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500 Cards in this Set

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pulp PULP [p3lp]
PULP n.果肉酱; 纸浆(英) n.果肉酱(a soft mass of vegetable matter);纸浆(a material prepared in making paper)(例) squash the grapes into a pulp(把葡萄压榨成酱 )
pulpit PULPIT ['pulpit]
PULPIT n. 讲坛(英) n. 讲坛(raised platform used in preaching)
pulsate PULSATE ['p3lseit]
PULSATE v.有规律的振动(英) v.有规律的振动(to throb or move rhythmically; vibrate)(记) 来自pulse(脉搏)一词(例) The distant star released energy as it pulsated.
pulsating PULSATING ['p3lseiti8]
PULSATING adj.节奏强的,极为兴 奋的
pulverize PULVERIZE ['p3lv2raiz]
PULVERIZE v.压成细粉; 彻底击败(英) v.压成细粉(to reduce to very small particles; atomize);彻底击败(annihilate )(记) pulver(粉)+ize→压 成粉;(同) 参考:pulverable(可 研成粉末的)(例) pulverize an opponent(彻底打败对 手)
pummel PUMMEL ['p3m2l]
PUMMEL v.(用拳)接连地打,打 击(英) v.(用拳)接连地打, 打击(to pound, beat)(例) The bully pummeled my nose until it bled.
pun PUN ['p3n]
PUN n. 双关语(考) pun : joke / termite : insect(双关语是一种玩笑语 /白蚁是一种昆虫)
punch PUNCH [p3nt6]
PUNCH v.以拳猛击; 打洞(英) v.以拳猛击(to strike with the fist);打洞(to make a hole, pierce)(例) He punched the man on the nose. Did he punch a hole in your ticket?
punctilious PUNCTILIOUS [p38k'tili2s]
PUNCTILIOUS adj.谨小慎微的(英) adj.谨小慎微的(conc erned about precise accordance with the details of codes or conventions)(考) 反义词:slipshod(马 虎的); remiss(玩忽职守的)(记) punct(点,尖)+ilio us→注意每一个点→ 小心的(同) 同根词:punctual(准 时的); punctuate(加标点)
punctuation PUNCTUATION [`p38ktju'ei6en]
PUNCTUATION n. 标点法; 标点符号(英) n. 标点法; 标点符号 (the marks used in doing this)
puncture PUNCTURE ['p38kt62]
PUNCTURE v.刺穿,刺破; n.刺孔,穿孔(英) v.刺穿,刺破(to pierce with a pointed instrument);(记) punct(点)+ure→点 穿→穿孔(例) A nail on the road punctured the tire.
pundit PUNDIT ['p3ndit]
PUNDIT n.权威人士,专家(英) n.权威人士,专家(on e who gives opinions in an authoritative manner)(考) authoritativeness : pundits / allegiance : partisans(权威具有权威性/死 党具有忠诚性)augur : predict / pundit : opine(占卜家预测/权威表 达意见)miser : hoard / dandy : preen / sycophant : fawn / pundit : opinion(吝啬鬼喜欢储藏/花 花公子喜欢打扮/马屁 精喜欢奉承/权威喜欢 提意见)(记) 可能是pedant(书呆子 )的变体(例) a pundit on local history(地方史的权 威)
pungency PUNGENCY ['p3nd72nsi]
PUNGENCY n.刺激性,尖刻(英) n.刺激性,尖刻(the quality and state of being pungent)(考) 反义词:blandness( 无味)
pungent PUNGENT ['p3nd72nt]
PUNGENT adj.味道刺激的; 苛刻的(英) adj.味道刺激的(acri d; piquant; racy);苛刻的(caustic)(考) pungent : odor / caustic : comment(辛辣的气味/尖刻的 评论)(记) pung(刺)+ent→刺激 的(例) Pungent remarks about sb.'s lateness.
puny PUNY ['pju:ni]
PUNY adj.弱小的,发育不良 的(英) adj.弱小的,发育不 良的(slight or inferior in power; weak)(考) measly : contemptibly / puny : weakly(卑鄙的对应下贱的/ 弱小的对应虚弱的)(记) 可能是pony(小马)的 变体(例) puny little arms and legs
purblind PURBLIND ['p2:blaind]
PURBLIND adj.愚钝的; 视力不佳的(英) adj.愚钝的(lacking in vision; obtuse);视力不佳的(partly blind)(记) pur(=pure纯粹的)+ blind; 古意为'全瞎的',后 来变为'半瞎的'
purchase PURCHASE ['p2:t62s]
PURCHASE n.支点(阻止东西下滑 )(英) n.支点(阻止东西下滑 )(a mechanical hold)(考) ballast : instability / purchase : slippage(压舱物防止不稳定/ 支点防止滑落)prohibitive : purchase / peremptory : dispute(昂贵的无法购买/专 横的无法争论)(记) purchase作为'购买' 一意大家都很熟悉
purebred PUREBRED ['pju2bred]
PUREBRED adj.(动物)纯种的(英) adj. (动物)纯种的(bred from members of a recognized breed)(考) 反义词:mongrel(杂 种的)(记) pure(纯)+bred(=br eed饲养)
purgative PURGATIVE ['p2:g2tiv]
PURGATIVE n.泻药(英) n.泻药(a purging medicine; cathartic)
purgatory PURGATORY ['p2:g2t2ri]
PURGATORY n. 炼狱; 受苦受难的地方(英) n. 炼狱; 受苦受难的地方(a place of great suffering)(例) It's purgatory to have to listen to her sing.(不得不听她唱 歌真是受罪)
purge PURGE [p2:d7]
PURGE v.清洗,洗涤(英) v.清洗,洗涤( to make free of something unwanted)(记) pure(纯)+ge→弄干 净(例) The plumber purged dirty water from the tank.
purification PURIFICATION [`pju2rifi'kei62n]
PURIFICATION n. 净化(考) purification : dross / desalinization : salt(提纯除去杂质/脱盐 除去盐份)refine : purification / attenuate : rarefaction(提纯导致纯化/变稀 薄导致稀薄化)反义词:adulteratio n(掺假)(记) 来自动词purify(净 化)+cation
purify PURIFY ['pju2rifai]
PURIFY v. 使洁净,净化(英) v. 使洁净,净化( make pure)(考) purify : imperfection / verify : doubtfulness(净化排除缺点/证实 排除怀疑)winnow : grain / purify : water(扬谷把粮食中的杂质 去掉/净化把水中的杂 质去掉)反义词:contaminate (污染)(记) pur(纯洁)+ify(化 )→纯洁化
purist PURIST ['pju2rist]
PURIST n. 力求纯正者(英) 力求纯正者(someone who is always careful to practice and preserve what they regard as the correct way of doing something)(考) stickler : approximation / purist : adulteration(坚持细节者不会估计 /纯粹主义者不会掺假)(记) pur(纯洁)+ist
puritanical PURITANICAL [`pju2ri't9nik2l]
PURITANICAL adj.极端拘谨的(英) adj.极端拘谨的(char acterized by a rigid morality)(记) 来自puritan(清教徒) +ical,清教徒主张 勤俭而守礼的生活
purity PURITY ['pju2riti]
PURITY n. 纯粹,纯洁(英) n. 纯粹,纯洁 (the quality of being pure)(考) adulterate : purity / enervate : vigor(掺假是破坏纯粹/使 衰弱是破坏活力)distill : purity / leaven : volume(蒸馏提高纯度/发酵 提高体积)alloy : purity / thin : density(掺杂降低纯度/使稀 薄降低密度)synopsis : conciseness / distillate : purity(大纲简洁/蒸馏物(记) pur(纯洁)+ity
purlieu PURLIEU ['p2:lju:]
PURLIEU n.〔常作复数〕邻近 地区(英) n.〔常作复数〕邻近 地区(environment, neighborhood)(考) 反义词: infrequently visited place(不常去的地方)(记) pur(附近)+lieu(场 所)→附近的场所
purloin PURLOIN [p2:'l0in]
PURLOIN v.偷窃(英) v.偷窃(to appropriate wrongfully; steal)(考) lurk : wait / purloin : appropriate / abscond : depart(潜伏是偷偷等/偷窃 是偷偷获得/潜逃是偷 偷离开)(记) pur(附近)+loin(=lo ng长久)→把附近的带 到远方→偷窃; 不要和purlieu(附近)相混(例) One of the guests has purloined a piece of my good silverware.
purport PURPORT [p2'p0:t]
PURPORT n.意义,涵义(英) n.意义,涵义(meanin g conveyed, professed, or implied; gist)(记) pur(附近)+port(带) →带来→要点,意义; 注意:purpose(目的)
purposively PURPOSIVELY ['p2:p2sivli]
PURPOSIVELY adv. 有目的地;有决心地(英) adv. 有目的地;有决心地(考) 反义词:meander(漫 步)-move purposively(有目的 地走动)(记) 来自形容词purposive (有目的的,有决心 的)
purse PURSE [p2:s]
PURSE v.缩拢或撅起;n.钱包(英) v.缩拢或撅起(pucker ; contract);n.钱包( wallet)
purvey PURVEY [p2:'vei]
PURVEY v.(大量)供给,供应(英) v. (大量)供给,供应(to supply as provisions)(考) vendor : purvey / censor : expurgate(卖主供应/检察员可 以清查)(记) 可能是provide的变体(同) 派生词: purveyance (n.粮食的供给); purveyor (n.供应货物或提供服 务的人或公司)(例) purvey information to people
pusillanimous PUSILLANIMOUS [pju:si'l9nim2s]
PUSILLANIMOUS adj.胆小的(英) adj.胆小的(lacking courage and resolution; cowardly)(考) 反义词: dauntless(大胆的); stouthearted(大胆的 )(记) pusill(虚弱的)+ani m(生命,精神)+ous →胆小的
putative PUTATIVE ['pju:t2tiv]
PUTATIVE adj.公认的,普遍认为 的(英) adj.公认的,普遍认为 的(generally regarded as such)
putrefaction PUTREFACTION [`pju:tri'f9k62n]
PUTREFACTION n.腐坏,腐败(英) n.腐坏,腐败(decomp osition; corruption)(考) homogenization : uniform / putrefaction : rotten(一致化导致一致/腐 败导致腐烂)
putrefy PUTREFY ['pju:trifai]
PUTREFY v.使腐烂(英) v.使腐烂(to make putrid)(记) putr(腐烂)+efy→使 腐烂,注意不要和pet rify(石化)相混
putrid PUTRID ['pju:trid]
PUTRID adj.腐臭的(英) adj.腐臭的(rotten)(例) The vultures descended toward the putrid flesh.
pygmy PYGMY ['pigmi]
PYGMY n.矮人,侏儒(英) n.矮人,侏儒(a short insignificant person; dwarf)(记) 来自Pygmy(俾格米人) ,一种矮小人种(例) The missionary learned to speak the pygmy's language.
pylon PYLON ['pail2n]
PYLON n.高压电线架,桥塔(英) n.高压电线架,桥塔( any of various towerlike structures)(考) strut : wing / guy : pylon(支杆支撑机翼/支索 支撑高压电线架)
pyre PYRE [pai2]
PYRE n.火葬用的柴堆(英) n.火葬用的柴堆(a combustible heap for burning a dead body as a funeral rite)(记) pyr(火)+e;(同) 参考:pyrexia(发烧) ; pyrogenic(发热的)
pyromania PYROMANIA [`pai2r2u'meini2]
PYROMANIA n.纵火狂(英) n.纵火狂(an irresistible impulse to start fires)(记) pyro(火)+mania(狂)
quack QUACK [kw9k]
QUACK n.冒充内行之人; 庸医(英) n.冒充内行之人(char latan);庸医(a pretender to medical skill)(考) 反义词:honest practitioner(诚实的 从业者)(记) 和quick(快)一起记, 庸医骗完钱就走(例) The quack's remedy made the sick man feel even worse.
quadrangle QUADRANGLE ['kw0dr9ng2l]
QUADRANGLE n.四边形(英) n.四边形(quadrilate ral)(记) quadr(四)+angle(角 )
quadruped QUADRUPED ['kwadr2`p9d]
QUADRUPED n.四足兽(英) n.四足兽(four-foote d animal)
quaff QUAFF [kwf,kw9f]
QUAFF v.畅饮(英) v.畅饮(to drink deeply)(考) quaff : sip / stride : mince / delve : skim(畅饮和啜饮/大步走 和小步走/钻研和浏览)(例) quaff a glass of wine(将一杯酒一饮而 尽)
quagmire QUAGMIRE ['kw9g`mai2]
QUAGMIRE n.沼泽地; 困境(英) n.沼泽地(soft miry land);困境(predicament)(记) quag(沼泽)+mire(泥 潭)(例) The country slipped into an economic quagmire.
quail QUAIL [kweil]
QUAIL v.畏惧,颤抖(英) v.畏惧,颤抖(to coil in dread or fear; cower)(考) 反义词:become resolute(坚决)(记) quail原意为'鹌鹑'(例) His heart quailed.(他心存恐惧 )
quaint QUAINT [kweint]
QUAINT adj. 离奇有趣的(英) adj. 离奇有趣的(unusual and attractive)(例) quaint old customs
qualification QUALIFICATION [`kw0lifi'kei62n]
QUALIFICATION n. 合格证明; 资格(英) 诱人的,奇特的(a proof that one has passed an examination and gained a certain level of skill)资格(ability, experience, or training enabling one to do something)限制(something that limits the force of a statement)(记) 来自动词qualify(具 有资格,限制)
qualified QUALIFIED ['kw0li`faid]
QUALIFIED adj. 有资格的;有限制的(英) adj. 有资格的(having suitable knowledge or qualification);有限制的(limited)(考) 反义词:adsolute(不 受限制的); categorical(无条件 的)(记) 来自动词qualify(具 有资格,限制)
qualify QUALIFY ['kw0li`fai]
QUALIFY v. 具有资格; 限制,修饰(英) v. 具有资格; 限制,修饰(limit the force or meaning of something stated)(考) mitigate : severe / qualify : general(减轻消除严重/限制 消除普遍)
qualm QUALM [kwm]
QUALM n.疑惧; 紧张不安(英) n.疑惧(a sudden access of disturbing emotion);紧张不安(a feeling of uneasiness)(考) demur : qualms / waver : irresoluteness(因疑虑而反对/因犹 豫而动摇)(例) He tried the test with some qualms.(他怀着疑惧 做了试验)
quandary QUANDARY ['kw0nd2ri]
QUANDARY n.困惑,进退两难(英) n.困惑,进退两难(a state of perplexity or doubt; predicament)(考) 反义词:state of complete certainty(完全确定 状态)(例) be in a quandary about what to do
quantum QUANTUM ['kwant2m]
QUANTUM n.定量; 量子(英) n.定量; 量子(any of the small subdivisions of a quantized physical magnitude)(记) quant(数量)+um→定 量(同) 同根词:quantity(数 量,总量); quantitative(数量的)
quarantine QUARANTINE ['kw0r2n`ti:n]
QUARANTINE n.隔离检疫期,隔离(英) n.隔离检疫期,隔离( enforced isolation to prevent the spread of disease or pests)(考) quarantine : contagion(contact, contamination)/hedg e : loss / embargo :commerce/ safeguard : accident(隔离防止传染(接触 , 污染)/树篱防止丢失 /禁运防止贸易/安全 设施防止事故)(记) quarant(四十)+ine, 原意指隔开40天(例) During the quarantine, no one could leave the afflicted village.
quarry QUARRY ['kw0ri]
QUARRY n.猎物,追求物(英) n.猎物,追求物(one that is sought or pursued; prey)(考) hunter : quarry / proselytizer : convert(猎人的目标是猎物/ 劝诱改教者目标是皈 依者)(记) 和quarrel(争吵)一起 记(例) The hunter shot his quarry.quarry['kwOrI]n.采 石场;v.采石(英) n.采石场(an open excavation for obtaining building stone)(考) quarry : rock / mine : ore(采石场采岩石/矿厂 采矿石)quarry : stone / fell : timber(采岩石/伐木料)(例) They have been quarrying granite here for hundreds of years.
quartet QUARTET [kw0:'tet]
QUARTET n.四重奏,四重唱(英) n.四重奏,四重唱(a musical composition for four instruments or voices)
quash QUASH [kw06]
QUASH v.取消,拒绝接受(英) v.取消,拒绝接受(to nullify by judicial action)(考) 反义词:engender(造 成)(例) The high court judge quashed the decision of the lower court.
quaver QUAVER ['kweiv2]
QUAVER v. 发颤音,颤抖;n. 颤音(英) v. 发颤音,颤抖( shake; tremble);(考) voice : quaver / hand : tremble(声音发抖/手颤抖)(例) in a quavering voice
quay QUAY [ki:]
QUAY n.码头(英) n.码头(dock; wharf; pier)
queasy QUEASY ['kwi:zi]
QUEASY adj.令人恶心的(英) adj.令人恶心的(expe riencing nausea; nauseated)(例) the queasy rolling of the ship(引起呕吐的轮船 摇晃)
queer QUEER [kwi2]
QUEER adj.奇怪的,疯狂的(英) adj.奇怪的,疯狂的( eccentric; unconventional)(记) 和queen(女王)一起记(例) What a queer story.
