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500 Cards in this Set

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slaver SLAVER ['sl9v2,'sleiv2]
SLAVER v.流口水, 渴望; n.口水(英) v.流口水, 渴望(drool, slobber);n.口水(saliva)(记) 分割记忆:slave(奴 隶)+er
slay SLAY [slei]
SLAY v.杀,残杀(英) v.杀,残杀 (to kill violently, wantonly, or in great numbers)(记) 和stay(停留)一起记(例) slay one's enemy
sleazy SLEAZY ['sli:zi]
SLEAZY adj.邋遢的,格调低下 的(英) adj.邋遢的,格调低下 的(shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial)(例) They took me to a sleazy back-street hotel.
sledge SLEDGE [sled7]
SLEDGE n.雪橇(英) n.雪橇(large sled drawn by work animals)
sledgehammer SLEDGEHAMMER ['sled7`h9m2]
SLEDGEHAMMER n.长柄大锤(英) n.长柄大锤(a large heavy hammer that is wielded with both hands)(记) 分割记忆:sledge(雪 橇)+hammer(锤子)
sleigh SLEIGH [slei]
SLEIGH n.(马拉的)雪橇(英) n.(马拉的)雪橇(larg e vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice)
sleight SLEIGHT [slait]
SLEIGHT n.巧妙手法,巧计,灵 巧(英) n.巧妙手法,巧计, 灵巧 (dexterity, skill)(记) 分割记忆:s(看作sly )+eight, 八面玲珑→巧计(例) sleight of mind(心思的灵巧)
slew SLEW [slu:]
SLEW v.(使)旋转; n.大量(英) v.(使)旋转 (to turn, twist; pivot);n.大量(a large number)(考) 反义词:limited quantity(有限数量); paucity(极小量)(记) 和slow(慢)一起记(例) He slewed around in his chair.a whole slew of boys.
slice SLICE [slais]
SLICE v.切成片(英) v.切成片(cut into pieces)(考) carve : turkey / slice : cake(火鸡切成片/蛋糕切 成片)
slick SLICK [slik]
SLICK adj. 熟练的;圆滑的;光滑 的(英) adj. 熟练的(skilful and effective);圆滑的(clever);光滑的(smooth and slippery)(考) 反义词:viscid(粘的 )(例) The roads were slick with wet mud(道路因泥泞而滑) .
slight SLIGHT [slait]
SLIGHT adj. 微小的;n./v. 轻蔑(英) adj. 微小的(small in degree);n./v. 轻蔑( treat rudely without respect)(考) celebration : lamentful / slight : respectful(庆祝没有悲哀/轻蔑 没有尊敬)反义词:show respect to(表示敬意); ponderous(重的); grievous(严重的); prodigious(巨大的); cosset(宠爱)(例) My remark was not meant as a slight on you.
sling SLING [sli8]
SLING v.投掷,扔 (to cast);n.吊腕带,吊 索(例) Stop slinging stones at the cat.
slippage SLIPPAGE ['slipid7]
SLIPPAGE n. 滑动,下降(英) n. 滑动,下降 (slipping)(考) ballast : instability / purchase : slippage(压舱物使不再不稳定 /支点使不再滑脱)(记) slip(滑)+age
slippery SLIPPERY ['slip2ri]
SLIPPERY adj. 滑的; 狡猾的(英) adj. 滑的; 狡猾的 (not to be trusted)(考) slippery : elude / alluring : entice(滑的易逃走/迷人的 易诱惑)dingy : glisten / slippery : adhere(肮脏的[东西]不闪光 /滑的[东西]不粘连)(记) 来自动词slip(滑)
slipshod SLIPSHOD ['slip60d]
SLIPSHOD adj. 马虎的,草率的(英) adj. 马虎的,草率的 (not exact or thorough)(考) 反义词:punctilious (细心的)(例) a slipshod worker
slit SLIT [slit]
SLIT v.撕裂; n.裂缝(英) v.撕裂 ( sever);n. 裂缝(a long narrow cut or opening)(同) 参考:split(分裂); slice(切开)(例) slit the envelope open
slither SLITHER ['sli52]
SLITHER v.(蛇)滑动,扭动前进(英) v.(蛇)滑动,扭动前 进(to slop or slide like a snake)(考) slither : snake / waddle : duck(蛇滑行/鸭子摇摆走)(记) 分割记忆:slit(裂缝 )+her(她 )(例) The snake slithered into the weeds.
sliver SLIVER ['sliv2]
SLIVER n.长条; v.裂成细片(英) n.长条(a long slender piece;splinter)(考) 反义词:slab(厚板)(记) 注意不要和silver(银 )相混(例) a two mile long sliver of land(两英里长的一片 狭长土地)
slobber SLOBBER ['sl0b2,'sla`]
SLOBBER n.口水; v.流口水; 粗俗地表示(英) n.口水(saliva drooled from the mouth)
sloppy SLOPPY ['sl0pi]
SLOPPY adj. 邋遢的,不整洁的(英) adj. 邋遢的,不整洁的(sl ovenly, careless)(考) 反义词:natty(整洁 的)(记) slop(溅出,弄脏)+p y→弄脏的(例) a sloppy dresser(穿着邋遢的 人)
slot SLOT [sl0t]
SLOT n. 狭孔(英) n. 狭孔(a long straight narrow opening place)
sloth SLOTH [sl2u4]
SLOTH n.懒惰; 树懒(一种动物)(英) n.懒惰 (indolence);(考) 反义词:industry(勤 奋)(例) overcome one's habitual sloth
slouch SLOUCH [slaut6]
SLOUCH n. 没精打采的样子; v. 没精打采地坐(站, 走)(英) n. 没精打采的样子(a tired-looking round-shouder way)(考) 反义词:stand erect(直立)
slough SLOUGH [sl3f,slau]
SLOUGH v.(蛇等)蜕皮; n. (蛇等)蜕皮(英) v.(蛇等)蜕皮(to cast off one's skin);(考) molt : bird / slough : snake(鸟脱羽/蛇脱皮)(例) Snakes slough annually
sloven SLOVEN ['sl3v2n]
SLOVEN n.不修边幅的人(英) n.不修边幅的人(one habitually negligent of neatness or cleanliness)
slovenly SLOVENLY ['sl3v2nli]
SLOVENLY adj.不整洁的; 马虎的(英) adj.不整洁的 (untidy);马虎的 (lazily slipshod)(考) 反义词:tidy(整洁)(例) be slovenly in thought(思想懒散)
slue SLUE [slu:]
SLUE v.(使)旋转(英) v.(使)旋转 (slew)(记) slew(旋转)的变体
sluggard SLUGGARD ['sl3g2d]
SLUGGARD n.懒鬼(英) n.懒鬼 (an habitually lazy person)(记) slug(蛞蝓:一种行动 缓慢的虫)+gard
sluggish SLUGGISH ['sl3gi6]
SLUGGISH adj.行动迟钝的,缓慢 的(英) adj.行动迟钝的,缓 慢的(markedly slow in movement)
sluice SLUICE [slu:s]
SLUICE n.水门,水闸; v.冲洗(英) v.冲洗(to wash with water)(例) sluice a deck with hoses(用水龙带冲洗 甲板)
slumber SLUMBER ['sl3mb2]
SLUMBER n./v. 睡眠,安睡(英) n./v. 睡眠,安睡(sleep; a light sleep)(例) slumber peacefully(安睡)/a heavy slumber
slumberous SLUMBEROUS ['sl3mb2r2s]
SLUMBEROUS adj. 昏昏欲睡的(英) adj. 昏昏欲睡的 (sleepy)
slump SLUMP [sl3mp]
SLUMP v.猛然落下,暴跌(英) v.猛然落下,暴跌 (to fall or sink suddenly)(例) Circulation slumped and the magazine closed(发行遽然下降 , 杂志倒闭).
slur SLUR [sl2:]
SLUR v.含糊不清地讲(英) v.含糊不清地讲(to slide over without due emphasis)(考) slur : speech / smudge : writing(含糊讲话/模糊作品)反义词:pronounce clearly(清楚地发音)(记) 和blur(弄脏,变模糊 )一起记(例) Her speech slurred slightly from dinner wine.(她因喝酒,说话 有点含糊不清)
slurp SLURP [sl2:p]
SLURP v. 大声地啜喝(英) v. 大声地啜喝(drink with the sound of noisy sucking)(例) stop slurping
sly SLY [slai]
SLY adj.秘密的,鬼鬼祟祟 的(英) adj.秘密的,鬼鬼祟祟 的(clever in deceiving)(考) 反义词:artless(朴 实的)
smart SMART [smt]
SMART n.刺痛, 痛苦adj.巧妙的, 聪明的, 漂亮的, 潇洒的, 刺痛的, 剧烈的, 厉害的, 敏捷的vi.刺痛, 懊恼轻快地, 严厉地, 灵巧地, 精确的, 时髦地, 大大的
smattering SMATTERING ['sm9t2ri8]
SMATTERING n.略知; 少数(英) n.略知(superficial knowledge);少数(a small scattered number)(考) 反义词:erudite(博 学的)(例) know a smattering of Hebrew (懂一点希伯来语) / a smattering of votes(寥寥几票)
smear SMEAR [smi2]
SMEAR n.油渍,污点; v.弄脏,玷污(英) n.油渍,污点 (a spot);v.弄脏,玷污(oversp read sth. Unctuous, viscous, or adhesive )(例) a face smeared with dirt/smears of paint on the wallpaper
smelt SMELT [smelt]
SMELT v.熔解,熔炼(英) v. 熔解,熔炼 (to melt or fuse to separate the metal;refine)(记) 比较:melt(熔化),m elt只指把东西化开, 如:The snow melted; smelt 指化开并提炼,如:S melt high grade tin from ores.
smirch SMIRCH [sm2:t6]
SMIRCH v.玷污; n.污点(英) v.玷污(to make dirty, stained, or discolored); n.污点(记) 和smirk(假笑,得意 地笑)一起记(例) smirch sb's name
smirk SMIRK [sm2:k]
SMIRK v.假笑,得意地笑(英) v.假笑,得意地笑(to smile in an affected or smug manner;simper)(考) smirk : smugness / sneer : derision(得意的笑表示满足/ 讥笑表示嘲讽)(例) detect a smirk on sb's face (发觉某人脸上挂着得 意的假笑)
smolder SMOLDER ['sm2uld2]
SMOLDER v.无火焰地闷烧; 压抑(英) v.无火焰地闷烧(to burn sluggishly, without flame);压抑 (to exist in suppressed activity)(记) 分割记忆:smo看作sm oke+older(例) a butt smoldering in the ashtray (烟缸里闷烧的烟蒂)
smooth SMOOTH [smu:5]
SMOOTH adj. 光滑的; 平稳的; v. 弄平,使光滑; 消除(英) 光滑的(having an even surface without sharply raised or lowered places, points, lumps, etc.)平稳的(even in movement without sudden changes or breaks)弄平,使光滑(make smoother)消除,排除(remove from a surface)(考) varnish : glossy / sand : smooth(油漆出光泽/打磨出 光滑)反义词:corrugated( 起皱的); serrated(锯齿状的); spiny(多刺的)
smother SMOTHER ['sm452]
SMOTHER v.覆盖; (使)闷死(英) v.覆盖 (to cover thickly);(使)闷死(to kill through lack of air)(例) They were smothered by the dust after explosion. (他们被爆炸后的尘土 憋得透不过气来)
smudge SMUDGE [sm3d7]
SMUDGE n.渍痕; v.弄脏(英) n.渍痕 (a blurry spot or streak)(考) slur : speech / smudge : writing(含糊讲话/模糊作品)(例) He smudged the paper with his dirty hands.
smug SMUG [sm3g]
SMUG adj. 自满的,自命不凡的(英) adj. 自满的,自命不凡的 (highly-satisfied)(考) primp: vain / gloat : smug(打扮表示虚荣/幸灾 乐祸表示自喜)(例) You've got nothing to be smug about.(你没什么可自 鸣得意的)
smuggle SMUGGLE ['sm3g(2)l]
SMUGGLE v.走私,私运(英) v.走私,私运(to import or export something in violation of customs laws)(考) collude : cooperate / smuggle : convey(勾结是偷偷合作/走 私是偷偷运输)反义词:transport openly(公开运输)(例) smuggle goods through the customs(通过海关走 私货物)
smuggler SMUGGLER ['sm3gl2]
SMUGGLER n. 走私者(考) smuggler : tariff / stowaway : fare走私者逃避关税/ 偷乘者逃避交通费)smuggler : import / embezzler : appropriate(走私者偷偷进口/贪 污者偷偷挪用)
snappish SNAPPISH ['sn9pi6]
SNAPPISH adj. 脾气暴躁的(英) adj. 脾气暴躁的(arising from annoyance or irascibility)(记) snap(劈啪声,折断) +pish(例) a snappish reply(没好气的回答)
snappy SNAPPY ['sn9pi]
SNAPPY adj. 精力充沛的; 潇洒的(英) adj. 精力充沛的(marked by vigor or liveliness);潇洒的(stylish, smart)(例) a snappy conversation(活跃的 谈话)
snare SNARE [sne2]
SNARE n.罗网,陷阱(英) n.罗网,陷阱( trap, gin)(考) bird : snare / fish : seine(罗网捕鸟/鱼网捕鱼)(记) 参考:ensnare(使入圈 套)(同) 参考:ensnare(使入 圈套)(例) Beauty and charm often prove a snare.
snarl SNARL [snl]
SNARL n./v.纠缠,混乱(英) n./v.纠缠,混乱(int ertwine;tangle)(考) 反义词: disentangle(解脱)(同) 参考:gnarl(节疤);派生词: snarled (adj.纠缠不清的)(例) the psychological snarls(心理纷乱)
snatch SNATCH [sn9t6]
SNATCH v.强夺,攫取n. 强夺,攫取(英) n./v.强夺,攫取(to take or grasp abruptly or hastily without permission)(考) supplant : replace / snatch : take(排挤是强行取代/攫 取是强行拿走)(记) 分割记忆:snap(迅速 的)+catch(抓)的缩合(例) The thief snatched her handbag and ran off.
sneaking SNEAKING ['sni:ki8]
SNEAKING adj. 秘密的,不公开的(英) adj. 秘密的,不公开的(fu rtive, underhanded)
sneer SNEER [sni2]
SNEER v.嘲笑,鄙视(英) v.嘲笑,鄙视(expres s scorn or contempt)(考) discomfited : blush / contemptuous : sneer(脸红表示狼狈/讥笑 表示蔑视)smirk : smugness / sneer : dersion(假笑表示自喜/讥笑 表示嘲讽)wince : pain / smile : pleasure / sneer : contempt(因痛苦而退缩/因快 乐而微笑/因蔑视而讥 笑)(例) sneer at a girl's cheap clothes
snicker SNICKER ['snik2(r)]
SNICKER v./n.暗笑(英) v./n.暗笑(suppresse d laugh)
snide SNIDE [snaid]
SNIDE adj. 讽刺的,含沙射影的(英) adj. 讽刺的,含沙射影(sl yly disparaging;insinu ating)(例) a snide remark(刻毒的话)
snitch SNITCH [snit6]
SNITCH v. 告密; 偷(英) v. 告密(tell about the wrongdoings of a friend);偷(steal by taking quickly)(例) Who's snitched my pen?
snob SNOB [sn0b]
SNOB n.势利小人(英) n.势利小人(one who blatantly imitates, fawningly admires, or vulgarly seeks association with those regarded as social superiors)
snobbish SNOBBISH ['sn0bi6]
SNOBBISH adj.势利眼的; 假充绅士的(英) 势利眼的 (being, characteristic of, or befitting a snob)(考) attentive : officious / refined : snobbish / absorbed : engrossed(过分关心是多管闲事 /过分优雅是假充绅士 /过分入迷是全神贯注)(例) She is too snobbish to mix with her neighbours.
snowdrift SNOWDRIFT ['sn2u`drift]
SNOWDRIFT n. 雪堆(英) n. 雪堆 (a bank of drifted snow)(记) 组合词:snow+drift (漂流物,吹积物)
snub SNUB [sn3b]
SNUB v.冷落,不理睬(英) v.冷落,不理睬 (to treat with contempt or neglect)(考) snub : disdain / double-cross : disloyalty(怠慢是一种轻蔑/欺 骗是一种不忠)dissemble : honesty / snub : politeness(掩饰是不诚实/怠慢 是不礼貌)ingenuous : dissemble / raffish : preen / polite : snub(真诚的不会掩饰/俗 丽的不会打扮/礼貌的 不会冷落)反义词:court(献殷 勤)(例) She snubbed her neighbours by silence.
