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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Human Rights

the inalienable rights such as life, liberty, and the pursuit ofhappiness that one is entitled to because one is human.

Natural Law

there are universal moral standards that support individual rights, there is a general duty to adhere to these standards, and the application of these standards is not limited to any particular legal system, community, state, race, religion, or civilization.

The Magna Carta

the monarch was forced to give to feudal lords certain liberties. This also recognized that the subjects of theking owed him duty only if he meets their claims (political bargain/contract).

Charter rights

the result of a political contract and are limited to the parties to the contract and restricted in time and space (unlike natural rights which are universal)

liberal account of rights

involvesthe belief that humans have inherent rights that the state has a responsibilityto protect.nonicf


the principle that external powers should not intervene in the domestic affairs of sovereign states.

Standards of civilization

a19th century, European discourse about which values and norms made acountry civilized or barbaric and uncivilized. The conclusion was that civilized countries should colonize barbaricregions for the latter’s benefit.

First generation rights

individual rights such as free speech, freedom of religion, votingrights and rights that protect the individual from the potential abuse of thestate.

Second generation rights

include social,economic, and cultural rights. This alsoinvolves the right to employment, housing, healthcare, and education.

Third generation rights

are focused on collective or group rights and have not been adopted bymost states. These include the rights tonatural resources, the right to self-determination, the right to clean air, andthe right to communicate.