quell QUELL [kwel]
QUELL v.制止,镇压(英) v.制止,镇压(to thoroughly overwhelm)(考) 反义词:foment(煽动 ); instigate(鼓动); rouse(激起)(例) quell a riot(镇压暴乱) / quell disagreement(压制不 同意见)
quench QUENCH [kwent6]
QUENCH v.熄灭(火); 抑制(欲望)(英) v.熄灭(火)(put out, extinguish);抑制(欲望)(subdue)(例) quench hatred(消除仇恨)/qu ench the flames(扑灭火焰)
querulous QUERULOUS ['kw9r2l2s]
QUERULOUS adj.抱怨的,多牢骚的(英) adj.抱怨的,多牢骚 的(habitually complaining; fretful)(考) querulous : complain / prodigal : spend(多牢骚的人喜欢抱怨 /挥霍的人喜欢花钱)querulous : words / profligate : money(牢骚的说很多话/挥 霍的花很多钱)(记) quer(=query疑问,质 问)+ulous→老是疑 问→抱怨的
query QUERY ['kwi2ri]
QUERY n./v. 质问,疑问,询问(英) n./v. 质问,疑问,询问(qu estion, inquiry, doubt)(例) accept a check without query(不加询问地接 受支票)
quest QUEST [kwest]
QUEST v. 搜寻,探求; n.探求(英) v. 搜寻,探求(to search for);n. 探求(investigation, pursuit)(记) question(问题),去 掉ion成为quest(例) the quest for truth(对真理的寻求)
question QUESTION ['kwest62n]
QUESTION v.询问,质疑 n.问题(考) involve : entangle / observe : scrutinize / question :grill(纠缠是更深陷入/细 查是更深观察/盘问是 更深询问)parry : question / shirk : duty(回避问题/逃避责任)motive : deed / doubt : question(动机产生行为/怀疑 产生问题)反义词:unimpeachab le(无可指责)-open to question
questionnaire QUESTIONNAIRE [`kw9st62n'9r,`kwest62'ne2]
QUESTIONNAIRE n. 问卷,调查表(英) n. 问卷,调查表 (a written set of questions to provide information)(记) question(问题)+na ire
queue QUEUE [kju:]
QUEUE v./n. 长队,排队(英) v./n. 长队,排队(a line of persons waiting to be processed)(考) queue : people / chain : link / colonnade : pillar / constellation : star /chord : note(列队是人的集合/锁 链是结的集合/柱群是 柱的集合/星座是星的 集合/和弦是音的集合)(例) join the queue(排入队伍)
quibble QUIBBLE ['kwib2l]
QUIBBLE n.遁词; 吹毛求疵的反对意见(英) n.遁词(shift from the point);吹毛求疵的反对意见( a minor objection or criticism)(考) minutiae : details / foible : flaw(fault) / quibbles : objections(程度: 细枝末节和细节/小缺 点和缺点/轻微的反对 和反对)encomiast : eulogize / nitpicker : criticize / preacher : sermon / quibbler :cavil(赞美者赞美/挑剔者 批评/传教士传道/吹 毛求疵者找错)(记) quip(妙语,借口)的 变体(例) There were quibbles over some of the details.(对于某些细 节问题有小小的批评 意见)
quiescence QUIESCENCE [kwai'esns]
QUIESCENCE n. 静止(考) 反义词:restless activity(不停的活动 ); action(行动); tumult(喧闹)
quiescent QUIESCENT [kwai'es2nt]
QUIESCENT adj.不动的,静止的(英) adj.不动的,静止的( marked by inactivity or repose)(记) qui(=quiet安静的)+ escent(状态)→静止的(同) 同根词:quietus(债 务清偿,寂灭)(例) Bob's thinking became quiescent as he slept.
quiet QUIET ['kwai2t]
QUIET adj.安静的(英) adj.安静的(考) 反义词:boisterous( 喧闹的)
quietude QUIETUDE ['kwai2`tjud]
QUIETUDE n.平静,宁静(英) n.平静,宁静(tranqui llity; calmness)
quill QUILL [kwil]
QUILL n.(豪猪等动物的)刺(英) n.(豪猪等动物的)刺( long,sharp,stiff spine of a porcupine)(记) 和quell(镇压)一起记(同) 近形词: quell(镇压)
quintessence QUINTESSENCE [kwin'tes2ns]
QUINTESSENCE n.完美的榜样; 精华(英) n. 完美的榜样(the most typical example or representative);精华(the essence of a thing in its purest and most concentrated form)(记) 和quell(五)+essenc e(精华)→原指组成世 界的五大精华物质(例) She is the quintessence of sweetness.
quip QUIP [kwip]
QUIP adj.俏皮话,妙语(英) adj.俏皮话,妙语(tau nt; clever sarcastic remark)
quirk QUIRK [kw2:k]
QUIRK n.奇事; 怪癖(英) n.奇事(accident, vagary);怪癖(idiosyncrasy)(例) He has some unusual quirks in his character.
quisling QUISLING ['kwizli8]
QUISLING n.卖国贼,内奸(英) n.卖国贼,内奸(trai tor, collaborator)(考) juggernaut : crush / quisling : betray(摧毁性力量毁灭/卖 国贼背叛)(记) 来自人名Quisling, 挪威政客,二战德国 占领挪威期间任傀儡 政府总理
quiver QUIVER ['kwiv2]
QUIVER n.箭筒,箭囊(英) n.箭筒,箭囊(a case for carrying arrows)(记) quiver作为'颤抖'一 意大家都熟悉
quixotic QUIXOTIC [kwik's0tik]
QUIXOTIC adj.不切实际的,空想 的(英) adj.不切实际的,空 想的(foolishly impractical )(考) quixotic : idealistic / touchy : sensitive(空想是过分理想/一 触即发是过分敏感)反义词:displaying consistently practical behavior(实干的)(记) 来自Don Quixote(堂·吉诃德); 亦作quixotical
quorum QUORUM ['kw0:r2m]
QUORUM n. 法定人数(英) n. 法定人数 (a stated number of people, without whom a meeting cannot be held)
quota QUOTA ['kw2ut2]
QUOTA n. 定额,配额(英) n. 定额,配额 (a number or amount that has been officially fixed as someone's share)(考) 反义词:unlimited number(不限额)
quote QUOTE [kw2ut]
QUOTE v. 引用,引述(英) v. 引用,引述 ( repeat in speech or writing the words of a person or a book)(例) He's always quoting verses from the Bible.
quotidian QUOTIDIAN [kw2u'tidi2n]
QUOTIDIAN adj.每日的; 平凡的(英) adj.每日的(occurrin g everyday);平凡的(commonplace)(考) 反义词:extraordina ry(非凡的); unusual(不平常的); remarkable(醒目的); striking(惊人的)(记) quoti(每)+di(日子) +an→每日的(例) quotidian routine(日常工作)
rabble RABBLE ['r9b2l]
RABBLE n.乌合之众; 下等人(英) n.乌合之众(a disorganized or disorderly crowd of people; mob);下等人(the lowest class of people)(考) items : hodgepodge / people : rabble(各种物品组成大杂烩 /各种人组成乌合之众)(记) 和babble(胡言乱语) 一起记(例) a rabble of small children(一群吵嚷的 小孩)
rabid RABID ['r9bid]
RABID adj.患狂犬病的; 失去理性的(英) adj.患狂犬病的(affe cted with rabies);失去理性的(going to extreme lengths in expressing or pursuing a feeling, interest, or opinion)(考) 反义词:logical(有 逻辑的)(记) 来自rabies(狂犬病)(例) an utterly rabid age(完全失去理性的 时代)
raconteur RACONTEUR [`r9kan't2]
RACONTEUR n.善于讲故事的人(英) n.善于讲故事的人(a person who excels in telling anecdotes)(考) raconteur : storytelling / wordsmith : writing(善于讲故事的人喜欢 讲故事/擅长文字者喜 欢写作)(记) racont(=recount描述 )+eur(人)→讲故事者
racy RACY ['reisi]
RACY adj. 活泼的,生动的(英) adj. 活泼的,生动的 (amusing, full of life)(考) 反义词:tame(枯燥的 )(同) 派生词: raciness (n. 生动活泼)(例) a racy account of his adventures
radiance RADIANCE ['reidj2ns]
RADIANCE n.发光; 喜悦(英) n.发光;喜悦(the state of love, confidence, or happiness)(记) radi(光线,射线)+a nce→发光(同) 同根词:radiation( 发光,传播); radiator(散热器)(例) The morning was brightened by the radiance of the sun. The photograph captured the bride's radiance at the wedding.
radiant RADIANT ['reidi2nt]
RADIANT adj. 发光的; 辐射的(英) adj. 发光的(sending out light or heat)(考) 反义词:lackluster( 无光泽的)
radiate RADIATE ['reidieit]
RADIATE v.发光,放热(英) v.发光,放热(to send out in in rays)(考) 反义词:absorb(吸收 )(记) radi(光线)+ate(例) The lighted candle radiated heat and light.
radium RADIUM ['reidi2m]
RADIUM n. 镭(英) n. 镭(a rare shining white metal)
radius RADIUS ['reidi2s]
RADIUS n. 半径(英) n. 半径 (a straight line going from the side of a circle to the center)(考) spoke : hub / radius : center(轮辐到轮轴距离相同 /半径到圆心距离相同)
raffish RAFFISH ['r9fi6]
RAFFISH adj.名誉不好的,无 赖的,俗艳的(考) ingenuous : dissemble / raffish : preen / polite : snub(自然的不会掩饰/俗 艳的不会打扮/礼貌的 不会怠慢)
raffle RAFFLE ['r9f2l]
RAFFLE n.(尤指为公益事业举 办的)对奖售物(活动)(英) n.(尤指为公益事业举 办的)对奖售物(活动) (lottery)(考) lottery : raffle / ticket : admission(抽彩是一种对奖活动 /门票是一种通行允许)
rafter RAFTER ['rft2]
RAFTER n.椽子(英) n.椽子(any of the parallel beams that support a roof)(考) roof : rafter / umbrella : rib(房顶用椽子支撑/雨 伞用伞骨支撑)(记) 可能来自raft(木排, 木筏)+er, rafter也可指'放筏人'
rag RAG [r9g]
RAG n. 旧布,碎布;破旧衣服(英) n. 旧布,碎布 (old cloth);破旧衣服(an old worn-out garment)
rage RAGE [2eid7]
RAGE n./v.盛怒,极怒(英) n./v.盛怒,极怒(vio lent and uncontrolled anger)(考) gush : effusive / rage : irate(感情迸发表示热情外 溢/盛怒表示愤怒)(例) scream with rage(愤怒大叫)
ragged RAGGED ['r9gid]
RAGGED adj.破烂的; (表面)凹凸不平的(英) adj.破烂的(torn or worn to tatters)(考) cloth : ragged / furniture : rickety(破烂的布料/破旧的 家具)(例) ragged clothes / ragged rocks
raid RAID [reid]
RAID n.突然袭击(英) n.突然袭击(a surprise attack by a small force)(记) 不要和rail(猛烈指责 )相混(例) make a raid on the enemy coast
rail RAIL [reil]
RAIL n.栏杆;铁轨 v.咒骂,猛烈指责(英) n.栏杆(a bar serving as a guard or barrier);v.咒骂,猛烈指责(to revile or scold in harsh language)(考) rail : vehemence / entreat : urgency(抨击是猛烈的/恳求 是急切的)(例) He's always railing against the government.
raillery RAILLERY ['reil2ri]
RAILLERY n.善意的嘲弄(英) n.善意的嘲弄(good-n atured ridicule; banter)(记) rail(指责)+lery
raiment RAIMENT ['reim2nt]
RAIMENT n.衣服(英) n.衣服(clothing, garments)
rain RAIN [rein]
RAIN v. 下雨(考) rain : deluge / wind : hurricane(下雨和暴雨/刮风和 飓风)
rakish RAKISH ['reiki6]
RAKISH adj. 潇洒的, 放荡的(英) adj. 潇洒的, 放荡的(jaunty; stylish; sporty; dissolute)
rally RALLY ['r9li]
RALLY v. 召集,集会; n. 召集; 集会(英) v. 召集,集会(to muster);n. 召集;集会( a mass meeting)(记) 可能来自ally(联合, 联盟),r+ally
ramble RAMBLE ['r9mbl]
RAMBLE n. 漫步; v. 漫步(英) n. 漫步(a leisurely excursion for pleasure)(考) draw : doodle / travel : ramble(乱画是无目的绘画/ 闲逛是无目的旅行)(记) 分割记忆:r+amble( 慢跑)→漫步(例) ramble through country towns and markets / The hikers rambled through the forest.
rambunctious RAMBUNCTIOUS [r9m'b38k62s]
RAMBUNCTIOUS adj.(兴奋)控制不了 的(英) adj.(兴奋)控制不了 的(marked by uncontrollable exuberance; unruly)(记) ram(羊)+bunctious( bumptious傲慢的)→ 像羊一样傲慢地叫→ 喧闹的(例) The rambunctious puppies rolled around in the dirt.
ramify RAMIFY ['r9mifai]
RAMIFY v.分支,分叉(英) v.分支,分叉(to split up into branches or constituents)(记) ram(=ramus分支)+if y(同) 派生词: ramification (n.分支,支流branch , offshoot)(例) Railways were ramified over the country.(铁路纵横交 错)
ramp RAMP [r9mp]
RAMP n.人造斜坡,坡度(英) n.人造斜坡,坡度(slo pe; inclined plane or roadway)(例) Drive the car up the ramp.
rampage RAMPAGE [r9m'peid7]
RAMPAGE v.狂暴地乱冲; n.暴怒(英) v.狂暴地乱冲(to rush wildly about);n.暴怒( violent and riotous action or behavior)(记) 分割记忆:ram(羊)+ page(书页),羊翻书使 人怒(例) The worker rampaged through the manager's office when he was fired.
rampant RAMPANT ['r9mp2nt]
RAMPANT adj.蔓生的,猖獗的(英) adj.蔓生的,猖獗的( marked by a menacing wildness or absence of restraint)(记) Disease was rampant(疾病蔓延)(例) Disease was rampant(疾病蔓延)
rampart RAMPART ['r9mpt]
RAMPART n.壁垒; 城墙(英) n.壁垒(a protective barrier; bulwark);城墙( a broad embarkment raised as a fortification)(考) rampart : invasion / levee : flood(堡垒防止入侵/河堤 防止洪水)tower : edifice / rampart : barrier(塔楼是一种建筑物/ 城墙是一种障碍物)(例) the ramparts of freedom(自由的堡垒)
ramshackle RAMSHACKLE ['r9m69k2l]
RAMSHACKLE adj.摇摇欲坠的(英) 破烂不堪的(almost collapsing)(考) ramshackle : soundness / garbled : clarity(摇摇欲坠的[东西]不 稳固/曲解的[东西]不 清晰)(例) a ramshackle old bus
rancid RANCID ['r9nsid]
RANCID adj.不新鲜的,变味的(英) adj.不新鲜的,变味 的(rank; stinking)(记) ranc(臭)+id→臭的(例) Rancid cheese smells very bad.
rancor RANCOR ['r98k2]
RANCOR n.深仇,怨恨(英) n.深仇,怨恨(bitter deep-seated ill will; malice)(考) 反义词:goodwill(友 好); charitableness(仁慈)(记) ranc(臭,仇)+or→ 臭气,怨气→怨仇(例) She divorced him without rancor.
rancorous RANCOROUS ['r98k2r2s]
RANCOROUS adj.怨恨的,憎恨的(英) adj.怨恨的,憎恨的( marked by rancor)(例) The rancorous enemies refused to make peace.
randomize RANDOMIZE ['r9nd2maiz]
RANDOMIZE v. 使随机化(考) 反义词:systematize (系统化)(记) random(随意)+ize
range RANGE [reind7]
RANGE n. 范围; 脉,排,列v. 排列(英) n. 范围 (the measurable limits);脉,排,列 (connected line or row of mountains, hills, etc.);v. 排列( put in position or order)(考) range : mountain / chain : link / archipelago : island(山组成山脉/结组成 链条/岛组成群岛)
ranger RANGER ['reind72]
RANGER n. 森林管理员;巡逻骑警(英) n. 森林管理员(the keeper of a forest);巡逻骑警(a policeman who rides through country areas to see that the law is kept)(考) ranger : forest / curator : museum(护林员看管森林/美 术馆员看管美术馆)
rank RANK [r98k]
RANK n. 等级, 阶级; adj.恶臭的(英) n. 等级, 阶级(class);adj.恶臭的(offensiv e in odor or flavor)(考) coin : denomination / officer : rank(货币单位表示钱币大 小/官衔表示官的大小)
rankle RANKLE ['r98k2l]
RANKLE v.(怨恨,失望等)难以 释怀(英) v.(怨恨,失望等)难 以释怀(to feel anger and irritation)(考) 反义词:pacify(使平 静); calm(使平静)(记) rank(=ranc仇怨)+le →保持怨恨; 参考: ankle(脚脖子)(例) Their defeat still rankles.
ransom RANSOM ['r9ns2m]
RANSOM n.赎金; 赎身; v.赎回(英) v.赎回(to free from captivity or punishment by paying a price)(例) The hijackers demanded a ransom of a million pounds.
rant RANT [r9nt]
RANT v. 咆哮; 口出狂言(英) v. 咆哮; 口出狂言( talk in a loud excited way)(考) fear : cower / anger : rant(畏缩是害怕的表现/ 咆哮是愤怒的表现)(例) He ranted at me about my mistakes.