snug SNUG [sn3g]
SNUG adj.温暖的,舒适的(英) adj.温暖的,舒适的 (warm and comfortable;cozy)(例) Snug little room with a fire going(有壁炉的舒适 小房间).
snuggle SNUGGLE ['sn3g(2)l]
SNUGGLE v.挨近,依偎(英) v.挨近,依偎(to draw close for comfort or in affection)(记) snug(温暖的)+gle;(同) 参考:nestle(依偎)(例) a baby snuggling close to its mother(紧偎着母亲的 婴孩)
soar SOAR [s0:]
SOAR v. 高飞,翱翔;猛增(英) v. 高飞,翱翔( fly high);猛增( rise rapidly )
sober SOBER ['s2ub2]
SOBER adj.清醒的; 庄重的(英) adj.清醒的(sedate or thoughtful);庄重的(showing no excessive emotion, or prejudice)(考) 反义词:puckish(淘 气的)(例) a man of sober judgement
sobriety SOBRIETY [s2'brai2ti]
SOBRIETY n.节制,清醒(考) 反义词:sumptuousne ss(华丽的)
sobriquet SOBRIQUET ['s2ubrikei]
SOBRIQUET n.浑名,绰号(英) n.浑名,绰号(a descriptive name or epithet)
sock SOCK [s0k]
SOCK v.重击,痛打(英) v.重击,痛打(to hit, strike, or apply forcefully)(记) sock作为'短袜'一意 大家都熟悉(例) sock sb on the head(用拳头重击某人 的头)
sod SOD [s0d]
SOD n. 草地,草坪(英) n. 草地,草坪(a piece of earth with grass and roots growing in it)
sodden SODDEN ['s0dn]
SODDEN adj. 浸透了的(英) adj. 浸透了的(soaked through; very wet)(考) moist : sodden / surprised : astonished(潮湿→湿透/惊讶→ 吃一惊)marsh : sodden / desert : arid(沼泽是湿的/沙漠是 干的)反义词:desiccated( 干燥的)(例) the sodden ground(湿漉漉的地面 )
soggy SOGGY ['s0gi]
SOGGY adj.湿透的(英) adj.湿透的(saturate d or heavy with water or moisture)(例) a soggy lawn(湿润的草地)
soil SOIL [s0il]
SOIL v.弄脏,污损; n. 弄脏,污损(英) v.弄脏,污损(become dirty)(例) soil one's good name(玷污自己的好名 声)
sojourn SOJOURN ['s0d72:n]
SOJOURN n.逗留,寄居;(英) v./ n.逗留,寄居(a temporary stay)(记) 分割记忆:so+journ (=journey)(例) sojourn for a month at a health resort
solace SOLACE ['s0l2s]
SOLACE n.安慰,慰藉(英) n.安慰,慰藉 (alleviation of grief or anxiety)(考) solace : grief / pacification : anger(安慰减少悲痛/平息 减少愤怒)(记) sol(安慰)+ace→安 慰;(同) 参考:console(安慰)(例) Books were his only solace.
solder SOLDER ['s0ld2]
SOLDER v.焊接,焊合(英) v.焊接,焊合(to bring into firm union)(考) 反义词:breach(断裂 )(记) 和soldier(战士)一起 记(例) solder the broken wires together(把断电线焊 接在一起)
solecism SOLECISM ['s0lisiz2m]
SOLECISM n.文法错误; 举止失礼(英) n.文法错误(an ungrammatical combination of words in a sentence);举止失礼(a breach of etiquette or decorum)(记) solec(来自地名Soloi ,该地居民讲希腊语不 纯正)+ism→文法不通
solemnity SOLEMNITY [s2'lemniti]
SOLEMNITY n.庄严,肃穆(英) n.庄严,肃穆(formal or ceremonious observance)(考) 反义词:jest(笑话)(记) solemn(严肃的)+ity
solicit SOLICIT [s2'lisit]
SOLICIT v.恳求, 教唆(英) v.恳求(to make petition to);教唆(to entice into evil)(记) soli(=sole惟一,全 部)+cit(引出)→引 出某人做事→教唆,恳求(同) 派生词: solicitation (n.恳求;教唆)(例) May I solicit your help?
solicitor SOLICITOR [s2'lisit2]
SOLICITOR n.(城镇的)律师(英) n.(城镇的)律师(lawy er in the lower court of law)
solicitous SOLICITOUS [s2'lisit2s]
SOLICITOUS adj.热切的; 挂念的(英) adj.热切的(full of desire;eager);挂念的(expressing care or concern)(考) baleful : menace / solicitous : concern(有害的[人]危害/挂 念的[人]关心)反义词:unconcerned (不关心的)(记) solicit(恳求)+ous →恳求的,挂念的(例) Parents are solicitous for their children's progress in school.
solicitude SOLICITUDE [s2'lisitju:d]
SOLICITUDE n. 关怀,牵挂(英) n. 关怀,牵挂(anxious, kind, or eager care)(考) 反义词:indifferenc e(不关心)
solidarity SOLIDARITY [`s0li'd9riti]
SOLIDARITY n.团结,一致(英) n.团结,一致(unity based on community of interests)(记) solid(固定的)+arit y→固体状态→团结(同) 参考:solidity(坚固 );solidify(使凝固 ,巩固)
solid-colored SOLID-COLORED ['s0lid]
SOLID-COLORED adj. 单色的(记) 组合词:solid(纯粹 的)+color(颜色)+ ed
soliloquy SOLILOQUY [s2'lil2kwi]
SOLILOQUY n.自言自语; 独白(英) n.自言自语(talking to oneself);独白(a dramatic monologue)(考) soliloquy : play / aria : opera(独白是戏剧中单人台 词/独唱曲是歌剧中单 人歌曲)(记) soli(惟一)+loquy( 说话)→一人说话→独白
solitary SOLITARY ['s0lit2ri]
SOLITARY adj.孤独的; n.隐士(英) adj.孤独的(without companions);n.隐士(recluse)(考) miser : stingy / loner : solitary(吝啬鬼吝啬/孤独者 孤独)(记) solit(单独)+ary→ 单独的(例) solitary ruins(荒凉的废墟)
solitude SOLITUDE ['s0litju:d]
SOLITUDE n.孤独(英) n.孤独(being alone or remote from society)
solo SOLO ['s2ul2u]
SOLO adj. 单独的; n.独唱(英) adj. 单独的 (without companion);(考) 反义词:ensemble(合 唱)(记) sol(单独)+o→独唱
soluble SOLUBLE ['s0ljub(2)l]
SOLUBLE adj. 可溶的;可以解决的(英) adj. 可溶的(that can be dissolved);可以解决的(that can be solved)(考) volatile : evaporate / soluble : dissolve(易挥发的和挥发/易 溶解的和溶解)(记) solu(松开)+ble
solvency SOLVENCY ['s0lv2nsi]
SOLVENCY n.溶解力; 还债能力(考) regimen : health / budget : solvency(养生法对健康有帮助 /预算对偿债能力有帮 助)反义词:bankruptcy( 破产)
solvent SOLVENT ['s0lv2nt]
SOLVENT adj. 有偿债能力的; n.溶剂(英) 有偿债能力的 (able to pay all legal debts);n.溶剂 (a liquid substance capable of dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances)(考) profligate : solvent / mercurial : committed(挥霍不会有偿债能力 /多变不会忠心)coagulant : thicken / solvent : dissolve(凝结剂使凝固/溶剂 使溶解)反义词:precipitant (沉淀剂)(记) solve(溶化,解决)+ ent
somatic SOMATIC [s2'm9tik]
SOMATIC adj. 肉体的(英) adj. 肉体的(relating to the body )(考) 反义词:nonphysical (精神上的)(记) somat(躯体)+ic→躯 体的;(同) 参考:somatology(身 体学)
somber SOMBER ['s0mb2]
SOMBER adj. 忧郁的; 阴暗的(英) adj. 忧郁的(melancholy) ;阴暗的(dark and gloomy)(考) 反义词:cherubic(可 爱的)(例) a somber passageway / a somber expression
somnolent SOMNOLENT ['s0mn2l2nt]
SOMNOLENT adj. 思睡的; 催眠的(英) adj. 思睡的(drowsy);催眠的(likely to induce sleep)(记) somn(睡)+olent→多 睡的,思睡的;(同) 参考:insomnia(失眠 症)
sonata SONATA [s2'nt2]
SONATA n.奏鸣曲(英) n.奏鸣曲(an instrumental musical composition)(考) dessert : meal / epilogue : play / peroration : speech / coda : sonata(甜点是正餐的结束/ 收场白是戏剧的结束/ 结束语是演讲的结束/ 完结部是奏鸣曲的结束)(记) son(声音)+ata→奏 鸣曲
sonnet SONNET ['s0nit]
SONNET n. 十四行诗(英) n. 十四行诗(a 14-line poem)(考) calligraphy : scribble / sonnet : doggerel(反义: 书法对胡写/十四行诗 对打油诗)sonnet : poet / symphony : composer(诗人写十四行诗/作 曲家写交响乐)
sonorous SONOROUS ['s0n2r2s]
SONOROUS adj.(声音)宏亮的(英) adj.(声音)宏亮的 (full or loud in sound)(记) son(声音)+orous→ 声音大的(同) 派生词: sonority (n.响亮,宏亮resona nce)(例) a sonorous waterfall(隆隆作响 的瀑布)
soot SOOT [sut]
SOOT n.黑烟灰,油烟(英) n.黑烟灰,油烟 (black powder out of smoke )(考) soot : combustion / sawdust : woodcutting(燃烧产生烟尘/锯木 头产生锯屑)
soothe SOOTHE [su:5]
SOOTHE v. 抚慰;减轻(英) v. 抚慰( comfort or calm);减轻( make less painful)(考) emollient : soothe / dynamo : generate(缓和剂的作用是缓和 /发电机的作用是发电)反义词:agitate(鼓 动); grate(使烦躁); vex(烦恼)(例) soothe somebody's toothache
sop SOP [s0p]
SOP n. 有安慰作用的东西, 面包片(考) sop : conciliatory / subsidy : supportive(有安慰作用的东西是 用来抚慰的/抚恤金是 用来支持的)
sophism SOPHISM ['s0fiz2m]
SOPHISM n. 诡辩(英) n. 诡辩(an argument apparently correct in form but actually invalid)(考) sophism : reasoning / counterfeit : money(诡辩是假推理/伪钞 是假钱)(记) soph(智慧)+ism; 参考: philosophy(哲学)
sophisticated SOPHISTICATED [s2'fistikeitid]
SOPHISTICATED adj. 老于世故的; (仪器)精密的(英) adj. 老于世故的;(仪器) 精密的(highly complicated)(记) sophist(诡辩者)+ic ated(例) a sophisticated entrepreneur(老练的 企业家)
sophistication SOPHISTICATION [s2`fisti'kei62n]
SOPHISTICATION n. 老练(考) fickle : constancy / naive : sophistication(易变的无恒定/纯真 的无世故)yokel : sophistication / coward : courage(乡下人无世故/懦夫 无勇敢)ingnue : sophistication / cynic : trustfulness(纯真的人无世故/愤 世嫉俗者无信赖)反义词:callow(幼稚 的); unsophisticated(无世
sophistry SOPHISTRY ['s0fistri]
SOPHISTRY n.诡辩(英) n.诡辩 (subtly deceptive reasoning or argumentation )
sophomoric SOPHOMORIC [`s062'm0:rik]
SOPHOMORIC adj. 二年级的;一知半解 的; 自以为是的(英) 自以为有学问的(bomb astic)(记) sophomore(大学二年 级学生;sopho[智慧] +more(自以为)有更 多智慧的人)+ic
soporific SOPORIFIC [`s0p2'rifik]
SOPORIFIC adj.催眠的; n安眠药(英) adj.催眠的 (tending to cause sleep);(考) soporific : sleep / vaccine : immunity(安眠药可以帮助睡眠 /接种牛痘可以帮助免 疫)反义词:invigoratin g(精力充沛的); stimulant(兴奋剂); provocative(煽动的)(记) sopor(昏睡)+ific→ 睡眠的;(同) 参考:soporous(昏睡 的)
soprano SOPRANO [s2'prn2u]
SOPRANO n.女高音(英) n.女高音(the highest singing voice of women)(记) sopor(=super超过) +ano→声音超过别人 →女高音
sorcery SORCERY ['s0:s2ri]
SORCERY n.巫术,魔法(英) n.巫术,魔法(the use of evil magical power)(记) sorc(巫术)+ery;(同) 同根词:exorcise(用 魔法驱邪)
sordid SORDID ['s0:did]
SORDID adj. 卑鄙的; 肮脏的(英) adj. 卑鄙的 (marked by baseness);肮脏的(dirty, filthy)(例) sordid motives(卑劣的动机) / sordid narrow streets(肮脏狭窄的 街道)
souse SOUSE [saus]
SOUSE v.浸在水中,使湿透(英) v.浸在水中,使湿透( immerse, drench, saturate)(例) He soused me head and ears into a pail of water.
souvenir SOUVENIR [`su:v2'ni2]
SOUVENIR n.纪念品(英) n. 纪念品(sth. that serves as a remainder;memento)(记) 分割记忆:sou看作so uth+venir(来的东西 ), 南方带回来的东西→ 纪念物
sovereign SOVEREIGN ['s0vrin]
SOVEREIGN n.最高统治者,元首(英) n.最高统治者,元首( one that exercises supreme authority)(记) sove(=over超过)+r eign(统治)(例) The true sovereigns of a country are those who determine its mode of thinking.
sovereignty SOVEREIGNTY ['s0vrinti]
SOVEREIGNTY n.主权,统治权(英) n.主权,统治权 (supreme power )
sow SOW [sau]
SOW n.母猪; v.播种(英) n.母猪 (an adult female swine);v.播种 (to plant seed by scattering)(例) sow clover in the field(在田里播种苜 蓿)
spacious SPACIOUS ['spei62s]
SPACIOUS adj. 广阔的,宽敞的(英) adj. 广阔的,宽敞的(vast or ample in extent)(记) spac(地方)+ious(多 …的),注意不要和sp ecious(似是而非的)相混
spackle SPACKLE ['sp9kl]
SPACKLE n. 填泥料(用以填塞裂缝 和洞穴)
span SPAN [sp9n]
SPAN n. 两个界限间的距离; 跨度(英) n. 两个界限间的距离(a stretch between two limits)
spangle SPANGLE ['sp98g2l]
SPANGLE n.(缝在衣服上的)金 属片; v.闪光(英) v.闪光(to glitter;sparkle)(例) Her evening dress was covered with spangles.
spank SPANK [sp98k]
SPANK v.打,拍打(在屁股上)(英) v.打,拍打(在屁股上 ) (to strike on the buttocks with the open hands)(例) She took down the child's pants and spanked his bottom.
sparing SPARING ['spe2ri8]
SPARING adj.节俭的(英) adj.节俭的(marked by careful restraint)(记) 来自spare(节约) +ing;注意不要和sp arring(拳击)相混
spark SPARK [spk]
SPARK n.火花,火星(英) n.火花,火星(a small particle of a burning substance)(考) astringent : pucker / spark : ignition(收敛剂可以褶皱/火 花可以点燃)
sparkle SPARKLE ['spk2l]
SPARKLE v.闪闪发光,闪耀(英) v.闪闪发光,闪耀(to glitter or shine)(例) The snow mantled peaks sparkled in the sun
sparkling SPARKLING ['spkli8]
SPARKLING adj. 闪烁的
sparring SPARRING ['sprii8]
SPARRING n. 拳击,争斗
sparse SPARSE [sps]
SPARSE adj.稀少的,贫乏的(英) adj.稀少的,贫乏的( not thickly grown or settled)(考) 反义词:rife(普遍的 ); copious(丰富的)(例) The population is sparse in that country.
spartan SPARTAN ['spt2n]
SPARTAN adj.简朴的; 刻苦的(英) adj.简朴的(of simplicity, frugality);刻苦的(strict self-discipline or self-denial)(考) 反义词:sybaritic( 奢侈的); indulgent(纵容的); voluptuous(奢侈的); luxurious(奢侈的)(记) 来自Sparta(斯巴达) ,希腊城邦,以简朴 刻苦的态度处世(例) He adopted a new routine—simple food and spartan habits.
spasm SPASM ['sp9z2m]
SPASM n.痉挛,抽筋(英) n.痉挛,抽筋(an involuntary and abnormal muscular contraction)
spasmodic SPASMODIC [sp9z'm0dik]
SPASMODIC adj.痉挛的; 间歇性的(英) adj.痉挛的(of a spasm);间歇性的(intermitte nt)(例) His interest in painting is spasmodic.
