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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The basic science that studies the health effects associated with chemical exposures
Healthy People 2010 objective
Environmental health is one of the priority areas
How to apply the nursing process the environmental health
Follow the nursing process & note the environmental aspects of the problem in every step of the process as follows:
1. Assessment
include inventories & history questions that cover environmental issues as a part of the general assessment
2. Diagnosis
relate the disease and the environmental factors in the diagnosis
Goal Setting
include outcome measures that mitigate & elminiate the environmental factors
Look at community policy & laws as methods to facilitate the care needs for the client; include environmental health personnel in the planning
Corrdinate medical, nursing, & public health actions to meet the client's needs
Examine criteria that include the immeditate & long-term responses of the client, as well as the recidivism of the problem for the client
Environmental Health assessment
a windshield survey is a helpful first step to understanding the potential environmental health risks in a community
Risk assessment
first, access toxicology and/or epidemiologic data to learn if a chemical is known to be associated with negative health effects (in animals or humans).
Assessing risks in vulnerable populations:
Children today are especially at risk for environmental hazards because of factors such as poverty, lack of access to the communities in which they live. Environmental toxins, such as lead, pesticides, mercury, air pollution, solvents, asbestos, and radon, get into homes, schools, childcare centers & playgrounds.
Related to Environment

Primary Prevention
to prevent lead poisoning, instruct families not to use lead-based paint. If such paint has been used, instruct them in removing it and repainting with non-lead-based paint.
Secondary prevention
Identify any household member whose blood lead level is rising
tertiary prevention
initiate treatment for lead poisoning that will reduce blood lead levels.
Environmental Justice Act was passed
these created policies to more comprehensively reduce the incidence of environmental inequity by mandating that every federal agency act in a manner to addess and prevent illnesses and injuries
Select all that apply = Environmental Laws
Occupational Safety & health act (OSHA) 1970 established to ensure worker and workplace safety

Safe Drinking Water Act (SWDA) 1974 was passed to protect the quality of U.S. drinking water.