rapacious RAPACIOUS [r2'pei62s]
RAPACIOUS adj.强夺的,贪婪的(英) adj.强夺的,贪婪的( excessively grasping or covetous)(考) troubled : distraught / covetous : rapacious(程度: distraught is extremely troubled/rapacious is extremely covetous)(记) rap(抓取)+aciou→ 抓得多→贪婪的(同) 同根词:rape(强奸); rapine(抢夺)派生词: rapacity(n.掠夺, 贪婪 )
rapids RAPIDS ['r9pidz]
RAPIDS n.急流,湍流(英) n.急流,湍流(a part of a river where the current is fast and the surface is broken by obstructions)(记) rapid(快速)+s→急 流(例) My friends and I rafted down the rapids.
rapport RAPPORT [r9'p0:]
RAPPORT n.和睦,意见一致(英) n.和睦,意见一致(re lation marked by harmony, conformity or affinity)(记) 来自re(再次)+ap(一 起)+port(带)的缩略 →再次带到一起→和睦(例) The candidate had an amazing rapport with all kinds of people.
rapprochement RAPPROCHEMENT [r9'pr0:6m8]
RAPPROCHEMENT n.和好,和睦(英) n.和好,和睦(establ ishment of having cordial relations)(考) 反义词:estrangemen t(疏远)
rapt RAPT [r9pt]
RAPT adj.专心致志的,全神 贯注的(英) adj.专心致志的,全神 贯注的(engrossed; absorbed; enchanted)(考) 反义词:distracted( 分心的)(例) be rapt in one's work(专心致志工作)
rapture RAPTURE ['r9pt62]
RAPTURE n.狂喜,极高兴(英) n.狂喜,极高兴(carr ied away by overwhelming emotions)(记) 来自rapt(着迷的)+u re→着迷,狂喜
rarefaction RAREFACTION [`re2ri'f9k62n]
RAREFACTION n. 稀薄化(考) refine : purification / attenuate : rarefaction(同义:提纯→纯化/ 使稀薄→稀薄)反义词:condensatio n(浓缩)(记) rarefy(使稀薄)+ac tion
rarefy RAREFY ['re2rifai]
RAREFY v. 使稀薄(考) 反义词:make more dense(使更稠密); condense(浓缩); concentrate(浓缩)(记) rare(稀薄的)+fy
rarity RARITY ['re2riti]
RARITY n. 稀罕,罕见; 罕见事物(英) n. 稀罕,罕见; 罕见事物(something uncommon)(考) 反义词:frequency( 频繁)(记) rare(稀罕的)+ity
rash RASH [r96]
RASH adj. 鲁莽的(英) adj. 鲁莽的(too hasty or incautious)(考) obsessed : attracted / loquacious : talkative / rash : adventurous(程度:被迷住的→吸 引的/喋喋不休的→多 嘴的/鲁莽的→勇敢的)反义词:cautious(谨 慎的)
rashness RASHNESS ['r96nis]
RASHNESS n.轻率,鲁莽(英) n.轻率,鲁莽(undue haste or lack of deliberation or caution)(考) courage : rashness / generosity : prodigality(鲁莽是过分有勇气/ 挥霍是过分慷慨)(记) 来自rash(鲁莽的)+n ess
rasp RASP [rsp]
RASP v.(声音)像挫东西一 样刺耳(英) v.(声音)像挫东西一 样刺耳(make a harsh noise)
raspy RASPY ['rspi]
RASPY adj.(声音)刺耳的,恼 人的(英) adj.(声音)刺耳的,恼 人的(grating; harsh)(考) 反义词:mellifluous (声音甜美的)
ratification RATIFICATION [`r9tifi'kei62n]
RATIFICATION n. 正式批准(考) repatriate : emigration / repeal : ratification(反义:遣返回国相对 移民出境/废除相对批 准)(记) ratify(正式批准)+ ic+ation
ratify RATIFY ['r9tifai]
RATIFY v.批准(协定等)(英) v.批准(协定等)(appr ove formally; confirm; verify)
ratiocination RATIOCINATION [`r9ti0si'nei62n]
RATIOCINATION n.推理; 推论(英) n.推理(the process of exact thinking);推论(a reasoned train of thought)(考) ratiocination : thinking / articulation : talking(清晰思考是ratiocin ation/清晰说话是art iculation)(记) ratil(理由)+cinati on→推理
ration RATION ['r962n]
RATION n. 定量配给; v. 配给(英) n. 定量配给 (a share of food allowed to one person for a period);v.配给( limit someone to a fixed ration)(考) dose : medicine / ration : food(一剂药/一份粮食)
rationale RATIONALE [`r962'nl]
RATIONALE n.基本原理; 根据(英) n.基本原理(an explanation of controlling principles);根据(an underlying reason; basis)(记) rational(理性的,合 理的)+e→合理的东 西→原理,根据(例) My professor disagreed with the rationale of my argument.
rationality RATIONALITY [r962n'9liti]
RATIONALITY n. 合理性
rationalize RATIONALIZE ['r962n2laiz]
RATIONALIZE v. 据理解释,合理地说 明(英) v. 据理解释,合理地说 明( explain something in a rational way)
rattle RATTLE ['r9tl]
RATTLE v. 使格格作响; 使慌乱(英) v. 使格格作响; 使慌乱( make anxious and cause to lose confidence)(同) 参考:rattlesnake( 响尾蛇).(例) The policeman's visit really got her rattled.
raucous RAUCOUS ['r0:k2s]
RAUCOUS adj.(声音)沙哑的,粗 糙的(英) adj.(声音)沙哑的, 粗糙的(disagreeably harsh or strident; hoarse)(记) rauc(=hoarse 沙哑的)+ous(例) Her voice is rather raucous.
ravage RAVAGE ['r9vid7]
RAVAGE v. 摧毁,使荒废(英) v. 摧毁,使荒废( ruin and destroy)(例) a face ravaged by disease
rave RAVE [reiv]
RAVE n. /v.热切赞扬; 倾倒(英) n. /v.热切赞扬(an extravagantly favorable criticism);倾倒(talk irrationally indelirium)(考) 反义词:pan(严厉批 评)(例) All the girls raved about the new singer.
ravel RAVEL ['r9v2l]
RAVEL v. 纠缠,纠结;拆开,拆 散(英) v. 纠缠,纠结 (become twisted and knotted);拆开,拆散( unravel)(考) 反义词:knit(编织)(例) ravel out a rope's end
ravenous RAVENOUS ['r9v2n2s]
RAVENOUS adj.饿极了的,贪婪的(英) adj.饿极了的,贪婪 的(rapacious; hungry)(考) incontrovertible : disputed / untenable : defended / ravenous : satisfied(无可争议的无法争议 /不可守卫的无法防卫 /十分贪婪的无法满足)(记) 来自raven(掠夺)+ou s(例) The ravenous student ate a whole pizza.
ravine RAVINE [r2'vi:n]
RAVINE n.深谷,峡谷(英) n.深谷,峡谷(a small narrow steep-sided valley that is larger than a gully and smaller than a canyon)(例) We rafted down the river running through the mountain ravine.
ravish RAVISH ['r9vi6]
RAVISH v.迷住; 强夺(英) v.迷住(to overcome with emotion);强夺(take away by force)(记) rave(赞扬)+ish→赞 扬,迷住,注意不要 和lavish(浪费)相混(同) 派生词: ravishment (n.狂喜,陶醉)(例) The explorers ravished the local population.
ravishing RAVISHING ['r9vi6i8]
RAVISHING adj.令人陶醉的(英) adj.令人陶醉的(unus ually attractive or striking)(考) ravishing : attractive / perspicacious : discerning(令人陶醉的是十分吸 引人的/敏锐的是十分 有洞察力的)(例) She looks ravishing.(她的容貌 令人销魂)
rawhide RAWHIDE ['r0:haid]
RAWHIDE n.(牛的)生皮(英) n.(牛的)生皮(untann ed cattle skin)(记) raw(生的)+hide(皮)
raze RAZE [reiz]
RAZE v.彻底破坏(英) v.彻底破坏(destroy completely)(考) 反义词:build(建造)
razor RAZOR ['reiz2]
RAZOR n.剃刀,刮胡刀(英) n.剃刀,刮胡刀(a keen cutting instrument for shaving)(考) bit : drill / blade : razor(钻用钻头来钻/剃刀 用刀锋来剃)(记) raze(夷平,抹掉)+o r→剃刀
reactant REACTANT [ri'9kt2nt]
REACTANT n. 反应物(考) 反义词:inert material(惰性物质)(记) react(反应)+ant
reaction REACTION [ri'9k62n]
REACTION n. 反应,回应(英) n. 反应,回应 (response)(考) allergy : reaction / lancet : instrument(过敏是一种反应/柳 叶刀是一种工具)
reactionary REACTIONARY [ri:'9k62n2ri]
REACTIONARY adj.保守的,反动的(英) adj.保守的,反动的( ultraconservative in politics)(考) contumacious(recalc itrant, refractory): authority / reactionary(hidebou nd,conservative): change(innovation, novelty)(顽固的无法接受权威 控制/保守的无法接受 变化)(记) re(反)+action(动) +ary→反对运动的→ 保守的(例) The reactionary pundit criticized the congressional action.
reactivate REACTIVATE [ri'9ktiveit]
REACTIVATE v.恢复活力,重新活跃(记) re(重新)+activ(活 跃)+ate→重新活跃(例) reactivate sb's ambition
ready READY ['redi]
READY adj. 机敏的(考) volatile : temper / ready : wit(易变的脾气/机敏的 智慧)
reaffirm REAFFIRM [ri:2'f2:m]
REAFFIRM v.重新肯定(英) 重申,再次肯定(decla re again, or in answer to a question or doubt)(考) 反义词:abnegate(放 弃,否认)(记) re(重新)+affirm(断 言,肯定)
reagent REAGENT [ri:'eid72nt]
REAGENT n.试剂(导致化学反应 )(英) n.试剂(导致化学反应 )( a substance used because of its chemical or biological activity)(记) re+agent(剂,力量)
realign REALIGN [`ri:2'lain]
REALIGN v. 重新组合(排列)(英) v. 重新组合(排列)(fo rm into new groups, new types of organization, etc.)(记) re(重新)+align( 排列)
realized REALIZED ['ri2laizd]
REALIZED adj.实现的(考) immature : developed / incipient : realized(不成熟的还没有发展 /开始的还没有实现)反义词:inchoate(未 成形的; 早期的)
realm REALM [relm]
REALM n. 王国;领域,范围(英) n. 王国 (a country ruled over by a king or queen);领域,范围 (an area of activity, study, etc.)
ream REAM [ri:m]
REAM n.令(纸张的张数单位 )(英) n.令(纸张的张数单位 )(a quantity of paper; 480, 500, or 516 sheets)(考) ream : paper / cord : wood(纸的单位是令/木的 单位是捆)(记) 和team(队)一起记(例) The secretary put a ream of paper in the copier.
reaper REAPER ['ri:p2]
REAPER n.收割者(英) n.收割者(one that reaps)(考) scythe : reaper / axe : woodcutter(收割者的工具是镰刀 /伐木工的工具是斧头)(记) 来自reap(收割)(例) The farmer reaped the fields with heavy machinery.
reasoning REASONING ['ri:z2ni8]
REASONING n. 推理,推论(英) n. 推理,推论 (the use of one's reason)(考) sophism : reasoning / counterfeit : money(诡辩是假的推理/伪 钞是假的钱)logic : reasoning / ethics : behavior(逻辑学研究推理/伦 理学研究行为)反义词:fallacy(谬 误)-valid reasoning(正确的推 理)(记) reason(推理)+ing
reassess REASSESS [ri:2'ses]
REASSESS v. 再评价,再估价(记) re(再,重新)+asse ss(评价)
reassurance REASSURANCE [`ri:2'6ur2ns]
REASSURANCE n.安慰(的话),放心(考) anxious : reassurance / perplexed : clarification(安心使不焦虑/澄清 使不迷惑)(例) Mary's comforting words provided the reassurance I needed.
reassure REASSURE [ri:2'6u2]
REASSURE v. 使安心,安慰(to restore to confidence)
reassuring REASSURING [`ri:2'6u2ri8]
REASSURING adj. 安心的,可靠的(考) 反义词:minatory(威 胁性的)
rebarbative REBARBATIVE [ri'barb2tiv]
REBARBATIVE adj.令人讨厌的,冒犯 人的(英) adj.令人讨厌的,冒 犯人的(repellent, irritating)(记) re(对)+barb(=beard 胡子)+ative→胡子 对着别人→冒犯人的(例) a rebarbative character(讨厌的家 伙)
rebate REBATE ['ribeit]
REBATE n.折扣,回扣(英) n.折扣,回扣(a return of a part of a payment)(记) re(重新)+bate(走) →重新走回去的(钱) →回扣;(同) 参考:abate(减轻)(例) The company offered rebates as promotional gimmicks.
rebellious REBELLIOUS [ri'belj2s]
REBELLIOUS adj.反抗的,难控制的(英) adj.反抗的,难控制 的(resisting management; refractory)(记) re(反)+bell(打斗, 战争)+ious→反过去 打→反抗的(例) rebellious behavior
rebelliousness REBELLIOUSNESS [ri'belj2snis]
REBELLIOUSNESS n. 造反,难以控制(考) parsimony : miser / rebelliousness : insurgent(吝啬鬼特点是小气/ 反叛者特点是反叛)
rebuff REBUFF [ri'b3f]
REBUFF v.断然拒绝(英) v.断然拒绝(to reject or criticize sharply; snub)(考) 反义词:welcome(欢 迎); approve(同意)(记) re(反)+buff(=puff 喷,吹)→反过喷气→ 拒绝(例) She rebuffed all my offers of friendship.
rebuke REBUKE [ri'bju:k]
REBUKE v.指责,谴责(英) v.指责,谴责(to criticize sharply; reprimand)(记) re(反)+buke(=beat 打)→反打→指责(例) The boy was rebuked by his teacher for beating.
rebus REBUS ['ri:b2s]
REBUS n.(以音、画等提示的 )字谜,画谜(英) n.(以音、画等提示的 )字谜,画谜(a representation of words or syllables by pictures of objects or by symbols )(考) symbols : rebus / notes : score(画迷由符号组成/乐 谱由音符组成)(例) A picture of an eye followed by one of a tin can is a rebus for'I can'.(画一只眼睛, 接着画一只铁罐,这 画谜便是'I can'的意思)
rebuttal REBUTTAL [ri'b3tl]
REBUTTAL adj.反驳,反证(英) adj.反驳,反证(coun tervailing proof)(记) 来自rebut(反驳),re (反)+but(=butt顶撞 )→反顶撞→反驳(例) In rebuttal, she proved them all wrong.
recalcitrant RECALCITRANT [ri'k9lsitr2nt]
RECALCITRANT adj.顽抗的(英) adj.顽抗的(obstinat ely defiant of authority or restraint; unruly)(考) recalcitrant(refrac tory): authority / implacable : conciliation / reactionary :change(顽固的难以施加权威 /不安静的难以安抚/ 保守的难以改变)incongruent : conform / recalcitrant : obey(不一致的难以统一/ 顽固的难以服从)反义词: submissive(顺从的); amenable(顺从的)(记) re(重新)+calcitr(= calc石头)+ant→变 成石头→固执的
recalcitration RECALCITRATION [ri`k9lsi`trei62n]
RECALCITRATION n. 反对, 不服从, 顽抗
recalibration RECALIBRATION [ri`k9li'brei62n]
RECALIBRATION n. 重新校准(记) re(重新)+calibrat ion(校准)
recall RECALL [ri'k0:l]
RECALL v. 回想,回忆起;收回n. 唤回(英) v. 回想,回忆起 ( bring back to the mind);收回(take back);n. 唤回(call to return)(记) re(向后)+call(喊 ,想)→回想
recant RECANT [ri'k9nt]
RECANT v.改变,放弃(以前的 信仰)(英) v.改变,放弃(以前的 信仰)(to withdraw or repudiate; renounce)(考) 反义词:affirm(断言 ,肯定)(记) re(反)+cant(唱)→ 唱反调→改变信仰(例) The prisoner recanted his confession.
recantation RECANTATION [`rik9n'te62n]
RECANTATION n.改变宗教信仰(考) apostasy : faith / recantation : heresy(叛教是脱离原来的信 仰/归依是脱离原来的 异教)recantation : error / confession : crime(改变错误/供认罪行)
recapitulate RECAPITULATE [`ri:k2'pitjuleit]
RECAPITULATE v.扼要重述(英) v.扼要重述(to repeat the principal points; summarize)(记) re(重新)+capit(头) +ulate→把重要的东 西(头)放到一起;(同) 参考:capitulate(投 降)(例) The speaker recapitulated at the end of her lecture.
recast RECAST [`ri:'kst]
RECAST v. 重铸;更换演员(英) v. 重铸( give a new shape to);更换演员( change the actors in a play)(记) re(重新)+cast(铸 )
recede RECEDE [ri'si:d]
RECEDE v.后退,收回(诺言)(英) v.后退,收回(诺言)( to move back; withdraw)(记) re(反)+cede(走)→ 反着走→后退(例) recede from an engagement(撤回婚约 )
receptacle RECEPTACLE [ri'sept2kl]
RECEPTACLE n.容器(英) n.容器(container)(考) bowl : receptacle / bicycle : vehicle(碗是一种容器/自行 车是一种交通工具)(记) recept(感受,接受) +acle(东西)→容器;(同) 参考:reception(接 待,欢迎)
receptive RECEPTIVE [ri'septiv]
RECEPTIVE adj.善于接受的(英) adj.善于接受的(open and responsive)(考) patriotic : chauvinistic / receptive : gullible(沙文主义是过分爱国 /轻信是过分易接受)(记) recept(接受)+ive(例) He's not very receptive to my suggestions.
