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90 Cards in this Set

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What is the passé composé used for?
the passé composé is used to talk about past events. verbs conjugated in the passé will require one of two helping verbs: avoir or être
In the passé composé, what form do ER verbs take?
in the passé composé, ER verbs take é

example: nous avons parlé
In the passé composé, what form do IR verbs take?
in the passé composé, IR verbs take i

example: finir > fini
choisir > choisi
In the passé composé, what form do RE verbs take?
in the passé composé, RE verbs take u

example: perdre > perdu
répondre > répondu
What is the irregular past participle of avoir?
eu
What is the irregular past participle of boire?
bu
What is the irregular past participle of être?
été
What is the irregular past participle of faire?
fait
What is the irregular past participle of recevoir?
reçu
What is the irregular past participle of prendre?
pris
When using negatives in the passé composé, where is the ne...pas placed?
the ne...pas is placed around the auxiliary verb.

example: Je n'ai pas trouvé la clé.
List the verbs that require the auxiliary verb être

(DR. and MS. P. VANDERTRAMP)
Descendre
Rentrer

Mourir
Sortir

Passer

Venir
Aller
Naître
Devenir
Entrer
Retourner
Tomber
Rester
Arriver
Monter
Partir
How do you conjugate a verb with the auxiliary être?
être agrees with gender and number in regards to the subject.

feminine singular - add e
masculine plural - add s
feminine plural - add es

example: mon amie est restée à sa maison hier soir.
List the conjugations of the verb finir
je - finis

tu - finis

il/elle/on - finit

nous - finissons

vous - finissez

ils/elles - finissent

passé - j'ai fini
List the conjugations of the verb venir
je - viens

tu - viens

il/elle/on - vient

nous - venons

vous - venez

ils/elles - viennent

passé - venu(e)
de + la = ?
de la
de + le = ?
du
de + l' = ?
de l'
de + les = ?
des
What does "de" mean? In what context is it used?
all of the variations of "de" mean "some" - it is used when referring to some or part of something

example: Vous prenez du café?
(are you having some coffee?)
When is "un" or "une" used in talking about quantities?
when un or une is used, it basically means "a"

example: Je voudrais une salade.
(I would like a salad)

verses

Je voudrais de la salade.
(I would like some salad)
When expressions of specific quantity are used, what must also be included?
"de"

example: Elle a acheté une bouteille d'eau minérale.
(She bought a bottle of water)

or

Elle a peu de patience.
(She has little patience)
List the French direct object pronouns
singular:

me, m'
te, t'
le, la, l'

plural:
nous
vous
les
List the French indirect object pronouns
singular:

me, me'
te, t'
lui

plural:

nous
vous
leur
In what situations is the imparfait used?
The imparfait is used in the following situations:

- to describe how things were in the past
- to describe what people used to do
- to describe feelings and attitudes
How do you form the imparfait?
to form the imparfait, you remove the ons ending from the nous form of the present tense, and add the following endings to the stem:

je - ais
tu - ais
il/elle/on - ait
nous - ions
vous - iez
ils/elles - aient
What is the imperfect conjugation of être in the imparfait?
j'étais
tu étais
ill/elle/on était
nous étions
vous étiez
ils/elles étaient
In the imparfait, for infinitives that end in ger what do you have to add before "a"?
an "e"

example: manger

je mangeais
tu mangeais
il/elle/on mangeait
nous mangions
vous mangiez
els/elles mangeaient
When is "qui" used?
qui is used to replace the subject of a sentence - a person, thing, or idea. qui is always immediately followed by a verb.

*the english equivalent of qui is who, which, or that

example: J'ai un chien qui adore jouer.
When is "que" used?
que, or qu', refers to the direct object of a sentence - a person, thing, or idea. que is always immediately followed by both a subject AND a verb.

*the english equivalent of que is who, whom, which, or that

example: La maison qu'elle aimait était dans ce village.

or

L'étudiant que tu connais est ici.
When is "ou" used?
ou is used to refer to places or expressions of time.

*ou is the english equivalent of where, that, or when

example: C'était l'année ou il a commencé l'école.
What are the conjugations of lire?
je - lis
tu - lis
ill/elle/on - lit
nous - lisons
vous - lisez
ils/elles - lisent
What are the structures used to compare people and things?
more - plus (adjective) que
less - moins (adjectivef) que
equal to - aussi (adjective) que
What are the structures used for the irregular adjective bon?
more - meilleur(e)(s) que
less - moins bon(ne)(s) que
equal to - aussi bon(ne)(s) que
What are the differences between the passé composé and the imparfait?
passé composé - tells what happened, narrates a series of events

imparfait - describes feelings and thoughts, what was going on or used to happen, age, weather, time
How do you express "to/at/in"?
cities - à
feminine countries/states/regions beginning with a vowel - en
masculine beginning with a consonant - au
plural - aux
How do you express "from"?
cities - de
feminine or masculine countries/states/regions beginning with a vowel - de or d'
masculine beginning with a consonant - du
plural - des
How do you compare performance?
verb > plus > adverbe > que
moins
aussi
How do you compare quantities?
plus > de + nom + que
moins
autant
How do you use superlatives?
le + plus + adjectif + (de)
la moins
les
What are the conjugations of the verb savoir (to know facts/to know how)?
je sais
tu sais
il/elle/on sait
nous savons
vous savez
ils/elles savent
With which verbs do you use the pronominaux? (for actions that are generally done to oneself?)
s'amuser
se baigner
se brosser
se dépêcher
se disputer
se doucher
s'endormir
s'habiller
se laver
se lever
se macquiller
se préparer
se raser
se réveiller
se sécher
se servir de
How do you form the form the negative with the prominaux?
Il n se lève pas.

