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6 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


What is the Diagnostic Criteria for a Gambling Disorder?

A.) Persistent and recurrent problematic gambling - leading to significant impairment or distress. The individual must exhibit four or more of the following in a 12 month period: (listed on next cue card)

B.) Gambling Behaviour is not better explained by a manic episode


A individual must exhibit at least for of the following in a 12 month period:

1.) Needs to gamble with increasing amounts to get the same excitement

2.) Is irritable when trying to stop gambling

3.) several unsuccessful attempts to stop, or reduce gambling

4.) often preoccupied with gambling

5.) gambling when feeling distressed

6.) Lies to conceal gambling

7.) "chasing" one's losses

8.) Jeopardized relationships

9.) Relies on others to provide money


Facts on Prevelence, Incidence, and Demographics

- Highest prevalence of gambling problems occur where there is a high concentration of VLTS

- 80% of adults have tired gambling and 2-3% of those had or have a gambling problem

- 1% from USA have a current gambling problem (same percentage for cocaine addiction)

- Problem gamblers tended to be male and younger (mean age 29)

- Gambling men more likely to have a drinking problem

- Gambling women where more likely to have a psychiatric disorder

- Gamblers are most often single

- Highly comorbid with substance abuse, anxiety, mood, and personality disorders


Name some of the physiological factors

- Higher frequency of gambling equals the highest physical arousal

- Have exaggerated self-confidence and ignore the severity of losses

- experience gamblers have an illusion of control

- 35-55% of developing problematic gambling is hereditary

- Gambling can lead to chronic stress (often related to money problem)

- A session of gambling can last anywhere from 3 hours to 3 days (without sleep or food)

Gambling is no longer considered an impulse control disorder. INSTEAD.....

It is classified as a non-substance abuse disorder


List some of the Biological Factors (brain Imaging and Neurochemistry)

- Lower activation in the right ventral striatum (same as those with a drug addiction)

- Significantly weaker activation in the VMPFC (Ventromedial prefrontal cortex), which is associated with impulse control, or lack of.

- Increased activity in the anterior cingulate cortex ( which deals with impulse control, emotion regulation, and decision making) when Problematic gamblers made a SUCCESSFUL but risky decision. Could explain the more extreme high problematic gamblers get from winning