recess RECESS [ri'ses]
RECESS n.壁凹(墙上装的架子 、柜子等凹处); 休假(英) n.壁凹(墙上装的架子 、柜子等凹处)(inden tation, cleft);休假(a suspension of business for rest and relaxation)(考) alcove : recess / dome : roof(凹室是一种壁凹/圆 顶是一种屋顶)(记) re(反)+cess(走)→ 凹入(例) the summer recess(暑假)/a recess in a coastline(海岸线上 的一个凹进处)
recession RECESSION [ri'se62n]
RECESSION n. 衰退时期,萧条时期(英) n. 衰退时期,萧条时期( a period of reduced economic activity)(例) an economic recession
recessive RECESSIVE [ri'sesiv]
RECESSIVE adj. 隐性遗传的; 后退的(英) adj. 隐性遗传的;后退的( tending to recede; withdrawn)(考) 反义词:dominant(显 性的)(记) 反义词为dominant(显 性的)
recidivism RECIDIVISM [ri'sidivizm]
RECIDIVISM n. 累犯,重犯(英) n. 累犯,重犯(relapse into criminal behavior)(考) recidivism : relapse / rehabilitation : convalescence(累犯是再次犯罪/复 原是再次康复)(记) re(重新)+cidiv(=cid 落下)+ism→重新堕落 →重犯
recipe RECIPE ['resipi]
RECIPE n. 食谱(英) n. 食谱 (a set of instructions for cooking)(记) re(一再)+cipe(抓 )→为一再做饭提供 抓的要点→食谱
recipient RECIPIENT [ri'sipi2nt]
RECIPIENT n. 接受者,收受者(英) n. 接受者,收受者 (a person who receives)(记) re(再)+cip(拿)+ ient
reciprocal RECIPROCAL [ri'sipr2k2l]
RECIPROCAL adj. 相互的,互惠的(英) adj. 相互的,互惠的(mutu ally corresponding; mutual)(记) re(重新)+ciproc(=ci p+pro向前放下)+al→ 重新向前放下→互相给予(例) feel a reciprocal liking for each other
reciprocate RECIPROCATE [ri'sipr2keit]
RECIPROCATE v. 答谢,回报(英) v. 答谢,回报(to return in kind or degree)(例) He reciprocated my good wishes.
reciprocating RECIPROCATING [ri'sipr2keiti8]
RECIPROCATING adj. 来回(双向)移动的(考) 反义词:moving unidirectionally(单 向运动的)
reciprocity RECIPROCITY [`resi'pr0siti]
RECIPROCITY n. 互惠主义(英) n. 互惠主义(a mutual exchange of privileges)(例) a reciprocity treaty(互惠条约)
recital RECITAL [re'sait(2)l]
RECITAL n. 独奏; 吟诵(英) n. 独奏(a concert given by an individual musician or dancer)(记) 来自recite(背诵), re(重新)+cite(引)→ 重新引出→背诵(同) 同根词:excite(兴奋 ); incite(激励,促成)派生词: recitalist(n. 独奏家)(例) The cellist performed in a recital at the Lincoln Center. John's grandchildren are never tired of the recital of his stories.
recitation RECITATION [`resi'tei62n]
RECITATION n. 背诵; 背诵的文学作品(英) n. 背诵 (the act of reciting);背诵的文学作品(a piece of literature that is recited)
reckless RECKLESS ['rekl2s]
RECKLESS adj. 轻率的,鲁莽的(英) adj. 轻率的,鲁莽的(care less of consequences)(考) 反义词:circumspect (谨慎的)(记) reck(顾忌,介意)+les s→不介意→轻率的; 注意不要和feckless( 无目标计划的)相混(例) The reckless driver drove above the speed limit.
reckon RECKON ['rek2n]
RECKON v.推断,估计;猜想,设 想(英) v.推断,估计(count; calculate);猜想,设想( think; suppose)
reclaim RECLAIM [ri'kleim]
RECLAIM v. 纠正; 开垦(土地)(英) v. 纠正(to rescue from an undesirable state)(记) re(重新)+claim(喊) →纠正,开垦(例) reclaim land from the sea
recline RECLINE [ri'klain]
RECLINE v.斜倚,躺卧(英) v.斜倚,躺卧(lie down)(记) re(回)+cline(倾斜, 斜坡) →斜回去→斜靠
recluse RECLUSE [ri'klu:s]
RECLUSE n. 隐士; adj. 隐居的(英) n. 隐士(a person who leads a secluded or solitary life);adj. 隐居的(marked by withdrawal from society)(考) hedonist : pleasure / recluse : privacy(享乐主义者喜欢快乐 /隐士喜欢独处)recluse : withdrawn / bigot : biased(隐士隐居/固执己见 者偏见)malingerer : duty / recluse : humanity(逃避责任的人逃避职 责/隐士逃避人类)poseur : sincerity / recluse : gregariousness{ENT(记) re(重新)+cluse(关闭 )→把门关上→隐居的
reclusive RECLUSIVE [ri'klu:siv]
RECLUSIVE adj. 隐居的
recognition RECOGNITION [`rek2g'ni62n]
RECOGNITION n. 认出,识别; 承认(英) n. 认出,识别 (the fact of knowing someone or something);承认 (the state of being accepted as legal, real, or valuable)(记) 来自动词recognize( 认出)
recoil RECOIL [ri'k0il]
RECOIL v. 退却,退缩(英) v. 退却,退缩(to shrink back physically or emotionally; wince; quail)(记) re(重新)+coil(卷, 盘绕)→卷回去→退缩(例) She recoiled at the sight of the snake.
recollection RECOLLECTION [`rek2'lek62n]
RECOLLECTION n. 记忆力;记忆中的往事(英) n. 记忆力(the power or action of remembering the past);记忆中的往事(someth ing in one's memory of the past)(记) 来自动词recollect( 回想;re[重新]+col[ 一起]+lect[收集])+ ion
recombine RECOMBINE [ri:k2m'bain]
RECOMBINE v. 重组,再结合(记) re(重新)+combine (组合)(同) 派生词: recombinant (n. 重组体)
recommend RECOMMEND [`rek2'mend]
RECOMMEND v. 推荐,介绍(英) v. 推荐,介绍( provide information)(考) recommend : laud / sanction : foster(推荐是一种称赞/批 准是一种鼓励)(同) 派生词: recommendation (n. 推荐,劝告; 推荐信,介绍信)
recompense RECOMPENSE ['rek2mpens]
RECOMPENSE v. 报酬,赔偿(英) v. 报酬,赔偿(to give by way of compensation)(记) re(重新)+compense( 补偿)→重新补偿→赔偿(例) recompense sb. for his trouble(酬谢某人费 心)
reconcile RECONCILE ['rek2nsail]
RECONCILE v. 和解,调和(英) v. 和解,调和(to restore to friendship or harmony)(记) re(重新)+concile(=c onciliate安抚,调和)(同) adj. reconciliatory(例) A mediator reconciled the difference between the two sides.
reconciliation RECONCILIATION [`rek2nsili'ei62n]
RECONCILIATION n. 和解,讲和(考) 反义词:estrangemen t(疏远); rift(不和)(例) to bring about a reconciliation between the two families
recondite RECONDITE ['rek2ndait]
RECONDITE adj. 深奥的(英) adj. 深奥的(difficult or impossible for understanding)(考) 反义词:widely understood(被广泛理 解的); patent(明显的); self explain(明晰的)(记) re(反)+con(共同)+di te(说)→不是对所有 人都能说→深奥的
reconnaissance RECONNAISSANCE [ri'k0n2s2ns]
RECONNAISSANCE n. 侦察,预先探索(英) n. 侦察,预先探索(a preliminary survey to gain information)(例) The military reconnaissance was a secret mission.
reconstitute RECONSTITUTE [ri:'k0nstitju:t]
RECONSTITUTE v. 再组成; 用水泡(英) v. 再组成( bring back into existence);用水泡(to restore by adding water)(考) 反义词:dehydrate( 脱水)(记) re(再)+constitute (组成)
reconstruct RECONSTRUCT [`ri:k2n'str3kt]
RECONSTRUCT v. 重建,再建(英) v. 重建,再建 ( rebuild after damage)(记) re(重新)+construc t(建设)
reconvene RECONVENE [rik2n'vi:]
RECONVENE v. 再集会,再召开(记) re(再)+convene( 召集)
recording RECORDING [ri'k0:di8]
RECORDING n. 录制品(英) 录制品(a performance, speech, or piece of music that has been recorded)(考) listen : recording / view : photograph(听唱片/看照片)photograph : light / recording : sound(照片由光形成/唱片 由声形成)(记) 来自动词record(录 音)
recount RECOUNT [ri'kaunt]
RECOUNT v. 描述,叙述(英) v. 描述,叙述(to relate in detail; narrate)(记) re(重新)+count(点数 )→重新点数→再讲→ 描述(例) The explorer recounted his adventure in a number of books.
recourse RECOURSE [ri'k0:s]
RECOURSE n. 求助,依靠(英) n. 求助,依靠(the use of someone or something as a means of help)(例) have recourse to the law(求助于法律)
recreant RECREANT ['rekri2nt]
RECREANT n. 懦夫,叛徒; adj. 胆怯的(英) n. 懦夫,叛徒(coward);adj. 胆怯的(cowardly)(记) re(反)+creat(做)→ 反过来做→叛徒;(同) 参考:miscreant(坏 蛋; 恶棍)
recreation RECREATION [`rekri'ei62n]
RECREATION n. 娱乐,消遣(英) n. 娱乐,消遣(refreshm ent of strength and spirits after work; hobby)(记) re(重新)+creat(创造 )+ion→重新创造活力 →娱乐(例) Gardening is one of her recreations.
recriminate RECRIMINATE [ri'krimineit]
RECRIMINATE v. 反责,反控(英) v. 反责,反控(to accuse retaliatorily)(记) re(反)+crimin(罪)+a te→反告别人有罪(同) 同根词:discriminat e(区别,辨别); incriminate(牵连)
recruit RECRUIT [ri'kru:t]
RECRUIT n. 新兵,新成员; v. 征募(英) n. 新兵,新成员(a newcomer; a newly enlisted or drafted soldier);v. 征募(to seek to enroll)(考) professional : rookie / soldier : recruit(专业人士相对新手/ 士兵相对新兵)(记) re(重新)+cruit(=cre s成长)→重新成长→ 新兵(例) The sergeant recruited college graduates to join the army.
rectangle RECTANGLE ['rekt98gl]
RECTANGLE n. 长方形,矩形(英) 长方形,矩形(a flat shape with four straight sides forming four right angles)(考) diameter : circle / diagonal : rectangle(圆形的直径/矩形的 对角线)circumference : circle / perimeter : rectangle(圆周是圆的周长/周 长是矩形的周长)(记) rect(正,直)+angl e(角)→(四个角) 都是直角→矩形
rectangular RECTANGULAR [rek't98gjul2]
RECTANGULAR adj. 长方形的,矩形的(英) 长方形的,矩形的(in the shape of a rectangle)(记) 来自名词rectangle( 长方形)
rectify RECTIFY ['rektifai]
RECTIFY v. 改正,调正; 提纯(英) v. 改正,调正(correct by removing errors; adjust);提纯(to purify by repeated distillation)(记) rect(直)+ify→使… 直→纠正(同) 派生词: rectification (n. 改正,校正,提纯)(例) The store rectified its error by giving me the product for free.
rectitude RECTITUDE ['rektitju:d]
RECTITUDE n. 诚实,正直(英) n. 诚实,正直(moral integrity; righteousness)(考) rectitude : transgress / indolence : study(正直的人不违法/懒 惰的人不学习)反义词:inequity(不 公正)(记) rect(直)+itude→直 的状态→正直
recumbent RECUMBENT [ri'k3mb2nt]
RECUMBENT adj. 侧卧的; 休息的(英) adj. 侧卧的(lying down; prone);休息的(resting)(考) 反义词:standing up(站立的)(记) re(重新)+cumb(躺)+e nt→斜靠的;(同) 参考:incumbent(任 职者)
recuperate RECUPERATE [ri'kju:p2reit]
RECUPERATE v. 恢复(健康),复原(英) v. 恢复(健康),复原(to recover health or strength)(记) re(重新)+cuper(=gai n获得)+ate(同) 派生词:recuperativ e (adj. 有助恢复健康的resto rative)(例) Her child is recuperating from the measles.
recurrence RECURRENCE [ri'k3r2ns]
RECURRENCE n. 重现,反复(英) n. 重现,反复(occurrin g again after an interval)(记) re(重新)+curr(跑)+e nce→跑回来→重现(例) The frequent recurrence of the pain.
recycle RECYCLE [`ri:'saik2l]
RECYCLE v. 再应用,回收利用(英) 再应用,回收利用(tre at a substance that has already been used so that it is fit to use again)(考) recycle : disposal / rehabilitate : demolition(再利用是不丢弃/恢 复状态是不毁坏)(记) re(再)+cycle(循 环)
redeem REDEEM [ri'di:m]
REDEEM v. 赎罪; 实践(诺言)(英) v. 赎罪(to atone for; expiate);(记) re(重新)+deem(买)→ 买回来→赎罪(例) Mary redeemed the car's ownership when she paid off the car loan.
redemption REDEMPTION [ri'demp62n]
REDEMPTION n. 赎罪(同) 参考:preempt(优先 取得); peremptory(断然的)
redirect REDIRECT [`ri:dai'rekt]
REDIRECT v. 改寄(信件)(英) v. 改寄(信件) ( send in a new direction)(记) re(重新)+direct( 指)
redistribution REDISTRIBUTION ['ri:`distri'bju:62n]
REDISTRIBUTION n. 重新分配(考) illiteracy : education / inequity : redistribution(文盲要受教育/不公 平要重新分配)(记) re(重新)+distribu tion(分配)
redolent REDOLENT ['red2l2nt]
REDOLENT adj. 芬芳的,芳香的(英) adj. 芬芳的,芳香的(scen ted;aromatic)(考) redolent : smell / piquant : taste(芳香的气味/辛辣的 味道)反义词:unscented( 无香味的)(记) red(=re反复)+ol(=ol faction 嗅觉)+ent→反复闻→ 芳香的
redoubtable REDOUBTABLE [ri'daut2b2l]
REDOUBTABLE adj. 可敬畏的(英) adj. 可敬畏的(causing fear or alarm; formidable)(考) redoubtable : awe(regard)/ despicable : contempt(scorn , disregard)(可敬畏的被敬畏/可 鄙的被鄙视)exemplary : imitation / redoubtable : regard / culpable : blame(模范的值得效法/可 敬的值得尊敬/该责备 的值得责备)反义词:not formidable(不可怕的 );(记) re(反复)+doubt(怀疑 ,疑虑)+able→行动 时产生疑虑,说明对 手是可怕的,可敬畏的(例) redoubtable opponent
redress REDRESS [ri'dres]
REDRESS n. 改正,修正(英) n. 改正,修正(correcti on, remedy)(记) re(重新)+dress(穿衣 ,整理)→重新整理→ 改正(例) The slandered celebrity demanded redress.
redundancy REDUNDANCY [ri'd3nd2nsi]
REDUNDANCY n. 过剩; 似乎多余其实重要的 后备力量(英) 过剩(the state of being redundant; superfluity);(同) 亦作redundance(例) Redundancy is both wasteful and inefficient.
redundant REDUNDANT [ri'd3nd2nt]
REDUNDANT adj. 累赘的,多余的(英) adj. 累赘的,多余的(exce eding what is necessary or normal; superfluous)(考) pertinent : relevance / redundant : superfluity(相关的和相关/多余 的和多余)digress : excursive / reiterate : redundant(离题和离题的/反复 说和罗嗦的)indigent : wealth / redundant : indispensability(穷困缺乏财富/多余 缺乏必要)反义词:economical( 节俭的)(记) red(=re)+und(=undul ate 波动)+ant→反复波动 →反复出现→累赘的(例) The editor deleted the redundant phrases from my article.
reed REED [ri:d]
REED n. 芦苇;簧片(英) n. 芦苇 (a grasslike plant);簧片(a thin piece of wood or metal in a musical instrument)
reek REEK [ri:k]
REEK v.有臭味;冒烟(英) v.有臭味(give off an unpleasant odor);冒烟( give out smoke)
reel REEL [ri:l]
REEL n. 卷轴, 旋转(考) reel : winging / die : shaping(卷轴用来卷绕/模子 用来定形)
reenact REENACT ['ri:i'n9kt]
REENACT v. 再制定(法律),再扮 演(角色)(记) re(再)+enact(制 定,扮演)
refectory REFECTORY [ri'fekt2ri]
REFECTORY n. 餐厅,食堂(英) n. 餐厅,食堂(a large room in a school or college in which meals are served)
referee REFEREE [`ref2'ri:]
REFEREE n. 裁判员; 仲裁者(英) 裁判员( a sports official in administering a game);仲裁者(a person to whom a legal matter is referred for settlement)(考) referee : field / judge : courtroom(裁判在球场裁决/法 官在法庭裁决)judge : gavel / referee : whistle(法官用小木槌/裁判 用口哨)(记) refer(参考,提到)+e e(人);(同) 参考:reference(参 考,推荐)(例) The basketball referee blew his whistle.
