIZE v.利用,使用(英) v.利用,使用 (to make use of)(考) milk : extract / exploit : utilize(榨取是过分提取/剥 削是过分利用)(记) ut(用)+ilize→利用(例) utilize one's abilities in a suitable job
utopian UTOPIAN [ju:'t2upi2n]
UTOPIAN adj.乌托邦式的,梦想 的(英) adj.乌托邦式的,梦 想的(impossibly ideal; visionary)(记) 来自空想社会Utopia( 乌托邦)(例) the utopian nature of one's hopes(希望的不切实 际性)
utter UTTER ['3t2]
UTTER adj. 完全的;v. 发出声音(英) adj. 完全的(complete);v. 发出声音( make a sound or produce words)(考) 反义词:partial(部 分的)(例) utter a sigh of pain
uxorious UXORIOUS [3k's0:ri2s]
UXORIOUS adj.宠爱妻子的(英) adj.宠爱妻子的(exce ssively fond of or submissive to a wife)(记) uxor(妻子)+ious(同) 同根词:uxoricide( 杀妻);uxorial(妻子 般的)(例) an uxorious husband
vacancy VACANCY ['veik2nsi]
VACANCY n.空白,空缺(英) n.空白,空缺 (a vacant office, post, or tenancy)
vaccinate VACCINATE ['v9ksineit]
VACCINATE v. 给...接种疫苗(英) v. 给...接种疫苗( put vaccine into the body of someone)(考) soporific : sleep / vaccinating : immunity(催眠的可以入睡/打 疫苗的可以免疫)
vaccination VACCINATION [`v9ksi'nei62n]
VACCINATION n.预防注射,种痘(英) n.预防注射,种痘 (the act of inoculation)(考) overexposure : jaded / vaccination : immune(过分曝光可使胶卷老 化/接种疫苗可使免疫)
vaccine VACCINE ['v9ksi:n]
VACCINE n.牛痘苗,疫苗(英) 牛痘苗,疫苗 (virulent organisms that is administered to produce or artificially increase immunity to a particular disease)(记) vacc(牛)+ine→牛痘 苗
vacillate VACILLATE ['v9sileit]
VACILLATE v.游移不定,踌躇(英) v.游移不定,踌躇(to waver in mind, will or feeling)(考) 反义词:resolve firmly(果断决定); stand firm(坚定不移); equipoise(平衡)(记) vacill(摇摆)+ate→ 摇摆的(例) vacillate between hope and fear
vacillation VACILLATION [`v9s2'le62n]
VACILLATION n. 犹豫(英) n. 犹豫(continually changing from one opinion or feeling to another)(考) 反义词:motionless balance(静态平衡); tenacity(顽固); pertinacity(执着)
vacuous VACUOUS ['v9kju2s]
VACUOUS adj.发呆的(英) adj.发呆的(marked by lack of ideas or intelligence;stupi d)(考) 反义词:intelligent (睿智的)(同) 派生词: vacuity (n.[想象力等]贫乏, 无聊)
vacuum VACUUM ['v9kju2m]
VACUUM n. 真空; 空虚(英) n. 真空; 空虚(a feeling of emptiness or loss)(考) nil : quantity / vacuum : matter(零是没有数量/空是 没有物质)(记) vac(空,无)+cum
vagabond VAGABOND ['v9g2b0nd]
VAGABOND n.浪荡子,流浪者(tr amp); adj.流浪的(记) vage(走,流浪)+bond(同) 同根词:vague(含糊 的);vagrant(流浪者)(例) vagabond gypsies
vagary VAGARY ['veig2ri]
VAGARY n.奇想,异想天开(英) n.奇想,异想天开(an erratic, unpredictable, or extravagant manifestation)(考) vagary : predict / impossibility : execute(奇异的想法无法预测 /不可能的事无法执行)(记) vag(游移)+ary→游移 的思想→奇想(例) the vagaries of a dream(梦中奇想)
vagrancy VAGRANCY ['veigr2nsi]
VAGRANCY n. 游荡,流浪(英) n. 游荡,流浪(the state of being a vagrant)
vague VAGUE [veig]
VAGUE adj.模糊的(考) 反义词:lucid(清晰 的); well-defined(定义明 确的)
vain VAIN [vein]
VAIN adj. 自负的; 徒劳的(英) adj. 自负的 (full of self-admiration);徒劳的(without result)(考) primp : vain / gloat : smug(打扮是一种虚荣的表 现/幸灾乐祸是一种自 喜的表现)(例) a vain attempt
vainglorious VAINGLORIOUS [`vein'gl0:ri2s]
VAINGLORIOUS adj.自负的,虚荣心强 的(英) adj.自负的,虚荣心 强的(marked by excessive or ostentatious pride)(例) He was rather vainglorious about his own war record.
valediction VALEDICTION [`v9li'dik62n]
VALEDICTION n.告别演说(英) n.告别演说(an address or statement of farewell)(考) panegyric : praise / valediction : farewell(颂词为了赞扬/告别 词为了告别)反义词: greeting(欢迎词)(记) vale(告别)+diction( 讲话)
valetudinarian VALETUDINARIAN [`v9litju:di'ne2ri2n]
VALETUDINARIAN n.体弱的人,过分担心 生病的人(记) valetud(健康状态)+i narian(担心的人)→ 担心健康的人
valiant VALIANT ['v9li2nt]
VALIANT adj.勇敢的,英勇的(英) adj.勇敢的,英勇的 (courageous)(考) 反义词:pusillanimo us(胆小的)
valid VALID ['v9lid]
VALID adj.正确的, 有效的, 有根据的(考) 反义词:fallacious( 谬误的); specious(似是而非的 ); fallacy(谬误)-valid argument(正确的论证)(同) 派生词: validity (n. 有效性,合法性)
validate VALIDATE ['v9lideit]
VALIDATE v. 使 … 生效(to make legally valid)
valor VALOR ['v9l2]
VALOR n.英勇(英) n.英勇 (personal bravery)(记) val(强大)+our→强壮 ,勇敢(同) 同根词:valid(有效 的);valorous(英勇 的)
valorous VALOROUS ['v9l2r2s]
VALOROUS adj.勇敢的(考) 反义词:craven(懦弱 的)
valve VALVE [v9lv]
VALVE n.活门,阀门(英) 活门,阀门 (a structure that closes temporarily a passage or orifice or permits movement of fluid in one direction only)(考) liquid : valve / electric current : switch(液体用阀门控制/电 流用开关控制)
vampire VAMPIRE ['v9mpai2]
VAMPIRE n.吸血鬼(英) n.吸血鬼 (one who lives by preying on others)(记) vamp(勾引男子的女人 )+ire
vandalism VANDALISM ['v9nd2liz2m]
VANDALISM n.(对公物)恶意破坏(英) n.(对公物等)恶意破 坏(willful or malicious destruction or defacement of public or private property)
vandalize VANDALIZE ['v9nd2laiz]
VANDALIZE v.肆意破坏(英) v.肆意破坏(to subject to vandalism; damage)(记) 来自日耳曼民族一支 汪达尔人Vandal, 以故意毁坏文物著名(例) The lifts are vandalized.(电梯被 毁了)
vanguard VANGUARD ['v9ngd]
VANGUARD n.前卫(英) n.前卫(the troops moving at the head of an army)(记) van(前部)+guard(卫 士)(例) the vanguard of modern literature(现代文学 的先驱者)
vanilla VANILLA [v2'nil2]
VANILLA n.香草,香子兰(英) n.香草,香子兰(any of a genus of tropical American climbing orchids)
vanity VANITY ['v9niti]
VANITY n.虚荣,自负(英) n.虚荣,自负(inflat ed pride in oneself; conceit)(记) van(空)+ity→空虚→ 虚荣;(同) 同根词:vanish(消失 )(例) do sth. out of vanity
vanquish VANQUISH ['v98kwi6]
VANQUISH v.征服(英) v.征服(to defeat in a conflict or contest)(记) vanqu(=vinc战胜)+is h(例) The enemy was vanquished at last.
vanquished VANQUISHED ['v98kwi6t]
VANQUISHED adj. 被征服的,被抑制的(考) attack : vanquished / goad : provoked(进攻可以使被征服/ 刺激可以使被激起)
vapid VAPID ['v9pid]
VAPID adj.索然无味的(英) adj.索然无味的 (lacking liveliness; flat, dull)(考) 反义词:bracing(令 人鼓舞的); zealous(热情的)(记) vap(蒸气)+id→像蒸 气的→乏味的(同) 同根词:vaporous(有 蒸气的);vapidity( 乏味)
vapor VAPOR ['veip2]
VAPOR n. 蒸汽,水汽(英) 蒸汽,水汽(a gaslike form of a liquid often caused by a sudden change of temperature)(考) evaporate : vapor / petrify : stone(蒸发变成蒸汽/石化 变成石头)(记) vap(蒸气)+or
vaporization VAPORIZATION [`veip2rai'zei]
VAPORIZATION n. 蒸发(考) scuff : abrasion / heat : vaporization(摩擦使磨损/加热使 蒸发)反义词: solidification(凝固 )
vaporized VAPORIZED ['veip2raizd]
VAPORIZED adj. 蒸发的(考) abraded : friction / vaporized : heat(摩擦使磨损掉/热使 蒸发掉)(记) 来自动词vaporize(蒸 发)
variability VARIABILITY [`ve2ri2'biliti]
VARIABILITY n.变化性,变化无常(考) inevitable : chance / absolute : variability(机会不是不可避免的 /可变不是绝对的)(记) vari(变化)+ability( 性能)→变化性(同) 同根词:variation( 变动);varied(各式 各样的)
variable VARIABLE ['ve2ri2b2l]
VARIABLE adj. 易变的,不稳定的(英) adj. 易变的,不稳定的( likely to vary)(考) 反义词: immutable(不可改变 的)
variance VARIANCE ['ve2ri2ns]
VARIANCE n.矛盾; 不同(英) n.矛盾(dissension, dispute);不同(difference, variation)(考) 反义词:congruity( 一致)(例) the variance between the two reports
variation VARIATION [`ve2ri'ei62n]
VARIATION n.变化,差异(考) mimicry : camouflage / mutation : variation(拟态是伪装/基因突 变是变化)反义词:oscillation (变动)-absence of variation(缺少变化) ; uniformity(一致)
variegated VARIEGATED ['ve2rigeitid,'ver`]
VARIEGATED adj.斑驳的,形形色色 的(英) adj.斑驳的,形形色 色的(having discrete markings of different colors)(记) vari(变化)+egate(做 )+d→变化着做的→色 彩不同的(例) variegated leaves(斑驳的树叶)
variegation VARIEGATION [`ve2ri2'gei62n]
VARIEGATION n. 杂色,班驳(英) n. 杂色,班驳 (irregular color marking)(考) 反义词:uniform coloration(单色)
varnish VARNISH ['vni6]
VARNISH n.清漆; v.涂上清漆(英) 清漆 (a liquid preparation that when spread and allowed to dry on a surface forms a hard lustrous typically transparent coating);v.涂上清漆 (to apply varnish to)(考) varnish : glossy / sand : smooth(上清漆有光泽/打磨 平滑)varnish : wood / wax : linoleum / glaze : porcelain(木头上刷漆/油毡上 打蜡/瓷器上釉彩)(记) 注意不要和tarnish( 使失去光泽)相混(例) varnish a piece of furniture
vascular VASCULAR ['v9skjul2]
VASCULAR adj.血管的,脉管的(记) vascul(血管)+ar→血 管的
vaudeville VAUDEVILLE ['v0:d2vil]
VAUDEVILLE n. 歌舞杂耍表演,轻歌 舞剧(英) 歌舞杂耍表演,综艺节 目(variety)
vault VAULT [v0:lt]
VAULT n.拱顶; 地窖(英) n.拱顶 (an arched structure);地窖 (an underground storage compartment)(考) larder : provisions / vault : valuables(食品柜储藏食品/地 窖储藏贵重物品)(例) the vault of heaven(天穹) / wine vaults(酒窖)
vaunt VAUNT [v0:nt]
VAUNT v.吹嘘,炫耀(英) v.吹嘘,炫耀(to make a vain display of one's own worth;brag)(考) 反义词:deprecate( 蔑视)(同) 近形词:daunt(恐吓) ;taunt(嘲弄)(例) vaunt one's achievements(吹嘘自 己的成就)
vaunting VAUNTING ['v0:nti8]
VAUNTING adj. 吹嘘的(考) 反义词:meek(谦恭的 )
veer VEER [vi2]
VEER v.转向,改变(话题等)(英) v.转向,改变(话题等 ) (to change direction or course)(考) veer : direction / convert : belief(转变方向/改变信仰)反义词:maintain constant(保持恒定)(例) The wind veered round to the east.
