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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. It is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persaude the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
A body of citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, which are presented by the government, and determines whether there is probable cause to believe the offense was committed. As it is used in federal criminal cases, "the government" refers to the lawyers of the U. S. attorney's office who are prosecuting the case.
grand jury
A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
circumstancial evidence
A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
Legal advice; a term used to refer to lawyers in a case.
Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.