refine REFINE [ri'fain]
REFINE v. 净化,精炼(英) v. 净化,精炼 ( make pure)(考) winnow : wheat / refine : oil(扬谷纯化小麦/精练 纯化油)refine : purification / attenuate : rarefaction(提纯的目的是纯化/ 使稀薄的目的是稀薄)lustrous : polish / pure : refine(磨光使有光泽/提纯 使纯)反义词:reduce purity(降低纯度)
refined REFINED [ri'faind]
REFINED adj.文雅的(考) attentive : officious / refined : snobbish(过分关心是多管闲事 /过分文雅是假装绅士)反义词: crass(粗鲁的)
refinery REFINERY [ri'fain2ri]
REFINERY n. 提炼厂,精炼厂(英) n. 提炼厂,精炼厂(a building and apparatus for refining metals, oil, sugar, etc.)(考) refinery : petroleum / mill : grain(精炼厂加工石油/磨 房加工谷物)
reflect REFLECT [ri'flekt]
REFLECT v. 反射; 仔细考虑(英) v. 反射(to cause light to change direction);仔细考虑(meditate)(考) reflection : light / echo : sound(光的反射/声的回音)反义词: absorb(吸收)(记) re(反)+flect(弯曲) →弯曲过来→反射(例) The mirror reflected my image. Let me reflect your idea for a while.
reflective REFLECTIVE [ri'flektiv]
REFLECTIVE adj. 深思熟虑的(英) adj. 深思熟虑的(thoughtf ul, deliberative)
reform REFORM [ri'f0:m]
REFORM v. 改进,改革; n. 改革,革新(英) v. 改进,改革 (improve)(记) re(再次)+form(形 状)→再形成→改造
reformulate REFORMULATE [ri:'f0:mjuleit]
REFORMULATE v. 重新用公式表示;再 次系统地阐明(记) re(再)+formulate (用公式表示)
refraction REFRACTION [ri'fr9k62n]
REFRACTION n.折射(英) n.折射(bending of a ray of light)
refractory REFRACTORY [ri'fr9kt2ri]
REFRACTORY adj. 难驾驭的; (病)难治的(英) adj. 难驾驭的(stubborn, unmanageable);(病)难治的(resistan t to treatment and cure)(考) adamant : flexibility / refractory : control(坚硬的没有灵活/难 驾御的没有控制)refractory (recalcitrant): authority / reactionary : change(顽固的难接受权威/ 保守的难接受变化)反义词:responsive( 有回答的, 灵活的)(记) re(重新)+fract(断裂 )→宁折不弯→难驾驭的
refrain REFRAIN [ri'frein]
REFRAIN v. 抑制,避免; n. 歌曲的反复句,叠句(英) v. 抑制,避免(curb, restrain);n. 歌曲的反复句,叠句( a regular recurring phrase or verse)(记) re(重新)+frain(笼头 )→上笼头→抑制(例) She refrained from scolding her child until the company left.
refresh REFRESH [ri'fre6]
REFRESH v. 消除...的疲劳,使恢 复精神(英) v. 消除...的疲劳,使恢 复精神( bring back strength and freshness to)(考) 反义词:disgruntle( 使不高兴)(记) re(再)+fresh(新 鲜的)
refulgent REFULGENT [ri'f3ld72nt]
REFULGENT adj. 辉煌的,灿烂的(英) adj. 辉煌的,灿烂的(shin ing radiantly)(考) 反义词:lackluster( 无光泽的)(记) re(重新)+flug(发光) +ent→光辉的(同) 同根词:fulgurate( 发光,闪光)
refurbish REFURBISH [`ri:'f2:bi6]
REFURBISH v. 刷新,擦亮(英) v. 刷新,擦亮(to brighten or freshen up; renovate)(记) re(重新)+furbish(磨 光,磨亮)(例) He's going to Paris to refurbish his French.
refutable REFUTABLE [ri'fju:t2bl]
REFUTABLE adj. 可反驳的(考) 反义词:indisputabl e(无可辩驳的)
refutation REFUTATION [`refju'te62n]
REFUTATION n. 驳斥(考) 反义词:verificatio n(证实)
refute REFUTE [ri'fju:t]
REFUTE v. 驳斥(英) v. 驳斥(to prove wrong by argument or evidence; disprove)(考) 反义词:prove(证明)(记) re(反)+fute(打)→反 过来打→反驳(同) 同根词:refutable( 可驳倒的); futile(无用的)(例) I refuted his claim that the world was flat.
regal REGAL ['ri:g2l]
REGAL adj. 帝王的; 华丽的(英) adj. 帝王的(of a king);华丽的(splen did)(记) reg(统治)+al; 注意不要和regale(款 待)相混(例) The queen was crowned in the regal ceremony.
regale REGALE [ri'geil]
REGALE v. 款待; 使...享受(英) v. 款待(to entertain sumptuously);使…享受(to give pleasure or amusement to)(记) re(使)+gale(高兴)→ 使别人高兴→款待(同) 派生词: regality (n. 君权,王位)(例) He regaled us with some stories about his youth.
regard REGARD [ri'gd]
REGARD v. 尊敬(考) exemplary : imitation / redoubtable : regard(awe) / culpable : blame / despicable : scorn(contempt, disregard)(模范的应该仿效/可 敬的应该尊敬/有罪的 应该责备/可鄙的应该 鄙视)flout : disregard / taunt : challenge(表示漠视的嘲弄/表 示挑战的嘲讽)
regenerate REGENERATE [ri'd7en2reit]
REGENERATE adj. 改过自新的,新生的(英) adj. 改过自新的,新生的( spiritually reborn or converted)(考) truculent : gentleness / unregenerate : remorse(凶猛的不温顺/不悔 改的不懊悔)(记) re(重新)+generate( 产生)→新生的
regent REGENT ['ri:d72nt]
REGENT n. 摄政者(代国王统治者 )(英) n. 摄政者(代国王统治者 )(one who governs for the sovereign)(记) reg(统治)+ent(例) Until the king turned 18, the empire ruled by a regent.
regime REGIME [rei'7i:m]
REGIME n. 政权,政治制度(英) n. 政权,政治制度(gove rnment in power)(记) reg(统治)+ime→政权(例) Things will change under the new regime.
regimen REGIMEN ['red72m2n]
REGIMEN n. 养生法,生活规则(英) n. 养生法,生活规则(a systematic plan of diet or medication to improve and maintain the health of a patient)(考) regimen : health / budget : solvency / mnemonics : memory(养生法帮助健康/预 算帮助偿付/记忆法帮 助记忆)(记) regi(统治)+men(表示 名词)→统治人生活的 东西→生活规则(例) to follow a strict regimen
regimental REGIMENTAL [`red72'mentl]
REGIMENTAL adj. 团的(英) adj. 团的 (of a regiment)
regimentation REGIMENTATION [red7im2n'tei62n]
REGIMENTATION n. 严格控制,纪律(英) n. 严格控制,纪律(rigi d organization)
regressive REGRESSIVE [ri'gresiv]
REGRESSIVE adj. 退步的,退化的(英) adj. 退步的,退化的(movi ng backward to a primitive state or condition)(考) 反义词:forward(向 前进)(记) re(后)+gress(走)+iv e→向后走→退步的(例) The dog has a regressive tendency to forget.
regularity REGULARITY [`regju'l9riti]
REGULARITY n. 规律性,规则性(记) 来自形容词regular( 规则的)
regulate REGULATE ['regjuleit]
REGULATE v. 管制; 调整(英) v. 管制(to govern according to rule);调整(to bring order or uniformity to)(记) regul(=reg统治)+ate →规定,控制(例) to regulate one's habits
rehabilitate REHABILITATE [`ri:h2'biliteit]
REHABILITATE v. 修复,恢复(职业等)(英) v. 修复,恢复(职业等)( to restore to a former capacity )(考) disabuse : error / rehabilitate : addiction(纠正错误/解除毒隐)recycle : disposal / rehabilitate : demolition(再循环是不丢弃/恢 复是不毁坏)(记) reh(重新)+abilit(能 力)+ate;(同) 参考:debilitate(使 衰弱)(例) He was suddenly let out of prison and rehabilitated as chief minister.
rehabilitation REHABILITATION [ri:h2bili'tei62n]
REHABILITATION n. 复原(考) recidivism : relapse / rehabilitation : convalescence(累犯是指再次犯罪/ 复原是指再次康复)
rehearse REHEARSE [ri'h2:s]
REHEARSE v. 排练,预演; 详述(英) v. 排练,预演 (practice in order to prepare for a public performance);详述 ( tell fully)(考) 反义词:impromptu( 即兴的)- carefully rehearsed(仔细排练 的)(同) 派生词: rehearsal ( n. 排演,排练)
reign REIGN [rein]
REIGN n. 统治时期; 王朝; 领域(英) n. 统治时期(the term during which a sovereign reigns);王朝(the royal authority); 领域(the dominion)(考) coronation : reign / wedding : marriage(加冕礼正式开始统治 /婚礼正式开始婚姻)(例) a gentle reign(温和的统治)
reimburse REIMBURSE [`ri:im'b2:s]
REIMBURSE v. 偿还(英) v. 偿还(to pay back to someone; repay)(记) re(重新)+im(进入)+b urse(钱包)→重新进 入钱包→偿还(同) 派生词: reimbursement (n. 偿还[的款项])(例) We will reimburse you the cost.
rein REIN [rein]
REIN n. 缰绳; v. 控制(英) n. 缰绳(a strap controls an animal);v. 控制(to control with reins)(考) 反义词:prod(激励)(例) rein your tongue(管住你的舌头 )
reincarnate REINCARNATE [`ri:in'kneit]
REINCARNATE v. 使化身,转生(英) v. 使化身,转生(to incarnate again)(记) re(重新)+incarnate( 化身)→精神重新进入 肉体→转生(例) Perhaps you will be reincarnated as a snake
reincarnation REINCARNATION [`ri:ink'nei62n]
REINCARNATION n. 化身,转世的生命(英) n. 化身,转世的生命(a rebirth of a soul in a new human body)
reinforce REINFORCE [`ri:in'f0:s]
REINFORCE v. 加强力量,增援(英) v. 加强力量,增援(to strengthen or increase by fresh additions)(考) 反义词:undermine( 削弱); subvert(颠覆)(记) re(再次)+inforce(强 化)(例) to reinforce an argument with facts
reinstate REINSTATE [`ri:in'steit]
REINSTATE v. 恢复(原职)(英) v. 恢复(原职)(to restore to a previous effective state)(记) re(重新)+in(进入)+s tate(状态)→重新恢 复职位(例) He was dismissed but was later reinstated.
reiterate REITERATE [ri:'it2reit]
REITERATE v. 重申,反复地说(英) v. 重申,反复地说(to state over again or repeatedly)(考) digress : excursive / reiterate : redundant(离题是离题的/反复 是多余的)(记) re(反复)+iterate(重 申)(例) The teacher reiterated the most important points of the lecture.
reject REJECT [ri'd7ekt]
REJECT v. 拒绝;丢弃 n. 次品,废品(英) v. 拒绝 ( refuse to accept);丢弃 ( throw away);(考) scorn : reject / adulate : flatter(程度: 轻蔑拒绝→拒绝/谄媚 →奉承)(记) re(回)+ject(扔) →扔回来→拒绝
rejoice REJOICE [ri'd70is]
REJOICE v. 喜欢,高兴(英) v. 喜欢,高兴(to feel joy or great delight)(考) 反义词:grouse(抱怨 )(记) re(反复)+joice(=joy 高兴)(例) to rejoice at good news
rejoicing REJOICING [ri'd70isi8]
REJOICING n. 欢乐,狂喜(英) n. 欢乐,狂喜(expressi on of joy; festivity)(例) After the war ended, there was much rejoicing.
rejoin REJOIN [ri:'d70in]
REJOIN v. 回答,答辩(英) v. 回答,答辩(to say sharply or critically in response)(记) re(重新)+join(加入) →重新加入讨论→答 辩;(同) 参考:enjoin(命令, 吩咐)
rejoinder REJOINDER [ri'd70ind2]
REJOINDER n. 回答(英) n. 回答(an answer to a reply)
rejuvenate REJUVENATE [ri'd7u:v2neit]
REJUVENATE v. 使返老还童(英) v. 使返老还童(to make young or youthful again)(记) re(重新)+juven(年轻 )+ate;(同) 参考:juvenile(年轻 的)派生词: rejuvenation (n. 返老还童,恢复活力)(例) The mountain air will rejuvenate you.
rekindle REKINDLE [ri:'kindl]
REKINDLE v. 重新点燃(英) v. 重新点燃(light up again)(记) re(重新)+kindle(点 燃)(例) His interest in her rekindled.
relapse RELAPSE [ri'l9ps]
RELAPSE n. 旧病复发; 再恶化; v. 旧病复发,再恶化(英) n. 旧病复发(a recurrence of symptoms of a disease);再恶化(backsliding) ;v. 旧病复发,再恶化(to slip or fall into a former worse state)(考) recidivism : relapse / rehabilitation : convalescence(累犯是指再次犯罪/ 复原是指再次康复)(记) re(重新)+lapse(过失 ,错误)→再犯错误;(同) 参考:recidivism(累 犯)(例) When Jane relapsed, she had to return to the hospital.
relate RELATE [ri'leit]
RELATE v. 讲述;有关联(英) v. 讲述( tell);有关联( show a connection between)(例) It is difficulty to relate cause and effect in this case(因果关系没法相 连).
relaxation RELAXATION [ri:l9k'sei62n]
RELAXATION n. 松弛,消遣(英) n. 松弛,消遣(a relaxing activity, or pastime; diversion)(记) 来自relax(放松的), lax(松的)(例) He plays the piano for a bit of relaxation.
release RELEASE [ri'li:s]
RELEASE v. 释放,放出; n. 释放(英) v. 释放,放出( set free)(考) 反义词:constrain( 束缚); immure(监禁)(例) release a prisoner
relegate RELEGATE ['religeit]
RELEGATE v. 降级,贬谪(英) v. 降级,贬谪(to send to exile; banish; to assign to oblivion)(考) 反义词:aggrandize( 扩大权利)(记) re(重新)+leg(选择)+ ate→重新选择职_位 →降级_(同) 同根词:delegate(代 表); allegation(断言)
relent RELENT [ri'lent]
RELENT v. 动怜悯心; 减弱(英) v. 动怜悯心(to become less severe, harsh, or strict);减弱(soften, mollify)(记) re(重新)+lent(=bent 弯曲)→弯曲下来→变 温和(例) In the morning, the storm relented a little.
relenting RELENTING [ri'lenti8]
RELENTING adj. 减弱的,怜悯的(考) 反义词:inexorable( 无情的)
relentless RELENTLESS [ri'lentlis]
RELENTLESS adj. 无情的,残酷的(英) adj. 无情的,残酷的(unre lenting)(例) The relentless bully beat Jimmy up.
relevance RELEVANCE ['rel2v2ns]
RELEVANCE n. 相关(英) n. 相关(pertinence)(考) pertinent : relevance / redundant : superfluity(同义: 相关的和相关/多余的 和多余)immaterial : relevance / peripheral : center / circuitous : directness(反义: 无关对相关/外围对中 心/迂回对直接)(记) 来自relevant(相关的 ),re(重新)+lev(轻, 举起)+ant→重新举起 来→相关的(同) 亦作relevancy(例) What you say has no relevance to what we're talking about.
relevant RELEVANT ['reliv2nt]
RELEVANT adj.相关的(考) relevant : crucial / perceptible : obvious(程度: 相关的→关键的/可察 觉的→明显的)反义词:immaterial( 不相关的); extraneous(无关的)(记) re(重新)+lev(轻,举 起)+ant→重新举起来 →相关的
reliance RELIANCE [ri'lai2ns]
RELIANCE n. 信赖,信任(英) n. 信赖,信任(the state of being dependent on or having confidence in)(记) 来自rely(依赖)(例) I place complete reliance on his judgment.
relic RELIC ['relik]
RELIC n. 遗物,遗迹(英) n. 遗物,遗迹(a survivor or remnant left after decay, disintegration, or disappearance)(例) This stone axe is a relic of ancient times.
relict RELICT ['relikt]
RELICT adj. 残存的(英) adj. 残存的(persistent remnant of an otherwise extinct flora or fauna)(例) a relict species of fish
relinquish RELINQUISH [ri'li8kwi6]
RELINQUISH v. 放弃,废除(英) v. 放弃,废除(give up; to withdraw or retreat from)(考) 反义词:procure (获得); cling to(结合); cooperate(协作); reward(报酬)(记) re(再次)+linqu(=lea ve 离开)+ish→再次离开 →放弃(例) to relinquish hopes
relish RELISH ['reli6]
RELISH n. 味道; 喜好; 享受; v. 喜好, 享受; 有味道(英) n. 味道(pleasing flavor);喜好(a strong liking);v. 喜好, 享受(to gratified by; enjoy);(记) 可能是release(放松 ,轻松的)变体(例) He drank up the wine with relish. to relish a funny story.
relocate RELOCATE [`ri:l2u'keit]
RELOCATE v. 重新安置,迁徙(英) v. 重新安置,迁徙(esta blish in a new place)(记) re(重新)+locate( 定位)
reluctance RELUCTANCE [ri'l3kt2ns]
RELUCTANCE n. 勉强(考) 反义词:alacrity(乐 意)(例) He left us with reluctance.