vegetate VEGETATE ['ved7iteit]
VEGETATE v.像植物般生活; 无所事事(英) v.像植物般生活;无 所事事(to lead a passive existence without exertion of body or mind)(记) veget(植物)+ate→像 植物一样→过呆板的 生活;(同) 参考:vegetable(蔬 菜)(例) Many elderly folk vegetate and die in loneliness.
vegetation VEGETATION [`ved7i'tei62n]
VEGETATION n.植物,草木,植被(英) n.植物,草木,植被( plant life or total plant cover)
vehemence VEHEMENCE ['vi:im2ns]
VEHEMENCE n. 热烈; 猛烈(考) rail : vehemence / entreat : urgency(抨击的特点是猛烈/ 恳求的特点是急切)
vehement VEHEMENT ['vi2m2nt]
VEHEMENT adj.猛烈的,强烈的(英) adj.猛烈的,强烈的( marked by forceful energy; powerful)(记) vehe(带来)+ment→带 来情绪的→猛烈的;(同) 参考:vehicle(交通 工具)(例) a vehement desire(急切的欲望)
vehicle VEHICLE ['vi:ik2l]
VEHICLE n.交通工具,传播媒介(英) n.交通工具,传播媒 介 (an agent of transmission;carri er)(考) armada : vehicles / fusillade : projectiles(船只组成舰队/枪炮 弹组成齐射)bowl : receptacle / bicycle : vehicle(碗是一种容器/自行 车是一种交通工具)(记) veh(带来)+icle(东西 )→带人的东西→交通 工具(例) Air is the vehicle of sound.
veil VEIL [veil]
VEIL n. 面纱; 遮蔽物,掩蔽物; v. 以面纱掩盖(英) 面纱(a covering of thin material for the head or face)遮蔽物,掩蔽物(somet hing which covers or hides something else)以面纱掩盖(cover with a veil)(考) curtain : stage / veil : face(幕布遮挡舞台/面纱 遮挡脸)
velocity VELOCITY [vi'l0siti]
VELOCITY n.速度; 迅速(英) n.速度 (quickness of motion;speed);迅速 (rapidity of movement)(记) veloc(速度)+ity(例) the velocity of historical change(历史变迁的迅 速)
venal VENAL ['vi:nl]
VENAL adj.惟利是图的,贪赃 枉法的(英) adj.惟利是图的,贪 赃枉法的(characteri zed by or associated with corrupt bribery)(考) disinterested : partisanship / venal : probity(党派偏见不会公正/ 正直不会贪污)反义词:incorruptib le(廉洁的); unsusceptible of bribery(不怀疑受贿 的)(同) 派生词: venality (n.惟利是图)(例) These political leaders were both venal and incompetent.
vendetta VENDETTA [ven'det2]
VENDETTA n.世仇,宿怨(英) n.世仇,宿怨 (blood feud)(记) vend(=vindic复仇)+e tta→世仇(例) There has been a bitter vendetta between the two families.
vendor VENDOR ['vend2]
VENDOR n.小贩(英) n.小贩 (one that sells;seller)(考) vendor : purvey / censor : expurgate(小贩可以供给/检查 员可以清除)(记) 来自vend(出售)+or(例) a cigarette vendor(香烟小贩)
veneer VENEER [vi'ni2]
VENEER n.(镶于劣质东西上的 )镶面板; 外表(英) n.(镶于劣质东西上的 )镶面板(a layer of wood of superior value or excellent grain to be glued to an inferior wood);外表 (a superficial or deceptively attractive appearance;facade, gloss)(考) foil : metal / veneer : wood(金属压成片为箔/木 头压成片为镶面板)veneer : furniture / baseboard : wall(镶面板镶在家具上/ 护壁板镶在墙上)(例) a table made of plywood covered in teak veneer(柚木镶板饰面 的胶合板桌子)
venerate VENERATE ['ven2reit]
VENERATE v.崇敬,敬仰(英) v.崇敬,敬仰(to regard with reverential respect or with admiring deference)(考) venerable : reverence / despicable : scorn(可敬的[人]被尊敬/ 可鄙的[人]被鄙视)反义词: derision(嘲笑)(记) vener(尊敬)+ate→尊 敬;(同) 参考:venerable(值 得敬重的)
veneration VENERATION [`ven2'rei62n]
VENERATION n. 尊敬(考) perfunctorily : inspiration / insolently : veneration(敷衍不会产生灵感/ 傲慢不会待人尊敬)反义词:defiance(挑 衅); derision(嘲笑)
vengeance VENGEANCE ['vend72ns]
VENGEANCE n.报仇,报复(英) n.报仇,报复(punish ment inflicted in retaliation; retribution)(记) venge(报复)+ance→ 报复(同) 同根词:vengeful(报 仇心切的);revenge( 报复)
venial VENIAL ['vi:ni2l]
VENIAL adj.(错误等)轻微的, 可原谅的(英) adj.(错误等)轻微的 ,可原谅的(forgivab le, pardonable)(考) venial : excuse / pellucid : understand(可原谅的可以原谅/ 易懂的可以懂)(记) ven(=venus维纳斯, 爱的象征)+ial→出于 爱而原谅的;(同) 参考:venereal(性爱 的)(例) a venial crime(轻微的罪行)
venison VENISON ['venis2n]
VENISON n.鹿肉(英) n.鹿肉(the edible flesh of a deer)(记) veni(打猎)+son→猎 到的东西→鹿肉;(同) 参考:venery(猎物)
venom VENOM ['ven2m]
VENOM n.毒液; 恶毒,痛恨(英) n.毒液 (poisonous matter);恶毒,痛恨(ill will, malevolence)(考) venom : toxin / milk : nutrient(毒液含有毒素/牛奶 含有营养成分)(例) The venom of jealousy has poisoned many a relationship.(妒忌 毒化了许多人的关系)
vent VENT [vent]
VENT v.发泄(情绪); 开孔; n.孔,口(英) v.发泄(情绪) (discharge, expel);开孔(to provide with a vent);n.孔,口(an opening)(例) vent one's anger on sb. / air-conditioning vents in the ceiling(天花板上的 空调通气口)
ventilate VENTILATE ['ventileit]
VENTILATE v.使...通风,透风(英) v.使…通风,透风 (to cause fresh air to circulate through)(记) vent(通气口)+ilate →通风(例) a badly ventilated house(通风不好的房 屋)
ventral VENTRAL ['ventr(2)l]
VENTRAL adj. 腹部的(英) adj. 腹部的(abdominal)
venture VENTURE ['vent62]
VENTURE n. 风险投资,冒险事业; v. 冒险(英) n. 风险投资,冒险事业; v. 冒险( risk something dangerous)(记) vent(来到)+ure→ 来到危险→冒险
venturesome VENTURESOME ['vent62s2m]
VENTURESOME adj.(指人)好冒险的, 大胆的; 冒险的(英) adj.(指人)好冒险的, 大胆的; 冒险的(risky)
veracious VERACIOUS [v2'rei62s]
VERACIOUS adj.诚实的,说真话的(英) adj.诚实的,说真话 的 (truthful, honest)(考) 反义词:mendacious( 虚假的)
veracity VERACITY [v2'r9s2ti]
VERACITY n.真实性,诚实(英) n.真实性,诚实 (devotion to the truth; truthfulness)(考) 反义词:prevaricati on(支吾其词)(记) ver(真实)+acity→真 实性(例) There is no reason to doubt the veracity of the evidence.
verbal VERBAL ['v2:b2l]
VERBAL adj. 口头的; 与言辞有关的(英) adj. 口头的 (spoken)(记) verb(词语)+al
verbatim VERBATIM [v2:'beitim]
VERBATIM adj. 逐字的, 照字面的(考) paraphrase : verbatim / approximate : precise(解释不是字面的/估 计不是精确的)
verbiage VERBIAGE ['v2:biid7]
VERBIAGE n.罗嗦,冗长(英) n.罗嗦,冗长(a profusion of words of little content)(记) verbi(词语)+age(例) The speaker lost himself in verbiage.(演讲人废 话连篇)
verbose VERBOSE [v2:'b2us]
VERBOSE adj.冗长的,啰嗦的(英) adj.冗长的,罗嗦的 (containing more words than necessary)(考) 反义词: laconic(简洁的)(记) verb(词语)+ose(多… 的)→多词的,冗长的(例) a verbose companion(啰嗦的同 伴)
verbosity VERBOSITY [v2'bas2ti]
VERBOSITY n.唠叨,冗长(考) verbosity : words / floridness : embellishments(过多词语是罗嗦/过 多装饰是花哨)反义词:laconism(简 洁); succinctness(简洁)
verdant VERDANT ['v2:d2nt]
VERDANT adj.青葱的,翠绿的(英) adj.青葱的,翠绿的( green in tint or color)(考) 反义词:sere(干枯的 ); sterile(贫瘠的)(记) verd(绿色)+ant→翠 绿的(例) verdant grass (绿草)
verdict VERDICT ['v2:dikt]
VERDICT n.判决,决定(英) n.判决,决定(the finding or decision of a jury)(记) ver(真实)+dict(说) →认真地说→判决(例) a verdict for the plaintiff(原告胜诉 的裁定)
verdigris VERDIGRIS ['v2:digris]
VERDIGRIS n.铜锈,铜绿(英) n.铜锈,铜绿(a green or greenish blue poisonous pigment resulting from the action of acetic acid on copper)(记) verdi(绿色)+gris(=g rey)→灰绿色→铜绿
verge VERGE [v2:d7]
VERGE n.边缘(英) n.边缘(border; edge, rim, or margin)
verification VERIFICATION [`verifi'kei62n]
VERIFICATION n. 确认(考) 反义词:refutation( 反驳)
verified VERIFIED []
VERIFIED adj. 检验的,核实的(考) 反义词:unsubstanti ated(未被证实的)
verify VERIFY ['verifai]
VERIFY v.证明,证实(英) v.证明,证实(to establish the truth, accuracy, or reality of)(考) purify : imperfection / verify : doubtfulness(净化排除缺点/证实 排除怀疑)(记) ver(真实)+ify(例) Subsequent events verified my suspicion.
