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52 Cards in this Set

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___________ means map

- Geograph

_____________- all the features or characteristics of a given group's way of life.

- culture

____________ - imprints that humans leave on the physical landscape.

- cultural landscape

_____________ - study of the natural or physical features of the earth, including rivers, mountains, oceans, climates, etc.

- physical geography

_________- study of the human cultures and their characteristics and impacts in given nations or regions of the earth.

- human or cultural geography

______ - a flat area that is also at a low elevation

- plain

_______ - a high elevation plain, at or above 2000 feet in elevation.

- plateau

_______ - characterized by being vertical as opposed to flat, this is an upland area of less than 2000 feet in elevation.

- hill

__________ - a vertical structure of 2000 and above.

- mountain

_________ - a short or abrupt drop off area from a mountain, hill, or plateau to lower elevation areas below.

- escarpment

What are the 4 dimensions or variables that scientists around the world use to choose the climate type?

- the cold/hot variable


- the wet/dry variable


- the variation in vegetation


- the variation in precipitation(is it seasonal or does it fall all year round)

What are the 2 climate zones that are characterized by a lack of precipitation?

- deserts


- steppe

_______ - get less than 10 inches of rainfall per year and have vegetation that is small and very sparse.

- deserts

What type of plants can deserts support?

- xerophytic plants

_______ - these climates get from 10 to 20 inches of precipitation per year and are considered semi desert or semi arid areas.

- steppe

What are the 2 climates that are characterized by much precipitation?

- tropical rainforests


- tropical savannah

Tropical means very _________.

- warm

_________ - these zones are comprised of tall grasses and rainfall of a very seasonal nature

- tropical savannah

What are the 3 climates that are characterized by extremely cold weather?

- ice cap climates


- tundra climates


- subartic climates


_______ - these climate areas exhibit permanent ice covers where the ice never melts away completely.

- ice cap climates

_______ - ice covered most of the year except during the short, summer months.

- tundra climates

________ - this is the least extreme of the cold climates but still has very cold weather most of the year

- subartic climates

___________ - continental climates are found in the interior of continents and thus are not affected greatly by ocean bodies of water, which greatly impact the climates of coastal states or areas.

- humid continental

____________ - these are the high elevation climate areas of the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Mountains with their unique or unusual features related to high elevation and cold.

- highland climates

____________ - found in the south west portion of the US and on either side of the Rocky Mountains

- desert and steppe climates

_________ - found along our Pacific coastline and on the western coast at middle latitudes of some other continents. These climates usually have cool, moist winters and mild summers, both greatly affected by the adjacent oceans.

- marine west coast climates

Horizontal lines are called ___________ and vertical lines are called _________.

- parallels of latitude


- meridians of longitude

The first or beginning parallel is the _________, designated at zero degree of latitude.

- equator

The beginning of the meridian lines, at zero degrees longtitude, is the __________, located at greenwhich, England.

- Prime Meridian

The Americas include all of the land known by geographers as the ____________. This would take in the continents of North and South America and all of the land in between, usually referred to as Middle America.

- Western Hemisphere

Another way to designate regions of the Americas is to divide the entire area into _________ (the US and Canada) and ___________ (Mexico, most of South America, most of Central America, and much of the Carribean).

- Anglo America


- Latin America

What consists of Latin America?

- Mexico


- most of all of South America


- the 7 nations of Central America


- most of the islands of the Caribbean

The major language throughout much of Latin America is __________.

- Spanish

The major religion throughout Latin America is ___________.

- Roman Catholicism

The major population centers or clusters of people are found in three areas:

- Central Mexico in and around Mexico City


- along the east coast or Atlantic coast


- along the west coast or Pacific shores of south america

What are the 3 dominant ethnic groups in Latin America.

- European


- African American


- Native Americas

________ - a blend pf white European stock and Native America stock

- mestizos

________ - European and black blends -

- mulattoes

_________ - native american and black blends

- Zambos

What are the major physical features of Latin America.

- the amzon river and rainforest


- the andes mountains


- the brazilian highlands


- the pantanol wetlands in brazil


- the plateau of mexico and the sierrra madre mountians of mexico

The equator is at _______ degrees latitude.

0

The Tropic of Cancer is at _______ degrees latitude.

- 23.5 N

The Arctic Circle is at _________ degrees latitude.

- 66.5 N

The North Pole is at __________ degrees latitude.

- 90 N

The Tropic of Capricorn is at _________ degrees latitude.

- 23.5 S


The Antarctic Circle is at ________ degrees latitude.

- 66.5 S

The South Pole is at ________ degrees latitude.

- 90 S

What are the most important climate zones in Latin America.

- tropical rainforests in the Amazon basins


- tropical savannah areas


- highland climates in the andes

What are the 3 different climate regions in the Andes?

- tierra caliente


- tierra templade


- tierra fria

South America has the _______ along the Pacific coast of Columbia and one of the most _________.

- wettest place on the earth


- arid or dry places

What is the world population today? And the US population today?

- 7 billion +


- 320 million

What countries are apart of the Andes countries?

- Coumbia


- Venezuela


- Equador


- Peru