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5 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define medical terminology related to bowel elimination.
Identify factors affecting bowel elimination.
Development, diet activitym psychological, habits, medication, anesthesia and surgery, pain
State common causes of constipation.
-ASA,Anihistaminesm aluminum antacits
-Hypnotics, tranquilizers
-Irregular bowel habits/changes in routine schedule
-Bedrest-Decreased mobility
-Elderly-slowed peristalsis
-Neurological conditions that block nerve impulses
-Illness such as hypothyroidism, hypopcalcedemia, hypokalemia
-Eating disorders
-low fiber diets
Describe screening tests for occult blood.
Guaiac test, hemoccult, or fecal occult blood test.
Describe common procedures used in bowel training.
-Plan the program with the patient and caregiver
-Gradually increase fiber in the diet while monitoring consistency of the stool
-Increase fluid intake to at least eight glasses of water per day, if not contraindicated
-Initiate a designated uninterrupted time for defication:Usually after meals, especially in the morning
- Provide privacy for the patient during the designated time
- Develop a staged treatment plan if constipation develops. Usually additional fiber is added as a first measure. A stool softener is next, followed by a supository such as bisacodyl (dulcolax
- Regularly modified the plan based on the patients response