verisimilar VERISIMILAR [`veri'simil2]
VERISIMILAR adj. 好象真实的(考) 反义词:implausible (难以置信的)
verisimilitude VERISIMILITUDE [`verisi'militju:d,`tu:d]
VERISIMILITUDE n.逼真, 可能性(英) n.逼真, 可能性(the quality of having the appearance of truth)(记) veri(真实)+simil(相 象)+itude(例) He performed with great verisimilitude.
veritable VERITABLE ['verit2b2l]
VERITABLE adj. 确实的,名副其实的(英) adj. 确实的,名副其实的( real and genuine)(考) 反义词:specious(似 是而非的)(例) a veritable villain
vermin VERMIN ['v2:min]
VERMIN 害虫,寄生虫(英) 害虫,寄生虫(small common harmful or objectionable animals)(记) verm(蠕虫)+in→害虫(同) 同根词:vermicide( 杀肠虫药);vermicul ate(蠕虫状的,错综 复杂的)
vernacular VERNACULAR [v2'n9kjul2]
VERNACULAR adj.本国语,地方语(英) adj.本国语,地方语( dialect)(考) vernacular : place / jargon : profession(方言是地方语言/行 话是行业语言)(例) They spoke to each other in the vernacular of the region.(他们用本地 话互相交谈)
vernal VERNAL ['v2:nl]
VERNAL adj.春季的,春季似的(英) adj.春季的,春季似 的(fresh or new like the spring)(例) The vernal radiance of her smile captivated us all(她春意昂然的微 笑迷醉了我们).
versatile VERSATILE ['v2:s2tail]
VERSATILE adj. 多才多艺的;多用途的(英) adj. 多才多艺的 (having many different kinds of skills);多用途的(having many different uses)(考) 反义词:unchangeabl e(不变的); having limited applications(用途有 限的)(记) vers(转)+atile→ 玩得转→多才多艺的
verse VERSE [v2:s]
VERSE n.诗歌(英) n.诗歌 (a line of metrical writing)(考) doggerel : verse / burlesque : play(打油诗是一种诗/讽 刺剧是一种剧)(记) vers(转)+e→诗歌的 音节千转百回,故名(同) 同根词:versatility (多才多艺);versant (精通的)
versed VERSED [v2:st]
VERSED adj.熟练的,精通的(英) adj. 熟练的,精通的(fami liar by close association, study, or experience)
vertebrate VERTEBRATE ['v2:tibreit]
VERTEBRATE n. 脊椎动物(英) 脊椎动物 (any of a subphylum of chordates that possess a spinal column)(记) 来自vertebra(脊椎) ,vert(转)+ebra
vertex VERTEX ['v2:teks]
VERTEX n.(三角形等)顶角; 顶点(英) n.(三角形等)顶角; 顶点 (highest point;summit)(记) a monument on the vertex of the hill(山顶上的一座纪 念碑)(例) a monument on the vertex of the hill(山顶上的一座纪 念碑)
vertical VERTICAL ['v2:tik2l]
VERTICAL adj.垂直的(英) adj. 垂直的(perpendicula r to the plane of the horizon;upright)(记) 来自vertex(顶点), 从顶点向下→垂直的(例) a vertical cliff(陡直的峭壁)
vertiginous VERTIGINOUS [v2:'tid7in2s]
VERTIGINOUS adj.令人眩晕的(英) adj.令人眩晕的(tend ing to cause dizziness)
vertigo VERTIGO ['v2:tig2u]
VERTIGO n.眩晕(英) n.眩晕(a dizzy,confused state of mind)(考) hemorrhage : bleeding / vertigo : dizziness(程度: 大出血→流血/眩晕→ 头昏)(记) verti(转)+go(走)→ 转着走→眩晕(例) Looking out of the window still gives him vertigo.(从窗户往外 望仍会使他眩晕)
verve VERVE [v2:v]
VERVE n.(艺术作品的)神韵; (人)生机(英) n.(艺术作品的)神韵( vivacity);(人)生机(energy, vitality)(例) go at one's job with all the verve of a youngster(拿出年轻 人的全部干劲来做工 作)
vessel VESSEL ['ves2l]
VESSEL n.血管; 容器; 船只(英) n.血管;容器 (a container);船只 (a watercraft)(考) vessel : blood / pipeline : gas / aqueduct : water(血管流血/管道流气/ 水管流水)(记) 注意不要和vassal(陪 臣,诸侯)相混
vestige VESTIGE ['vestid7]
VESTIGE n. 痕迹,形迹(英) n. 痕迹,遗迹 (the very small slight remains of something)(例) Not a vestige of the abbey ramains.vestige['vestIdZ]n. 痕迹,形迹(英) 痕迹,形迹(trace, track)(考) vestige : remainder / figurine : statue(遗迹是一种遗留物/ 小雕像是一种雕像)
vestigial VESTIGIAL [ve'dtid7i2l]
VESTIGIAL adj. 退化的(英) 残余的,遗迹的(that still remains)(考) 反义词:fully developed(发育完全 的)
vestment VESTMENT ['vestm2nt]
VESTMENT n.(作礼拜时教士)法 衣, 官服(英) n.(作礼拜时教士)法 衣,官服 (a robe of ceremony or office)(记) vest(衣服)+ment
vesture VESTURE ['vest62]
VESTURE n.衣服; 覆盖物(英) n.衣服 (a covering garment)(记) vest(衣服)+ure; 比较:vestiture(服 装)(例) a vesture of cloud(一层云)
veterinary VETERINARY ['v2t2rin2ri]
VETERINARY adj.兽医的(记) veterin(野兽的)+ary
veto VETO ['vi:t2u]
VETO n.否决,禁止(英) n.否决,禁止(an authoritative prohibition;interd iction)(考) veto : prohibitive / overture : introductory(否决是禁止性的/提 案是介绍性的)反义词:consent(同 意)(记) 注意比较vote(选举)(例) exercise a veto over a policy(对一项政策行 使否决权)
vex VEX [veks]
VEX vt./n. 恼火(英) vt./n. 恼火(to bring agitation to)(考) 反义词:conciliate( 安慰); pacify(安抚); appease(平息); soothe(平静); conciliate(安抚); mollify(平息)
vexation VEXATION [vek'sei62n]
VEXATION n.困扰,苦恼(英) n.困扰,苦恼(the act of harassing; irritation)(记) 来自vex(烦恼,恼火) +ation(例) be subjected to many vexations(遇到许多 恼人的事情)
viability VIABILITY [`vai2'bil2ti]
VIABILITY n. 发育能力(考) 反义词:inability to live(不能生存)
viable VIABLE ['vai2b2l]
VIABLE adj.可行的; 能活下去的(英) adj.可行的(having a reasonable chance of succeeding)能活下去的(capable of living)(考) elastic : expand / viable : live(弹性的可以扩张/能 活下去的可以生活)反义词:inability to live(无法生存)(记) via(道路)+able+有路 可走→可行的(例) a viable solution to the crisis
viaduct VIADUCT ['vai2d3kt]
VIADUCT n.高架桥(英) n.高架桥(a long elevated roadway)(记) via(道路)+duct(引导 )→引导道路→高架桥;(同) 参考:aqueduct(引水 渠)
viands VIANDS ['vai2ndz]
VIANDS n.(复数)食品,食物(英) n.(复数)食品,食物 (provisions, food)(记) via(活)+ands→活下 去的东西→食品(例) The shops were full of Christmas viands.
vibrancy VIBRANCY ['vaibr2nsi]
VIBRANCY n.生机勃勃,活泼
vibrant VIBRANT ['vaibr2nt]
VIBRANT adj.振动的; 明快的; 生机勃勃(英) adj.振动的;明快的 (bright),生机勃勃的(pulsatin g with life)(考) 反义词:ponderous( 沉闷的)(记) vibr(振动)+ant→振 动的(例) the vibrant strings / a vibrant woman(活泼的女子)
vibrate VIBRATE ['vaibreit,vai'breit]
VIBRATE v. 颤动,振动(英) v. 颤动,振动( shake continuously and very quickly with a fine slight movement)(考) damp : vibration / stanch : flow(制止振动/制止流动)(同) 派生词: vibration (n. 颤动,振动; 感应,共鸣 )
vicarious VICARIOUS [vi'ke2ri2s]
VICARIOUS adj.间接的,代理的(英) adj.间接的,代理的 (serving in place of someone or something else)(记) 来自vicar(牧师)+iou s,牧师是上帝的代言 人→代理的(例) vicarious punishment(代受的惩 罚)
vicinity VICINITY [vi'siniti]
VICINITY n.附近,接近(英) n.附近,接近(proxim ity;neighborhood)(记) vicin(邻近)+ity→邻 近(地区);(同) 参考:vicinage(周围 地区)(例) The vicinity of the apartment to his office was an advantage on rainy days.
vicious VICIOUS ['vi62s]
VICIOUS adj.残酷的,危险的(英) adj.残酷的,危险的( savage; fierce )(记) vile(=vice邪恶的)+i ous→邪恶的,危险的(例) a vicious life(邪恶的生活) / a vicious regime(残暴的政权)
vicissitudes VICISSITUDES [vi'sisitju:dz]
VICISSITUDES n.(复数)(人生的)盛 衰,变迁(英) n.(复数)(人生的)盛 衰,变迁 (favorable or unfavorable event or situation that occurs by chance)(例) the vicissitudes of life(人生的枯荣沉浮 )
vicissitudinous VICISSITUDINOUS [vi`sisi'tju:din2s]
VICISSITUDINOUS adj. 有变化的,变迁的(考) 反义词:unchanging( 无变化的)
victimize VICTIMIZE ['viktimaiz]
VICTIMIZE v. 使受害,迫害(英) v. 使受害,迫害 ( cause someone to suffer unfairly)(例) Union leaders claimed that some members had been victimized for taking part in the strike.
victor VICTOR ['vikt2]
VICTOR n. 胜利者(英) n. 胜利者 (a winner in battle, or in a competition)(考) 反义词:loser(失败 者)(记) vict(征服,克服)+or
victuals VICTUALS ['vitlz]
VICTUALS n.(复数)食物,饮食(英) n.(复数)食物,饮食 (supplies of food, provisions)(记) 和actual(现实的)一 起记(例) provide victuals for the army
vie VIE [vai]
VIE v. 竞争(英) v. 竞争 (to compete)(例) Businesses vied with each other to attract customers.
