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18 Cards in this Set

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Global warming

Progressive warming of Earth's average temperature

Greenhouse Effect

Mixture of Carbon Dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere

Heat

Total amount of energy in a substance

Temperature

Measures the intensity of heat-how rapidly molecules are moving

Photosynthesis

Process by which plants and other microorganisms trap light energy from the sun. Combines CO2 with water using light energy to produce glucose and oxygen



6CO2 + 6H2O + Light Energy = C6H12O6 + 6O2

Autotroph/Producer

Organisms that can take inorganic compounds and make organic compounds

Heterotroph/Consumer

Organisms that can't take inorganic compounds and make organic compounds

Stroma

Thick fluid inside chloroplasts

Chloroplasts

Where photosynthesis occurs

Thylakoids

Disk-Like membrane structures that give the chloroplast more surface area

Chlorophyll

Pigment molecules that absorb light energy from the sun

Light Reactions

Produces oxygen, ATP, and NADPH

Calvin Cycle

CO2 - ATP and NADPH from light reactions - Excess is transported to make sugars and other carbohydrates

Stomata

Openings in leaves for entrance of gases

Guard Cells

Regulate stomata openings

Transpiration

Movement of water out of a plant through stomata

Photorespiration

The closing of stomatal openings may counteract photosynthesis

Deforestation

Clearing of forests for farming and human settlements