spat SPAT [sp9t]
SPAT n.口角,小争论(英) n.口角,小争论(a brief petty quarrel or angry outburst)(记) 不要和spit(吐痰)相 混(例) neighbourhood spats(邻里的小争吵)
spate SPATE [speit]
SPATE n.大批,大量; (水)泛滥(英) n.大批,大量 (a large number or amount);(水)泛滥(flood)(考) 反义词:trickling flow(细流); dearth(缺乏)(例) We had a spate of bad luck.(我们碰到一连 串的不幸)
spatula SPATULA ['sp9tjul2]
SPATULA n.(调拌等用的)抹刀(英) n.(调拌等用的)抹刀( a flat thin metal implement)(考) scoop : concave / spatula : flat(勺子是凹的/刮刀是 平的)(记) spat(平)+ula→平的 刀→抹刀
spawn SPAWN [sp0:n]
SPAWN n.(鱼等)卵子; v.大量生产(英) n.(鱼等)卵子(the eggs of aquatic animals);v.大量生产(bring forth, generate)(例) Bureaucracy spawns many rules that complicate our life.
spear SPEAR [spi2]
SPEAR n.矛尖; 嫩叶; v.刺戳(英) n.矛(a thrusting or throwing weapon);嫩叶(a young shoot, or sprout);v.刺戳 (to thrust with a spear)(例) His reproachful gaze speared into my heart. (他那谴责的目光刺穿 我的心)
specialize SPECIALIZE ['spe62laiz]
SPECIALIZE v. 专门研究(英) v. 专门研究(limit to a particular activity or subject)(记) special(特殊的;sp eci[种类]+al→[属于 ]种类的→特别的)+ize
specialized SPECIALIZED ['spe62laizd]
SPECIALIZED adj. 专门的(英) adj. 专门的(suitable or developed for one particular use)(记) 来自动词specialize (专门化)
specifics SPECIFICS [spi'sifiks]
SPECIFICS n.细微问题,细节(英) n.细微问题,细节 (details, particulars)(例) He never talked in specifics about his work.
specify SPECIFY ['sp2sifai]
SPECIFY v. 指定,详述(英) v. 指定,详述 ( state exactly)(例) The regulations specify that you may use a dictionary in the examinaton.
specimen SPECIMEN ['spesim2n]
SPECIMEN n.范例,样品,标本(英) n.范例,样品,标本( a portion or quantity of material for use in testing, examination, or study)(记) speci(看)+men→看 的东西→样品;(同) 参考:species(种类)
specious SPECIOUS ['spi:62s]
SPECIOUS adj.似是而非的; 华而不实的(英) adj. 似是而非的(having a false look of truth or genuineness)华而不实的(having deceptive attraction or allure)(考) specious : genuineness / illusory : reality(似是而非的不真实/ 虚幻的不现实)反义词:valid(正确 的); veritable(真实的)(记) spec(看)+ious→用 来看的→华而不实的(例) a specious pretext(似是而非的 借口)
speck SPECK [spek]
SPECK n. 斑点; 少量(英) n. 斑点(a small spot from stain or decay);少量(a very small amount)(考) mite : creature / speck : amount(螨虫是小生物/少量 是很小量)(记) 可能是pecc(污点)的 变体;(同) 参考:peccadillo(小 过失)(例) a reputation without a speck(清白无瑕的名 誉)
spectacular SPECTACULAR [spek't9kjul2]
SPECTACULAR adj.壮观的,引人入胜 的(英) adj.壮观的,引人入 胜的(striking, sensational)(记) 来自spectacle(奇观 ,壮观),spect(看) +acle(东西)→看的 东西→壮观景象(例) a spectacular display of fireworks on New Year's Eve
spectator SPECTATOR [spek'teit2]
SPECTATOR n. 观众,观看者(英) 观众,观看者(a person who watches an event or sport without taking part)(考) epicure : discriminating / spectator : watching(美食家鉴别/观众观 看)
specter SPECTER ['spekt2]
SPECTER n.鬼魂,幽灵; 恐惧(英) n.鬼魂,幽灵(ghost) ;恐惧(something that haunt the mind)(记) spect(看)+er→鬼怪(例) the specter of oil crisis (对石油危机的恐惧)
spectral SPECTRAL ['spektr2l]
SPECTRAL adj.幽灵的(英) adj.幽灵的(ghostly)
spectrum SPECTRUM ['spektr2m]
SPECTRUM n.光谱; 范围(英) n.光谱;范围(a continuous sequence or range)(记) spectr(看)+um→看 到颜色→光谱(例) different opinions from all sides of the political spectrum(来自各个政 治派别的不同意见)
speculate SPECULATE ['spekjuleit]
SPECULATE v.沉思,思索; 投机(英) v.沉思,思索(to mediate on or ponder);投机(to buy or sell in expectation of profiting from market fluctuations)(考) 反义词:conjecture( 推测,思考)-restrain from the speculation(不思考)(记) spec(看)+ulate(做 得多)→看得多→引起 沉思(同) 派生词: speculation (n.思索,推测;投 机)
speculative SPECULATIVE ['spekjul2tiv]
SPECULATIVE adj. 投机的; 推理的,思索的(英) 投机的,冒风险的(bas ed on speculation)推理的,思索的(based on reason alone and not facts about the world)
speleology SPELEOLOGY [`spi:li'0l2d7i]
SPELEOLOGY n.洞穴学(英) n.洞穴学(the scientific study or exploration of caves)(记) spele(洞穴)+ology( 学科)→洞穴学(同) 同根词:spelaean(洞 穴的,穴居的);spel unker(洞穴探索者)
spell SPELL [spel]
SPELL n.连续的一段时间(英) n.连续的一段时间(a continuous period of time)(记) spell还有'拼写'、' 咒语'等意思(例) give sb.a breathing spell(给某人一点喘 息的时间)
spelunker SPELUNKER [spi'l38k2]
SPELUNKER n. 爱好探察洞穴的人(考) cavern : spelunker / ocean : diver(洞穴探险者喜欢进入 洞穴/潜水者喜欢进入 海洋)
spendthrift SPENDTHRIFT ['spend`4rift]
SPENDTHRIFT adj./n.挥金如土的( 人)(英) adj./n.挥金如土的( 人) (improvident)(考) fervor : zealot / improvidence : spendthrift(狂热者很热情/浪费 者很浪费)craven : hero / parsimonious : spendthrift(英雄不会怯懦/挥霍 者不会吝啬)miser : parsimonious / spendthrift : prodigal(吝啬鬼吝啬/挥霍者 挥霍)(考)反义词:miser(吝啬鬼)(记) 组合词:spend(花费) +thrift(节约), 把节约下来的钱花掉(例) accuse sb. of spendthrift inclinations
spent SPENT [spent]
SPENT adj. 用尽的,精皮力竭的, 失去效能的(考) precarious : stablility / spent : efficacy(不稳定的无稳定/失 去效能的无效能)
spice SPICE [spais]
SPICE n. 香料,调味品; 趣味(英) n. 香料,调味品; 趣味(interest or excitement)(考) pestle : grind / spice : flavor(研棒用来研 磨/调味品用来调味)
spider SPIDER ['spaid2]
SPIDER n. 蜘蛛(英) 蜘蛛(a small eight-legged creature which makes silk threads, usu.into cobwebs for catching insects to eat)(考) web : spider / nest : bird(蜘蛛在网上/鸟在巢 中)
spike SPIKE [spaik]
SPIKE n.长钉,大钉(英) n.长钉,大钉(a very large nail)(例) He hammered the spike in straight.(他将那枚 大钉笔直地敲了进去)
spill SPILL [spil]
SPILL v. 溢出(英) v. 溢出( pour out accidentally)
spin SPIN [spin]
SPIN v. 快速旋转,纺纱(英) v. 快速旋转(turn round and round fast);纺纱(make thread)
spindly SPINDLY ['spindli]
SPINDLY adj.细长的,纤弱的(英) adj.细长的,纤弱的 (very long and thin)(考) limber : flexibility / spindly : frailty(柔软的有灵活性/脆 弱的有脆弱性)(记) 来自spindle(纺锤, 形状细长)(例) a weak and spindly youth
spineless SPINELESS ['spainlis]
SPINELESS adj.没骨气的,懦弱的(英) adj.没骨气的,懦弱 的(lacking strength of character)(记) spine(脊椎,刺)+le ss→无脊椎的→没骨 气的(例) You're a spineless worm. (你是个没有骨气的可 怜虫)
spinster SPINSTER ['spinst2]
SPINSTER n.未婚女人(英) n.未婚女人(an unmarried woman, esp. one past the common age for marrying)(记) spin(旋转)+ster(人 )→原指从事纺织的女 人,引申为未婚女人 或老处女
spiny SPINY ['spaini]
SPINY adj.针状的; 多刺的(英) adj.针状的 (slender and pointed like a spine)(考) 反义词:smooth(平滑 的)(记) spin(刺)+y→有刺的(同) 同根词:spinule(小 刺);spinous(多刺的)
spire SPIRE ['spai2]
SPIRE n.(教堂)尖顶(英) n.(教堂)尖顶(the upper tapering part; pinnacle)(考) spire : church / minaret : mosque(尖顶是教堂的顶端/ 尖塔是寺庙的顶端)(例) the spire of a mountain(山顶)
spiritual SPIRITUAL ['spirit6u2l]
SPIRITUAL adj. 精神的(英) adj. 精神的(of the spirit rather than the body)(考) 反义词:corporeal( 肉体的)(记) spirit(精神)+ual
spite SPITE [spait]
SPITE n.怨恨,恶意(英) n.怨恨,恶意(petty ill will or hatred)(记) 词组in spite of 的spite(例) bear sb. a spite(对某人怀恨在 心)
splashy SPLASHY ['spl96i]
SPLASHY adj.大而显眼的(英) adj.大而显眼的(exhi biting ostentatious display)(记) 来自splash(溅水,显 著地展示)+y(例) a splashy half-page ad(引人注目的半页广 告)
spleen SPLEEN [spli:n]
SPLEEN n.怨怒(英) n.怨怒(ill temper)(考) 反义词:goodwill(友 好)
spleenish SPLEENISH ['spli:ni6]
SPLEENISH adj.脾气坏的(英) adj.脾气坏的(feelin g anger, often suppressed)(记) spleen(脾,怒气)+i sh
splendid SPLENDID ['splendid]
SPLENDID adj.壮观的; 极好的(英) adj.壮观的 (illustrious, grand);极好的 (excellent)(记) splend(明亮)+if→ 灿烂的,壮丽的(例) a splendid sunset(日落的壮丽景 象)
splendor SPLENDOR ['splend2]
SPLENDOR n.壮丽; 辉煌(英) n.壮丽 (magnificence);辉煌(brilliancy)(考) 反义词:squalor(肮 脏; 悲惨)
splice SPLICE [splais]
SPLICE v. 接合,衔接; n. 接合,衔接(英) v. 接合,衔接 (to unite by interweaving the strands)(考) splice : rope / weld : metal(连接绳子/焊接金属)(记) 注意不要和split(分 裂)相混(例) splice a rope to a chain
splint SPLINT [splint]
SPLINT n.(固定断骨的)夹板, 托板(英) (固定断骨的)夹板,托 板 (material or a device used to protect and immobilize a body part [as a broken arm])(考) splint : mobility / lubricant : friction/ballast : instability / purchase :slippery(夹板防止动/润滑油 防止摩擦/压舱物防止 不稳定/支点防止滑动)splint : immobilize / duct : convey(夹板用来固定/管道 用来输送)(记) splint和split(分裂) 有关,指裂开的木板 →夹板
splinter SPLINTER ['splint2]
SPLINTER n.尖片,裂片(英) n.尖片,裂片(a thin piece split; sliver)
split SPLIT [spli:t]
SPLIT n./v. 分裂,裂开(英) 分裂,裂开 (to divide lengthwise usu. along a grain or seam)(例) split the firewood with an axe/split into factions(分裂成多个 派别)
splurge SPLURGE [spl2:d7]
SPLURGE n.炫耀,摆阔(英) n.炫耀,摆阔(an ostentatious effort, display, or expenditure)(记) 缩合组词:spl=spla sh(溅水)+(s)urge( 浪潮)→像泼水般花钱 →挥霍(例) splurge out regally(像帝王般花 钱)
spoke SPOKE [sp2uk]
SPOKE n.(车轮上)辐条(英) n.(车轮上)辐条(smal l radiating bars inserted in the hub of a wheel to support the rim)(考) spoke : hub / radius : center(轮辐到轮轴距离相同 /半径到圆心距离相同)(记) 和speak的过去式spok e一样写(例) put a spoke in sb's wheel(阻碍某人前进)
spongy SPONGY ['sp3nd7i]
SPONGY adj.像海绵; 不坚实的(英) adj.像海绵 (resembling a sponge);不坚实的not firm or solid)(记) 来自sponge(海绵)+y
spontaneity SPONTANEITY [`sp0nt2'ni:iti]
SPONTANEITY n. 自然,自发(考) terseness : superfluous / spontaneity : studied(简洁对多余/自然对 故意)
spontaneous SPONTANEOUS [sp0n'teini2s]
SPONTANEOUS adj.自发的; 自然的(英) adj.自发的 (proceeding from natural feelings);自然的(natural)(考) 反义词: premeditated(预谋的 )(记) 来自spont(自然)+an eous(例) a spontaneous movement(无意识的动 作)
spoof SPOOF [spu:f]
SPOOF v.揶揄,嘲讽(英) v.揶揄,嘲讽 (deceive, hoax)(记) 参考其他以spoo开头 的单词:spook(幽灵) ,spool(卷轴),spoo n(匙),spoor(野兽等 的足迹)
spool SPOOL [spu:l]
SPOOL n.(缠录音带等的)卷 盘(轴)(例) We need an hour long spool to record the speech.
spoon SPOON [spu:n]
SPOON n. 匙 v. 用匙舀(英) n. 匙 (a tool for mixing, serving, and eating food);
spoor SPOOR [sp0:,spu2]
SPOOR n.(野兽的)足迹(英) n.(野兽的)足迹 (a trail, a scent, or droppings of a wild animal)
sporadic SPORADIC [sp2'r9dik]
SPORADIC adj.不定时发生的(英) adj.不定时发生的(oc curring occasionally)(考) 反义词:chronic(长 期的)(例) sound of sporadic gunfire
spore SPORE [sp0:]
SPORE n. 孢子(英) n. 孢子 (a very small seedlike, single cell able to develop into a new plant )
sport SPORT [sp0:t]
SPORT v.炫耀,卖弄(英) v.炫耀,卖弄(to display or wear ostentatiously)(例) sport a roll of money(炫耀一叠钞票)
spout SPOUT [spaut]
SPOUT v.喷出; 滔滔不绝地讲(英) v.喷出(to eject in a stream);滔滔不绝地讲(to speak readily)(记) 和spouse(配偶)一起 记(例) The elephant spouted water from its trunk.
sprain SPRAIN [sprein]
SPRAIN v. 扭伤(英) v. 扭伤(to injure by a sudden twist)(考) sprain : injure / cold : contagion(扭伤是一种伤/感冒 是一种传染病)(记) 分割记忆:sp+rain( 雨),在雨中扭伤(例) sprain one's ankle
sprawl SPRAWL [spr0:l]
SPRAWL v.伸展手脚而卧(英) v.伸展手脚而卧(to lie or sit with arms and legs spread out)(同) 近形词:scrawl(潦草 地写);crawl(爬)派生词: sprawling (adj. 蔓生的)(例) The tired boy sprawled on the grass.
sprig SPRIG [sprig]
SPRIG n.嫩枝,小枝(英) n.嫩枝,小枝 (a small shoot;twig)(记) 和spring(春天)一起 记,春天出现嫩枝(例) a sprig of holly(一根冬青枝)
sprightly SPRIGHTLY ['spraitli]
SPRIGHTLY adj.愉快的,活泼的(英) adj.愉快的,活泼的( marked by a gay lightness and vivacity)(考) dodder : unsteady / cavort : sprightly(不稳定的蹒跚/活泼 的跳跃)(记) 分割记忆:spring+b rightly→明快的春天(例) She seems very sprightly after her holiday.
sprinkler SPRINKLER ['spri8kl2]
SPRINKLER n.洒水装置,洒水车(英) n.洒水装置,洒水车( a vehicle or device that scatters a liquid in fine drops)(记) sprinkle(洒水)+er
sprinkling SPRINKLING ['sprinkli8]
SPRINKLING n.点滴,少数(英) n.点滴,少数(a limited quantity or amount)(例) a sprinkling of rain(几滴雨)
sprint SPRINT [sprint]
SPRINT n.短距离全速奔跑(英) n.短距离全速奔跑 (to run at top speed for a short distance)(记) s+print(印刷),像 印刷一样快(例) sprint for the finishing line(向终点线冲刺)
sprocket SPROCKET ['spr0kit]
SPROCKET n. 链轮(英) n. 链轮(a wheel with a row of teeth for fitting into and turning a bicycle chain)
sprout SPROUT [spraut]
SPROUT v. 长出,萌芽; n. 嫩芽(英) v. 长出,萌芽 ( grow, spring up);n. 嫩芽(a young shoot)(记) 和spout(喷出)一起记(例) Leaves are beginning to sprout from trees.
