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50 Cards in this Set

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The nail matrix is the tissue that generates cells harden as they move outward to the nail from the





ROOT

What term describes the whitened, half-moon shaped area at the base of the nail?



LUNULA

The cuticle is defined as the

loose and pliable overlapping skin around the nail
The fold on either side of the nail groove are called the
Nail Wall
What term describes the skin that touches, overlaps and surrounds the nail?
PERIONYCHIUM
The track on either side of the nail moves on it as it grows is the
NAIL GROOVE
What term describes the cuticle that overlaps the lunula at the base of the nail

EPONYCHIUM

The nail is made from a hardened protein called
KERATIN
What part of the nail contains lymph, blood vessels and nerves that carry cells
NAIL PLATE

OR


NAIL BED

Nail growth originates from active tissue known as the matrix located in the
MANTLE

What is the average growth rate of nails in adult s?

1/8
Which of the following conditions does NOT indicate a decreasing rate of nail growth?
SUMMER
Which of the following nail diseases is also known as
FELON
All of the following description identify possible causes of paronychia
SYSTEMIC DISEASE

INFECTED NAILS


PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO WATER



What term refers to a loosening or separation of the nail?
ONYCHOLYSIS
An inflammation of the nail matrix is known as
ONYCHIA
Atrophy or wasting away of the nail is called
ONYCHATROPHIA
Which of the following nail cause by fungus you
TINEA PEDIS

TINEA MANUS


ONYCHATROPHIA

The disorder in which the nail grows into the edge of the nail grooves causing ingrown nails is called
ONYCHOCRYPTOSIS
Overgrown cuticles are referred to as

Leuconychia is small white spots on the nail cause ban injury in which a small separation occur between the nail and the
ONYCHIA




What term refers to the thickening of the nail plate or an abnormal outgrowth of the nail?
ONYCHAUXIS
Another name for onychauxis( abnormal outgrowth of the nail?

Nail fungus is caused by
A CONTAGIOUS VEGETABLE PARASITES
Which of the following products stops bleeding when applied?

Generally, which nail shape is the strongest
SQUARE
When preforming a manicure, what product may be used to loosen dead skin?
CUTICLE REMOVER CREAM
What product may be used to remove nail stain.

A colorless polish that evens out the nail plate and prevents pigments from penetrating the nail plate is called a
BASE COAT
A spray or polish that aids in the fast drying of polish is called
SPEED DRY
An implement that shortens, shape and smoothed rough edges of natural nails is called a (n)
ORANGEWOOD STICK

The manicurist and client are required to wash their hands with what product prior to performing a manicure service?

SOAKING SOLUTION

Which of the following infection control practice is TRUE regarding the finger bowl used during a manicure?
Disinfect after each client and replace solution
Step used during a blood spill procedure?
Cover your hands with protective gloves Discard contaminated article in an open trash receptacle Double bag all contaminated articles
In which direction should you shape a nail to prevent splitting?

From the outer edge to toward the center
Nail polish is removed with polish remover and
COTTON
When filing nails, it is suggested to begin with which finger?

LITTLE FINGER

Softened cuticles should be pushed back with a cotton wrapped

ORANGEWOOD STICK OR CUTICLE PUSHER
The circular motion used to manage the fingers is called

KNUCKLE
Men's nails are usually filed short into what shape?

ROUND AND SQUARE
What item is used to describe the cosmetic care of the feet and toes
PEDICURE
Toenails should be filed straight, across, softened the corner to avoid toes from becoming

INGROWN TOENAIL
One step of a pedicure is to apply sloughing lotion to the foot and then massage to:
REMOVE DEAD SKIN
Describe a French Manicure
WHITE POLISH APPLIED TO FREE EDGE
A hot oil or cream manicure is helpful for all following?

INGROWN TOENAILS
Nail drills should only be used on:

ARTIFICIAL NAILS

A dehydrant is used to help remove moisture and oil and prevent the growth of:




FUNGUS
When applying an acrylic overlay, think of the nail as divided into how many zero

THREE
The problem reported most often clients who wear sculpturing nails is the formation of what under the artificial nail?
FUNGUS
To create a chemical reaction to harden the product, gel nails use this:

LIGHT