Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/29

Click to flip

29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Multi-store

The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores
Sensory store
Hold information received from the senses for a very short period of time
Recency effect
Information received later is recalled better than earlier information
Primacy effect
The first information received is recalled better than the subsequent information
Reconstructive memory
Alerting out recollection of things so that they make more sense to us
Levels of processing
The depth at which information is thought about when trying to learn it
Interference
Things that we have learnt that make it difficult to recall other information that we have learnt
Retroactive interference
When information we have recently learnt hinders our ability to recall information we have learnt previously
Proactive interference
When information we have already learnt hinders our ability to recall new information
Context
The general setting or environment in which activities happen
Hippocampus
A brain structure that is crucial for memory
Anterograde amnesia
Being unable to learn new information after suffering brain damage
Retrograde amnesia
Loss of memory for events that happened before the brain damage occurred
Reliability
In the context of eyewitness testimony, the extent to which it can be regarded as accurate
Leading questions
A question that hints a particular type of answer is required
Cognitive interview
A method of questioning witnesses that involves recreating the context of an event
Encoding
Changing information so that it can be stored
Storage
Holding information in the memory system
Retrieval
Recovering information from storage
Short-term store
Holds information approximately 7 chunks of information for a limited amount of time
Long-term store
Holds a vast of information for a very long period of time
Structural processing
Thinking about the physical appearance of words to be learnt
Phonetic processing
Thinking about the sound of words to be learnt
Murdock (memory)
Multi-store - Lists of words
Evaluation:
1. Everything we learn doesn't have to be rehearsed: life events
2. Ecological validity - Realistic tasks aren't list of words
Craik and Lockhart (memory)
L.O.P - Lists of words
Evaluation:
1. Doesn't explain why deeper L.O.P helps memory
2. Ecological validity - Realistic tasks aren't list of words
Bartlett (memory)
Reconstructive memory - War of Ghosts
1. War of ghosts is a confusing story
2. Not similar to everyday experiences
Underwood & Postman (memory)
Interference - Pairs of words
Godden & Baddeley

Context - Underwater testing

Loftus and Palmer

EWT - Leading questions
Evaluation:
1. Watching films not the same as real-life experiences
2.Other factors that cause EWT to be unreliable