spruce SPRUCE [spru:s]
SPRUCE n.云杉; adj.整洁的(英) adj.整洁的(neat or smart;trim)(例) You've looking very spruce in your new suit.
spunk SPUNK [sp38k]
SPUNK n.勇气,胆量(英) n.勇气,胆量 (mettle, pluck)(例) She got her spunk up and left the country.(她鼓起勇气 ,离开了这个国家)
spur SPUR [sp2:]
SPUR vt. 刺激, 激励, 用马刺刺(考) 反义词: deter(阻止)
spurious SPURIOUS ['spju2ri2s]
SPURIOUS adj.假的; 伪造的(英) adj.假的(false);伪造的(falsified;f orged)(考) 反义词:genuine(真 正的)(记) 来自spuria(伪造的作 品)+ous(例) spurious coins(伪币)
spurn SPURN [sp2:n]
SPURN v.拒绝,摈弃(英) v.拒绝,摈弃 (to reject with disdain or contempt)(考) 反义词: welcome willingly(主动欢迎) ; court(献殷勤); crave(渴望); embrace(拥抱); guard(守卫)(例) The committee has spurned his appeals./ a person spurned by society
squabble SQUABBLE ['skw0b2l]
SQUABBLE n.大声争吵; v.争吵(英) n.大声争吵(minor quarrel; bickering)(考) tiff(dispute): squabble / foible : failing(程度: 小争吵和争吵/小缺点 和缺点)
squalid SQUALID ['skw0lid]
SQUALID adj.污秽的,肮脏的(英) adj.污秽的,肮脏的 (filthy and degraded from neglect or poverty)(考) shipshape : disarray / squalid : cleanliness(反义: 整齐的对杂乱/肮脏的 对洁净)反义词:pristine(纯 洁的)(例) a squalid district(肮脏的地区 )
squall SQUALL [skw0:l]
SQUALL n.骚乱, (突然)狂风(考) squall : commotion / flash : illumination(骚乱是突然暴乱/闪 光是瞬间照明)
squalor SQUALOR ['skw0l2]
SQUALOR n.不洁,污秽(英) n.不洁,污秽 (state of being squalid)(考) 反义词:splendor(显 赫)
squander SQUANDER ['skw0nd2]
SQUANDER v.浪费,挥霍(英) v.浪费,挥霍 (to spend extravagantly; dissipate)(考) proctor : supervise / prodigal : squander(监考人监考/挥霍者 挥霍)dally : time / squander : money(虚度时间/挥霍金钱)反义词:husband(节 俭); conserve (保存)(记) 源自方言,因莎士比 亚《威尼斯商人》一 剧中用此词而广泛流传(例) squander natural resources
squash SQUASH [skw06]
SQUASH v.压碎,挤压; n.南瓜(英) v.压碎,挤压(to press or crush)(例) Some of the berries at bottom have been squashed.
squat SQUAT [skw0t]
SQUAT v.蹲下; adj.矮胖的(英) v.蹲下(crouch on the ground)(考) 反义词:tall and thin(瘦高的)(例) They squatted down to wait in the shade/a squat woman.
squeamish SQUEAMISH ['skwi:mi6]
SQUEAMISH adj. 易受惊的,易恶心的(英) adj. 易受惊的,易恶心的(e asily shocked or sickened)
squeeze SQUEEZE [skwi:z]
SQUEEZE v. 压,挤; n. 压榨,紧握(英) v. 压,挤( press firmly together)(例) She gave my hand a gentle squeeze.
squelch SQUELCH [skwelt6]
SQUELCH v. 压制,镇压; n. 压制,镇压(英) v. 压制,镇压(to completely suppress;quell)(考) 反义词:foment(煽动 )(记) 参考:quench(熄灭,压 制)(同) 参考:quench(熄灭, 压制)(例) Squelch a student demonstration.
squirrel SQUIRREL ['skwir2l]
SQUIRREL n. 松鼠(英) n. 松鼠 (a small animal with a long furry tail)
stab STAB [st9b]
STAB v. 刺伤,戳(英) v. 刺伤,戳 (to thrust with a pointed weapon)(例) stab a person with a dagger
stability STABILITY [st2'biliti]
STABILITY n. 稳定,稳固(英) n. 稳定,稳固 (state of being stable)(考) ballast : stability / girder : support(压舱物作用是稳定/ 横梁作用是支撑)反义词:inconstancy (易变性)(记) st(站)+ability
stabilize STABILIZE ['steibilaiz]
STABILIZE v. 稳定,稳固(英) v. 稳定,稳固( become firm, steady, or unchanging)(考) 反义词:fluctuate( 波动)(例) His condition has now stabilized.
stable STABLE ['steib2l]
STABLE adj. 牢固的,稳定的(英) adj. 牢固的,稳定的(not easily moved, upset)(考) pristine : decay / stable : fluctuation(反义: 新鲜对腐烂/稳定对波 动)反义词:volatile(易 变的); labile(易变的)(记) st(站)+able→能站 的→稳定的
staccato STACCATO [st2'kt2u]
STACCATO adj.(音乐)断音的,不 连贯的(英) adj.(音乐)断音的, 不连贯的(abrupt, disjointed)(记) at+acca+to,记住中 间的acca,似乎呈断裂 状态(例) staccato notes(断音音符)
stagger STAGGER ['st9g2]
STAGGER v.蹒跚,摇晃(英) v.蹒跚,摇晃(to move on unsteadily)(例) The ship staggered. He staggered just for a moment and then made a decision.
staggering STAGGERING ['st9g2ri8]
STAGGERING adj.令人吃惊的(英) adj.令人吃惊的(asto nishing, shocking)(例) a staggering strategic success(战略上的惊 人成功)
stagnant STAGNANT ['st9gn2nt]
STAGNANT adj.停滞的(英) adj. 停滞的(not advancing or developing)(考) 反义词:flowing(流 动的)(记) stagn(=stand站住) +ant→不动的(例) a stagnant pool of water
stagy STAGY ['steid7i]
STAGY adj.不自然的,演戏一 般的(英) adj. 不自然的,演戏一般 的(marked by pretense or artificiality)(记) stage(舞台)+y(例) stagy diction(装腔作势的 措辞)
staid STAID [steid]
STAID adj.稳重的,沉着的(英) adj.稳重的,沉着的( prim self-restraint; sober)(考) 反义词:jaunty(活泼 的)(记) 原来是stay的过去式(例) He's too staid for such a lively young wife.
stain STAIN [stein]
STAIN v.玷污; 染色(英) v.玷污(to taint with guilt or corruption);染色(to color by processes)(例) His shirt was stained with blood.
stake STAKE [steik]
STAKE n.柱子; 赌注(英) n.柱子 (a pointed piece of wood driven into the ground);赌注(something staked for gain or loss)(考) invest : capital / gamble : stake(投资投入资本/赌博 投入赌注)(例) He and his friends enjoy playing cards for low stakes.
stale STALE [steil]
STALE adj.不新鲜的,陈腐的(英) adj.不新鲜的,陈腐 的(tasteless or unpalatable from age)(例) These old peanuts taste stale.
stalemate STALEMATE ['steilmeit]
STALEMATE n.和棋局面,僵局(英) n.和棋局面,僵局(a drawn contest; deadlock)(考) clog : drainage / stalemate : negotiations(阻塞使排水无法进行 /僵局使谈判无法进行)(记) 组合词:stale(无用 的)+mate(将死对方 的棋)→将不死→和棋(例) break the stalemate(打破僵局)
stalk STALK [st0:k]
STALK v.隐伏跟踪(猎物)(英) v. 隐伏跟踪(猎物) (to pursue quarry stealthily)(考) grazing : foragers / stalking : hunters(放牧者放牧/猎人打 猎)(记) stalk作为'茎、秆'之 意大家都熟悉(例) There are sharks stalking in those waters. (那片水域有追寻猎物 的鲨鱼出没)
stalwart STALWART ['st0:lw2t]
STALWART adj.健壮的,坚定的(英) adj.健壮的,坚定的( outstanding strength)(考) 反义词:lank(瘦的)(记) stal(=support)+wa rt(=worth)→值得依 靠的→坚定的(例) a stalwart ally(坚定的同盟者)
stamina STAMINA ['st9min2]
STAMINA n.体力,耐力(英) n.体力,耐力(stayin g power, endurance)
stammer STAMMER ['st9m2]
STAMMER v.口吃,结巴(英) v.口吃,结巴(make involuntary stops and repetitions in speaking)(考) falter : act / stammer : speak(蹒跚是行动不便/口 吃是说话不便)(例) He stammered into silence.(他结巴了几 句便说不出话来)
stance STANCE [stns,st9ns]
STANCE n.站姿; 立场(英) n. 站姿(posture);立场(intellectual or emotional attitude)(记) stan(站)+ce(例) take a tough stance on human rights(在人权问题上 采取强硬态度)
stanch STANCH [st0:nt6,stnt6]
STANCH v.制止(血液),止住(英) v.制止(血液),止住( to check or stop the flowing)(考) damp : vibration / stanch : flow(制止振动/制止流动)(记) stan(站)+ch→让(血 液)站住→止住(例) stanch a leak in a ship(堵住船上的漏洞 )
standstill STANDSTILL ['st9nd`stil]
STANDSTILL n.处于停顿状态,中止(英) n.处于停顿状态,中止 (condition of no movement)
stanza STANZA ['st9nz2]
STANZA n.(诗)节,段(考) stanza : poem(poetry, ballad) / act : opera / paragraph : prose / chapter :novel/ movement : orchestra(诗节构成诗/剧幕构 成剧/段落构成散文/ 章节构成小说/乐章构 成音乐)stanza : line / volume : issue(几行诗构成诗节/几 期期刊构成合钉本)ballad : stanza / novel : ch(记) stan(站住)+za→诗 停止的地方→节、段
staple STAPLE ['steip2l]
STAPLE n.主要产品(英) n.主要产品(the chief commodity or production)(例) the staples of British industry(英国工业的 主要产品)
stapler STAPLER ['steipl2]
STAPLER n.钉书机
starchy STARCHY ['stt6i]
STARCHY adj.含淀粉的; 刻板的(英) adj. 含淀粉的(containing starch);刻板的(marked by stiffness)(记) starch(淀粉)+y(例) Don't be so starchy.(别那么死板 )
star-crossed STAR-CROSSED [st]
STAR-CROSSED adj.时运不济的(英) adj.时运不济的(not favored by the stars)
stark STARK [stk]
STARK adj.(外表)僵硬的; 完全的(英) adj.(外表)僵硬的(ri gid as if in death);完全的(utter, sheer)(记) 和start(开始)一起记(例) stark discipline(严格的纪 律)/stark nonsense(完全的胡说)
startle STARTLE ['sttl]
STARTLE v. 使吃惊(英) v. 使吃惊( give an unexpected slight shock)(考) 反义词:lull(使平静 )(例) I was startled to hear his news.
starvation STARVATION [st'vei62n]
STARVATION n. 饥饿,饿死(英) n. 饥饿,饿死(sufferin g or death from lack of food)(记) starve(饿死)+atio n
starve STARVE [stv]
STARVE v. 挨饿,饿死(英) v. 挨饿,饿死 ( suffer or die from great hunger)(考) suffocate : oxygen / starve : nutrients(窒息缺氧气/饥饿缺 营养物)反义词:sate(使饱足 ); surfeit(使过饱)(例) Thousands of cattle are starving.
stash STASH [st96]
STASH v.藏匿,隐藏(英) v.藏匿,隐藏 (to store in a secret place for future use)(记) 分割记忆:st看作sta y+ash(灰)→放在灰 里→藏匿(例) He keeps his money stashed under the bed.
stasis STASIS ['steisis;'st9sis]
STASIS n. 停滞(考) 反义词:motility(运 动)
static STATIC ['st9tik]
STATIC adj.静态的,呆板的(英) adj.静态的,呆板的( showing little change;stationary)(考) static : move / pliable : inflexible(静止的相对运动的/ 易变的相对不可变的)反义词: oscillate (摇摆); motility(运动)(例) static feudal society(停滞的封建 社会)
stationary STATIONARY ['stei62n2ri,`neri]
STATIONARY adj.静止的,不动的(英) adj. 静止的,不动的 (fixed in a station; immobile)(考) 反义词:peripatetic (巡游的)
stationery STATIONERY ['stei62n2ri,`neri]
STATIONERY n.文具(英) n.文具 (materials for writing or typing)(记) 注意以上二词的区别 ,可把文具中的'e'看 成pen(钢笔)
statuary STATUARY ['st9t6u2ri]
STATUARY n.雕像; 雕塑艺术(英) n.雕像(a collection of statues)(记) 来自statue(雕像)+a ry(例) some magnificent Roman statuary
statuette STATUETTE [`st9t6u'et]
STATUETTE n.小雕像(英) n. 小雕像 (a small statue)(记) statue(雕像)+ette( 小)→小雕像
stature STATURE ['st9t62]
STATURE n.身高,身材(英) n. 身高,身材 (nature height in an upright position)(记) stat(站)+ure(状态) →站的状态→身高(例) She was rather small in stature.
status STATUS ['steit2s]
STATUS n. 身分,地位(英) n. 身分,地位(social standing, present condition)(记) stat(站)+us→站的位 置→身分(例) The award enhanced the masician's status.
statute STATUTE ['st9t6u:t]
STATUTE n.法规,法令(英) n.法规,法令(a law enacted by the legislative branch)(考) overture : opera / prologue : novel / preamble : statute(歌剧的序曲/小说的 前言/法律的导言)(记) stat(站)+ute(例) the statutes of a university
statutory STATUTORY ['st9t6ut2ri]
STATUTORY adj.法定的; 受法令所约束的(英) adj.法定的;受法令 所约束的(regulated by statute)
steadfast STEADFAST ['stedfst,`f9st]
STEADFAST adj. 忠实的;不变的(英) adj. 忠实的(faithful);不变的(not moving or movable)(考) 反义词:capricious( 多变的)(记) stead(=stand站)+f ast(稳固的)
stealth STEALTH [stel4]
STEALTH n. 秘密的行动(英) n. 秘密的行动(the action of moving or acting secretly )(考) furtive : stealth / whimsical : caprice /discontent : unsatisfied(同义: 秘密的和秘密/易变的 和易变/不满的和不满)(例) Tracking wild animals requires great stealth.
steep STEEP [sti:p]
STEEP v.浸泡,浸透(英) v.浸泡,浸透(to soak in a liquid)(考) 反义词:parch(烘干)(记) steep作为'陡峭的'一 意大家很熟悉(例) She steeped the tea in boiling water.
