• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Kyoto Protocol
1998 - did not get signed in US because of uncertain science and primarily economic impacts
Riparian Doctrine
water rights with property rights and can use water on your property or adjacent as long as you don't mess with the neighbor's too much
Doctrine of Prior Appropriation
water allocated based on amount historically diverted and placed to beneficial use (use it or lose it)
Klamath River Basin
Bush allowed more water usage for irrigation but hurt salmon; decision of upstream hurt the downstream
Tragedy of the Commons
the more people you have, the more they use limited resources; benefits are individual, costs are shared; Hardin's solution is population control
Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)
1970s-80s started to use the power of markets to protect the environment; started to buy water rights
National Environment Policy Act
1970 - if the government is going to do something, it needs to tell the public what it's going and the consequences so people can push back
FME - free market environmentalism
instead of government regulation, government assigns property rights; capitalism is the solution to the problem
Command and Control
Hardin - government sets regulations
Cap and Trade
rights to produce a certain amount and if you go under it you can sell your excess to someone else
environmental tax
government sets tax rate so if you want it, you have to pay more
self governance
Ostom - group of people discuss the rules and punishments of their shared resources
Draconian effective
cannot do anything to an endangered species (command and control)
Clean Water Act
1972 - maintain and restore chemical, physical, and biological integrity of nation's waters; 404 program - cannot dredge or fill wetlands
Corps of Engineers
existing federal agency that deals with navigable rivers and other water management
Riverside Bayview
1982 - federal government said they had to regulate wetlands adjacent to navigable waters because they are interconnected (paddleboat case)
2001 - rejected because they decided linking migratory birds to commerce clause was ridiculous
2006 - corps of engineers say they can govern navigable waters and tributaries and those are what they say they are; no decision
No Net Loss of Wetlands - NNLW
1990 - to fill in wetlands, you need to build new wetlands to make up for it
Wetland Restoration Program - WRP
sets fees, collects fees, then uses them for restoration; EEP - ecosystem enhancement program is the same but with higher fees
Unbundle the earth
Costanza - finds value of the earth in benefits to humans
New Geography of Conflict - NGC
now over resources when before over ideology and religion
oil converted to gasoline
price attack
Stern - get oil demand down so price is stable so Iran loses money
very stable power and used for base load
coil and oil
used for baseline and are efficient and stable
natural gas
can be turned on and off quickly
environmental determinism
selection pressure on people so evolved in different ways so the environment leads to biological differences
N-S axis
a lot of different biomes so not as much animal and plant migration
E-W axis
more animals, better transportation ability, more trade, etc
environmental probablism
more likely for people at this location to be more successful
gallatin plan
series of roads and canals that would link states and regions