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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Health policy
public policy that affects health and health services. Delineates options from which individuals and organizations make their health-related choices. Made within a poitical context.
* is a set course of action to obtain a desired health outcome, for an individual, family, group, community or society.
is the art of influencing others to accept a specific course of action.
The Executive Branch
is composed of the President
*Suggests administers & Regulates the policy.
The Legislative Branch (Congress at the federal level)
is made up of two bodies: the senate and the house of representatives, whose members are elected by the citizens of particular geographic areas.
* identifies probelms, and proposes debates, passes, & modifies laws to address these problems
The Judical Branch
is composed of a system of federal, state, and local courts guided by the opinions of the supreme court
*interprets laws and their meaning and interprets states' rights to provide health services to citizens of the states.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
is the agency most heavily involved with the health and welfare of the U.S. citizens
State Legislatures
enact laws (statutes) establishing boards of nursing and definfing terms such as registered nurse and nursing practice.
The state boards of nursing
operationalize, implement, and enforce the statutory law by writing explicit statements (called rules) on what it means to be a registered nurse, and on the nurse's rights and responsibilities in delegating work to others and In meeting continuing requirements for education.
Scope of practice
involves defining nursing, setting its credentials, and then distenguishing between the practices of nurses, physicians, and other health care providers.
School and family nursing
may be delivered by nurses employed by health departments or boards of education.
Occupational health
is another special area or practice that is affected greatly by state and federal laws. OSHA imposes many requirements on industries.
A required reporting system
for workers exposed to toxic agents in the workplace
A required recordkeeping
system for health records in the workplace
State monitoring and inspecting
of industries, as well as the health services rendered to them by nurses
A "worker's right to know"
law requiring employers to provide employees with information concerning that nature of toxic substances in the workplace (most states)
Compensation statutes
that provide a legal opportunity for claims of workers injured on the job
Home care and hospice
state laws that require licensing and certification have a significant effect on home care and hospice services rendered by nurses.
Nursing in Correctional Health
is controlled by federal and state laws and regulations and by recent Supreme court decisions.
Goals of Healthy People 2010
Increase quality and years of healthy people
Eliminate health disparities