steeple STEEPLE ['sti:p2l]
STEEPLE n.尖塔,尖阁(英) n.尖塔,尖阁(a tall structure having a small spire)(记) steep(陡峭的)+le
steer STEER ['sti2]
STEER n. 公牛,食用牛(英) n. 公牛,食用牛(am ox less than four years old)steer['stIE]v.驾驶, 掌舵 v.操舵,驾驶(英) v.驾驶, 掌舵 v.操舵,驾驶(to control the course)(例) steer a car through the entrance(把车开进大 门)
stellar STELLAR ['stel2]
STELLAR adj. 星的,星球的(英) adj. 星的,星球的 (the stars)(记) stell(星星)+ar; 参考: constellation(星座)
stem STEM [stem]
STEM n.(植物的)茎,叶柄; v.阻止,遏制(水流等)(英) (植物的)茎,叶柄 (a plant part [as a branch, petiole] that supports another [as a leaf or fruit]);v.阻止,遏制(水流等) (to stop or check by damming; esp. stanch)(例) stem a stream with sand (用沙土堵住溪水)
stench STENCH [stent6]
STENCH n.臭气,恶臭(英) n.臭气,恶臭(stink)(考) stench : nose / din : ear(臭气对鼻子刺激/喧 嚣对耳朵刺激)(记) 注意不要和stanch(止 住)相混(例) the stench of rolling eggs(臭蛋的气味)
stencil STENCIL ['stens2l]
STENCIL n.(用以刻写图案、文 字的)模板; v.用模板刻写(英) n. (用以刻写图案、文字 的)模板(an impervious material perforated with lettering or a design);v.用模板刻写(to produce by stencil)(考) stencil : lettering / pattern : sewing(刻字用模板/缝纫用 衣样)(记) stencil an address on a packing case(在包装箱上用模 板印地址)(例) stencil an address on a packing case(在包装箱上用模 板印地址)
stenography STENOGRAPHY [st2'n0gr2fi]
STENOGRAPHY n.速记,速记法(英) n.速记,速记法(proc ess of writing in shorthand)(记) steno(窄,小)+grap hy(写)→缩小写→速记
stentorian STENTORIAN [sten't0:ri2n]
STENTORIAN adj.(指声音)极响亮 的(英) adj.(指声音)极响亮 的(extremely loud)(考) audible : stentorian / discernable : obvious(程度: 听得见到洪亮/ 分别得清到明显)反义词:faint(微弱 的)(记) 希腊神话中的特洛伊 战争中的传令官Stent or,其声音极其洪亮
stereotype STEREOTYPE ['steri2taip]
STEREOTYPE n.固定形式,老套(英) n.固定形式,老套(st h. conforming to a fixed or general pattern)(记) stereo(立体)+type( 形状)(例) break through the stereotypes(打破陈 规)
sterile STERILE ['sterail]
STERILE adj.不孕的; 无细菌的(英) adj. 不孕的(incapable of producing offspring);无细菌的(free from living organisms)(考) plain : austere / clean : sterile(程度: 朴素的和简朴的/干净 的和无菌的)sterile : bacteria / impeccable : flaws(无菌的没有细菌/无 瑕的没有瑕疵)反义词:verdant(翠 绿的)
sterilization STERILIZATION [`sterilai'zei62n]
STERILIZATION n. 杀菌(考) sterilization : microorganisms / deforestation : trees(杀菌杀死微生物/砍 伐森林杀死树木)
sterilize STERILIZE ['sterilaiz]
STERILIZE v.使不育,杀菌(英) v.使不育,杀菌 (to make sterile)(考) sedative : pacify / antiseptic : sterilize(镇静剂使人平静/杀 菌剂杀菌)反义词:contaminate (污染)(例) sterilize the surgical instruments
stern STERN [st2:n]
STERN n.船尾(英) n.船尾 (the rear end of a boat)(记) stern作为'严厉的'一 意大家都熟悉;(同) 参考:bow(船头)(例) She seated herself in the stern.
stethoscope STETHOSCOPE ['ste42sk2up]
STETHOSCOPE n.听诊器(英) 听诊器 (an instrument used to detect and study sounds produced in the body)(记) stetho(胸)+scope( 看)→听诊器
stew STEW [stju:]
STEW v. 炖,焖; n. 炖煮的菜肴(英) v. 炖,焖(cook slowly and gently)
stickler STICKLER ['stikl2]
STICKLER n.坚持细节之人(英) n.坚持细节之人 (one who insists on exactness)(考) stickler : approximation(impre cision) / purist : adulteration(讲究细节的人不会大 约/纯粹主义者不会掺 假)stickler : exacting / defeatist : resigned /martinet : discipline / pedagogue :indoctrinate(讲究细节的人严格/ 失败主义者认命/严格 的人有纪律/学究说教(记) stickle(固执己见)+ er; stick(坚持)
sticky STICKY ['stiki]
STICKY adj.粘的(英) adj.粘的(viscous, gluey)(例) The road was sticky after the rain.(雨后道路泥泞)
stifle STIFLE ['staif(2)l]
STIFLE v. 感到窒息;抑止(英) v. 感到窒息(be unable to breathe comfortably);抑止(prevent from happening)(考) 反义词:foment(激起 )(例) stifle a rebellion
stigma STIGMA ['stigm2]
STIGMA n.耻辱的标志,污点(考) 反义词:mark of esteem(尊敬的标志)
stigmatize STIGMATIZE ['stigm2taiz]
STIGMATIZE adj. 污蔑,玷污(英) adj. 污蔑,玷污 (to describe opprobrious terms)(记) stigma(耻辱,诋毁) +tize(例) His prison record stigmatized his parents.
stiletto STILETTO [sti'let2u]
STILETTO n.小剑,匕首(英) n.小剑,匕首(a slender dagger)(同) 参考:女皮鞋的细高 跟叫做stiletto heel
stilted STILTED ['stiltid]
STILTED adj.(文章,谈话)不自 然的; 夸张的(英) adj. (文章,谈话)不自然 的; 夸张的(pompous, lofty)(记) 来自stilt(高跷)+ed(例) talk in a stilted way(很不自然地说话)
stimulant STIMULANT ['stimjul2nt]
STIMULANT n.兴奋剂,刺激物(英) 兴奋剂,刺激物(an agent that produces a temporary increase of the functional activity or efficiency of an organism or any of its parts)(考) 反义词:soporific( 催眠药)(记) stimul(刺激)+ant→ 刺激物;(同) 参考:stimulate(刺 激);stimulating(使 人兴奋的)
stimulate STIMULATE ['stimjuleit]
STIMULATE v.刺激,激发(考) lethargic : stimulate / skeptical : convince(刺激消除困乏/说服 消除怀疑)tonic : stimulate / analgesic : deaden(补药可以激发/麻醉 剂可以麻醉)galvanize : stimulate / irrigate : flush(通电以刺激/灌溉以 淹没)
stimulus STIMULUS ['stimjul2s]
STIMULUS n.刺激,激励(同) 复:stimuli(例) Ambition is a great stimulus.
sting STING [sti8]
STING v.刺痛; 叮螫; n.螫刺(英) v.刺痛; 叮螫(to prick or wound);(例) A bee stang him on the neck.
stinginess STINGINESS ['sti8inis]
STINGINESS n. 小气(考) 反义词:munificence (慷慨); generosity(慷慨)
stingy STINGY ['stind7i]
STINGY adj.吝啬的,小气的(英) adj. 吝啬的,小气的(not generous or liberal)(考) miser : stingy / loner : solitary(吝啬鬼吝啬/孤独者 孤独)(记) sting(刺)+y;(同) 参考:stint(节省, 吝惜)(例) be stingy with one's money(吝惜钱财)
stink STINK [sti8k]
STINK v.发臭; n.臭味(英) v.发臭(to emit a strong offensive odor);n.臭味(stench )(例) The stagnant swamp stinks.(这潭死水臭 气熏天)
stinking STINKING ['sti8ki8]
STINKING adj. 臭的(英) adj. 臭的 (having a very bad smell)
stint STINT ['staif(2)l]
STINT v.吝惜,节省(英) v.吝惜,节省(to restrict a share or allowance)(考) 反义词:lavish(浪费 )(例) They will stint themselves for years to buy a bicycle.
stipend STIPEND ['staipend]
STIPEND n.薪俸,养老金(英) n. 薪俸,养老金(a fixed sum of money paid periodically for services )
stipple STIPPLE ['stip2l]
STIPPLE v.点画,点描(英) v.点画,点描 (to apply paint by repeated small touches)(考) stipple : dot / striate : band(点画用点画画/加条 纹用条画画)(记) stip(点)+ple→用点 刻画
stipulate STIPULATE ['stipjuleit]
STIPULATE v.要求以...为条件; 约定(英) v.要求以…为条件(to demand an express term in an agreement);约定 (to make an agreement or covenant)(考) request : command / propose : stipulate(命令比请求严格/规 定比建议严格)(记) stip(点)+ulate→点 明,讲定(例) He stipulates three things before he can agree to go.
stipulation STIPULATION [`stipju'lei62n]
STIPULATION n.规定,约定(英) n.规定,约定(a condition, requirement, or item in a legal instrument)(考) 反义词:tacit requirement(心照不 宣的要求)
stir STIR [st2:]
STIR v. 搅动; 激发; n. 轰动(英) v. 搅动; 激发(produce strong feelings in someone);n. 轰动(excitement)(考) exculpatory : absolve / motivational : stir(辩明无罪为了赦免/ 激励性[行为]为了激 发)
stitch STITCH [stit6]
STITCH n.(缝纫时的)一针,一 钩; v.缝合(英) (缝纫时的)一针,一钩 (one in-and-out movement of a threaded needle in sewing, embroidering, or suturing);v.缝合 (to fasten, join, or close with stitches)(考) tile : mosaic / stitch : sampler(马赛克由瓷砖组成/ 刺绣花样由针脚组成)(例) He needed five stitches in a cut on his head. (他头上的伤口需要缝 五针)
stock STOCK [st0k,stak]
STOCK adj.普通的,惯用的; 存货(英) adj. 普通的,惯用的(comm only used;standard)(考) inventory : stock / census : population(货物清单清查存货/ 人口普查清查人口)反义词:unique(独特 的)(记) stock作为'股票,家 畜,储备'等意大家比 较熟悉(例) a stock example(常用的例子)
stockade STOCKADE [st0'keid,sta`]
STOCKADE n.栅栏,围栏(英) n.栅栏,围栏(a line of stout posts set firmly to form a defense)(考) stockade : enclosure / pillar : support(栅栏用来包围/柱子 用来支撑)(记) stock(木头)+ade→ 木头编成的围栏
stocky STOCKY ['st0ki]
STOCKY adj.矮胖的,粗壮的(英) adj. 矮胖的,粗壮的(comp act, sturdy)(记) stock(树桩)+y→像 树桩一样→矮胖的
stodgy STODGY ['st0d7i]
STODGY adj. 乏味的(英) adj. 乏味的 (boring, dull)(考) 反义词:exciting(令 人激动的)(记) 来自stodge(淀粉类食 物)+y→像淀粉食物 一样乏味→单调乏味的(例) a stodgy book
stoic STOIC ['st2uik]
STOIC n.坚忍克己之人(英) n.坚忍克己之人(firm ly restraining response to pain or distress)(考) stoic : perturb(flinch) / avaricious : satisfy(冷静的不易打扰/贪 婪的不易满足)(记) 来自希腊哲学流派Sto ic(斯多葛派),主张 坚忍克己(例) a stoic indifference to reproaches(对责备坦 然处之)
stoical STOICAL ['st2uik2l]
STOICAL adj. 不以苦乐为意的(英) adj. 不以苦乐为意的(pati ent when suffering)
stoke STOKE [st2uk]
STOKE v. 给...添加燃料(英) v. 给...添加燃料( fill with coal or other fuel)(考) stoke : fuel / irrigate : water(添加燃料/灌溉水)(记) stokehold (锅炉室); stoker(司炉)(例) to stoke up the fire with coal (加煤于炉火)
stolid STOLID ['st0lid]
STOLID adj.无动于衷的(英) adj.无动于衷的(expr essing little or no sensibility; unemotional)(考) 反义词:excitable( 易激动的)(例) He was a rather stolid,serious type.(他是那种一本 正经、不太喜形于色 的人)
stomach STOMACH ['st3m2k]
STOMACH v.吃得下,容忍(英) v.吃得下,容忍 (to bear without overt reaction or resentment)(考) 反义词:refuse to tolerate(拒绝忍受)(例) I have had to stomach a lot of things I do not like.(我不得不容忍 许多我不喜欢的东西)
stonewall STONEWALL [`st2un'w0:l]
STONEWALL v. 拖延议事,设置障碍(英) v. 拖延议事,设置障碍( intentionally delay in a discussion or argument)(考) 反义词:cooperate fully(完全合作)(例) He was stonewalling and everybody knew it.(他在阻碍议事,每 人都能看出来)
stoop STOOP [stu:p]
STOOP v.俯身; 降低身分(英) v.俯身(to bend the body);降低身分(to descend from a superior rank)(例) Don't stoop to argue with him. (别降低身分和他争吵 )
stout STOUT [staut]
STOUT adj.肥胖的; 强壮的(英) adj.肥胖的(bulky in body);强壮的(sturdy, vigorous)(例) a stout wall(坚固的墙)/sto ut legs(粗壮的腿)
stouthearted STOUTHEARTED [`staut'htid]
STOUTHEARTED adj.勇敢的(英) adj.勇敢的 (brave and resolute)(考) 反义词:pusillanimo us(懦弱的)
stowaway STOWAWAY ['st2u2wei]
STOWAWAY n.(藏于轮船、飞机中 的)偷乘者(英) (藏于轮船、飞机中的 )偷乘者 (one who secretes oneself aboard a vehicle as a means of obtaining transportation)(考) smuggler : tariff / stowaway : fare(走私者逃避关税/偷 乘者逃避交通费)(记) 组合词:stow(装载, 偷乘)+away
straightforward STRAIGHTFORWARD [`streit'f0:w2d]
STRAIGHTFORWARD adj. 正直的;易懂的; 直截了当的(英) adj. 正直的(honest and open);易懂的(not difficult to understand)(考) 反义词:tortuous(弯 曲的); convoluted(错综的); byzantine(错综复杂 的)
straightforwardly STRAIGHTFORWARDLY [streit'f0:w2dli]
STRAIGHTFORWARDLY adv. 正直地(考) 反义词:equivocate( 含糊其词)-communica te straightforwardly( 直截了当地交流)(记) 来自形容词straightf orward(正直的)
straightforwardness STRAIGHTFORWARDNESS [streit'f0:w2dnis]
STRAIGHTFORWARDNESS n. 坦率反义词:circuity(n. 拐弯抹角)
strait STRAIT [streit]
STRAIT n.海峡; adj.狭窄的(英) n.海峡; adj. 狭窄的(narrow)(考) isthmus : land / strait : water(地峡是两海间的陆地 通道/海峡是两陆地间 的水域通道)(记) 参考:isthmus(地峡)(同) 参考:isthmus(地峡)
straits STRAITS [streits]
STRAITS n.困难,窘境(英) n. 困难,窘境(a situation of perplexity or distress)(例) be in desperate straits for money
stranded STRANDED ['str9ndid]
STRANDED adj.搁浅的,进退两难 的(英) adj.搁浅的,进退两 难的(caught in a difficult situation)(记) strand(海滩)+ed→ 搁浅的,注意strand 的另一层意思:'一股 ,一缕'
strangulation STRANGULATION [`str98gju'lei62n]
STRANGULATION n.扼杀,勒死(英) n.扼杀,勒死(killin g by squeezing the throat)(记) 来自strangle(扼杀, 抑制)+ulation, 把strangle和strange 一起记(例) the strangulation of a revolution
stratagem STRATAGEM ['str9t2d72m]
STRATAGEM n.谋略,策略(英) n.谋略,策略(a cleverly contrived trick or scheme)(考) stratagem : deceive / concession : placate(谋略是为了欺骗/让 步是为了抚慰)(记) strata(层次)+gem→ 有层次的计划→谋略;(同) 参考:strategic(战 略上的)
stratify STRATIFY ['str9tifai]
STRATIFY v.(使)层化(英) v.(使)层化(to divide or arrange into classes, castes, or social strata)(考) 反义词:homogenize( 使一致)(记) strat(层次)+ify→ 层化(例) a rigidly stratified society
stratosphere STRATOSPHERE ['str9t2sfi2]
STRATOSPHERE n. 平流层,同温层(英) n. 平流层,同温层(the outer part of the air which surrounds the Earth, starting at about ten kilometers above the Earth)
stratum STRATUM ['strt2m,'strei`]
STRATUM n. (复: strata) 地层;社会阶层(英) 地层 (a sheetlike mass of sedimentary rock or earth of one kind lying between beds of other kinds);社会阶层 (a socioeconomic level comprising persons of the same status esp. with regard to education or culture)
stray STRAY [strei]
STRAY v. 偏离,迷路adj. 迷了路的; 零落的(英) v. 偏离,迷路(wander away);(考) stray : group / digress : subject(离群是离开群体/离 题是离开主题)(例) The streets were empt except for a few stray passers-by.
streak STREAK [stri:k]
STREAK n.线条,条纹; v.加线条(英) n.线条,条纹(a line or mark of a different color or texture);v.加线条 (to have a streak)(例) The marble was streaked with green and grey.
