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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
caste
A system in which a person's position in society is determined by his or her birth into a particular social class
Hinduism
A religion native to India, featuring belief in many gods and reincarnation
reincarnation
The belief that the soul lives on after death and returns to life in a new body
Sanskrit
A language of India, first spoken by the ancient Aryans
enlightenment
A complete understanding of the truth
Jainism
A belief that every living being has a soul and a temporary physical body
nonviolence
A peaceful way to bring about change
nirvana
In Buddhism, the escape from the cycle of rebirth; a feeling of happiness, peace, and complete understanding
Buddhism
An ancient religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who became known as the Buddha
rajah
An Indian prince
turning point
A single event that causes important or dramatic change
edict
A command or decree
missionary
A person sent somewhere else to teach about a religion
fresco
A picture painted on wet plaster
peasant
A poor person who lives on and farms the land
feudalism
A political system of exchanging land for loyalty and protection
philosopher
A person who studies the meaning of life; a thinker
filial piety
Fulfilling one's duy to one's parents by being respectful to them
Confucianism
The ideas of the Chinese philosopher Confusius, which became a guide for the way people live
Legalism
Chinese teachings that say that people obey their rulers out of fear, not out of respect
civil service
The part of a bureaucracy that oversees the day-to-day business of running a government
Daoism
A philosophy that teaches that the key to long life and happiness is to accept life as it is.
Silk Road
An overland trade route that linked China with Europe
telescoping time line
On a time line, a blown-up section that gives a closer view of one time period