vigil VIGIL ['vid7il]
VIGIL n.保持清醒(英) n.保持清醒(keeping watch during normal sleeping hours)
vigilance VIGILANCE ['vid7il2ns]
VIGILANCE n. 警惕,警戒(英) n. 警惕,警戒 (watchful care)
vigilant VIGILANT ['vid7il2nt]
VIGILANT adj.机警的,警惕的(英) adj.机警的,警惕的 (alertly watchful to avoid danger)(考) wary : gulled / exacting : satisfied / vigilant : ambushed(谨慎的不易被骗/挑 剔的不易满足/警觉的 不易中埋伏)反义词:supine(懒散 的); oblivious(不在意的) ; unalert(不警觉的); negligible(可忽略的)(记) vigil(警觉)+ant→警 觉的(同) 同根词:vigilante(警 戒会员,私刑分子)
vignette VIGNETTE [vi'njet]
VIGNETTE n. (书中的)装饰图案,简 短有力的描写(英) n. 小装饰图案(a small drawing set into a book);简短有力的描写(a short effective written description of a character )(考) vignette : scene / skit : drama(装饰图案是一种图案 /幽默剧是一种戏剧)
vigor VIGOR ['vig2]
VIGOR n. 活力,精力(英) n. 活力,精力 (active strength of mind or body)(考) adulterate : purity / enervate : vigor(掺假就不会纯粹/使 衰弱不会有精力)flag : vigor / waver : resolution(衰弱不会有精力/动 摇不会坚决)反义词:lassitude( 疲乏); torpor(无精打采); lethargy(困乏)(记) vig(活)+or
vigorously VIGOROUSLY ['vig2r2sli]
VIGOROUSLY adv. 精力旺盛地(考) 反义词:loll(懒散地 走)-move vigorously(充满活力 地走动)(记) 来自形容词vigorous (精力旺盛的)
vile VILE [vail]
VILE adj. 恶劣的, 卑鄙的(英) adj. 恶劣的, 卑鄙的(morally despicable or abhorrent)
vilify VILIFY ['vilifai]
VILIFY v.辱骂,诽谤(英) v.辱骂,诽谤 (to utter slanderous and abusive statements)(记) vil(=vile可恨的)+if y(例) vilify sb's character(污蔑人格) /vilify the government(骂政府)
villainous VILLAINOUS ['vil2n2s]
VILLAINOUS adj.邪恶的,恶毒的(英) adj.邪恶的,恶毒的 (having the character of a villain)(记) 来自villain(恶棍)+o us(例) a villainous foe(凶恶的敌人)
vim VIM [vim]
VIM n.精力,活力(英) n.精力,活力(robust energy and enthusiasm)(考) 反义词:lassitude( 疲乏)(例) do sth. with splendid vim(以极充沛的精力 做某事)
vindicate VINDICATE ['vindikeit]
VINDICATE n.为...平反; 证明...正确(英) n.为…平反 (to free from allegation or blame);证明…正确(to provide justification or defense for)(考) 反义词:calumniate( 诽谤); impugn(指责)(记) vin (=vim活力)+dic(说)+ ate→有活力地说→证 明正确,平反(例) The report vindicated him of complicity.(这一报 告说明他不是同谋犯)
vindication VINDICATION [`vindi'kei62n]
VINDICATION n.洗冤; 证实(英) n.洗冤;证实(justif ication against denial or censure;defense)
vindictive VINDICTIVE [vin'diktiv]
VINDICTIVE adj.报复性的(英) adj.报复性的 (vengeful)(考) mercenary : money / vindictive : revenge(惟利是图只想要钱/ 怀恨在心只想报仇)(例) Vindictive acts rarely do much good.(报复行为难有 好结果)
vinegared VINEGARED ['vinig2d]
VINEGARED adj.酸的,尖刻的(英) adj.酸的,尖刻的 (sour-tempered)(记) vinegar(醋)+ed→酸 的(例) a vinegared and ill tempered woman
vintner VINTNER ['vintn2]
VINTNER n.酒商(英) n.酒商 (a wine merchant)(记) vint(酒)+ner→酒商;(同) 参考:vintage(酒)
vinyl VINYL ['vainil]
VINYL n. 乙炔基; 软塑料(英) n. 乙炔基; 软塑料(a firm bendable plastic used instead of leather, rubber, wood)
viola VIOLA [vi'2ul2]
VIOLA n. 中提琴(英) n. 中提琴(a stringed musical instrument)
violate VIOLATE ['vai2leit]
VIOLATE v. 违反,触犯(英) v. 违反,触犯(disregar d or act against)(同) 派生词: violation (n. 违反)(例) violate an agreement
violence VIOLENCE ['vai2l2ns]
VIOLENCE n. 猛烈;暴力(英) n. 猛烈(extreme force in action );暴力(rough treatment)
violent VIOLENT ['vai2l2nt]
VIOLENT adj. 粗暴的; 猛烈的; 激烈的,强烈的(英) 粗暴的(uncontrollab ly fierce and dangerous)猛烈的(acting with damaging physical force)激烈的,强烈的(force fully beyond what is usual)(例) in a state of violent shock
violet VIOLET ['vai2l2t]
VIOLET n. 紫罗兰; adj. 紫罗兰色的(英) 紫罗兰(a small plant with sweet-smelling dark purplish-blue flowers)紫罗兰色的(having a purplish-blue color)(考) gem : turquoise / flower : violet(绿松石是一种宝石/ 紫罗兰是一种花)
viper VIPER ['vaip2]
VIPER n.蝰蛇(英) n.蝰蛇(poisonous snake)
viral VIRAL ['vai2r(2)l]
VIRAL adj. 病毒性的(英) adj. 病毒性的 ( caused by a virus)
virile VIRILE ['virail,'vair2l]
VIRILE adj.有男子气的,雄健 的(英) adj.有男子气的,雄 健的(masculine)(记) vir(力量)+ile→有力 量的(例) a new and virile leadership(强有力的 新领导)
virility VIRILITY [vi'ril2ti]
VIRILITY n.雄劲,大丈夫气(英) n. 雄劲,大丈夫气(manh ood, masculinity)
virtue VIRTUE ['v2:t6u:]
VIRTUE n. 美德;好处(英) n. 美德(a good quality of character or behavior);好处(advantage)(考) doldrums : energy / depravity : virtue(消沉没有活力/堕落 没有美德)
virtuosity VIRTUOSITY [`v2:tju'0s2ti]
VIRTUOSITY n.精湛技巧,高超(英) n.精湛技巧,高超(gr eat technical skill)(考) 反义词:mediocrity( 平庸)
virtuoso VIRTUOSO [v2:tju'2us2u]
VIRTUOSO n.演艺精湛的人(英) n.演艺精湛的人(a person who has great skill at some endeavor)(考) virtuoso : skill / potentate : power(艺术家要有技能/当 权者要有权利)反义词:mediocrity( 平庸之才)(记) virtu(好,美德)+oso(例) a virtuoso at the violin
virtuous VIRTUOUS ['v2:tju2s]
VIRTUOUS adj. 有美德的;自命清高的(英) adj. 有美德的 (showing virtue);(考) 反义词:nefarious( 邪恶的)(记) 来自名词virtue(美 德)
virulent VIRULENT ['virul2nt]
VIRULENT adj. 剧毒的; 恶毒的(英) adj. 剧毒的(extremely poisonous or venomous);恶毒的(full of malice)(考) 反义词:salubrious( 有益健康的)(记) vir(=virus病毒)+ule nt(多…的)→剧毒的(例) virulent rumors(恶毒的谣言)
virus VIRUS ['vai2r2s]
VIRUS n.病毒(英) n. 病毒(the causative agent of an infectious disease)
visage VISAGE ['vizid7]
VISAGE n.脸,面貌(英) n.脸,面貌(the face, countenance, or appearance)(记) vis(看)+age→面容(例) a grim visage(铁板的脸)
viscid VISCID ['visid]
VISCID adj. 粘性的(考) 反义词:slick(光滑 的)
viscosity VISCOSITY [vis'k0siti]
VISCOSITY n.粘度,粘性(英) n. 粘度,粘性(the property of resistance to flow)(记) visc(粘)+osity→粘 性
viscous VISCOUS ['visk2s]
VISCOUS adj.粘的(考) 反义词:glutinous( 粘性的)-non viscous(无粘性的)
visionary VISIONARY ['vi72n2ri,`neri]
VISIONARY adj. 有远见的; 空想的,幻想的; n. 空想家(英) 有远见的(showing vision)空想的,幻想的(that exists only in the mind and probably cannot be fulfilled)空想家(a person whose aims for the future are noble but may lack reality to put into practice)(考) visionary : idealistic / officious : obliging(过分理想是空想/过 分热情是多管闲事)
vista VISTA ['vist2]
VISTA n.远景; 展望(英) n.远景(a distant view;prospect);展望(an extensive mental view)(考) placebo : painkiller / backdrop : vista(安慰剂是一种假止疼 药/舞台背景是一种假 风景)(记) vis(看)+ta(例) a rolling vista of hills(群山连绵起伏 的景色)
vital VITAL ['vaitl]
VITAL adj. 极其重要的; 充满活力的(英) adj. 极其重要的; 充满活力的(full of life and force)(考) 反义词:moribund(垂 死的)(记) vit(活,生命)+al
vitality VITALITY [vai't9liti]
VITALITY n. 精神,活力(英) n. 精神,活力 (spirit; cheerfulness)(考) decelerate : speed / attenuate : thickness / enervate : vitality(减速减少速度/变薄 减少厚度/衰弱减少活 力)dehydrate : water / wither : vitality(脱水减少水/枯萎减 少活力)enervation : vitality / debase : value(衰弱减少活力/贬值 减少价值)(记) vital(有活力的)+i ty
vitalize VITALIZE ['vait2laiz]
VITALIZE v. 激发(英) v. 激发(to endow with life)(考) 反义词:arrest(阻碍 )(记) vital(有活力的)+i ze
vitiate VITIATE ['vi6ieit]
VITIATE v.削弱,损害(英) v.削弱,损害(to make faulty or defective: impair)(考) 反义词:fortify(加 强); strengthen(巩固)(记) viti(=vice恶的)+ate →损坏(同) 同根词:vitiable(易 堕落的);vitiosity( 堕落)(例) Pollution from smoke and dust vitiates the air.