stream STREAM [stri:m]
STREAM n. 小溪; 水流; v. 倾注,涌流(英) 小溪(a natural flow of water moving across country between banks, narrower than a river)水流(a current of water)倾注,涌流(flow fast and strongly)川流不息(move in a continuous flowing mass)(考) stream : eddy / anomaly : trend(旋涡是水流的反常/ 异常是正常趋势的反 常)confluence : streams / junction : roads(汇流是河流交汇点/ 叉路是道路交汇点)
strength STRENGTH ['stre84,stren4]
STRENGTH n.力量, 浓度(考) practicing : expertise / exercising : strength(实践以获得专业技能 /锻炼以获得力量)attenuate : thickness / debilitate : strength(变稀薄减少厚度/使 虚弱减少力量)slacken : tautness / dilute : strength(放松紧度/稀释浓度)
strengthen STRENGTHEN ['stre842n,'stren42n]
STRENGTHEN v. 加强,使坚强(英) v. 加强,使坚强 ( become or make strong or stronger)(考) 反义词:enervate(使 衰弱); attenuate(减弱)(记) strength(力量)+en
strenuous STRENUOUS ['strenju2s]
STRENUOUS adj.费力的; 精力充沛的(英) adj.费力的(arduous) ;精力充沛的(vigorous ly active)(记) stren(=strength力 量)+uous→用力量的(例) long hours of strenuous training
stressful STRESSFUL ['stresf2l]
STRESSFUL adj. 充满压力的(英) adj. 充满压力的(full of problems that cause great worry)(记) stress(压力)+ful
stretch STRETCH [stret6]
STRETCH v. 变长;伸展(英) v. 变长( become wider or longer);伸展(reach full length or width)(考) ephemeral : endure / inelastic : stretch(短暂的不会持久/无 弹性的不会伸展)
strew STREW [stru:]
STREW v.撒,散播(英) v.撒,散播(spread randomly; scatter)
striated STRIATED [strai'eitid]
STRIATED adj.有条纹的(英) adj.有条纹的(marked with striations)(考) striated : groove / braided : strand(用凹线划条纹/用发 股编成辫)stipple : dot / striate : band(点刻用点/加条纹用 线)(记) striate(在…上划条 纹)+ed→(有条纹的) ; stria(条线,线条)(同) 派生词: striation (n. 条纹,线条)(例) a violently striated face(满脸横肉的相貌 )
stricture STRICTURE ['strikt62]
STRICTURE n.严厉谴责; 束缚(英) n.严厉谴责(an adverse criticism);束缚(restrictions)(记) 来自strit(严格的)+ ure(例) strictures against bribetaking(对受贿 行为的抨击)/moral strictures(道德束缚)
stride STRIDE [straid]
STRIDE v.大步行走(英) v.大步行走(to move with or as if with long steps)(考) quaff : sip / stride : mince(程度: 畅饮和啜饮/大步走和 小步走)(例) He strode thirty miles.(他大步走了30 英里)
stridency STRIDENCY ['straid2nsi]
STRIDENCY n. 尖锐,刺耳(考) stridency : sound / garishness : appearance / acridity : ordor(声音刺耳/外表俗丽/ 味道辛辣)
strident STRIDENT ['straid2nt]
STRIDENT adj.尖声的,刺耳的(英) adj.尖声的,刺耳的( characterized by harsh, insistent, and discordant sound)(记) 分割记忆:stride(大 步走)+dent(凹痕)(例) a strident voice/a turbulent and strident election
strife STRIFE [straif]
STRIFE n.纷争,倾轧(英) n.纷争,倾轧(bitter conflict or dissension)(记) 可能来自strive(努力 ,奋斗)(例) a country torn by internal strife(被内乱弄得四 分五裂的国家)
strike STRIKE [straik]
STRIKE v. 打击, 敲打, 抓, 罢工(考) strike : medal / mint : coin(敲打制成奖牌/铸造 制成钱币)
striking STRIKING ['straiki8]
STRIKING adj.引人注目的,明显 的(英) adj.引人注目的,明 显的(attracting attention or notice)(记) 来自strike(打击)+i ng(例) The girl is striking in face and figure.
stringent STRINGENT ['strind72nt]
STRINGENT adj.(规定)严苛的; 缺钱的(英) adj. (规定)严苛的(marked by rigor or severity);缺钱的(marked by money scarcity)(考) 反义词:lax(放松的)(记) 来自string(线、绳) +ent→像用绳限制住 的→严厉的;(同) 参考:astringent(收 缩的)(例) stringent economic sanctions(严厉的经 济制裁)
strip STRIP [strip]
STRIP v.剥去; n.狭长的一片(英) v.剥去; n.狭长的一片(a long narrow piece)(考) 反义词: bedeck(装饰)(例) a strip show(脱衣舞)
stripling STRIPLING ['stripli8]
STRIPLING n.年轻男子(英) n.年轻男子(youth)(记) strip(脱衣)+ling( 小)→脱衣干活的小伙子
stripped STRIPPED ['strip2(r)]
STRIPPED adj. 被剥离的
stroke STROKE [str2uk]
STROKE v. 抚摸;n. 击,打;一笔(英) v. 抚摸( pass the hand over gently)n. 击,打(a hit);一笔(a line made by a single movement of a pen or brush in writing or painting)
stroll STROLL [str2ul]
STROLL v.漫步,闲逛(英) v.漫步,闲逛 (to walk in a idle manner;ramble)(记) 分割记忆:st看作str eet, roll 在大街上转悠→闲逛(同) 近形词:scroll(画卷 )
strut STRUT [str3t]
STRUT v. 趾高气扬地走;支柱(英) v. 趾高气扬地走( walk proudly and stiffly);支柱(support)(考) strut : wing / buttress : wall / guy : pylon(支杆支撑机翼/扶墙 支撑墙/支索支撑高压 塔)pontificate : speak / strut : walk(程度: 傲慢地说和说/趾高气 昂地走和走)(例) A peacock strutted on the lawn.(孔雀在草地上 昂首行走)
stubborn STUBBORN ['st3b2n]
STUBBORN adj. 固执的;难以改变的(英) adj. 固执的 (determined);难以改变的(difficul t to change)(记) stub(根)+born(生 )→生根
studied STUDIED ['st3did]
STUDIED adj. 慎重的,装模作样的(英) adj. 慎重的,装模作样的( carefully thought about or considered)(考) terseness : superfluous / spontaneity : studied(简洁的不多余/自然 的不故意)
studio STUDIO ['stju:di2u]
STUDIO n. 工作室, 画室(考) studio : artist / laboratory : scientist(画家在画室工作/科 学家在实验室工作)
studious STUDIOUS ['stju:di2s]
STUDIOUS adj.勤学的,用功的(英) adj.勤学的,用功的(g iven to diligent study)
stuffy STUFFY ['st3fi]
STUFFY adj.(空气)不新鲜的, 闷气的(英) adj.(空气)不新鲜的 ,闷气的(oppressive to the breathing)(记) stuff(填满)+y→填 满的,不通气的(例) a stuffy room(闷热的房间)
stultify STULTIFY ['st3ltifai]
STULTIFY v.使变得荒谬可笑(英) v.使变得荒谬可笑(ma ke stupid in mind)(考) 反义词:stir(激发); excite(使激动)
stumble STUMBLE ['st3mb2l]
STUMBLE v. 绊脚; 蹒跚而行; 打结巴(英) 绊脚(hit one's foot against something while moving along and start to fall)蹒跚而行(walk unsteadily)打结巴(stop and/or make mistakes in speaking aloud)
stun STUN [st3n]
STUN v.使昏迷,使发愣(英) v.使昏迷,使发愣(to make senseless or dizzy by a blow)(例) The natural beauty of the mountain stuns the visitors.
stunning STUNNING ['st3ni8]
STUNNING adj.极富魅力的(英) adj.极富魅力的(stri kingly impressive in beauty or excellence)
stunt STUNT [st3nt]
STUNT v.阻碍(成长); n.特技,绝技(英) v.阻碍(成长) (to hinder the normal growth);n.特技,绝技(an unusual or difficult feat requiring great skill)(考) obstruct : progress / stunt : growth(阻碍发展/阻碍成长)(例) A harsh climate stunted the trees.
stupefy STUPEFY ['stju:pifai]
STUPEFY v.(使)茫然,吓呆(英) v.(使)茫然,吓呆(as tonish, astound)(记) stup(笨,呆)+efy→ 吓呆(同) 同根词:stupid(愚笨 的);stupor(昏迷)
stupendous STUPENDOUS [stju:'pend2s]
STUPENDOUS adj.巨大的,大得惊人 的(英) adj.巨大的,大得惊 人的(of amazing size or greatness; tremendous)(记) stup(吃惊)+endous →惊人的(例) a stupendous achievement(惊人的 成就)
stupor STUPOR ['stju:p2]
STUPOR n.昏迷,不醒人事(英) n.昏迷,不醒人事(no sensibility; lethargy)(考) stupor : alert / despair : hopeful(昏迷不会机警/失望 不会有希望)(记) stup(呆)+or(例) He sat in a glassy eyed stupor .
sturdy STURDY ['st2:di]
STURDY adj.(身体)强健的; 结实的(英) adj.(身体)强健的 (strong);结实的(firmly built or constituted)(考) 反义词:decrepit(衰 老的)(例) He is short and sturdy.(他长得矮而 健壮) / a sturdy chair
stutter STUTTER ['st3t2]
STUTTER v.口吃,结巴; n.口吃,结巴(英) v.口吃,结巴(to speak with involuntary disruption of speech)(考) limp : walk / stutter : talk(跛行走路不便/口吃 说话不便)(例) She has a slight stutter.
stygian STYGIAN ['stid7i2n]
STYGIAN adj. 阴暗的,阴森森的(英) adj. 阴暗的,阴森森的 (unpleasantly dark)(考) stygian : dark / abysmal : low(极暗的和暗/极低的 和低)(例) the stygian blackness of the night
stylus STYLUS ['stail2s]
STYLUS n.笔尖, 唱针, 铁笔(考) stylus : mark / lamp : illumination(铁笔可以用来做记号 /灯可以用来照明)
stymie STYMIE ['staimi]
STYMIE v.妨碍,阻挠(英) v.妨碍,阻挠 (to present an obstacle to)(考) 反义词:foster(促进 ); promote(促进); abet(怂恿)(记) 原指高尔夫球中的妨 碍球(例) be stymied at the door(被拦在门外)
subdue SUBDUE [s2b'dju:]
SUBDUE v.征服; 压制; 减轻(英) v.征服(to conquer;vanquish) ;压制(to bring under control; curb);减轻(to reduce the intensity or degree of)(考) implacable : appease / indomitable : subdue(难平息的无法平息/ 难征服的无法征服)反义词:inflame(燃 烧); burgeon(萌芽; 发芽)(记) sub(在下面)+due(= duce)引导→引到下_ 面→征_服(例) subdue nature(征服自然)/s ubdue a fever(退热)
subdued SUBDUED [s3b'djud]
SUBDUED adj. (光和声)柔和的,缓 和的; (人)温和的(英) adj. (光和声)柔和的,缓 和的; (人)温和的(unnatura lly or unusually quiet in behavior)(考) 反义词:flamboyant( 华丽的); unruly(蛮横的); flamboyant(火焰似的)
subject SUBJECT ['s3bd7ikt]
SUBJECT n. 受支配的人, 隶属(考) 反义词:potentate( 当权者)
subjection SUBJECTION [s2b'd7ek62n]
SUBJECTION n. 镇压;顺从(英) n. 镇压(the act of subjecting);顺从(a state of dependence)(记) subject(服从的); sub[在...下面]+ject [扔] →扔下去→服从的)+ ion
subjugate SUBJUGATE ['s3bd7ugeit]
SUBJUGATE v.征服,镇压(英) v.征服,镇压(to bring under control and governance; conquer)(考) 反义词:liberate(释 放)(记) sub(下面)+jug(=yo ke牛轭)→置于牛轭之 下→征服(例) subjugate one's feeling/subjugate our foe
sublimate SUBLIMATE ['s3bl2`met,'s3blimeit]
SUBLIMATE v.(使)升华,净化(英) v.(使)升华,净化(to express instinctual urges, esp. sexual desires, in a socially acceptable manner)(记) 来自sublime(崇高的) +ate
sublime SUBLIME [s2'blaim]
SUBLIME adj.崇高的(英) adj.崇高的(lofty, grand, or exalted in thought, expression, or manner)(考) 反义词:base(卑鄙的 ); despicable(可鄙的); ridiculous(荒谬的); common(普通的)(记) sub(没有)+lime(可 能来自limit限制)→ 没有限制→崇高的(例) a sublime spirit of self-sacrifice
subliminal SUBLIMINAL [s3b'limin2l]
SUBLIMINAL adj.潜意识的(英) adj.潜意识的(existi ng or functioning below the threshold of consciousness)(考) 反义词:at a perceptible level(在感觉层次)(记) sub(下面)+limin(= limen量小限度的神经 刺激)+al(例) play a subliminal part in(在...起到了潜意 识的作用)
submerge SUBMERGE [s2b'm2:d7]
SUBMERGE v.沉没,淹没(英) v.沉没,淹没 (to cover or overflow with water)(考) submerge : water / inter : earth(用水淹没/用土埋葬)bend: rigid / submerge : buoyant / dissolve : insoluble(坚硬的不弯曲/浮起 的不沉没/不溶的不溶 解)(记) sub(下面)+merge(合 并,吞没)→吞没下去 →淹没(同) 参考:emerge(出现); emergency(紧急情况)
submission SUBMISSION [s2b'mi62n]
SUBMISSION n.恭顺(英) n. 恭顺(an act of submitting to the authority or control of another)(考) submission : obeisance / affection : embrace(鞠躬表示谦恭/拥抱 表示爱)(记) sub(下面)+miss(放) +ion→放在下面→从 属,服从(例) in all submission and humility(毕恭毕敬地 )
submissive SUBMISSIVE [s2b'misiv]
SUBMISSIVE adj. 恭顺的(英) adj. 恭顺的 (submitting to others)(考) 反义词:recalcitran t(不服从)
submit SUBMIT [s2b'mit]
SUBMIT v. 屈服;提交,呈递(英) v. 屈服( admit defeat);提交,呈递(offer for consideration)
subordinate SUBORDINATE [s2'b0:din2t]
SUBORDINATE adj.附属的; n.部下,下属(英) adj.附属的(placed in a lower class, rank, or position)(考) 反义词:peer(同辈); principal (首长)(记) sub(下面)+ordin(顺 序)+ate→顺序在下 面→附属的(同) 派生词: subordinacy (n. 隶属; 下级地位); subordination (n. 从属,部下)(例) a subordinate kingdom(附属王国)
suborn SUBORN [s2'b0:n]
SUBORN v.收买,贿赂(英) v.收买,贿赂(to induce secretly to do an unlawful thing)(记) sub(下面)+orn(装饰 )→在下面给人好处→ 贿赂(例) suborn a witness(收买证人)
subpoena SUBPOENA [s2'pi:n2,s2b`]
SUBPOENA n.(法律)传票; v.传讯(英) n.(法律)传票(a written order requiring a person to appear in court);v.传讯 (to summon with a writ of subpoena)(考) subpoena : witness / conscript : soldier(传讯召证人/征兵召 士兵)royalty : payment / subpoena : writ(版税是一种酬劳/传 票是一种书面命令)lien : claim / subpoena : command(扣押权是一种权利/ 传票是一种命令)(记) sub(下面)+poena (=penalty惩罚)→在 惩罚下→传讯(例) subpoena sb. to testify(传某人到庭 作证)
subscribe SUBSCRIBE [s2b'skraib]
SUBSCRIBE v.捐助; 订购(英) v.捐助( to give something in accordance with a promise);订购 (to enter one's name for a publication or service)(记) sub(下面)+scribe( 写)→签署,写下订单 →订购(例) subscribe a large sum to the flood relief fund/subscribe a journal(订刊物)
subservient SUBSERVIENT [s2b's2:vi2nt]
SUBSERVIENT adj.恭顺的(英) adj.恭顺的(obsequio usly submissive;truckli ng)(记) sub(下面)+serv(服 务)+ient→在下面服 务→恭顺的
subside SUBSIDE [s2b'said]
SUBSIDE v.(建筑物等)下陷; (天气等)平息,平静(英) v.(建筑物等)下陷(to tend downward;descend) ;(天气等)平息(to become quiet or less)(考) 反义词:promote(促 进)(记) sub(下面)+side(坐) →坐下去→下陷(例) The earth subsides.(地下陷)/ The storm subsided.(暴风雨平 息了)
subsidiary SUBSIDIARY [s2b'sidi2ri]
SUBSIDIARY adj.辅助的; 次要的(英) adj.辅助的(furnishi ng aid or support;auxiliary);次要的(of second importance)(记) sub(下面)+sid(坐) +iary→坐在下面的 →辅助的(例) a subsidiary stream(支流)/a subsidiary payment(补贴费)
subsidize SUBSIDIZE ['s3bsidaiz]
SUBSIDIZE v. 津贴,资助(英) v. 津贴,资助( pay part of the costs of sth. for someone)
subsidy SUBSIDY ['s3bsidi]
SUBSIDY n.补助金(英) n.补助金 (a grant or gift of money)(考) subsidy : support / debt : obligation(补助金是一种资助/ 债务是一种义务)sop : conciliatory / subsidy : supportive(安慰剂是安抚的/补 助金是资助的)(例) subsidies for the old and disabled
subsist SUBSIST [s2b'sist]
SUBSIST v.生存下去(英) v.生存下去(exist; maintain life at a meager level)(记) sub(下面)+sist→站 下去→活下去→生存(同) 派生词: subsistence (n.生存,生计existen ce; livelihood)
substantial SUBSTANTIAL [s2b'st9n62l]
SUBSTANTIAL adj. 坚固的,结实的;实质 的(英) adj. 坚固的,结实的(stro ngly made);实质的(concerning the important part or meaning)(考) 反义词:tenuous(脆 弱的); vaporous(无实质的)
substantiate SUBSTANTIATE [s2b'st9n6ieit]
SUBSTANTIATE v.证实,确证(英) v.证实,确证(to establish by proof or competent evidence;verify)(考) 反义词:controvert( 反驳); disapprove(不赞成) :disproof(反驳)(记) substant(事实,物质 )+iate→用事实来证 明;(同) 参考:substance(物 质)
substantive SUBSTANTIVE ['s3bst2ntiv]
SUBSTANTIVE adj.根本的; 独立存在的(英) adj.根本的(dealing with essentials);独立存在的(being a totally independent entity)(考) 反义词:trivial(不 重要的)(例) a substantive nation(独立国家) /a substantive dyeing process(直接染色法)
substitute SUBSTITUTE ['s3bstitju:t]
SUBSTITUTE n.代替品; v.代替(英) n.代替品(a person or thing that takes the place or function of another); v.代替(replace)(记) sub(下面)+stitute( 站)→站在下面的→代 替品(例) Guess work is no substitute for investigation.
