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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
gene
Segment of DNA
Codes for
RNA
Proteins
Gene, Genome, Chromosome, Nucleotide
Nucleotide, Gene, Chromosome, Genome
RNA
Single strand of genetic info
Differ from DNA?
Uracil
ribose
types:
mRNA
rRNA
tRNA
Exons
Remove introns
introns
Keep exons
rRNA
ribosome
mRNA
code for A.A.
Codon
triplet base pair
stop/start
tRNA
A.A. attached to tRNA (synthetase)
A.A. chain formed
Sites
A: aminoacyl
P: peptidyl
E: exit
Gene regulation
Modify DNA
Regulate transcription
Post translation modification
Chief Cell model (Stomach cell)
Stretch of stomach --> ACh --> activates cAMP

cAMP --> turns on transcription mRNA

mRNA ---> translation ---> pepsinogen

Pepsinogen + Acid = pepsin (protein digestion)