vitreous VITREOUS ['vitri2s]
VITREOUS adj.玻璃状的(英) adj.玻璃状的(pertai ning to or resembling glass)
vitrify VITRIFY ['vitrifai]
VITRIFY v.呈玻璃状的(英) v.呈玻璃状的( change into glass)(考) tarnish : dull / vitrify : smooth(失去光泽变的阴暗/ 使成玻璃变的光滑)
vitriolic VITRIOLIC [`vitri'0lik]
VITRIOLIC adj.刻薄的, 强烈的(英) adj.刻薄的, 强烈的(virulent of feeling or of speech)(记) vitri(玻璃, 引申为硫酸盐,因为 硫酸盐具有玻璃光泽 ,再引申为刻毒)+olic(例) vitriolic speech(尖刻的活)
vituperate VITUPERATE [vi'tju:p2reit,vai'tu:`]
VITUPERATE v.痛斥,辱骂(英) v.痛斥,辱骂(to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate)(考) lionize : admire / vituperate : despise(崇拜是十分钦佩/辱 骂是十分鄙视)反义词:praise(赞扬 )(记) vitu(邪恶)+per(=pre pare准备)+ate→辱骂
vituperative VITUPERATIVE [vi'tjup2r2tiv,vai'tu:`]
VITUPERATIVE adj.辱骂的(英) adj.辱骂的(characte rized by verbal abuse)(考) 反义词:complimenta ry(称赞的)
vivacious VIVACIOUS [vi'vei62s]
VIVACIOUS adj.活泼的,快活的(英) adj.活泼的,快活的( lively in temper, conduct, or spirit; sprightly)(考) 反义词:phlegmatic( 冷漠的); languid(疲倦的)(记) viv(活)+acious→活 泼的(同) 同根词:vivisection (活体解剖);vivariu m(动植物园)
vivisection VIVISECTION [`vivi'sek62n]
VIVISECTION n.活体解剖(英) n.活体解剖(act of dissecting living animals)(记) vivi(生命,活)+sect( 切,割)+ion→切开活 的→活体解剖
vocal VOCAL ['v2uk2l]
VOCAL adj. 声音的; 使用嗓音的(英) adj. 声音的 (of the vice)(考) orchestra : instrumental / choir : vocal(管弦乐队用乐器演奏 /合唱团用嗓音唱歌)
vocalist VOCALIST ['v2uk2list]
VOCALIST n.流行歌手,声乐家(英) n.流行歌手,声乐家( singer)(记) voc(声音)+alist
vocation VOCATION [v2u'kei62n]
VOCATION n. 擅长;工作,职业(英) n. 擅长(particular fitness or ability for a certain kind of work);工作,职业 (a job)(记) voc(叫喊)+ation→ 受到召唤→有职业
vocational VOCATIONAL [v2u'kei62n2l]
VOCATIONAL adj. 职业的(英) adj. 职业的( preparing one for a job)(记) vocation(职业)+al
vociferous VOCIFEROUS [v2'sif2r2s,v2u`]
VOCIFEROUS adj.喧哗的,大叫大嚷 的(英) adj.喧哗的,大叫大 嚷的 (marked by vehement and insistent outcry)(考) 反义词:reticent(沉 默的)(记) voci(声音)+fer(带来 )+ous→带来喧哗的(例) a vociferous opponent(高声的反对 者)
vogue VOGUE [v2ug]
VOGUE n.时髦,时尚; adj.流行的(英) n.时髦,时尚 (popular acceptation or favor)(例) a growing vogue for things made in Japan(日本货的日益 风行)
void VOID [v0id]
VOID adj. 空的,缺乏的; n. 空隙,空处; 空虚感(英) adj. 空的,缺乏的(empty)(例) an aching void left by the death of her child
volatile VOLATILE ['v0l2tail]
VOLATILE adj.反复无常的; 挥发性的(英) adj.反复无常的(subj ect to rapid or unexpected change);挥发性的(readily vaporizable)(考) volatile : temper / ready : wit(易变的脾气/敏捷的 智慧)craven : heroic / volatile : constant(懦弱对英勇/易变对 不变)volatile : evaporate / soluble : dissolve(易挥发的容易挥发/ 易溶解的容易溶解)反义词:stable(稳定 的); constant(稳定的)(记) volat(飞)+ile→飞走 的,挥发性的(同) 同根词:volant(飞行 的,敏捷的);volary (大型鸟舍)(例) volatile solvent(挥发性溶剂) / a volatile disposition(朝三暮 四的脾性)
volcano VOLCANO [v0l'kein2u]
VOLCANO n. 火山(英) n. 火山(a mountain with a crater at the top through which lava, steam gases sometimes escape with explosive force)(考) volcano : lava / geyser : water(火山喷出熔岩/喷泉 喷出水)
volition VOLITION [v2'li62n]
VOLITION n.自决,意志(英) n.自决,意志(the power of choosing or determining;will)(考) 反义词:inability to choose(不能选择)(记) vol(意志)+ition→有 意志→自决(同) 同根词: benevolent(好意的) / malevolent(恶意的)(例) benevolent(好意的) malevolent(恶意的)
volt VOLT [v2ult]
VOLT n.伏特(考) decibel : sound / volt : electricity(声音的单位是分贝/ 电的单位是伏特)
volubility VOLUBILITY [`v0lju'biliti]
VOLUBILITY n.健谈, 流畅(英) n.健谈, 流畅(ready and rapid speech;fluency)(考) audacious : trepidation / laconic : volubility(大胆的不惊恐/简洁 的不多话)反义词:taciturnity (沉默寡言)(记) 来自voluble(健谈的) ,volu(转)+able→舌 头能转→健谈的
voluble VOLUBLE ['v0ljub2l]
VOLUBLE adj. 健谈的, 缠绕的(考) voluble : speech / licentious : dissoluteness(健谈的喜欢说话/放 荡的喜欢风流)maladroit : deft / voluble : terse(不灵巧对灵巧/健谈 对简洁)反义词: laconic(简明的); taciturn(沉默的); succinct(简洁的); reticent(沉默的)
voluminous VOLUMINOUS [v2'lu:min2s,v2'lju:`]
VOLUMINOUS adj.长篇的;多产的(英) 长篇的 (filling a large volume or several volumes);多产的 (writing or speaking at great length);庞大的 (marked by great volume or bulk; large)(考) 反义词:scanty(缺乏 的); scarce(不足的)(记) volum(=volume 容量)+inous(例) a voluminous edition(大部头版本) / a voluminous cloak(宽大的披风)
voluptuous VOLUPTUOUS [v2'l3pt6u2s]
VOLUPTUOUS adj.撩人的; 沉溺酒色的(英) adj.撩人的(suggesti ng sensual pleasure);沉溺酒色的(abandone d to enjoyments of luxury, pleasure, or sensual gratification)(考) 反义词:ascetic(禁 欲的); spartan(简朴的); self-contained(自制 的)(记) volupt(享乐,快感)+ uous→快感的(同) 派生词: voluptuary (n.耽于逸乐的人)(例) a voluptuous woman(性感女郎) / a voluptuous life
voracious VORACIOUS [v2'rei62s,v0`]
VORACIOUS adj.狼吞虎咽的,贪婪 的(英) adj.狼吞虎咽的,贪 婪的(ravenous; excessively eager; insatiable)(考) impassive : perturb / voracious : satisfy(冷漠的不会被干扰/ 贪婪的不会被满足)反义词:lack of appetite(没有胃口的 )(记) vor(吃)+acious→吃 得多的(同) 派生词: voracity (n.贪食,贪婪)
vortex VORTEX ['v0:teks]
VORTEX n.漩涡,旋风(英) n.漩涡,旋风(whirlp ool, eddy)(记) vort(转)+ex,注意不 要和vertex(顶点)相混(例) the vortex of war(战争的漩涡)
votary VOTARY ['v2ut2ri]
VOTARY n.崇拜者,热心支持者(英) n.崇拜者,热心支持 者 (a devoted admirer)(考) 反义词:skeptic(怀 疑者)(记) vot(宣誓)+ary→热心 支持者(同) 同根词:vote(选举) ;votive(奉献的)(例) a votary of jazz(爵士音乐迷)
voting VOTING ['v2ti8]
VOTING adj. 选举的; n. 投票(考) voting : roll call / termination : cloture(唱名是一种投票过程 /辩论结束是一种终止)
vouch VOUCH [vaut6]
VOUCH vi. 担保, 证明(英) vi. 担保, 证明(guarantee the reliability of)(考) 反义词: refuse to guarantee(拒绝担保)
voyeur VOYEUR [vw'j2:]
VOYEUR n.窥淫狂者; 窥隐私者(英) n.窥淫狂者(one who habitually seeks sexual stimulation by visual means)(记) voy(看)+eur(人)→看 的人→窥探者
vulgar VULGAR ['v3lg2]
VULGAR adj.无教养的(英) adj.无教养的(morall y crude, undeveloped, or unregenerate)(记) vulg(庸俗)+ar(同) 同根词:vulgarian( 庸人);vulgarize(庸 俗化)
vulgarity VULGARITY [v3l'g9riti]
VULGARITY n.粗俗,低级(考) genteel : vulgarity / intrepid : fear(上流社会不会低级/ 无畏的不会畏惧)
vulnerable VULNERABLE ['v3ln2r2b2l]
VULNERABLE adj.易受攻击的(英) adj.易受攻击的(capa ble of being physically wounded; assailable)(考) 反义词:safe(安全的 )(记) vulner(伤)+able→易 受伤的(同) 派生词: vulnerability (n. 易受攻击)(例) That country is economically vulnerable but militarily a colossus.
vulpine VULPINE ['v3lpain]
VULPINE adj.狐狸的,狡猾的(英) adj.狐狸的,狡猾的 (foxy, crafty)(记) vulp(狐狸)+ine
vulture VULTURE ['v3lt62]
VULTURE n. 秃鹫(英) n. 秃鹫(a large ugly tropical bird with an almost featherless head and neck)
vying VYING ['vai`i8]
VYING adj.竞争的(英) adj.竞争的(contendi ng, competing)(记) vie(竞争)的现在分词
waddle WADDLE ['w0d2l]
WADDLE v.(鸭子等)摇摇摆摆 地走(英) v.(鸭子等)摇摇摆摆 地走(to walk with short steps from side to side)(考) slither : snake / waddle : duck(蛇滑行/鸭子摇摇摆 摆地走)(例) The fat woman waddled out to prepare coffee.
wade WADE [weid]
WADE v.涉水(英) v.涉水 (to step in water)(例) Let's wade across the water.
waffle WAFFLE ['waf2l,'w0`]
WAFFLE n. 蛋奶烘饼; v. 胡扯,唠叨(英) n. 蛋奶烘饼; v. 胡扯,唠叨( talk or write meaninglessly)(考) 反义词:speak unequivocally(清楚 地说)(例) What's she waffling about?(她在胡说些什 么)
waft WAFT [wft,w0ft]
WAFT v.飘浮,飘荡(英) v.飘浮,飘荡(to move or go lightly by the impulse of wind or waves)(考) waft : plummet / meander : dash(飘落对突然落下/蜿 蜒而流对奔流而下)(例) The gentle breeze wafted the sound of music to our ears.
wag WAG [w9g]
WAG v.(狗尾巴等)摆动; n.诙谐幽默者(英) v.(狗尾巴等)摆动; n.诙谐幽默者(wit, joker)(考) wag : humorous / dolt : stupid / libertine : dissolute / buffoon : ludicrous(爱说笑的人幽默/傻 瓜笨/放荡者放荡/小 丑滑稽)
wage WAGE [weid7]
WAGE v.开始,进行(战争,运 动)(英) v.开始,进行(战争,运 动)(begin and continue a war)
waggish WAGGISH ['w9gi6]
WAGGISH adj. 诙谐的,滑稽的(英) adj. 诙谐的,滑稽的 (humorous)(例) a waggish remark(俏皮话)
wail WAIL [weil]
WAIL v.哀号,痛哭(英) v.哀号,痛哭 (to express sorrow audibly; lament)(例) The wind wailed in the trees.(风在林中呼啸 )
waive WAIVE [weiv]
WAIVE v.放弃; 推迟考虑(英) v.放弃(to relinquish voluntarily);推迟考虑 (postpone)(例) waive honors(放弃荣誉) / waive the problem aside
wallop WALLOP ['w0l2p,'wl2p]
WALLOP v./n.重击,猛打(英) v./n.重击,猛打 (to hit with force)(记) 分割记忆:wall(墙)+ lop(修剪)(例) He walloped the ball out of the park.