remainder REMAINDER [ri'meind2]
REMAINDER n. 剩余物(英) n. 剩余物(a remaining group, part, or trace)(考) remainder : subtraction / residue : evaporation(减去留下剩余/蒸发 留下残余)vestige : remainder / figurine : statue(遗迹是一种遗留物/ 小雕像是一种雕像)(例) the remainder of the food
remains REMAINS [ri'meinz]
REMAINS n. 遗址,废墟(英) n. 遗址,废墟(a remaining part or trace)(例) the remains of an old castle
remarkable REMARKABLE [ri'mk2bl]
REMARKABLE adj. 值得注意的,出众的(英) adj. 值得注意的,出众的( worth mentioning)(记) re(再)+mark(记号 )+able→再做记号→ 值得注意的
remediable REMEDIABLE [ri'mi:di2b2l]
REMEDIABLE adj. 可纠正的,可治疗的(英) adj. 可纠正的,可治疗的( capable of being relieved)(记) remedy(治疗)+able→ 可治疗的
remedy REMEDY ['remidi]
REMEDY n.药物; 治疗(考) alchemy : science / nostrum : remedy(炼金术不是科学/万 灵药不是药)
remembrance REMEMBRANCE [ri'membr2ns]
REMEMBRANCE n. 记忆,回忆; 纪念物(英) 记忆,回忆(the act of remembering)纪念物(something kept or given to remind one)(记) re(再)+membr(=me mber记忆)+ance→再 记得→回忆
reminder REMINDER [ri'maind2]
REMINDER n.提醒人记忆之物(英) n.提醒人记忆之物(so mething that makes one remember)(记) 来自动词remind(提 醒)
reminisce REMINISCE [`remi'nis]
REMINISCE v. 追忆,怀旧(英) v. 追忆,怀旧(to indulge in reminiscence)(考) autobiography : reminisce / eulogy : praise(自传是为了回忆/颂 词是为了赞扬)(记) re(重新)+min(=mind 思维)+isce→重新回 忆→回忆(同) 派生词:reminiscenc e (n. 回想,追忆;(复)回 忆录)
remiss REMISS [ri'mis]
REMISS adj. 疏忽的,不留心的(英) adj. 疏忽的,不留心的(ne gligent in the performance of work or duty)(考) 反义词:assiduous( 勤勉的); punctilious (一丝不苟的)(记) re(重新)+miss(放)→ 放掉,不注意的(例) He is very remiss in answering letters.
remission REMISSION [ri'mi62n]
REMISSION n. 宽恕,赦免(英) n. 宽恕,赦免(the act or process of remitting)(记) re(重新)+miss(放)+i on→放掉→宽恕;(同) 参考:remissible(可 被赦免的)(例) Upon remission of their last mortgage payment, the Smiths celebrated.
remit REMIT [ri'mit]
REMIT v. 免除; 宽恕; 汇款(英) v. 免除(refrain from inflicting)宽恕(to release from the guilt or penalty of)汇款(to send money)(例) Please remit your rent before the first of each month.
remittance REMITTANCE [ri'mit2ns]
REMITTANCE n. 汇款(英) n. 汇款(transmittal of moneyas to a distant place)(例) send sb. regular remittances(定期汇 款给某人)
remittent REMITTENT [ri'mit2nt]
REMITTENT adj.(病)间歇性的,忽 好忽坏的(英) adj.(病)间歇性的, 忽好忽坏的(marked by alternating periods of abatement and increase of symptoms)(记) re(重新)+mitt(放)+e nt→过一段时间就放 出一下→间歇性的
remnant REMNANT ['remn2nt]
REMNANT n. 残余物; 零头布料(英) n. 残余物(remainder)(记) 可能是remain(剩余) 的变体(例) the remnants of the sun(残阳)/remnant of silks(丝绸零料)
remodel REMODEL [`ri:'m0dl]
REMODEL v. 重建,改变形状(英) v. 重建,改变形状(to alter the structure of; remake)(考) construct : remodel / compose : edit(建造和改建/创作和 修改)(记) re(重新)+model(模型 )→重新改变模型(例) to remodel an old house
remonstrate REMONSTRATE [ri'm0nstreit,'rem2nstreit]
REMONSTRATE v. 抗议,规劝(英) v. 抗议,规劝(to earnestly present and urge reasons in opposition; expostulate)(考) remonstrance : offend(dissuade)/ reprehensible : censure /syllogism :disprove(抗议为了劝止/斥责 为了责难/推论为了反 驳)remonstrator : dissuade / applicant : appeal(抗议者提出反对/申 请者提出诉请)(记) re(重新)+monstr(显 现)+ate→显出对别人 的不满→抗议;(同) 参考:monster(怪物)派生词:remonstranc e (n. 抗议,抱怨)(例) to remonstrate against his behavior
remorse REMORSE [ri'm0:s]
REMORSE n. 懊悔,悔恨(英) n. 懊悔,悔恨(a gnawing distress; self reproach)(考) truculent : gentleness / unregenerate : remorse(反义:凶残对温柔/ 不悔改对后悔)longing : pine / remorse : rue(因渴望而憔悴/因懊 悔而悲伤)(记) re(反)+morse(咬)→ 反过去咬自己→悔恨(同) 同根词:morsel(一口 ,一小份)(例) He was filled with remorse for his evil deed.
remove REMOVE [ri'mu:v]
REMOVE v. 移走,脱掉; 迁移(英) v. 移走,脱掉( take away);迁移( go to live or work in another place)(考) 反义词:aerate(充气 )-remove air from(放气); insert(插入)(记) re+move(移动)→移 开
remunerate REMUNERATE [ri'mju:n2reit]
REMUNERATE v. 报酬,补偿(英) v. 报酬,补偿(to pay or compensate a person for; reward)(记) re(重新)+muner(礼物 )+ate→回报人礼物→ 报酬_(例) remunerate sb. for his toil(报偿某人的辛劳 )
remuneration REMUNERATION [ri`mjun2'rei62n]
REMUNERATION n. 报酬(考) remuneration : service / retaliation : injury(服务得到报酬/伤害 得到报复)
remunerative REMUNERATIVE [ri'mju:n2r2tiv]
REMUNERATIVE adj. 报酬高的,有利润的(英) adj. 报酬高的,有利润的( providing payment; profitable)(考) 反义词:unrequited( 无报酬的)(例) remunerate sb. For his toil (报偿某人的辛劳)
renaissance RENAISSANCE [r2'neis2ns]
RENAISSANCE n. 复兴,再生(英) n. 复兴,再生(rebirth, revival)(记) re(重新)+naiss(=nas 出生)+ance→新生;(同) 参考:reconnaissanc e(预先探索)
renascent RENASCENT [ri'n9s2nt]
RENASCENT adj. 再生的(英) adj. 再生的(reborn after being forgoten)(例) He felt a renascent love for his children.
rend REND [rend]
REND v. 撕裂; 猛拉(英) v. 撕裂(to split or tear apart);猛拉(to remove from place by violence; wrest)(考) 反义词:unite(使联 合); mend(修补); repair(修理)(例) She wept and rent her garments.
rendering RENDERING ['rend2ri8]
RENDERING n. 演出; 翻译(英) n. 演出(performance);翻译( translation)(例) correct rendering(正确的翻 译)
rendezvous RENDEZVOUS ['r0ndivu:]
RENDEZVOUS n. 约会; 约会地点(英) n. 约会(a meeting at an appointed place and time);约会地点(a place appointed for meeting)(记) 法语:rendez(=prese nt)+vous(=yourself) →现出你自己→约会(例) Let's make a rendezvous—where and when can we meet?
rendition RENDITION [ren'di62n]
RENDITION n.表演,扮演,演奏,演 唱(英) n.表演,扮演,演奏,演 唱(rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song)
renegade RENEGADE ['renigeid]
RENEGADE n. 叛教者,叛徒(英) n. 叛教者,叛徒(a deserter from a faith, cause, or allegiance)(考) renegade : allegiance / apostate : faith(叛徒不会有忠诚/叛 教者不会有信仰)(例) I was a renegade who preferred to do things my own way rather than obey someone else.
renege RENEGE [ri'ni:g]
RENEGE v. 背信,违约(英) v. 背信,违约(to go back on a promise or commitment)(记) re(反)+nege(否认)→ 反过来不承认(例) He said he would join us, but he reneged and stayed home.
renounce RENOUNCE [ri'nauns]
RENOUNCE v.(正式)放弃(英) v.(正式)放弃(to give up or resign by formal declaration)(考) renounce : pledge / rescind : order(背弃誓言/废除命令)反义词:claim(要求)(记) re(反)+nounce(讲话 ,通告)→反过来宣_ 布→放弃_(同) 同根词:denounce(指 责); enounce(发音,表达)派生词:renunciatio n (n. 放弃,抛弃repudiati on)(例) He renounced his claim to the property.
renovate RENOVATE ['ren2veit]
RENOVATE v. 修复,装修,翻新(英) v. 修复,装修,翻新( put back into good condition)(考) 反义词:cause to decay(使腐烂)
renown RENOWN [ri'naun]
RENOWN n. 名望,声誉(英) n. 名望,声誉(widely acclaimed and highly honored)(记) re(反复)+nown(=nome n名字)→名字反复出 现→名望
renowned RENOWNED [ri'naund]
RENOWNED adj. 著名的(英) adj. 著名的(having renown; celebrated)(例) Edison was renowned for his inventions.
rent RENT [rent]
RENT ]n. 裂缝; (意见)分歧(英) n. 裂缝(an opening made by rending);(意见)分歧(a split in a party; schism)(记) rent作为'租金'大家 都熟悉(例) a rent in a political party (党内不和)
reparable REPARABLE ['rep2r2b2l]
REPARABLE adj. 能补救的,可挽回的(英) adj. 能补救的,可挽回的( capable of being repaired)(记) repair(修补)+able→ 能修补的
reparation REPARATION [`rep2'rei62n]
REPARATION n. 赔偿,补偿(英) n. 赔偿,补偿(repairin g, restoration, compensation)
repartee REPARTEE [`rep'ti:]
REPARTEE n. 机灵的回答(英) n. 机灵的回答(a quick and witty reply)(考) repartee : retort / debate : issue(巧妙回答为了反驳/ 争论为了进行辩护)(记) re(反)+part(部分, 观点)+ee→反过来给 以回答(例) Listening to their witty repartee.
repatriate REPATRIATE [ri:'p9trieit]
REPATRIATE v.(自异国)遣返(英) v.(自异国)遣返(retu rn to the country of origin, allegiance, or citizenship)(考) repatriate : emigration / repeal : ratification(反义:遣返对移出/ 废除对批准)(记) re(重新)+patr(父亲 ,祖国)+iate→重回 祖国→遣返(例) Prisoners of war were repatriated.
repeal REPEAL [ri'pi:l]
REPEAL v. 废除(法律)(英) v. 废除(法律)(to rescind or annul by authoritative act)(考) irrevocable : repeal / ineluctable : avoid(不能取消的不能废除 /不可避免的不能避免)retract : statement / repeal : legislation(收回声明/废除法律)(记) re(反)+peal(=call 叫)→反过来叫→废除(同) 同根词:appeal(呼吁 );appealing(引人 入胜的)(例) The city council repealed the nonsmoking ordinance.
repel REPEL [ri'pel]
REPEL v. 击退; 使...反感(英) v. 击退(fight against; resist),使…反感(to cause aversion)(考) cogent : convince / repugnant : repel(使人信服的让人信服 /讨厌的使人反感)反义词:court(追求) -repel intentionally(有意 使反感); entrancing(使人入神的)(记) re(反)+pel(推)→反 推→击退(例) The soldiers repelled the enemies.
repellent REPELLENT [ri'pel2nt]
REPELLENT adj. 令人厌恶的(英) adj. 令人厌恶的(arousing aversion or disgust; repulsive)(考) repellent : attract / ephemeral : endure(讨厌的不会吸引人/ 短暂的不会持久)(例) His spotty face was repellent to her.
repent REPENT [ri'pent]
REPENT v. 懊悔,后悔(英) v. 懊悔,后悔(to feel regret or contrition)(记) re(重新)+pent(后悔) →再次后悔→懊悔(同) 同根词:penitence( 后悔,忏悔)派生词:repentance (n. 悔恨)(例) The sinners repented and became good citizens.
repentant REPENTANT [ri'pent2nt]
REPENTANT adj. 感到悔恨的(英) adj. 感到悔恨的(experien cing repentance; penitent)
repercussion REPERCUSSION [`ri:p2'k362n]
REPERCUSSION n. 反响; 影响; 回声(英) n. 反响(a reciprocal action);影响(a widespread, indirect effect of an act or event);回声(reflec tion, reverberation)(记) re(反复)+percussion (震动)→反复震动→ 回声,反应(例) Years afterwards there were still repercussions from his fateful decision.
repertoire REPERTOIRE ['rep2tw]
REPERTOIRE n.(剧团等)常备剧目(英) n.(剧团等)常备剧目( the complete list or supply of dramas, operas, or musical works)(考) repertoire : performance / manifest : cargo / agenda : meeting(常备剧目是表演目录 /货品清单是货品目录 /会议议程是会议细目)palette : color / repertoire : play(调色板是颜色的排列 /常备剧目是戏剧的排 列)(记) 法语:re(反复)+pert (带)+oire→反复带着 的剧目→常备剧目;(同) 参考:repertory(保 留剧目,仓库)
repine REPINE [ri'pain]
REPINE v. 不满,心中抱怨(英) v. 不满,心中抱怨(to feel or express discontent)(考) 反义词:express joy(表达高兴)(记) re(重新)+pine(憔悴) →因苦恼、不满而憔悴(例) to repine against his cruel fate
replacement REPLACEMENT [ri'pleism2nt]
REPLACEMENT n. 代替,替换(英) n. 代替,替换(the act of replacing)(记) 来自replace(取代, 更换)(例) The replacement of the retiring worker would be a difficult task.
replenish REPLENISH [ri'pleni6]
REPLENISH v. 补充,再装满(英) v. 补充,再装满(to fill or build up again)(记) re(重新)+plen(满)+i sh→重新安装(例) to replenish the food cupboard
replete REPLETE [ri'pli:t]
REPLETE adj. 饱满的,塞满的(英) adj. 饱满的,塞满的(full y or abundantly provided or filled)(记) re(重新)+plete(满)
repletion REPLETION [ri'pli:62n]
REPLETION n. 充满; 吃饱(英) n. 充满(being filled up or crowded);吃饱(surfeit)(考) 反义词:want(短缺)
replica REPLICA ['replik2]
REPLICA n. 复制品(英) n. 复制品(a copy in exact details)(记) re(重新)+plic(重叠) +a
replicate REPLICATE ['replikeit]
REPLICATE v. 重复,复制(英) v. 重复,复制(duplicat e, repeat)(例) The scientist replicated the important experiment.
reportorial REPORTORIAL [`rep2't0:ri2l]
REPORTORIAL adj. 记者的; 记实的(考) 反义词:imaginative (想象的)(记) report(报导)+oria l
repose REPOSE [ri'p2uz]
REPOSE v. 躺着休息,安睡(英) v. 躺着休息,安睡(to lie at rest)(考) guilt : expiation / fatigue : repose(犯罪应该赎罪/疲劳 应该休息)(记) re(重新)+pose(放)→ 放下去→躺下去(例) The cat is reposing on my knee.
repository REPOSITORY [ri'p0zit2ri]
REPOSITORY n. 贮藏室,仓库(英) n. 贮藏室,仓库(deposi tory)(记) re(反复)+pos(放)+it ory→放东西的地方→ 仓库(例) a repository for merchandise(货栈)
repossess REPOSSESS [`ri:p2'zes]
REPOSSESS v. 取回,收复(英) v. 取回,收复 (to regain possession of)(记) re(重新)+possess(拥 有)(例) The car company repossessed the cars of people who can't make payment.
reprehend REPREHEND [`repri'hend]
REPREHEND v. 谴责,责难(英) v. 谴责,责难 (to voice disapproval of; censure)(记) re(反复)+prehend(抓 住)→反过来抓住(缺 点)→谴责(同) 同根词:comprehend( 综合,理解);appreh end(忧虑)
reprehensible REPREHENSIBLE [`repri'hens2b2l]
REPREHENSIBLE adj. 应受谴责的(英) adj. 应受谴责的(deservi ng reprehension; culpable)(考) lamentable : pity / reprehensible : censure(可怜的受同情/应受 谴责的受责难)censure : blameless / approbation : reprehensible(无可指责的不应受责 难/应受谴责的不应受 表扬)(例) The newspaper sharply criticized the mayor's reprehensible behavior.
repress REPRESS [ri'pres]
REPRESS v. 抑制,镇压(英) v. 抑制,镇压 (to hinder by pressure or force; curb)(考) 反义词:foster(促进 )(记) re(反复)+press(压) →压下去(例) Mary repressed her desire to laugh during the ceremony.
reprieve REPRIEVE [ri'pri:v]
REPRIEVE v. 缓刑; 暂时解救; n. 缓刑, 暂时解救(英) v. 缓刑(to delay the punishment of)暂时解救 (to give relief for a time)(考) reprieve : punishment / moratorium : activity(缓刑暂缓刑罚/暂停 暂缓行动)(记) re(重新)+prieve(拿) →重新从刑场带回来 →不执行死刑→缓刑(例) The governor reprieved the prisoner from being executed.
reprimand REPRIMAND ['reprimnd]
REPRIMAND n. 训诫,谴责; v. 训诫,谴责(英) n. 训诫,谴责 (a severe or formal reproof);v. 训诫,谴责 (to reprove sharply or censure formally)(考) reprove : reprimand / jeer : derision / reprimand(blame): censure(责备和谴责/嘲笑和 嘲弄/责备和谴责)(记) re(重新)+prim(首要) +mand(命令)→再次给 以严厉的命令→谴责(例) The boy got a new reprimand from his teacher.