substratum SUBSTRATUM [`s3b'strt2m]
SUBSTRATUM n.基础,根据(英) n.基础,根据(an underlying support;foundation )(记) sub(下面)+stratum( 层次)→下面一层→基础
subsume SUBSUME [s2b'sju:m]
SUBSUME v.包含,包容(英) v.包含,包容(to include within; to encompass as a subordinate)(记) sub(下面)+sume(拿) →拿在下面→包容(同) 同根词:assume(假定 ,设想);resume(恢 复,重来)
subterfuge SUBTERFUGE ['s3bt2fju:d7]
SUBTERFUGE n.诡计,托辞(英) n.诡计,托辞(a deceptive device or stratagem)(考) subterfuge : deceive / eulogy : praise(托辞为了欺骗/颂词 为了赞扬)(记) subter(私下)+fuge( 逃跑)→诡计,借口(例) a subterfuge to avoid going to school
subterranean SUBTERRANEAN [`s3bt2'reini2n]
SUBTERRANEAN adj.地下的(英) adj.地下的(being under the surface of the earth)(记) sub(下面)+terr(地) +anean→地下的(同) 同根词:terrain(地 形);terrace(梯田)
subtle SUBTLE ['s3tl]
SUBTLE adj. 微妙的, 精巧的(考) subtle : ignore / salient : observe(微妙的容易忽略/突 出的容易观察)subtle : overlook / tractable : lead(微妙的容易忽视/驯 良的容易驾御)反义词: palpable(明显的); blatant(炫耀的)
subtlety SUBTLETY ['s3tlti]
SUBTLETY n. 狡猾; 微妙(的感情)(英) n. 狡猾(cunning, ingenuity);微妙(的感情)(delica teness)(考) melodrama : subtlety / chimera : authenticity(情节剧不细腻/幻想 不真实)(记) 来自subtle(奥妙的, 狡猾的)+ty(例) The subtlety of his remarks was unnoticed by most of his audiences.
subtract SUBTRACT [s2b'tr9kt]
SUBTRACT v. 减去,减掉(英) v. 减去,减掉( take a number, amount from something larger)(记) sub(下)+tract(拉 )→拉下去→减去
subtraction SUBTRACTION [s2b'tr9k62n]
SUBTRACTION n. 减,减法(英) n. 减,减法(the state of being subtracted)(考) remainder : subtraction / residue : evaporation(减去剩下剩余物/蒸 发剩下残留物)(记) 来自动词subtract(减 去)
subvention SUBVENTION [s2b'ven62n]
SUBVENTION n.补助金,津贴(英) n.补助金,津贴(the provision of assistance or financial support)(记) sub(下面)+vent(来) +ion→来到下面作为 帮助→补助金
subversive SUBVERSIVE [s2b'v2:siv]
SUBVERSIVE adj.颠覆性的,破坏性 的
subvert SUBVERT [s2b'v2:t]
SUBVERT v.颠覆,推翻(英) v.颠覆,推翻(to overturn or overthrow from the foundation)(考) 反义词:reinforce( 加强)(记) sub(下面)+vert(转) →在下面转→推翻(例) subvert a dictatorship(推翻独 裁统治)
successively SUCCESSIVELY [s2k'sesiv]
SUCCESSIVELY adv. 接连地,继续地(记) 来自形容词successiv e(连续的)
succinct SUCCINCT [s2k'si8kt]
SUCCINCT adj.简明的,简洁的(英) adj.简明的,简洁的( marked by compact precise expression)(考) loquacious : succinct / adroit : ungainly(多话的无简洁/灵巧 的不笨拙)反义词: voluble(多话的)(记) suc(下面)+cinct(= gird束起),原指把下 面的衣服束起来以利 干活→简练的(例) write short, succinct sentences
succinctness SUCCINCTNESS [s2k'si8ktnis]
SUCCINCTNESS n. 简洁,简明(考) 反义词:circumlocut ion(话语冗长); prolixity(冗长)
succor SUCCOR ['s3k2]
SUCCOR v.救助,援助; n.救助,援助(英) v.救助,援助 (to go to the aid of)(考) 反义词:aggravate( 使恶化)(记) suc(下面)+cor(跑) →跑到下面来→救助(例) They were busy providing succor to the injured.
succulent SUCCULENT ['s3kjul2nt]
SUCCULENT adj.多汁的(英) adj.多汁的(full of juice; juicy; toothsome)(记) succ(=suck吸汁)+u lent→多汁的(例) a succulent mango(味甘汁多的芒 果)
succumb SUCCUMB [s2'k3m]
SUCCUMB v.屈从; 因...死亡(英) v.屈从(to yield to superior strength);因…死亡(to be brought to an end by the effects of destructive or disruptive forces)(记) suc(下面)+cumb(躺) →躺下去→死亡(同) 同根词:recumbent( 斜躺的); encumber(妨碍)(例) The government has succumbed to pressure from the press.
suckle SUCKLE ['s3k(2)l]
SUCKLE v.给...喂奶(英) v.给...喂奶(give or take milk at the breast or udder)
suede SUEDE [sweid]
SUEDE n.表面粗糙的软皮革(英) n.表面粗糙的软皮革( leather with a napped surface)(例) suede gloves(软皮手套)
suffice SUFFICE [s2'fais]
SUFFICE v.足够,(食物)满足(英) v.足够,(食物)满足( to meet or satisfy a need)(记) suf(下面)+fice(做) →做出来→足够(例) One glass suffices me.(我一杯就够)
sufficient SUFFICIENT [s2'fi62nt]
SUFFICIENT adj.足够的(英) adj.足够的 (enough to meet the needs)
suffocate SUFFOCATE ['s3f2keit]
SUFFOCATE v.(使)窒息而死(英) v.(使)窒息而死(to die from being unable to breathe)(考) suffocate : oxygen / starve : nutrients(窒息缺乏氧气/饥饿 缺乏营养物)(记) suf(下面)+foc(喉咙 )+ate→在喉咙下面 →使…窒息(例) She was nearly suffocated with tension.
suffrage SUFFRAGE ['s3frid7]
SUFFRAGE n.选举权,投票权(英) n.选举权,投票权(th e right of voting)(记) suf(下面)+frage(表 示拥护的喧闹声)(例) grant suffrage to women(给妇女以选举 权)
suffuse SUFFUSE [s2'fju:z]
SUFFUSE v.(色彩等)弥漫,染遍(英) v.(色彩等)弥漫,染 遍(to spread over or through; flush, fill)(考) tint : suffuse / amble : wander(染遍是完全着色/漫 游是到处走遍)(记) suf(下面)+fuse(流) →流遍(同) 同根词:effusive(流 出的,奔放的)(例) The light of the setting sun suffused the clouds.
suggestible SUGGESTIBLE [s2'd7est2b2l]
SUGGESTIBLE adj.易受影响的(英) adj.易受影响的(easi ly influenced by suggestions)(例) be too suggestible to possess a style of one's own
suggestive SUGGESTIVE [s2'd7estiv]
SUGGESTIVE adj. 暗示的(英) adj. 暗示的(which leads the mind into a particular way of thinking)(记) suggest(暗示)+ive
suitcase SUITCASE ['su:tkeis,'sju:t]
SUITCASE n. 手提箱,箱子(英) n. 手提箱,箱子(a large container for carrying clothes and possessions when travelling)(考) suitcase : luggage / hat : millinery(皮箱是一种行李/圆 边帽是一种女帽)wallet : money / suitcase : clothing(钱包用来装钱/手提 箱用来装衣服)
sulky SULKY ['s3lki]
SULKY adj.生气的(英) adj.生气的 (moodily silent)(记) sulk(生气)+y(例) a sulky refusal to acknowledge facts(忿忿然拒绝承 认事实)
sullen SULLEN ['s3l2n]
SULLEN adj.忧郁的(英) adj.忧郁的(gloomily or resentfully silent or repressed)(例) a sullen disposition(抑郁的 性格)
sully SULLY ['s3li]
SULLY v.玷污,污染(英) v.玷污,污染 (to make soiled or tarnished;defile)(例) sully sb's reputation(玷污名声 )
sultry SULTRY ['s3ltri]
SULTRY adj.闷热的; (人)风骚的(英) adj.闷热的(very hot and humid; sweltering);(人)风骚的(capable of exciting strong sexual desires)(例) sultry weather(闷热的天气) /a sultry-voiced singer(撩拨春心的歌 手)
summarily SUMMARILY ['s3m2r2li]
SUMMARILY adv.概括地; 仓促地(英) adv.概括地(covering the main points);仓促地(quickly executed)(考) 反义词:after long deliberation(长时间 考虑的)(记) summary(概括)+ly(例) be summarily executed(被仓促处决 )
summarize SUMMARIZE ['s3m2raiz]
SUMMARIZE v. 总结,概括(英) v. 总结,概括( make a short general statement)
summation SUMMATION [s2'mei62n]
SUMMATION n. 总结,概要;总数,合 计(英) n. 总结,概要(a summary);总数,合计 (a total)(记) summ(总)+ation
summit SUMMIT ['s3mit]
SUMMIT n. 山峰,顶峰;政府首脑 会议(英) n. 山峰,顶峰(the top of a mountain);政府首脑会议(a meeting between heads of government)(考) crest : wave / roof : room /summit(peak): mountain(浪尖是波浪的顶端/ 屋顶是房屋的顶端/山 顶是山的顶端)反义词:nadir(最低 点)(记) summ(总)+it(表名 词)→山的顶峰像数 量总和一样→最高数 量→最高峰
summon SUMMON ['s3m2n]
SUMMON v. 召见;召集(英) v. 召见( order officially to come);召集( tell or request people to come to)(考) command : request / summon : invite(命令是强烈要求/召 唤是强烈邀请)反义词:dimsiss(解 散)
sumptuous SUMPTUOUS ['s3mpt6u2s]
SUMPTUOUS adj. 豪华的,奢侈的(英) adj. 豪华的,奢侈的 (expensive and grand)(考) 反义词:sober(节制 的)(记) sumpt(拿,取)+uou s→(把钱)拿出去→ 奢侈的
sunder SUNDER ['s3nd2]
SUNDER v.分裂,分离(英) v.分裂,分离 (to separate by violence or by intervening time or space)(考) 反义词:link(连接); connect(连接); combine(结合); yoke(束缚); bond(结合)(记) 分割记忆:s看作spli t(分裂)+under;(同) 参考:asunder(分开 的)(例) Time and distance often sunder friends.
sundry SUNDRY ['s3ndri]
SUNDRY adj. 各式各样,各种的(英) adj. 各式各样,各种的 (miscellaneous, various)(记) 分割记忆:sun(太阳) +dry(干),太阳晒干 各种东西(例) a sundry revenue(杂项税收)
superannuated SUPERANNUATED [`su:p2r'9njueitid,'sju:`]
SUPERANNUATED adj.老迈的(英) adj.老迈的(incapabi lity or disqualified for active duty by advanced age)(记) super(超过)+annu( 年)+ated
superb SUPERB [su:'p2:b,sju:`]
SUPERB adj.上乘的,出色的(英) adj.上乘的,出色的( marked to the highest degree by grandeur, excellence, brilliance, or competence)(记) super(上等,超越)+ b(例) superb beauty(极度的美)
supercilious SUPERCILIOUS [`su:p2'sili2s,`sju:`]
SUPERCILIOUS adj.目中无人的(英) adj.目中无人的(cool ly or patronizingly haughty)(考) 反义词:obsequious( 谄媚的); humble(卑下的)super ciliousness n. 傲慢反义词:humility(谦 卑)(记) super(超过)+cili( 眉毛)+ous→超过眉 毛→高傲的
superficial SUPERFICIAL [`su:p2'fi62l,`sju:`]
SUPERFICIAL adj.表面的,肤浅的(英) adj.表面的,肤浅的 (shallow)(考) 反义词:pith(精髓)- superficial element(表面的因素) ; central(核心的)(记) super(超过)+fic(做 )+ial→在上面做→ 表面的
superficiality SUPERFICIALITY [sju:p2`fi6i'9l2ti]
SUPERFICIALITY n. 浅薄(考) dilettante : superficiality / partisan : bias(外行肤浅/党徒偏见)反义词:profundity( 深刻)
superficially SUPERFICIALLY [su:p2'fi62li]
SUPERFICIALLY adv. 浅薄地(考) 反义词:plumb(探究) -examine superficially(肤浅 地检查)
superfluity SUPERFLUITY [`su:p2'flu:iti,`sju:`]
SUPERFLUITY n. 多余的量(英) n. 多余的量(a larger amount than is needed)(考) pertinent : relevance / redundant : superfluity(同义: 相关的→相关/多余的 →多余)
superfluous SUPERFLUOUS [su:'p2:flu2s,sju:`]
SUPERFLUOUS adj.多余的,累赘的(英) adj.多余的,累赘的 (exceeding what is needed)(考) terseness : superfluous / spontaneity : studied(简洁的不会多余/自 然的不会故意)反义词:integral(构 成整体所必须的)(记) super(超过)+flu(流 )+ous→流得过多→ 多余的
superimpose SUPERIMPOSE [`su:p2rim'p2uz,`sju:`]
SUPERIMPOSE v.加在上面(英) v.加在上面(to place or lay over or above something)(考) superimpose : above / insert : between(从上面强加/从中间 插入)(记) super(在…上面)+im pose(强加)
superintend SUPERINTEND [`su:p2rin'tend,`sju:`]
SUPERINTEND v.监督(英) v.监督 (to exercise the oversight of)(记) super(在…上面)+int end(监督)(例) a committee on finance to superintend all appropriations.
superior SUPERIOR [su:'pi2ri2,sju:`]
SUPERIOR adj. 上级的;上等的(英) adj. 上级的 (of higher rank or class);上等的(of high quality)(例) a superior cloth
superiority SUPERIORITY [su:pi2ri'0riti,sju:`]
SUPERIORITY n. 优越(感)(记) 来自形容词superior (优越的)+ity
superlative SUPERLATIVE [su:'p2:l2tiv,sju:`]
SUPERLATIVE adj.最佳的(英) adj.最佳的 (surpassing all others;supreme)(记) super(在…上面)+lat (放)+ive→放在别的 上面→最好的,最佳的(例) He has superlative technical skills.
supernal SUPERNAL [su:'p2:nl,sju:`]
SUPERNAL adj.天堂的,天上的(英) adj.天堂的,天上的( heavenly, ethereal)(记) super(在…上面)+anl(例) the supernal stars(天上的星星)/s upernal beauty(绝色)
supernatural SUPERNATURAL [`su:p2'n9t62r2l,`sju:`]
SUPERNATURAL adj. 超自然的(英) adj. 超自然的 (impossible to explain by natural laws)(记) super(超过)+natur al(自然的)
supernova SUPERNOVA [`sju:p2'n2uv2]
SUPERNOVA n. 超新星(英) n. 超新星(a very large exploding star seen in the sky as a bright mass)(记) super(超级)+nova (新星)
supersede SUPERSEDE [`su:p2'si:d,`sju:`]
SUPERSEDE v.淘汰,取代(英) v.淘汰,取代 (to force out of use as inferior)(记) super(在…上面)+sed e(坐)→坐在别人上_ 面→取_代(例) Steam locomotives were superceded by diesel(蒸汽机被柴油 机所取代)
superstition SUPERSTITION [su:p2'sti6(2)n,sju:-]
SUPERSTITION n.迷信,盲目恐惧(记) super(超过)+stit(站 )+ion→超越人理智的 东西→迷信(例) They were filled with ignorance and superstition.