wallow WALLOW ['w0l2u,'w`]
WALLOW v./n.(猪等)在泥水中 打滚; 沉溺于(英) v./n.(猪等)在泥水中 打滚 (to roll about in mud);沉溺于(to take unrestrained pleasure)(记) 分割记忆:wall(墙)+ low(低下的)(例) wallow in the mire(在泥沼中打滚)
walrus WALRUS ['w0:lr2s]
WALRUS n.海象
wan WAN [w0n]
WAN adj.虚弱的; 病态的(英) adj.虚弱的(feeble) ;病态的(sickly pallid)(例) a wan complexion(病容)
wanderlust WANDERLUST ['w0nd2l3st,'wnd2r`]
WANDERLUST n.漫游癖,旅游热(英) n.漫游癖,旅游热(st rong longing for or impulse toward wandering)(考) curiosity : know / wanderlust : travel(好奇的人喜欢知道/ 有旅游癖的人喜欢旅 游)(记) wander(漫游)+lust( 欲望)
wane WANE [wein]
WANE v.减少,衰微(英) v.减少,衰微(to decrease in size, extent, or degree; dwindle)(例) The moon wanes after it has become full.
wangle WANGLE ['w98g2l]
WANGLE v.用巧计或花言巧语 获得某事物(英) v.用巧计或花言巧语 获得某事物(achieve by cleverness or trick)(例) He always managed to wangle the easy jobs.(他总是设法谋 到不费力的活儿)
wanton WANTON ['w0nt2n,'wn`]
WANTON adj.顽皮的; 放纵的(英) adj.顽皮的(mischiev ous);放纵的(being without check or limitation)(记) 分割记忆:want(想要 )+on(在…上面)(例) wanton imagination(漫无边 际的想象)
warble WARBLE ['w0:b2l]
WARBLE v.(尤指鸟)叫出柔和 的颤音(英) v.(尤指鸟)叫出柔和 的颤音([of a bird] sing; babble)
warden WARDEN ['w0:dn]
WARDEN n.看守人,管理员(英) n.看守人,管理员 (guardian, keeper)(记) 分割记忆:ward(病房 ,监视)+en(例) the warden of an old people's home(养老院的管理员 )
wardrobe WARDROBE ['w0:dr2ub]
WARDROBE n.衣橱; 全部服装(英) n.衣橱(a room or closet where clothes are kept);全部服装(a collection of wearing apparel)(考) wardrobe : clothes / bookcase : books /larder : food(衣柜用来放衣服/书 柜用来放书/食品柜用 来放食品)(记) 分割记忆:ward(病房 )+robe(长袍),可能 原指病人穿的衣服
warehouse WAREHOUSE ['we2haus]
WAREHOUSE n. 仓库,货栈(英) n. 仓库,货栈 (a large building for storing things)
warmonger WARMONGER ['w0:`m38g2]
WARMONGER n.好战者,战争贩子(英) n.好战者,战争贩子( one who urges to stir up war; jingo)(考) 反义词:pacifist(和 平主义者); dove(和平)(记) war(战争)+monger(商 人,贩子)
warp WARP [w0:p]
WARP v./n.翘起,弯曲(英) v./n.翘起,弯曲 (a twist or curve that has developed in something flat or straight )(例) The door was warped and wouldn't shut.
warrant WARRANT ['w0r2nt]
WARRANT n.正当理由; 逮捕证(英) n.正当理由(justific ation);逮捕证 (a commission or document giving authority)(例) suspect a friend without warrant(无根据地怀 疑朋友)
warranted WARRANTED ['w0r2ntid]
WARRANTED adj. 保证的; 凭正当理由的(考) 反义词:gratuitous( 无理由的)
wary WARY ['we2ri,'weri]
WARY adj. 谨慎的,小心翼翼的(英) adj. 谨慎的,小心翼翼的( looking out for danger)(考) wary : gulled / vigilant : ambushed / exacting : satisfied(谨慎的不易被骗/警 觉的不易中埋伏/苛刻 的不易满足)(例) She was wary of strangers.
waspish WASPISH ['w0spi6]
WASPISH adj.易怒的,尖刻的(英) adj.易怒的,尖刻的( snappish, petulant)(记) 来自wasp(胡蜂)+ish(例) a waspish temper(易怒的脾气)
wasteland WASTELAND ['weist'l9nd]
WASTELAND n. 荒原,荒地(英) n. 荒原,荒地(empty, unproductive, ugly land)(记) 组合词:waste(废弃 的,荒芜的)+land( 地)
wastrel WASTREL ['weistr2l]
WASTREL n.挥霍无度的人(英) n. 挥霍无度的人 (one who spends resources foolishly and self-indulgently; profligate)(考) inexperience : neophyte / irresponsibility : wastrel(新手是无经验的/败 家子是无责任心的)(记) waste(浪费)+rel;(同) 参考:wastry(挥霍)
waterproof WATERPROOF ['w0:t2pru:f]
WATERPROOF adj. 防水的; v. 使防水(英) adj. 防水的; v. 使防水( make waterproof)(考) 反义词:permeable( 可渗透的)(记) water(水)+proof( 防...的)
watershed WATERSHED ['w0:t26ed]
WATERSHED n.分水岭(考) 反义词: ambiguity(含糊)
wavelength WAVELENGTH ['weivle84]
WAVELENGTH n. 波长(英) n. 波长 (the distance between one wave and another)(考) frequency : pitch / wavelength : color(频率决定音高/波长 决定颜色)(记) wave(波)+length( 长)
waver WAVER ['weiv2]
WAVER v.摇摆,犹豫(英) v.摇摆,犹豫(to fluctuate in opinion, allegiance, or direction)(考) flag : vigor / lumber : grace / waver : resolution(衰弱无精力/笨拙无 优雅/动摇无坚决)demur : qualms / waver : irresoluteness(因疑虑而反对/因犹 豫而动摇)(例) He wavered between accepting and refusing.
wax WAX [w9ks]
WAX n. 蜡; v. 给...打蜡; 盈, 增大(英) v. 给...打蜡; 盈, 增大( grow gradually larger after being small )(考) varnish : wood / wax : linoleum(木头刷漆/油毡打蜡)candle : wax / tire : rubber(蜡烛由蜡制造/轮胎 由橡胶制造)反义词:flag(衰弱); decrease(减少); waste away(减弱)
wean WEAN [wi:n]
WEAN v.(孩子)断奶; 戒掉(英) v.(孩子)断奶; 戒掉(to free from a unwholesome habit or interest)(例) Wean young people from hooliganism,(使年轻 人戒除流氓习气)
weasel WEASEL ['wi:z2l]
WEASEL n.黄鼠狼,鼬; v.逃避(英) v. 逃避(to evade a situation or obligation)
weather WEATHER ['we52]
WEATHER v. 经受住; 平安度过危难(英) v. 经受住; 平安度过危难(endure the effects of weather or other forces)
weave WEAVE [wi:v]
WEAVE v. 纺织(英) 纺织(form threads into material by drawing one thread at a time under and over a set of longer threads stretched out on a loom)(考) needle : knit / loom : weave(针用来缝合/织布机 用来织布)
weird WEIRD [wi2d]
WEIRD adj.古怪的,荒唐的(英) adj.古怪的,荒唐的( odd, fantastic)(例) a weird idea(怪念头)
welcome WELCOME ['welk2m]
WELCOME v.欢迎(考) 反义词:rebuff(拒绝 ); ostracize(放逐)
weld WELD [weld]
WELD v.焊接,熔接; 结合(英) v.焊接,熔接;结合 (to unite or reunite)(考) splice : rope / weld : metal(连接绳子/焊接金属)(同) 参考:solder(焊接)(例) weld the crack in the tube / weld people into a group
well-established WELL-ESTABLISHED []
WELL-ESTABLISHED adj. 固定下来的,得到确 认的(记) well(好)+establis h(建立,确定)+ed反义词:neologism( 新词)-well-establis hed expression(长期使用 的表达)
well-groomed WELL-GROOMED []
WELL-GROOMED adj. 非常整洁的(having a very neat clean appearance)(记]well(好)+groo m(修饰)+ed
well-informed WELL-INFORMED []
WELL-INFORMED adj. 见多识广的 识广博的; 消息灵通的(记)well(好)+info rm(告知)+ed
well-known WELL-KNOWN []
WELL-KNOWN adj. 众所周知的,著名的 (known by many people)(记)well(好)+know n(知道反义词:arcane(神秘 的)
welsh WELSH [wel6]
WELSH v.赖债不还; 失信(英) v.赖债不还 (to avoid payment);失信 (to break one's word)(记) 和威尔士人(Welsh)的 拼写一样(例) welsh on one's debts(赖债)
welter WELTER ['welt2]
WELTER n. 混乱,杂乱无章(英) n. 混乱,杂乱无章(a disordered mixture)(考) 反义词:orderly arrangement(安排有 序的)
wheat WHEAT [wi:t]
WHEAT n. 小麦(英) n. 小麦 (a plant from whose grain flour is made)(考) winnow : wheat / refine : oil(去小麦的糠秕/提炼 油)chaff : wheat / shell : pecan(小麦有谷壳/山核桃 有外壳)
wheedle WHEEDLE ['wi:dl]
WHEEDLE v.(用花言巧语)哄骗(英) v.(用花言巧语)哄骗( to influence or entice by soft words or flattery)(记) 分割记忆:w+heed(注 意)+le,用心哄骗(例) coax and wheedle sb. into good humour(连哄带骗使某 人消气)
whelm WHELM [welm]
WHELM v.用...覆盖,淹没(英) v.用…覆盖,淹没 (to cover or engulf completely)(记) 参考: overwhelm(压倒一切)(例) The avalanche whelmed the mountain village in tons of snow.
whelp WHELP [welp;(u6)hwelp]
WHELP n.犬科的幼兽(英) n.犬科的幼兽(young wolf, dog, tiger)
whet WHET [wet]
WHET v.磨快; 刺激(英) v.磨快 (to sharpen);刺激(excite, stimulate)(考) 反义词:blunt(弄钝)(记) 和what一起记: whet the knife for what?(例) whet a knife / whet one's interest(刺激兴趣)
whetstone WHETSTONE ['wetst2un]
WHETSTONE n. 磨刀石(英) n. 磨刀石(a stone used for sharpening cutting tools)(考) pestle : grind / whetstone : sharpen(研棒用来研磨/磨刀 石用来磨刀)(记) 组合词:whet(磨)+ stone(石头)
whiff WHIFF [wif]
WHIFF n. 一吹, 一阵香气, 轻吹(考) blast : whiff / gush : trickle(冲击波对轻吹/涌出 对细流)
whim WHIM [wim]
WHIM n.多变,怪念头(英) n.多变,怪念头 (a sudden idea;fancy)(考) capricious : whim / objective : fact(易变的[人]反复无常 /客观的[人]讲事实)(例) have a whim for doing sth(心血来潮想做某 事)
whimsical WHIMSICAL ['wimzik2l]
WHIMSICAL adj.古怪的,异想天开 的(英) adj.古怪的,异想天 开的(exhibiting whims)(考) furtive : stealth / whimsical : caprice/acute : perspicacity(秘密的和秘密/易变 的和易变/敏锐的和敏 锐)mercurial : mood / whimsical : behavior(易变的情绪/无常的 行为)
whimsy WHIMSY ['hwimzi]
WHIMSY n.古怪,异想天开(英) n.古怪,异想天开(wh im, caprice; a fanciful or fantastic creation)(记) whim(怪念头)+sy(例) a story full of whimsy(充满离奇情节 的故事)
whine WHINE [wain]
WHINE v.哀号,号哭(英) v.哀号,号哭 (to utter a high-pitched plaintive or distressed cry)(例) The prisoner whined his innocence.