reprisal REPRISAL [ri'praiz2l]
REPRISAL n. (政治或军事的)报复(英) n. (政治或军事的)报复 (practice in retaliation for damage or loss suffered)(记) re(回)+prise(=price 代价)+al→还给对方 代价→报复(例) take bloody reprisals against the enemy
reprise REPRISE [ri'pri:z]
REPRISE n.(音乐剧中)乐曲的 重复;重复(英) n.(音乐剧中)乐曲的 重复(musical repetition);重复(repeat performance)
reproach REPROACH [ri'pr2ut6]
REPROACH n. 谴责,责骂(英) n. 谴责,责骂 (an expression of rebuke or disapproval)(考) upbraid : reproach / dote : like(程度:强烈谴责→责 备/溺爱→喜欢)反义词:scurvy(nefa rious) (可鄙的, 凶恶的)-above reproach(无可指责的)(记) re(反复)+proach(靠 近)→以反对的方式靠 _近→谴责_(同) 参考:approach(接近 ,方法); irreproachable(无 可指责的)(例) His manners were beyond reproach.
reprobate REPROBATE ['repr2beit]
REPROBATE v. 谴责,指责; adj./n. 堕落的(人)(英) v. 谴责,指责 (to condemn strongly);adj./n. 堕落的(人) (a person morally corrupt)(考) objectivity : partisan / temperance : reprobate(党徒不会客观/堕落 者不会节制)reprobate : misbehave / sycophant : fawn(无赖汉行为不端/奉 承者奉承)反义词:righteous individual(正直的人 )(记) re(反)+prob(赞扬)+a te→反赞扬→指责(同) 同根词:approbation (赞扬)(例) We reprobate his evil behavior.
reproduction REPRODUCTION [`ri:pr2'd3k62n]
REPRODUCTION n. 生殖; 复制(英) n. 生殖 (plants and animals give rise to offspring);复制 (something reproduced; copy)(例) a fine reproduction of the original
reproof REPROOF [ri'pru:f]
REPROOF n. 责斥,责备(英) n. 责斥,责备 (criticism for a fault; rebuke)(考) castigation : reproof / denunciation : denial / glorification : merit(谴责对应责备/谴责 对应否决/赞扬对应优 点)
reprove REPROVE [ri'pru:v]
REPROVE v. 责骂,申斥(英) v. 责骂,申斥 (to express disapproval; censure)(考) reprove : reprimand / blame : censure(程度:责备→严责/ 责备→非难)pretense : deceive / admonition : reprove(借口为了欺骗/警告 为了责备)(记) re(反)+prove(证据) →反证,责备(例) reprove a child's bad manners
reptilian REPTILIAN [rep'tili2n]
REPTILIAN adj. 爬虫类的; 卑下的(英) adj. 爬虫类的(of the reptiles);卑下的(cold-blooded ; treacherous)(记) 来自reptile(爬行动 物),rept(爬)+ile→ 爬的东西(同) 同根词:reptant(爬 行的);surreptitiou s(鬼鬼祟祟的)
repudiate REPUDIATE [ri'pju:dieit]
REPUDIATE v. 拒绝,抛弃(英) v. 拒绝,抛弃 (to refuse to accept)(记) re(反)+pudi(=put 放)+ate→放掉→抛弃(同) 派生词: repudiation (n. 拒绝,抛弃)(例) repudiate offers of friendship
repugnance REPUGNANCE [ri'p3gn2ns]
REPUGNANCE n. 嫌恶,反感(英) n. 嫌恶,反感 (strong dislike, distaste, or antagonism)(考) odious : repugnance / menacing : fear(可憎的使人反感/威 胁的使人恐惧)
repugnant REPUGNANT [ri'p3gn2nt]
REPUGNANT adj. 令人厌恶的(英) adj. 令人厌恶的(exciting distaste or aversion)(考) cogent : convince / repugnant : repel(使人信服的说服[人] /使人讨厌的排斥[人])(记) re(反)+pugn(打斗)+a nt→反过去打→令人 厌恶的(同) 同根词:pugnacious( 好斗的)(例) The art exhibit was called repugnant and repellent.
repulse REPULSE [ri'p3ls]
REPULSE v. 驱逐,击退; 厌恶; n. 驱逐,击退,厌恶(英) v. 驱逐,击退(repel);厌恶(to repel by discourtesy, coldness, or denial);n. 驱逐,击退,厌恶 (rebuff, rejection)(考) 反义词:captivate( 使着迷); court(追求); entrance(使入神)(记) re(反)+pulse(推)→ 推出去→击退(例) The army repulsed the rebels.
repulsion REPULSION [ri'p3l62n]
REPULSION n. 厌恶,反感;排斥力(英) n. 厌恶,反感 (very strong dislike);排斥力(the force by which one object drives another away from it)(考) 反义词:attraction( 吸引力)
repulsive REPULSIVE [ri'p3lsiv]
REPULSIVE adj. 令人厌恶的; 驱逐的(英) adj. 令人厌恶的(arousing disgust or aversion);驱逐的(tending to repel or reject)(例) a repulsive character in the novel
reputable REPUTABLE ['repjut2b2l]
REPUTABLE adj. 名誉好的(英) adj. 名誉好的(enjoying good repute; held in esteem)(例) This hotel is not expensive, but it is quite reputable.
reputation REPUTATION [repju'tei62n]
REPUTATION n. 名声(英) n. 名声(good name)(记) 来自repute(名声,认 为),re(重新)+pute( 想)→反复想(认为很 好)→名声(例) The candidate's reputation was spotless.
repute REPUTE [ri'pju:t]
REPUTE n. 名声(考) 反义词:opprobrium( 污名); lack of distinction(不知名)
reputed REPUTED [ri'pju:tid]
REPUTED adj. 一般认为的(英) adj. 一般认为的(generall y supposed or considered)
request REQUEST [ri'kwest]
REQUEST n. 要求,请求; v. 要求,请求(英) n. 要求,请求 (an act of asking politely)(考) request : command / propose : stipulate / invite : summon(命令比要求更强烈/ 规定比建议更强烈/召 唤比邀请更强烈)importune : request / pry : inquiry(强求是过分请求/刺 探是过分询问)反义词:inveigle(诱 骗)-request directly(直接要求)
requiem REQUIEM ['rekwiem]
REQUIEM n. 安魂弥撒(英) n. 安魂弥撒 (a mass for the dead)(记) re(使)+quie(=quiet 安静)+m→使死者安静 的东西
requisite REQUISITE ['rekwizit]
REQUISITE n./adj. 必需物,必要的(英) n./adj. 必需物,必要的 ([something that is] essential, necessary)(记) re(反复)+quisite(寻 求)→反复寻求的→必 要的(例) The employee completed the requisite training.
requisition REQUISITION [`rekwi'zi62n]
REQUISITION n. 要求(英) n. 要求(a demand made with authority)(例) the requisition of a house as a military hospital
requital REQUITAL [ri'kwaitl]
REQUITAL n. 酬劳,报答(英) n. 酬劳,报答(compensa tion, or retaliation)(记) re(重新)+quit(放弃) +al→把得到的东西重 新放弃给别人→酬劳
requite REQUITE [ri'kwait]
REQUITE v. 报答; 报复(英) v. 报答(repay);报复(to make retaliation)(考) 反义词:leave unrepaid(不予回报)(例) requite kindness with ingratitude(以怨报 德)
rescind RESCIND [ri'sind]
RESCIND v. 废除,取消(英) v. 废除,取消 (to make void)(考) rescind : law / withdraw : candidacy(废除法律/取消侯选 人)renounce : pledge / rescind : order(放弃誓言/取消命令)(考)反义词:levy(征 收); institute(制定)(记) re(反)+scind(=cut 砍)→砍掉→废除(例) rescind an agreement
rescission RESCISSION [ri'si72n]
RESCISSION n. 废除
rescript RESCRIPT ['ri:`skript]
RESCRIPT n. 公告,法令; 重抄(英) n. 公告,法令 (an authoritative order, decree);重抄(the act of rewriting)(记) re(重新)+script(写) →重抄,公告
rescue RESCUE ['reskju:]
RESCUE n./v. 解救,救援(英) n./v. 解救,救援(save or set free from harm, danger, or loss)(考) 反义词: enactment(制定)(例) an attempt at a rescue
resemblance RESEMBLANCE [ri'zembl2ns]
RESEMBLANCE n. 相似,相像(英) n. 相似,相像(likeness ; similarity)(记) re(再次)+sembl(相似 )+ance→一个和另一 个相像→相似(例) The resemblance between John and his son was obvious.
resent RESENT [ri'zent]
RESENT v. 憎恶,愤恨(英) v. 憎恶,愤恨(to feel or express annoyance or ill will)(记) re(反)+sent(感情)→ 反感,憎恶(同) 派生词: resentful (adj. 怨恨的); resentment(n. 憎恨)同根词:assent(同意 );sentiment(情感)(例) Mary resented John's promotion because she felt she deserved it.
reserve RESERVE [ri'z2:v]
RESERVE n. 谨慎, 话语不多; 储备(英) n. 谨慎, 话语不多(restraint, closeness, or caution);储备(stock)(考) maverick : conformity / extrovert : reserve(与众不同的人不会一 致/外向的人不会沉默 寡言)(记) re(反复)+serve(保存 )→保留观点→谨慎(例) mistake sb's reserve for haughtiness(把某人 的沉默寡言误以为高 傲)
reserved RESERVED [ri'z2:vd]
RESERVED adj. 说话不多的(英) adj. 说话不多的(restrain ed in words and actions)(考) 反义词: expansive(扩张的)(例) John is very reserved and doesn't like to go to parties.
reshuffle RESHUFFLE [ri:'63f2l]
RESHUFFLE v. 再洗牌; 改组(英) v. 再洗牌(to shuffle cards again);改组(to reorganize)(记) re(再)+shuffle(洗牌 )(例) reshuffle cabinet ministers(调整内阁 阁员)
reside RESIDE [ri'zaid]
RESIDE v.居住(考) cohabit : reside / conspire : plot(同居是一起居住/共 谋是一起策划)
residence RESIDENCE ['rezid2ns]
RESIDENCE n. 住宅; 居留(英) n. 住宅 (dwelling)(考) mansion : residence / limousine : automobile(豪华住宅和住宅/豪 华轿车和轿车)(记) 来自reside(定居,存 在),re(再)+side(坐 )→再次坐→定居(例) a fine residence(精美的住 宅)
residual RESIDUAL [ri'zidju2l]
RESIDUAL adj. 残余的,剩余的(记) re(重新)+sid(坐)+ua l→坐下来的(东西)→ 残余的,剩余的.
residue RESIDUE ['rezidju:]
RESIDUE n. 剩余(英) n. 剩余(remainder, what is left behind)(考) remainder : subtraction / residue : evaporation(减去留下剩余物/蒸 发留下残余物)(例) The chemist filtered the liquid and examined the residue.
resign RESIGN [ri'zain]
RESIGN v. 辞职,放弃(英) v. 辞职,放弃 ( give up a job or position)(考) abdicate : throne / resign : office(退位离开王位/辞职 离开工职)
resignation RESIGNATION [`rezig'nei62n]
RESIGNATION n. 听从,顺从; 辞职(英) n. 听从,顺从(submissi veness)(记) re(再次)+sign(签字) +ation→再次签字→ 辞职(同) 同根词:designtion( 指定,任命); consign(委托)(例) expression of saintly resignation
resigned RESIGNED [ri'zaind]
RESIGNED adj. 逆来顺受的,顺从的(考) stickler : exacting / defeatist : resigned(坚持细节的人严格/ 失败主义者屈从)
resilience RESILIENCE [ri'zili2ns]
RESILIENCE n. 弹性,弹力(英) n. 弹性,弹力(the capability of a strained body to recover its size and shape after deformation caused by compressive stress)(考) 反义词:elasticity( 弹性)-lack of resilience(缺乏弹性 ); inelasticity(无弹性)(记) 来自resile(弹回,恢 复活力),re(再)+sil e_(跳)→再次跳起→弹回
resilient RESILIENT [ri'zili2nt]
RESILIENT adj. 有弹性的; 能恢复活力的,适应 力强的(英) 有弹性的(able to spring back to the former shape or position when pressure is removed)能恢复活力的,适应力 强的(able to return quickly to usual health or good spirits after going through difficulty, disease, change, etc.)
resin RESIN ['rezin]
RESIN n.树脂(考) resin : tree / gum : rubber plant(树脂在树上/橡胶在 橡胶树上)
resist RESIST [ri'zist]
RESIST v. 抵抗,反抗(英) v. 抵抗,反抗( fight against something)(考) default : pay / yield : resist(拖欠不偿还/屈服不 抵抗)fertilize : grow / immunize : resist(施肥为了成长/免疫 为了抵抗)反义词:acquiesce( 服从); capitulate(投降)(记) re(反)+sist(站) →反过来站→反抗
resistance RESISTANCE [ri'zist2ns]
RESISTANCE n. 抵抗,反抗; 阻力(英) n. 抵抗,反抗; 阻力(force opposed to anything moving)(考) humility : supplicant / resistance : adversary(哀求者低三下四/对 手对抗)反义词:capitulatio n(投降); immune(免疫的)-havi ng no resistance(无抵抗力的)(记) 来自动词resist(抵抗 )
resistant RESISTANT [ri'zist2nt]
RESISTANT adj. 有抵抗力的,抵抗的(英) adj. 有抵抗力的,抵抗的( showing resistance)(记) 来自动词resist(抵抗 )
resolute RESOLUTE ['rez2lu:t]
RESOLUTE adj. 坚决的,果断的(英) adj. 坚决的,果断的(dete rmined in purpose)(考) 反义词:capricious( 多变的); daunt(使气馁)-make resolute(使坚决); jittery(战战兢兢的)(记) re(不)+solute(松 开)→不松开→坚决的
resoluteness RESOLUTENESS ['rez2lu:tnis]
RESOLUTENESS n. 坚决(考) resoluteness : will / zeal : conviction(意志坚决/信念执着)(记) 来自形容词resolute( 坚决的)
resolution RESOLUTION [`rez2'lu:62n]
RESOLUTION n. 决定,决议;决心; 坚决,果断(英) n. 决定,决议(a formal decision);决心(a firm decision)(考) lumber : grace / flag : vigor / waver : resolution(笨拙无优雅/衰弱无 活力/动摇无坚决)(记) resolute(坚决的)+io n
resolve RESOLVE [ri'z0lv]
RESOLVE v. 解决;下决心(英) v. 解决( find a satisfactory way);下决心(decide firmly)(考) 反义词:vacillate( 犹豫)-resolve firmly(果断地决定)(记) re(再)+solve(松 开)→再松开→解决
resonant RESONANT ['rez2n2nt]
RESONANT adj. (声音)洪亮的; 共鸣的(英) adj. (声音)洪亮的(enrich ed by resonance);共鸣的 (echoing)(考) full-bodied : flavor / resonant : sound(浓烈的味道/洪亮的 声音)(记) re(回)+son(声音)+an t→回声→洪亮的(同) 同根词:dissonant( 不和谐的); supersonic(超音波的)派生词: resonance (n. 回响,共鸣)(例) John's resonant laughter carried across the room.
resort RESORT [ri'z0:t]
RESORT n. 度假胜地(英) n. 度假胜地(a place providing recreation and entertainment)(记) re(再次)+sort(出现) →反复出现的地方→ 度假地(英)v. 求助于(to have recourse) resort to(例) resort to stealing when in poverty
resound RESOUND [ri'zaund]
RESOUND v. 回荡着声音;鸣响(英) v. 回荡着声音( be filled with sound);鸣响( be loudly and clearly heard)(考) glimmer : dazzle / murmur : resound(发微光和发强光/低 声说和高声说)(例) The hall resounded with applause.
resourceful RESOURCEFUL [ri's0:sf2l]
RESOURCEFUL adj. 机智的(英) adj. 机智的(good at finding ways to deal with difficult situations)(考) resourceful : inventiveness / philanthropic : geniality(机智的特点是创新/ 慈善的特点是亲切)
respect RESPECT [ri'spekt]
RESPECT n. 尊敬(英) n. 尊敬(admire or have a high opnion of sb/sth)(考) flip : respect / nonchalant : concern(不尊敬缺乏尊敬/不 关心缺乏关心)reverence : respect / avidity : enthusiasm(程度:崇敬→尊敬/热 望→热情)反义词:deride(嘲笑 )
respecter RESPECTER [ri'spekt2]
RESPECTER n. 趋炎附势者,尊敬者(英) n. 趋炎附势者,尊敬者( one who respects)(记) 来自respect(尊敬)(例) a respecter of tradition
respectful RESPECTFUL [ri'spektf2l]
RESPECTFUL adj. 恭敬的,有礼的(英) adj. 恭敬的,有礼的 (showing respect)
respective RESPECTIVE [ris'pektiv]
RESPECTIVE adj. 个别的,各自的(英) adj. 个别的,各自的 (particular, separate)(记) re(重复)+spect(看)+ ive→一个一个看→个 别的(例) We took our respective ways home.
respiration RESPIRATION [`resp2'rei62n]
RESPIRATION n. 呼吸(英) n. 呼吸 (breathing)(记) re(来回)+spir(呼吸) +ation→呼吸(例) The thinning air hindered the climbers' respiration.