vous ne vous couchez pas avant minuit.
What auxiliary verb do pronomial verbs require in the passé composé?
être

Marie s'est lavée.
Les enfants se sont séchés.
What are the conjugations of mettre (to put on)?
mets
mets
met
mettons
mettez
mettent

passé composé - j'ai mis
What are the regular stems for the future tense of er and ir verbs?
the infinitive form of the verb
How do you form the stem of re verbs in the future tense?
drop the final e from the infinitive
What are the regular future verb endings?
je - ai
tu - as
il/elle/on - a
nous - ons
vous - ez
ils/elles - ont
What is the irregular future stem of être?
ser

"je serai"
What is the irregular future stem of avoir?
aur

"j'aurai"
What is the irregular future stem of aller?
ir

"j'irai"
What is the irregular future stem of faire?
fer

"je ferai"
What is the irregular future stem of pouvoir?
pourr

"je pourrai"
What is the irregular future stem of venir?
viend

"je viendrai"
What is the irregular future stem of voir?
verr

"je verrai"
What is the irregular future stem of vouloir?
voudr

"je voudrais"
What is the irregular future stem of savoir?
saur

"je saurai"
What are the conjugations of voir (to see)?
vois
vois
voit
voyons
voyez
voient

passé - j'ai vu
future - je verrai
When do you use ce qui?
ce qui replaces a subject

*only a small number of verbs are followed by ce qui. these include: arriver, se passer, ennuyer, manquer, intéresser
When do you use ce que?
ce que replaces an object
When talking about offering and borrowing, what is the order of object pronouns?
me > le/l' > lui > y > en + verbe
te la/l' leur
nous les
vous
What is the conjugation of payer (to pay for)?
paie
paies
paie
payons
payez
paient
What is ment the equivalent of in english?
"ly" - adjectives
If a masculine adjective ends in ent or ant, what do you add at the ending?
add mment

example: constant > constamment
When is the subjunctive used?
the subjunctive is used for giving advice and expressing obligation
You form the regular subjunctive by adding the present stem verbs to what endings?
e
es
e
ions
iez
ent
What is the irregular form of être in the subjunctive?
que je sois
que tu sois
qu'il soit
que nous soyons
que vous soyez
qu'ils soient
What is the irregular form of avoir in the subjunctive?
que j'aie
que tu aies
qui'l ait
que nous ayons
que vous ayez
qu'ils aient
What is the subjunctive form of boire?
boive
boives
boive
buvions
buviez
boivent
What is the subjunctive form of prendre?
prenne
prennes
prenne
prenions
preniez
prennent
What is the subjunctive form of venir?
vienne
viennes
vienne
venions
veniez
viennent
What is the subjunctive form of payer?
paie
paies
paie
payions
payiez
paient
What is ment the equivalent of in english?
"ly" - adjectives
If a masculine adjective ends in ent or ant, what do you add at the ending?
add mment

example: constant > constamment
When is the subjunctive used?
the subjunctive is used for giving advice and expressing obligation
You form the regular subjunctive by adding the present stem verbs to what endings?
e
es
e
ions
iez
ent
What is the irregular form of être in the subjunctive?
que je sois
que tu sois
qu'il soit
que nous soyons
que vous soyez
qu'ils soient
What is the irregular form of avoir in the subjunctive?
que j'aie
que tu aies
qui'l ait
que nous ayons
que vous ayez
qu'ils aient
What is the subjunctive form of boire?
boive
boives
boive
buvions
buviez
boivent
What is the subjunctive form of prendre?
prenne
prennes
prenne
prenions
preniez
prennent
What is the subjunctive form of venir?
vienne
viennes
vienne
venions
veniez
viennent
What is the subjunctive form of payer?
paie
paies
paie
payions
payiez
paient
What is the conditional form used for?
The conditional form is used for expressing the consequences of hypothetical situations
What is the format for expressing conditional phrases?
si + imparfait + conditional
How do you form the conditional?
Add the imparfait endings (ais, ais, ait, ions, iez, aient) to the future stem
Which verbs are imperfect in the conditional form?
avoir
être
aller
devoir
savoir
faire
pourvoir
venir
voir
vouloir

*each of these irregular verbs has the same stem as the irregular verbs in the future tense
What is the conditional form used for?
The conditional form is used for expressing the consequences of hypothetical situations
What is the format for expressing conditional phrases?
si + imparfait + conditional
How do you form the conditional?
Add the imparfait endings (ais, ais, ait, ions, iez, aient) to the future stem
Which verbs are imperfect in the conditional form?
avoir
être
aller
devoir
savoir
faire
pourvoir
venir
voir
vouloir

*each of these irregular verbs has the same stem as the irregular verbs in the future tense