whirlpool WHIRLPOOL ['w2:lpu:l]
WHIRLPOOL n. 漩涡(英) n. 漩涡 (a place with circular currents of water in a sea )(考) tornado : air / whirlpool : water(龙卷风是空气回流/ 旋涡是水回流)
whisper WHISPER ['wisp2]
WHISPER v.耳语,低声说话(英) v.耳语,低声说话 (to speak softly)(考) chuckle : laughing / whisper : speaking(轻声笑和笑/轻声说 和说)(例) The leaves whispered in the breeze.
whistle WHISTLE ['wis2l]
WHISTLE n. 口哨, 口哨声; v. 吹口哨(英) n. 口哨, 口哨声; v. 吹口哨( make a whistle)(考) judge : gavel / referee : whistle(法官用小木槌判决/ 裁判用口哨判决)
whit WHIT [wit]
WHIT n.一点儿,少量(英) n.一点儿,少量(the smallest part imaginable; bit)(记) 和whet(磨快)一起记(例) not a whit of common sense
whittle WHITTLE ['witl]
WHITTLE v.削(木头); 削减(英) v.削(木头) (to pare or cut off chips);削减(to reduce; pare)(例) whittle a branch into a whip handle / whittle down expenses
wholesome WHOLESOME ['h2uls2m]
WHOLESOME adj. 促进健康的(英) adj. 促进健康的(good for the body or likely to produce health)(考) 反义词:tainted(被 污染的); deleterious(有害的) ; insalubrious(有害的 ); morbid(病态的); noxious(有害的)(记) whole(完整,健康) +some
wholesomeness WHOLESOMENESS ['h2uls2mnis]
WHOLESOMENESS n. 健康(考) 反义词:decadence( 衰败)(记) 来自形容词wholesome (健康的)
wick WICK [wik]
WICK n. 蜡烛芯; 灯芯(英) 蜡烛芯(a piece of twisted thread in a candle, which burns as the wax melts)灯芯(a length of material in an oil lamp which draws up oil while burning)
wicked WICKED ['wikid]
WICKED adj. 极坏的,淘气的(英) adj. 极坏的(extremely bad);淘气的(playful in a rather troublesome way)(考) nefarious : wickedness / generous : liberality(邪恶体现邪恶/慷慨 体现大方)
wield WIELD [wi:ld]
WIELD v.支配,掌权(英) v.支配,掌权(to have at one's command or disposal)(记) 参考:unwieldy(笨重 的)(同) 参考:unwieldy(笨重 的)(例) Wield the two languages with equal facility.
wig WIG [wig]
WIG n.假发(记) 注意不要和wag(幽默 的人)相混
wiggle WIGGLE ['wigl]
WIGGLE v.扭动,蠕动(英) v.扭动,蠕动 (to move to and fro with quick jerky or shaking motions)(记) 分割记忆:wig(假发) +gle看作giggle(傻笑 )→戴着假发扭动身子傻笑(例) They wiggle and waggle when they walk.
wile WILE [wail]
WILE n.诡计,花言巧语(英) n.诡计,花言巧语(a beguiling or playful trick)(记) 参考: wily(狡诈的)(例) be tricked by the salesman's wiles into buying worthless goods
willful WILLFUL ['wilf2l]
WILLFUL adj.任性的; 故意的(英) adj.任性的(perverse ly self-willed),故意的(intentional)(例) a willful murder(蓄意谋杀)
willfulness WILLFULNESS ['wilf2lnis]
WILLFULNESS n. 任性(考) willfulness : headstrong / subservience : fawning(刚愎的[人]任性/奉 承的[人]奉承)
willingly WILLINGLY ['wili8li]
WILLINGLY adv. 自愿地(考) 反义词:balk(拒绝前 进)-move ahead willingly(自愿前进)(记) 来自形容词willing( 自愿的)
willow WILLOW ['wil2u]
WILLOW n.柳树(记) 注意不要和wallow(打 滚)相混
willowy WILLOWY ['wil2ui]
WILLOWY adj.苗条的(英) adj.苗条的 (gracefully tall and slender)
wilt WILT [wilt]
WILT v.使...凋谢,枯萎(英) v.使…凋谢,枯萎 (to lose vigor from lack of water)(例) The crops wilted under the hot sun.(庄稼在烈日下枯 萎了)
wily WILY ['waili]
WILY adj.狡猾的(英) adj.狡猾的 (full of wiles;crafty)(例) a wily fraud(狡猾的骗子)
wince WINCE [wins]
WINCE v.避开,畏缩(英) v.避开,畏缩 (to shrink back; flinch)(考) wince : pain / smile : pleasure / pout : displeasure / sneer : contempt(因疼痛而退缩/因高 兴而微笑/因不高兴而 绷脸/因轻视而讥笑)(例) bear pain without wincing(毫不畏缩地 忍受疼痛)
windfall WINDFALL ['windf0:l]
WINDFALL n.风吹落的果实;意外 的好运(英) n.风吹落的果实(fall en fruit);意外的好运( unexpected lucky event)
winding WINDING ['waindi8]
WINDING adj.蜿蜒的,迂回的(英) adj.蜿蜒的,迂回的( having a curved or spiral course or form)(例) a winding path
windy WINDY ['windi]
WINDY adj. 多风的, 吹牛的, 虚无的(考) windy : concise / hackneyed : original(吹牛不会简明/迂腐 不会创新)
wink WINK [wi8k]
WINK v. 使眼色;n. 眨眼(英) v. 使眼色( close and open one eye quickly as a signal between people);n. 眨眼 (a winking movement of the eye)
winnow WINNOW ['win2u]
WINNOW v.把(谷物)的物质吹 掉,扬去(英) v.把(谷物)的杂质吹 掉,扬去(to remove chaff by a current of air)(考) winnow : wheat / refine : oil(扬去小麦糠秕/对油 进行提炼)winnow : chaff / filter : impurities(去除谷壳/过滤掉杂 质)winnow : grain / purify : water(扬去谷物杂质/净化 使水更纯)(记) 注意不要和minnow(小 鱼)相混(例) winnow the chaff from the grain(扬去谷壳)
winsome WINSOME ['wins2m]
WINSOME adj.媚人的,漂亮的(英) adj.媚人的,漂亮的( generally pleasing and engaging often because of a childlike charm and innocence)(考) 反义词:unpreposses sing(不吸引人的)(记) 组合词:win(赢)+som e(例) a winsome smile(动人的笑)
wisp WISP [wisp]
WISP n.小束, 小捆(英) n.小束, 小捆(small bunch of hair)
wispy WISPY ['wispi]
WISPY adj.瘦的; 飘渺的(英) adj.瘦的; 飘渺的(thin; slight)
wistful WISTFUL ['wistf2l]
WISTFUL adj. 惆怅的,渴望的(英) adj. 惆怅的,渴望的(thou ghtful and rather sad)(例) a wistful mood
wit WIT [wit]
WIT n.智力, 才智(考) volatile : temper / ready : wit(多变的情绪/敏捷的 才智)
witch WITCH [wit6]
WITCH n.女巫, 巫婆(考) retainer : retinue / witch : coven(家臣组成随从/女巫 组成女巫集会)
withdraw WITHDRAW [wi5'dr0:]
WITHDRAW v.撤退,收回;隐居(英) v.撤退,收回 (to take back or away;remove)(考) rescind : law / withdraw : candidacy(废除法律/取消候选 人资格)roisterer : carouse / recluse : withdraw(喝酒喧闹者狂欢/隐 士隐退)(记) with(往回)+draw(拉) →往回拉,撤退(例) withdraw a remark(撤消前言)
withdrawal WITHDRAWAL [wi5'dr0:2l]
WITHDRAWAL n. 收回,撤退(英) n. 收回,撤退 (the state of being withdrawn)(考) 反义词:press(推进)
withdrawn WITHDRAWN [wi5'dr0:n]
WITHDRAWN adj.隐退的,离群的(英) adj.隐退的,离群的( removed from immediate contact;isolated)(考) recluse : withdrawn / bigot : biased(隐士隐居/固执己见 者有偏见)
wither WITHER ['wi52]
WITHER v.枯萎,凋零(英) v.枯萎,凋零(to shrivel from loss of bodily moisture)(考) dehydrate : water / wither : vitality(脱水使水分降低/枯 萎使活力降低)反义词:burgeon(发 芽); revive(复活)(记) weather(天气)不好了 ,植物就会wither(例) He is withering away.(他形容日益憔 悴)
withhold WITHHOLD [wi5'h2uld]
WITHHOLD v. 扣留,保留(英) v. 扣留,保留 ( keep on purpose)(考) 反义词:apprise(通 知)-withhold information(不通报 信息); grant(承认; 授予)(例) withhold one's permission
withstand WITHSTAND [wi5'st9nd]
WITHSTAND v. 顶住;经受住(英) v. 顶住(oppose successfully);经受住( remain unchanged by)(记) with(反)+stand( 站)→反着站→抵抗
witness WITNESS ['witnis]
WITNESS n. 目击者 v. 目击(英) n. 目击者(someone who is present when something happens);(考) subpoena : witness / conscript : soldier(传讯证人/征招士兵)
witticism WITTICISM ['witisiz2m]
WITTICISM n.诙谐的言语(英) n.诙谐的言语(witty saying; wisecrack)
witty WITTY ['witi]
WITTY adj. 机智的,情趣横生的(英) adj. 机智的,情趣横生的( showing a quick clever mind)(记) 来自名词wit(智慧)
wizardry WIZARDRY ['wiz2dri]
WIZARDRY n.魔术,非凡的才能(英) n.魔术,非凡的才能(s orcery; magic)
wizened WIZENED ['wiz2nd]
WIZENED adj.干皱的,干巴巴的(英) adj.干皱的,干巴巴 的(dry as a result of aging or of failing vitality)(记) wizen(起皱)+ed(例) wizened apples
woe WOE [w2u]
WOE n.悲痛,苦难(英) n.悲痛,苦难(deep suffering from misfortune, affliction, or grief)
woeful WOEFUL ['w2uf2l]
WOEFUL adj.悲伤的(英) adj.悲伤的 (full of woe;grievous)(例) woeful ignorance(可悲的无 知)
wont WONT [w2unt]
WONT n.习惯,习俗(英) n.习惯,习俗(person' s habit or custom; habitual procedure)(记) unwonted(不习惯的)
woo WOO [wu:]
WOO v.向(女人)求爱; 争取...的支持(英) v.向(女人)求爱(to sue for the affection; court),争取…的支持(to solicit or entreat with importunity)(考) adulate : fawn / woo : adore(程度: 谄媚→奉承/追求→爱 慕)(例) woo fame and fortune (追逐名利) / woo the voters before an election(在选举前争 取选民)
woodcut WOODCUT ['wudk3t]
WOODCUT n. 木刻,木版画(英) 木刻,木版画(a picture which has been made by pressing down the shaped surface of a piece of wood on dye and then onto paper)(记) 组合词:wood(木头 )+cut(切)
woodcutter WOODCUTTER ['wud`k3t2]
WOODCUTTER n. 伐木者(英) n. 伐木者(a man whose job is to cut down trees in a forest)(考) scythe : reaper / axe : woodcutter(收割者的工具是镰刀 /伐木工的工具是斧头)
woodpile WOODPILE ['wudpail]
WOODPILE n. 木料堆(考) bouquet : flowers / woodpile : logs(花组成花束/木头组 成木堆)(记) 组合词: wood(木头)+pile( 堆)
wordsmith WORDSMITH ['w2:dsmi4]
WORDSMITH n. 擅长文字创造的人; 以写作为生的人(考) raconteur : storytelling / wordsmith : writing(健谈者擅长讲故事/ 文字创造者擅长写作)
worldly WORLDLY ['w2:ldli]
WORLDLY adj.尘世的,世俗的(英) adj.尘世的,世俗的(n ot spiritual; of the material world)(考) 反义词:singular(异 常的); naive(天真的)
worship WORSHIP ['w2:6ip]
WORSHIP v./n. 崇拜,敬仰(英) v./n. 崇拜,敬仰(strong feelings of love, respect, and admiration)(考) worship : sacrifice / prediction : augury(宰牲祭神是一种敬神 活动/占卜是一种预测)
wraith WRAITH [rei4]
WRAITH n.幽灵; 骨瘦如柴的人(英) n.幽灵 (ghost, specter);骨瘦如柴的人(a living person seen just before death as an apparition)(记) 注意不要和wrath(愤 怒)相混(例) She moved through the soft light like a wraith.