respiratory RESPIRATORY [ri'spir2t2ri]
RESPIRATORY adj. 呼吸的(英) adj. 呼吸的(connected with breathing)
respite RESPITE ['respait]
RESPITE n. 休息; 中止(英) n. 休息(an interval of rest or relief)中止(a period of temporary delay; reprieve)(考) plateau : change / respite : activity(平稳没有变化/中止 没有活动)fast : eat / respite : labor(斋戒暂停进食/休息 暂停劳动)(记) re(再)+spite(=spect 看)→再次看→再审→ 暂缓(死刑),休息(例) work without respite(不停地工作)
resplendent RESPLENDENT [ri'splend2nt]
RESPLENDENT adj. 华丽的,辉煌的(英) adj. 华丽的,辉煌的 (shining brilliantly)(考) bravura : performance / resplendent : appearance(华美的演奏/灿烂的 外表)bootless : futility / effulgent : resplendence(无用的无用/辉煌的 辉煌)反义词:dull(阴暗的 )(记) re(再)+splend(发光) +ent→不断发光→辉 煌的(例) the resplendent rays of the sun
respondent RESPONDENT [ri'sp0nd2nt]
RESPONDENT n. 被告(英) n. 被告(one who answers in various legal proceedings)(记) respond(反应)+ent→ 对原告反应的人→被告(同) 参考:defendant(被 告),plaintiff(原告)
responsive RESPONSIVE [ri'spansiv]
RESPONSIVE adj. 敏感的,反应快的(英) adj. 敏感的,反应快的 (quick to respond or react)(考) 反义词:refractory( 不敏感的); dispassionate(冷静 的)(记) respons(反应)+ive→ 有反应的→敏感的(例) be responsive to affection(易被柔性 所动)
restate RESTATE [ri:'steit]
RESTATE v. 复述,重说(英) v. 复述,重说 ( state again )(记) re(重新)+state( 陈述)
restitution RESTITUTION [`resti'tju:62n]
RESTITUTION n. 归偿; 赔偿(英) n. 归偿(a restoration to its rightful owner);赔偿(giving an equivalent for some injury)(记) re(重新)+stitut(站 立)+ion→重新站过去 →归还(同) 同根词:institution (创立,建立)(例) demand financial restitution
restive RESTIVE ['restiv]
RESTIVE adj. 不安静的,不安宁的(英) adj. 不安静的,不安宁的 (marked by impatience; fidgety)(考) restive : calm / piddling : considerable / keen : obtuse(不安的不平静/不重 要的不重要/锋利的不 钝)incogitant : thoughtful / restive : calm(反义: 粗心对深思/不安对平 静)反义词:calm(平静的 ); imperturbable(平静 的)(记) 注意不要看成是'休息 的'意思,restive=re stless(例) a restive mood(不安心的心境)
restiveness RESTIVENESS ['restivnis]
RESTIVENESS n. 倔强; 难以驾御(英) 不安宁,不满足(uncon tented)(考) 反义词:contentment (愿意,顺从)
restless RESTLESS ['restl2s]
RESTLESS adj.不停的; 不安静的(考) 反义词:quiescence( 静止)-restless activity(不停的活动)
restorative RESTORATIVE [ri'st0:r2tiv]
RESTORATIVE adj. 恢复健康的(英) adj. 恢复健康的(having power to restore)(记) re(重新)+stor(=stor e储存)+ative→重新 储存能量→恢复健康的
restored RESTORED [ri'st0:d]
RESTORED adj. 恢复的(考) 反义词: dilapidated(荒废的)
restrain RESTRAIN [ri'strein]
RESTRAIN v. 克制,抑制(英) v. 克制,抑制 (to limit, restrict, or keep under control)(考) indulge : ascetic / restrain : libertine(禁欲者不会放纵/放 纵者不会禁欲)temperate : restrain / tenacious : persist(有节制的[人]抑制/ 顽强的[人]坚持)反义词:impel(推动)(例) The doctors restrained the patient hurting himself.
restrained RESTRAINED [ri'streind]
RESTRAINED adj. 克制的,有节制的;不 华丽的(英) adj. 克制的,有节制的 (calm and controlled);不华丽的(not bright or highly decorated)(考) 反义词:fervid(极为 热情的); unrepressed(不受限 制的)
restraint RESTRAINT [ri'streint]
RESTRAINT n. 克制(英) n. 克制(a control over the expression of one's emotions or thoughts)(考) 反义词:ebullience( 亢奋); bridled(受约束的)-w ithout restraint(不受约束的)(记) re(重新)+strain(拉 紧)→重新拉紧→克制 ; 比较:restrict(限制)(例) His rage was beyond restraint. (他怒不可遏)
restricted RESTRICTED [ri'striktid]
RESTRICTED adj. 限制的,受约束的(英) adj. 限制的,受约束的 (limited in some way)(记) 来自动词restrict( 限制;re[回]+strict [拉] →拉回来→限制)+ed
restriction RESTRICTION [ri'strik62n]
RESTRICTION n. 限制,约束(英) n. 限制,约束 (the act of restricting)(记) 来自动词restrict(限 制)
resume RESUME [ri'zju:m]
RESUME v. 重新开始,继续(英) v. 重新开始,继续 (to begin again after interruption)(记) re(重新)+sume(拿起) →重新拿起(例) After tea, the meeting resumed.
resumed RESUMED [ri'zu:md]
RESUMED adj. 继续的; 重新开始的(考) 反义词:truce(休战) -resumed fighting(继续战斗)
resumption RESUMPTION [ri'z3mp62n]
RESUMPTION n. 重新开始(英) n. 重新开始(recommence ment)(例) The mediator urged a resumption in contract talks.
resurge RESURGE [ri:'s2:d7]
RESURGE v. 复活(英) v. 复活(rise again into life or prominence)(同) 派生词: resurgence (n. 复兴,再起 renascence)
resurgent RESURGENT [ri's2:d72nt]
RESURGENT adj. 再起的,复活的(英) adj. 再起的,复活的(tend ing to produce resurgence)(记) re(重新)+surg(=surg e 浪潮)+ent→重起浪潮 →复兴的(例) The resurgent politician returned to office after a four-year absence.
resurrect RESURRECT [`rez2'rekt]
RESURRECT v. 使复活;复兴(英) v. 使复活 (to raise from the dead);复兴(to bring to view)(记) re(重新)+sur(下面)+ rect(直)→再次从下 面直立起来→复活
resuscitate RESUSCITATE [ri's3siteit]
RESUSCITATE v.使复活,使苏醒(英) v.使复活,使苏醒(to restore consciousness)(考) 反义词:extinct(灭 绝的)-resuscitated( 复苏的)(记) re(重新)+sus(在下面 )+cit(引起)+ate→再 次从下面唤起来→复活(例) Withered plants were resuscitated by rain.
retail RETAIL ['ri:teil,ri'teil]
RETAIL v. 零售; n. 零售(英) v. 零售 (to sell to the ultimate consumers);(记) re(再次)+tail(剪, 玩)→剪下来卖→零售;(同) 参考:tailor(裁缝)派生词: retailer (n. 零售商)(例) At John's store, everything retails for less!
retain RETAIN [ri'tein]
RETAIN v. 保留,保持;留住(英) v. 保留,保持 ( keep possession of);留住( hold in place)(考) 反义词:discard(扔 掉)(记) re(回)+tain(拿) →拿回来→保留
retainer RETAINER [ri'tein2]
RETAINER n. 侍从(英) n. 侍从(servant)(考) retainer : retinue / witch : coven(侍从组成随行人员/ 女巫组成女巫集会)
retaliate RETALIATE [ri't9lieit]
RETALIATE v. 报复,反击(英) v. 报复,反击(to get revenge)(考) remuneration : service / retaliation : injury(服务得到报酬/伤害 得到报复)(记) re(反)+tail(邪恶)+a te→把邪恶还回去→ 报复(同) 参考:talisman(避邪 物);retaliatory(报 复性的)(例) When the mayor criticized the newspaper, it retaliated by endorsing his opponent.
retard RETARD [ri'td]
RETARD v. 妨碍,推迟(英) v. 妨碍,减速(to slow down; impede)(考) divert : shunt / retard : brake(转轨是用来转向/刹 车是用来减速)反义词: speed up(加速); accelerate(加速); expedite(促进); catalyze(促进); precipitate (加速)(记) re(使)+tard(迟缓)→ 使…迟缓→妨碍(同) 同根词:tardy(行动 慢的,迟到的); retarded(智力迟钝的)
retention RETENTION [ri'ten62n]
RETENTION n. 保留,保持(英) n. 保留,保持(the act of keeping in possession or use)(记) re(重新)+tent(拿住) +ion→重新拿住→保留(例) As an aid to memory retention, I copied my notes again after class.
retentive RETENTIVE [ri'tentiv]
RETENTIVE adj. 有记忆力的(英) adj. 有记忆力的(capable of keeping the memory of)(例) a retentive mind(记忆力强的脑子 )
reticent RETICENT ['retis2nt]
RETICENT adj. 沉默不语的(英) adj. 沉默不语的 (inclined to be silent; reserved)(考) reticent : talk(speak)/ abstemious : gorge / parsimonious : spend(沉默不说话/节制不 贪食/小气不花费)反义词:loquacious( 多话的); vociferous(大声叫喊 ); voluble(爱说话的)(记) re(再次)+tic(=silen t 安静)+ent→再安静→ 沉默寡言的;(同) 参考:taciturn(沉默 的)派生词: reticence (n. 沉默寡言)(例) I was reticent about my manager's mistakes.
reticulation RETICULATION [ri`tikju'lei62n]
RETICULATION n. 网目,网状(英) n. 网目,网状(network)(记) reticul(网)+ation→ 网状(同) 同根词:reticular( 网的);reticule(网 兜)
retinue RETINUE ['retinju:]
RETINUE n. 侍从,随员团(英) n. 侍从,随员团(a group of attendants)(考) retainer : retinue / witch : coven(随从组成随员团/女 巫组成女巫集会)(记) re(使)+tin(拿住)+ue →帮拿东西的人→随从
retiring RETIRING [ri'tai2ri8]
RETIRING adj. 隐居的,不喜社交的(英) adj. 隐居的,不喜社交的( reserved, shy)(记) 来自retire(退休,隐 居),re(回)+tire(拉 )→拉回去了→隐居
retort RETORT [ri't0:t]
RETORT v. 反驳(英) v. 反驳 (to answer by a counter argument)(考) repartee : retort / debate : issue(巧妙回答为了反驳/ 争论为了进行辩护)(记) re(反)+tort(扭)→反 扭,反驳(同) 同根词:distort(歪 曲);tortuous(弯曲 的)(例) When I asked my boss for a raise, he retorted: No!
retouch RETOUCH [`ri:'t3t6]
RETOUCH v. 修描; 润色(英) v. 修描; 润色(improve a picture or photograph by adding small strokes with a brush or pencil)(考) revise : manuscript / retouch : picture(修改手稿/修描图画)
retrace RETRACE [ri'treis]
RETRACE v. 回顾,追想(记) re(回)+trace(踪迹) →找回踪迹→回顾(例) retrace past events in one's mind
retract RETRACT [ri'tr9kt]
RETRACT v. 缩回,收回(英) v. 缩回,收回 (to take back or withdraw)(考) retract : statement / repeal : legislation(收回声明/废除法律)misunderstood : clarify / erroneous : retract(澄清被误解的/撤消 错误的)反义词:foster(鼓励 )(记) re(回)+tract(拉)→ 拉回去→缩回(同) 派生词: retraction (n. 收回, 缩回)(例) He retracted his confession and pleaded not guilty.(他翻供并申 辩无罪)
retractability RETRACTABILITY [ri'tr9kt2'bil2ti]
RETRACTABILITY n. 可伸缩性
retreat RETREAT [ri'tri:t]
RETREAT n./v. 撤退;隐居(英) n./v. 撤退(withdrawal of troops);隐居(a place of privacy or safety; refuge)(考) 反义词:incursion( 入侵)(记) re(回)+treat(=tract 拉)→拉回,撤退(例) force the enemy to retreat/retreating eyes(凹陷的眼睛)
retrench RETRENCH [ri'trent6]
RETRENCH v.节省,紧缩费用(英) v.节省,紧缩费用(cut down expenses; economize)(考) 反义词:enlarge(增 大)(例) He retrenched his travelling expenses.(他削减旅 费)
retribution RETRIBUTION [`retri'bju:62n]
RETRIBUTION n. 报应,罚(英) n. 报应,罚(something given as punishment)(记) re(反)+tribut(给予) +ion→反过来给予→ 报应(同) 同根词:contributio n(贡献);attribute( 把…归因于)(例) Tom believed that his misfortunes were retribution for all the bad things he had done.
retributive RETRIBUTIVE [ri'tribjutiv]
RETRIBUTIVE adj. 报应的
retrieve RETRIEVE [ri'tri:v]
RETRIEVE v. 寻回,取回; 挽回(错误)(英) 寻回,取回 ( regain),挽回(错误) (to remedy the evil consequences of; correct)(记) re(重新)+trieve(=fi nd 找到)→重新找到→寻回(同) 派生词: retrieval n. 取回,补偿(例) retrieve a lost piece of luggage/retrieve sb. from ruin
retroactive RETROACTIVE [`retr2u'9ktiv]
RETROACTIVE adj.溯及既往的;有追 溯效力的(例) The new law was made retroactive to 1 January.
retrograde RETROGRADE ['retr2greid]
RETROGRADE adj. 后退的; v. 倒退(英) adj. 后退的(moving in a backward direction);v. 倒退(to go back; retreat)(记) retro(向后)+grade( 步伐,走)→向后走→ 后退
retrogress RETROGRESS [`retr2'gres]
RETROGRESS v. 倒退,退化(英) v. 倒退,退化(to move backward; revert)(记) retro(向后)+gress( 走)→倒退
retrospect RETROSPECT ['retr2spekt]
RETROSPECT n. 反顾,回顾(英) n. 反顾,回顾(meditati on on past events)(记) retro(向后)+spect( 看)→向后看→回顾(例) David realized, in retrospect, that he should have finished school.
retrospective RETROSPECTIVE [`retr2'spektiv]
RETROSPECTIVE adj. 追想的,回顾的(考) 反义词:anticipator y(预想的)(例) The book gave us a retrospective view of our grandparents' lives.
revealing REVEALING [ri'vili8]
REVEALING adj. 暴露的,裸露的;揭露 性的(英) adj. 暴露的,裸露的 (allowing parts to be seen);揭露性的 (giving some unexpected information)
revelation REVELATION [`rev2'lei62n]
REVELATION n. 显示; 泄露的事实(英) n. 显示 (an act of making sth. known or seen)(记) revel(=reveal 揭露)+ation→揭露, 显示(例) Revelation of the new tax increase angered the voters.
revelry REVELRY ['rev2lri]
REVELRY n. 狂欢(英) n. 狂欢 (noisy partying or merrymaking)(记) 来自revel(陶醉,狂 欢),可能是rebel(造 反)的变体,人喧闹如 造反→狂欢
revenge REVENGE [ri'vend7]
REVENGE n. 报复,报仇(英) n. 报复,报仇 (retaliation)(考) mercenary : money / vindictive : revenge(惟利是图的只想要钱 /怀恨在心的只想报仇)(记) re(反)+venge(惩罚) →反惩罚→报复(例) I took revenge for the insult.(我报仇雪耻)
revenue REVENUE ['rev2nju:]
REVENUE n. 总收入;国家的税收收 入(英) n. 总收入(the total income)(记) re(回)+ven(来)+ue→ 回来的东西→收入(同) 同根词:revenant(归 来之人)(例) Congress determines how tax revenues are spent.
reverberate REVERBERATE [ri'v2:b2reit]
REVERBERATE v. 起回声,反响(英) v. 起回声,反响 (resound, echo)(记) re(回)+verber(打, 振动)+ate→振动回来 →起回声(例) The explosion reverberated through the building.
revere REVERE [ri'vi2]
REVERE v.尊敬(英) v.尊敬(have deep respect)(考) 反义词:jape at(嘲笑); jeer(讥讽); jibe(嘲笑); taunt(嘲弄); profane(亵渎)
reverence REVERENCE ['rev2r2ns]
REVERENCE n. 崇敬; 敬礼(英) n. 崇敬 (profound adoring);敬礼 (a gesture of respect)(考) venerable : reverence / despicable : scorn(可敬的被尊敬/可鄙 的被鄙视)elegiac : sorrow / devotional : reverence(哀悼的很悲伤/忠诚 的很崇敬)reverence : respect / avidity : enthusiasm(程度: 崇敬→尊敬/热望→热 情)(记) 来自revere(尊崇,尊 敬),re(一再)+vere( 害怕,敬畏)→不敬畏 →崇敬(例) The pilgrims showed reverence by praying.
reverend REVEREND ['rev2r2nd]
REVEREND adj.值得敬重的(英) adj.值得敬重的(dese rving reverence)
reverent REVERENT ['rev2r2nt]
REVERENT adj. 恭敬的,虔诚的(英) adj. 恭敬的,虔诚的(wors hipful)(考) reverent : idolater / trusting : dupe(崇拜者十分恭敬别人 /易上当者十分信赖别 人)
reverently REVERENTLY ['rev2r2ntli]
REVERENTLY adv. 虔诚地(英) adv. 虔诚地(考) 反义词:profane(亵 渎)-treat reverently(虔诚地对 待)
reverie REVERIE ['rev2ri]
REVERIE n. 幻想,梦幻曲(英) n. 幻想,梦幻曲 (daydream)(记) rever(做梦)+ie→梦 想,梦幻曲(例) have a reverie about the delicious nuts