superstructure SUPERSTRUCTURE ['su:p2`str3kt62,'sju:`]
SUPERSTRUCTURE n. 上层结构; 上层体系,上层建筑(英) 上层结构(a structure that is built up on top of a base)上层体系,上层建筑(a n arrangement, system, etc., which has grown from a simpler base)(记) super(在...上面)+ structure(结构)
supervise SUPERVISE ['su:p2vaiz,'sju:`]
SUPERVISE v. 监督,管理(英) v. 监督,管理 (keep watch over a job or the people doing it)(记) super(在...上面)+ vise(看)→在上面 看→监视(同) 派生词:supervision (n. 监督,管理)
supine SUPINE ['su:pain,'sju:`]
SUPINE adj.仰卧的; 懒散的(英) adj. 仰卧的(lying on the back);懒散的(mentally or morally slack)(考) 反义词:vigilant(警 觉的)(记) sup(=super 在…上面)+ine→(肚 子)在上面→仰卧的;(同) 参考:prone(俯卧的)
supplant SUPPLANT [s2'plnt]
SUPPLANT v.排挤,取代(英) v.排挤,取代 (to supersede by force or treachery)(考) supplant : replace / snatch : take(排挤是强行取代/攫 取是强行拿)(记) sup(下面)+plant(种 植)→在下面种植→取代(例) The pretty young wife finds herself having been supplanted by a brisk, unlovely woman.
supple SUPPLE ['s3p2l]
SUPPLE adj.伸屈自如的(英) adj.伸屈自如的(read ily adaptable or responsive to new situations)(考) emollient : suppleness / desiccant : dryness(润肤剂很柔软/干燥 剂很干燥)numb : sensation / stiff : suppleness(麻木的没有感觉/坚 硬的没有柔软)(记) 可能是supplicate(恳 求、求饶)的变体(同) 派生词: suppleness (n. 柔软)(例) a supple birch tree(易弯曲的桦树) / a supple mind(最灵的头脑)
supplement SUPPLEMENT ['s3plim2nt,'s3pliment]
SUPPLEMENT v./n. 增补,补充(英) v./n. 增补,补充(somethin g that completes(记) supple(=supply)+men t→提供补充(例) a supplement to wages(工资以外的补 贴)
supplementary SUPPLEMENTARY [`s3pli'ment2ri]
SUPPLEMENTARY adj. 补充的,附加的(英) adj. 补充的,附加的(addi tional)(考) synopsis : condensed / appendix : supplementary(概要是浓缩的/附录 是补充的)
supplicant SUPPLICANT ['s3plik2nt]
SUPPLICANT n.乞求者,恳求者(英) n.乞求者,恳求者 (one who supplicates)(考) humility : supplicant / resistance : adversary(哀求者低三下四/对 手对抗)supplicant : beseeching / coquette : flirtatious(恳求者是恳求的/卖 弄风情者是轻浮的)
supplicate SUPPLICATE ['s3plikeit]
SUPPLICATE v.恳求,乞求(英) v.恳求,乞求(to make a humble entreaty)(考) protest : dissuade / supplicate : entreat(抗议对应劝阻/恳求 对应恳求)反义词:demand(要求 )(记) sup(下面)+plic(重叠 )+ate→双膝跪下→乞求(例) I can't brook to be supplicated.(我不忍 别人向我哀求)
supposition SUPPOSITION [`s3p2'zi62n]
SUPPOSITION n.猜想,推测(英) n.猜想,推测(someth ing that is supposed;hypothesi s)(考) 反义词:certainty( 确信)(记) 来自suppose(假定, 料想),sup(下面)+po se(放)
suppress SUPPRESS [s2'pres]
SUPPRESS v. 镇压;忍住;查禁(英) v. 镇压( bring to an end by force);忍住( prevent from being shown);查禁(prevent from being printed)(记) sup(在...下面)+pr ess(压)→压下去(同) 派生词:suppression (n. 镇压,抑制)
supremacy SUPREMACY [sju'prem2si]
SUPREMACY n. 至高,无上,霸权(英) 至高,无上,霸权(the state of being supreme)(记) supreme(至高的)+acy
supreme SUPREME [su:'pri:m,sju:`]
SUPREME adj. 至高的;极度的(英) adj. 至高的(having the highest position);极度的(highest in degree)(例) make the supreme sacrifice
surcharge SURCHARGE ['s2:t6d7]
SURCHARGE v. 对...收取额外费用(英) v. 对...收取额外费用( make an additional charge); n. 附加费(考) 反义词:discount(折 扣)(记) sur(超过)+charge (收费)→额外的收 费→附加费
surfeit SURFEIT ['s2:fit]
SURFEIT n.(食物)过量,过度(英) n.(食物)过量,过度 (an overabundant supply;excess)(考) 反义词:famish(使挨 饿); starve(使挨饿); deprivation(缺乏); insufficient supply(不足的供应); deficiency(不足)(记) sur(过分)+feit(做) →做过了头→过量(例) a surfeit of compliments(过度恭 维)/feed oneself to surfeit(吃得过饱)
surge SURGE [s2:d7]
SURGE v.波涛汹涌,波动(英) v.波涛汹涌,波动 (to rise or fall actively;toss)(记) 注意:surge 组词:insurgent(叛 乱的)(例) The floods surged over the valley.
surgeon SURGEON ['s2:d72n]
SURGEON n. 外科医师(英) n. 外科医师(a doctor to perform medical operations)(考) scalpel : surgeon / telescope : astronomer(手术刀是外科医生的 工具/望远镜是天文学 家的工具)surgeon : dexterity / acrobat : agility(外科医生灵巧/杂技 演员敏捷)
surly SURLY ['s2:li]
SURLY adj.脾气暴躁的; 阴沉的(英) adj.脾气暴躁的(bad- tempered);阴沉的(menacing or threatening)(记) sur(=sir先生)+ly→ 像高高在上的先生一般(例) a surly old man/surly weather
surmise SURMISE ['s2:maiz]
SURMISE n.推测,猜测; v.推测,猜测(英) n.推测,猜测(conjec ture);v.推测(infer on slight ground)(记) sur(下面)+mise(放) →放下想法→推测(例) surmise sb's thoughts
surmount SURMOUNT [s2'maunt]
SURMOUNT v.克服,战胜(英) v.克服,战胜(to prevail over;overcome)(记) sur(下面)+mount(山) →山在下面→克服, 战胜(例) surmount every difficulty / surmount a hill
surpass SURPASS [s2'ps]
SURPASS v. 超过(英) v. 超过( go beyond in amount, quality, or degree)(记) sur(超过)+pass( 通过)→在上面通过 →超越
surplus SURPLUS ['s2:pl2s]
SURPLUS adj.剩余的; 盈余的(英) adj.过剩的(the amount remained);盈余的(the excess of a corporation's net worth)(记) sur(下面)+plus(加, 多余的)→剩余的;(同) 参考: nonplus(难堪)(例) surplus grain(剩余粮食) / surplus phrasing(冗词)
surrealism SURREALISM [s2'ri2liz2m]
SURREALISM n. 超现实主义(英) n. 超现实主义(a modern type of art and literature in which the artist connects unrelated images and objects)(记) sur(超过)+realism (现实主义)
surrender SURRENDER [s2'rend2]
SURRENDER v. 投降;放弃(英) v. 投降( give in to the power);放弃( give up possession or control of )(考) inalienable : surrendered / implacable : propitiated(无法剥夺的不能放弃 /无法平静的不能安抚)反义词:appropriate (挪用, 侵占)(记) sur(在...下面)+re nder(给予)→把( 枪)放下去→投降
surreptitious SURREPTITIOUS [`s3r2p'ti62s]
SURREPTITIOUS adj.鬼鬼祟祟的(英) adj.鬼鬼祟祟的(acti ng or doing something clandestinely)(考) 反义词:barefaced( 公然的); aboveboard(光明正大 的)(记) sur(在…下面)+rept( 爬)+itious→在下面 爬→偷偷爬(进来)(例) a surreptitious glance / a surreptitious meeting
surrogate SURROGATE ['s3r2geit]
SURROGATE n.代替品; 代理人(英) n.代替品(one that serves as a substitute);代理人(one appointed to act in place of another;deputy)(记) sur(下面)+rog(要求) +ate;(同) 参考:subrogate(代 替,取代)(例) He saw in his uncle, in some sense, a surrogate of his father.
surveillance SURVEILLANCE [s2:'veil2ns]
SURVEILLANCE n.监视,盯梢(英) n.监视,盯梢(close observation of a person(例) The police have been keeping her under surveillance.
surveyor SURVEYOR [s2'vei2]
SURVEYOR n. 测量员(英) n. 测量员(a person whose job is to survey buildings or land)(记) survey(测量)+or
survival SURVIVAL [s2'vaiv2l]
SURVIVAL n. 幸存,生存; 残存物(英) n. 幸存,生存; 残存物(something which has continued to exist from an earlier time)(记) survive(幸存)+al
survive SURVIVE [s2'vaiv]
SURVIVE v. 幸存(英) v. 幸存 ( continue to exist after coming close to death)(考) 反义词:perish(死亡 )(记) sur(在下面)+vive (生命)→在(事故 )下面活下来→幸存
susceptibility SUSCEPTIBILITY [s2septi'biliti]
SUSCEPTIBILITY n. 易感性(考) 反义词:immunity(免 疫)
susceptible SUSCEPTIBLE [s2'sept2b2l]
SUSCEPTIBLE adj.易受影响的, 脆弱的(英) adj.易受影响的, 脆弱的(unresistant to some stimulus, influence, or agency)(记) sus(在…下面)+cept( 接受)+ible→在下面 接受→容易接受→易 受影响的
suspect SUSPECT ['s3spekt,s2'spekt]
SUSPECT v. 怀疑;n. 嫌疑犯;adj. 可疑的(英) v. 怀疑 ( doubt the truth or value of);n. 嫌疑犯 (a person who is suspected of guil in a crime); adj. 可疑的 (of uncertain truth, quality, legality, etc.)(记) sus(在...下面)+sp ect(看)→在下面看 一看→怀疑
suspend SUSPEND [s2'spend]
SUSPEND v. 暂缓,中止;吊,悬(英) v. 暂缓,中止 ( stop to be inactive or ineffective for a period of time)吊,悬 ( hang from above)(考) 反义词:let fall(使下落); erect(树立); invoke(激发)(记) sus(在...下面)+pe nd(挂)→挂在下面 →悬挂
suspended SUSPENDED [s2'spend]
SUSPENDED adj. 暂停的(记) 来自动词suspend(暂 缓)+ed
suspense SUSPENSE [s2'spens]
SUSPENSE n.悬念; 挂念(英) n.悬念(pleasant excitement as to a decision or outcome);挂念(mental uncertainty; anxiety)(记) sus(下面)+pense(挂) →(一颗心)挂着(同) 参考: suspension(悬挂,暂 停);suspicion(怀疑)(例) She waited in suspense for the return of her husband.
suspicious SUSPICIOUS [s2'spi62s]
SUSPICIOUS adj. 怀疑的(英) adj. 怀疑的(suspecting guilt or wrongdoing)(考) suspicious : paranoid / admiring : idolatrous(程度: 怀疑→过分猜疑/钦佩 →盲目崇拜)(例) a suspicious action
sustain SUSTAIN [s2'stein]
SUSTAIN v.承受(困难),支撑( 重量)(英) v.承受(困难),支撑( 重量) (carry or withstand a weight or pressure)(记) sus(下面)+tain→在 下面支撑住(例) An unshakable faith sustained me(不可动摇的信念支 撑着我).
sustained SUSTAINED [s2s'teind]
SUSTAINED adj.持久的,经久不衰 的(英) adj.持久的,经久不 衰的 (prolonged)
sustenance SUSTENANCE ['s3st2n2ns]
SUSTENANCE n.食物,粮食; 生计(英) n.食物,粮食 (food, provisions);生计(means of support, maintenance, or subsistence)
suture SUTURE ['su:t62]
SUTURE n.(伤口的)缝线; v.缝合(英) n.(伤口的)缝线(a strand or fiber used to sew parts of the living body);v.缝合(to unite, close, or secure with sutures)(考) 反义词:incision(切 开)(记) sut(=sen 缝)+ure(例) suture a wound
svelte SVELTE [svelt]
SVELTE adj.(女人)体态苗条 的(英) adj.(女人)体态苗条 的 (slender, lithe)(考) 反义词:plump(丰满 的); paunchy and awkward(胖而笨的)(例) Her figure is svelte.(她身体苗条)
swagger SWAGGER ['sw9g2]
SWAGGER v.大摇大摆地走(英) v.大摇大摆地走 (to walk with an air of over self-confidence)(考) swagger : bravado / caress : affection(大摇大摆表示虚张声 势/爱抚表示爱)blustering(pontific ate): speak / swaggerng : walk(骄傲无礼地说/大摇 大摆地走)fawn : hauteur / self-depreciate : swagger(阿谀对傲慢/自卑对 狂妄)(记) 参考:waddle(鸭子摇 摆着走)(同) 参考:waddle(鸭子摇 摆着走)(例) He swaggered along the street.
swallow SWALLOW [sw0l2u]
SWALLOW v. 吞下,咽下; 忍受(英) v. 吞下,咽下; 忍受( accept patiently or without question)(考) 反义词:disgorge(呕 吐)(例) He swallowed all the criticism without saying a thing.
swamp SWAMP [sw0mp]
SWAMP n. 沼泽 v. 使陷入(英) n. 沼泽(land which is always full of water);v. 使陷入(cause to have a large amount of problems to deal with)
swank SWANK [sw98k]
SWANK v.夸耀,炫耀(英) v.夸耀,炫耀 (show, swagger, boast)(记) 分割记忆:swan(天鹅 )+k(例) She swank about in her nice fur coat.
swarm SWARM [sw0:m]
SWARM n.(蜜蜂)一群,一群( 人)(英) n.(蜜蜂)一群,一群( 人) (a great number of animate or inanimate things;throng)(例) a swarm of insects/swarms of sightseersswarm[swO:m]v.攀爬( 树)(英) v.攀爬(树) (to climb with the hands and feet;mount)(例) a swarm of insects / swarms of sightseers
swarthy SWARTHY ['sw0:5i]
SWARTHY adj.(皮肤等)黝黑的(英) adj.(皮肤等)黝黑的( of a dark color, complexion)(例) swarthy complexion(黝黑的肤 色)
sway SWAY [swei]
SWAY v. 摇动,摇摆;影响使改 变;n. 摇动(英) v. 摇动,摇摆( swing from side to side);影响使改变(influenc e someone so that they change their opinion);n. 摇动(swaying movement)(记) s+way(路) →从路这边到路那边 →摆动
swell SWELL [swel]
SWELL v.肿胀,肿大; n.(人)丰满(英) v.肿胀,增强(to expand gradually beyond a normal or original limit)(例) The wind swelled into a tempest.
sweltering SWELTERING ['swelt2ri8]
SWELTERING adj.酷热的(英) adj.酷热的 (oppressively hot)(考) 反义词:frigid(寒冷 的)(记) 来自swelter(出大汗) +ing;分割记忆:s+welter( 打滚)→热得打滚(例) a sweltering summer night
swerve SWERVE [sw2:v]
SWERVE v.突然改变方向(英) v.突然改变方向(to turn aside abruptly from a straight line or course;deviate)(考) plummet : fall / swerve : turn(突然落下和落下/突 然转弯和转弯)反义词:maintain direction(保持方向)(例) The car swerved sharply to avoid hitting a bicycle
swift SWIFT [swift]
SWIFT adj. 迅速的;敏捷的(英) adj. 迅速的( able to move at great speed);敏捷的(ready or quick in action)(例) a swift reply
swill SWILL [swil]
SWILL v.冲洗; 痛饮(英) v.冲洗 (wash, drench);痛饮(guzzle)(考) swill : sip / gobble : nibble(狂饮对啜饮/狼吞虎 咽对小口食用)反义词:sip(啜饮)(记) 注意不要和swell(肿 大)相混(例) swilled my tea in two gulps
swindle SWINDLE ['swindl]
SWINDLE v.诈骗(英) v.诈骗(to obtain money or property by fraud or deceit)(考) implacadle : compromise / honest : swindle(难以抚慰的不会让步 /诚实的不会诈骗)(记) 分割记忆:s+wind+le ,注意不要和dwindle (减少)相混
swine SWINE [swain]
SWINE n.猪(pig)(英) 猪 (pig)(记) 分割记忆:s+wine(酒 ),喝酒喝得像猪一样 →猪
swing SWING [swi8]
SWING v. 摇摆,旋转 n. 秋千(英) v. 摇摆( move backwards and forwards);旋转( move in a smooth curve)(考) oscillation : swing / momentum : scooter(振荡使秋千摇摆/动 力使滑行车前进)