wrangle WRANGLE ['r98g2l]
WRANGLE v.争论,激辩,吵架(英) v.争论,激辩,吵架 (to dispute angrily or peevishly; bicker)(例) It is a matter for scholars to wrangle over.(这是要学者们 去争论的事)
wrangler WRANGLER ['r98gl2]
WRANGLER n. 口角者, 争论者, 牧马者(考) lariat : wrangler / crook : shepherd(牧马者的工具是套索 /牧羊者的工具是弯钩)
wrath WRATH [r94,r0:4]
WRATH n.愤怒,大怒(英) n.愤怒,大怒 (strong vengeful anger or indignation)(例) His wrath burst into flame.(他怒火喷发)
wreak WREAK [ri:k]
WREAK v. 发泄怒火, 报仇(英) v. 发泄怒火, 报仇(to inflict vengeance upon; to express anger)(例) The boss wreaked his anger on the workmen.(老板拿工人 出气)
wreathe WREATHE [ri:5]
WREATHE v.完全笼罩; 把...做成花环(英) v. 盘绕(coil about something);把…做成花环(to shape into a wreath)(记) wreath(花环)+e(例) Mist wreathed the hilltops.
wreckage WRECKAGE ['rekid7]
WRECKAGE n.残骸(英) n.残骸(broken and disordered parts or material from something wrecked)(记) wreck(失事,遇难)+a ge(例) The shore was covered with the wreckage of a ship.
wrench WRENCH [rent6]
WRENCH v.扭,拧; n.板钳,扳手(英) v.扭,拧 (to move with a violent twist)(例) wrench a screw off(用力拧下螺钉)
wrest WREST [rest]
WREST v.奋力从某人处获得 某事物(英) v.奋力从某人处获得 某事物(obtain by pulling violently)(例) Foreign investors are trying to wrest control of the firm from the family.
wring WRING ['ri8]
WRING v.拧或绞(英) v.拧或绞(twist to extract liquid)(例) He wrung the clothes out bafore putting them on the line to dry.
wrinkle WRINKLE ['ri8k2l]
WRINKLE n.皱纹; 窍门(英) n.皱纹(a small ridge or furrow formed by the shrinking or contraction of a smooth substance; crease);窍门(a change in a customary procedure or method)(例) give sb a wrinkle or two (给某人出几个点子)
wrist WRIST [rist]
WRIST n. 腕,腕关节(英) n. 腕,腕关节(the joint between the hand and the lower part of the arm)
writ WRIT [rit]
WRIT n.命令状,书面命令(英) n.命令状,书面命令( an order in writing)(记) 联想记忆:write 去掉e(例) a writ for the arrest of sb.
wrongdoing WRONGDOING [r08'du:i8]
WRONGDOING n. 不道德的行为,坏事(英) n. 不道德的行为,坏事( bad, evil, or illegal behavior)(例) such wrongdoing should be punished
wrongheaded WRONGHEADED ['r08'hedid]
WRONGHEADED adj. 坚持错误的(英) adj. 坚持错误的(sticking in a determined way to a wrong idea )
wry WRY [rai]
WRY adj. 扭曲的; 讽刺性幽默的(英) adj. 扭曲的; 冷嘲性幽默的(showin g a mixture of amusement and displeasure, dislike, or disbelief)(考) 反义词: straight(直接的); undeviatingly(不偏 离的)(例) She watched their fumbling efforts with wry amusement.
xenophobe XENOPHOBE ['zen2f2ub]
XENOPHOBE n. 惧外者; 排外着(考) misanthrope : people / xenophobe : strangers(恨人类的人讨厌人类 /排外者讨厌外来人)
xenophobia XENOPHOBIA [`zen2'f2ubi2]
XENOPHOBIA n.仇外,排外(英) n.仇外,排外(fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners)(记) xeno(外国人)+phob( 恨)+ia;(同) 参考:xenomania(媚 外)
xerophyte XEROPHYTE ['zi2r2ufait]
XEROPHYTE n.旱生植物(英) n.旱生植物(a plant structurally adapted for life and growth with a limited water supply)(记) xero(干燥)+phyte(植 物)
yacht YACHT [j0t]
YACHT n.帆船,游艇(英) n.帆船,游艇(any of various recreational watercraft)
yarn YARN [jn]
YARN n.纱线(考) knit : yarn / plait : hair(编织纱线/编辫头发)(记) 注意不要和yawn(打呵 欠)相混
yaw YAW [j0:]
YAW v.(船,飞机等)偏航(英) v.(船,飞机等)偏航( to deviate erratically from a course)(记) yawn(打呵欠)去掉n, 联想:因为打呵欠所 以偏航
yearn YEARN [j2:n]
YEARN v.盼望,渴望(英) v.盼望,渴望(to long persistently, wistfully, or sadly)(记) 分割记忆:year(年)+ n.'一年到头盼望'(例) We yearn for beauty, truth and meaning in our lives.
yeast YEAST [ji:st]
YEAST n.酵母,兴奋(英) n.酵母,兴奋(someth ing that causes ferment or activity)(考) bacteria : decomposition / yeast : fermentation(细菌造成腐烂/酵母 造成发酵)(记) 分割记忆:y+east(东 方), 像东方一样升起(例) act like a yeast(起着激励作用)
yen YEN [jen]
YEN n.渴望,热望(英) n.渴望,热望(strong desire; longing; urge)(例) I've always had a yen to visit Australia.
yeoman YEOMAN ['j2um2n]
YEOMAN n.自耕农,乡下人(英) n.自耕农,乡下人(a person who owns and cultivates a small farm)(记) 由young man 变化而来
yield YIELD [ji:ld]
YIELD v. 屈从,屈服(考) default : pay / yield : resist(拖欠不偿还/屈服不 抵抗)evanescent : disappear / pliant : yield(短暂易逝的容易消失 /易受影响的容易屈从)obsequious : fawn / compliant : yield(谄媚的[人]奉承/服 从的[人]屈服)beneficent : harm / tenacious : yield(行善的不会伤害/顽 强的不会屈服)
yielding YIELDING ['ji:ldi8]
YIELDING adj.弯曲自如的(英) adj.弯曲自如的(lack ing rigidity or stiffness; flexible)(记) 来自yield(顺从,屈 服)+ing(例) be made of a yielding rubber(用柔性橡胶制 成)
yoke YOKE [j2uk]
YOKE n.牛轭; v.控制,束缚(英) n.牛轭;v.控制,束 缚(to put a yoke on)(考) 反义词:sunder(分离 )(例) the yoke of old habits(旧习惯的羁绊 )
yokel YOKEL ['j2uk2l]
YOKEL n.乡巴佬(英) n.乡巴佬(a native or gullible inhabitant of a rural area)(考) yokel : sophistication / coward : courage(乡下人不会世故/懦 夫不会有勇气)(记) yoke(牛轭)+l
zeal ZEAL [zi:l]
ZEAL n.热情,狂热(考) resoluteness : will / zeal : conviction(有意志的人坚决/有 信念的人热诚)反义词:torpor(无感 觉); lack of fervor(缺乏热情); vapid(索然无味)
zealot ZEALOT ['zel2t]
ZEALOT n.狂热分子,热心者(英) n.狂热分子,热心者( a zealous person; a fanatical partisan)(考) fervor : zealot / doubt : skeptic / improvidence : spendthrift(狂热者热烈/怀疑者 怀疑/浪费者浪费)fanatic : admirer / zealot : adherent(狂热者是过分崇拜者 /热心者是强烈追随者)miser : munificent / zealot : blas(吝啬鬼不会大方/热 心者不会冷漠)(记) zeal(热心,热情)+ot
zealotry ZEALOTRY [zel2tri]
ZEALOTRY n. 狂热行为(考) 反义词:lack of fervor(缺乏热情)
zealous ZEALOUS ['zel2s]
ZEALOUS adj.热心的,一心一 意的(英) adj.热心的,一心一 意的(filled with eagerness and ardent interest in pursuit of something)(考) zealous : enthusiastic / idolatrous : devoted(狂热是过分热情的\/ 崇拜是过分钟爱)devoted : zealous / careful : fastidious(热衷过分是狂热/仔 细过分是挑剔)
zenith ZENITH ['zini4]
ZENITH n.天顶; 极点(英) n.天顶 (the highest point of the celestial sphere);极点(the highest point)(考) 反义词:nadir(最低 点); lowest point(最低点)(记) 参考:nadir(最低点)(例) the zenith of one's career
zephyr ZEPHYR ['zef2]
ZEPHYR n.和风; 西风(英) n.和风 (a gentle breeze);西风(a breeze from the west)(记) 由希腊神话中西风之 神Zephyr而来(例) the flowers, the zephyrs, and the warblers of spring(花卉,和风及 莺鸣)
zest ZEST [zest]
ZEST n.刺激性; 热心,兴趣(英) n.刺激性 (an enjoyable exciting quality;piquancy) ;热心,兴趣 (keen enjoyment; relish)(例) The hungry man ate with zest.(那饿汉吃得津 津有味)
zigzag ZIGZAG ['zigz9g]
ZIGZAG n./a. 之字形(的), v.弯弯曲曲地进行(考) zigzag : turns / montage : images(之字形是转弯的组合 /蒙太奇是影象的组合)
zoology ZOOLOGY [z2u'0l2d7i]
ZOOLOGY n. 动物学(英) n. 动物学 (the scientific study of the different kinds of animals)(记) zoo(动物)+ology( 学科)