• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

184 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)

What check is required after completion of initial indoctrination or recurrent indoctrination?

293 Sections (a)1 4-8competency oral check examination
How often is a 293 check required?
IAW FAR 135.293 Sections (a)1 4-8 fulfills the competency oral check every 12 months requirement.
What is the current GOM revision?
Rev 5 (5/15/2014)
What was changed with GOM Revision 5?
The Flight Release is sent via email.
What is the difference between the GOM and the Ops Specs?
The Ops Specs are written by the FAA. The GOM is written by AAM and the POI signs it off on the LEP.
What is ERK and what authorization permits the use of this?
Electronic Record Keeping ERKGOM 1.5.2 , OpSpec A025 1. Airman training records2. Aircraft qualification records3. Flight time limitation and rest requirement records4. Pilot medical records5. Pilot recency of experience records6. Check airman records7. Special training or testing requirements8. Operations Specifications9. Load manifests10. General Operations Manual11. General Maintenance Manual12. International Operations Manual13. Reduced Vertical Separation Manual14. Minimum Equipment List
GOM 1.5.2 , ops spec A25
Which personnel have operational control?
GOM 1.3 Table 1-1, OpSpecs A006, A008 DO - Director of OperationsDOM - Director of MaintenanceCP - Chief Pilot
OpSpecs A006, A00814 CFR 119 69(d)(2)
Where is the dispatch center located?
GOM 1.5 16233 Vanowen StVan Nuys, CA 91406Located wherever the person exercising operational control is.
What items require a new Flight Release?
GOM 1) Change in Aircraft2) Change in flight crew3) Change in departure date
What is difference between flying part 135 and 91 (as far as what type of flight you are flying)? How is this indicated on the flight log?
GOM 1.6.1 Under a Part 135 flight there is one category:1. Revenue FlightIndicated on the flight log with "C"There are two sub-categories of a revenue flights:1. Passenger2. FreightUnder a Part 91 flight there are four categories:1. Lease holder, Owner2. Maintenance3. Positioning4. Training Lease holder, Owner are indicated on the flight log with "O"Positioning is indicated by "F"Maintenance is indicated by "M"Training is indicated by "T"
A passenger requests to change the itinerary on the ground prior to flight... What is the procedure when this happens?
GOM 1.8.2 The crewmember will inform the Ops Center of the passenger request and authorization willeither be granted or denied. a. If granted, the Ops Center will update the flight authorization by e-mailing ortelephoning the PIC the new authorization, or the PIC may login to theAAM. web site and retrieve a new itinerary.b. If denied, the PIC will inform the lead passenger to contact the AAM flight coordinator.
A passenger requests to change the itinerary in flight... What is the procedure for this?
GOM 1.8.2 The PIC will accomplish the following:a. By using onboard communications contact the AAM person exercisingoperational control for approval of the passenger request.b. If unable to reach the person exercising operational control the pilot willaccomplish the following prior to deviating from the authorized flight plan:i. The deviation must be within the crewmembers flight and duty limitations.ii. The aircraft maintenance status does not exceed maintenance limitationsfound on the Aircraft Status Sheet Form 408.iii. The PIC must review the new airport, runway length, NOTAMS, weatherconditions and available services such as fuel.iv. If the preceding conditions are within limitations the PIC may then proceedto the passenger requested airport. After post flight the PIC will contact theperson exercising operational control as soon as practical. Prior to the nextdeparture the PIC will receive a new flight release.
Who is the president and what is the president responsible for?
GOM 2.5.1 Along with the responsibility of the Flight Department, thePresident:1. Responsible for setting the corporate culture and safety policy2. Is the accountable manager for the SMS Manual.3. Has the authority to resolve conflicts within the Flight Department.4. Hires and terminates employees.5. Sets the budget. Note: Operational Control remains the responsibility of the Director of Operations.
Who is the DO and what is the DO responsible for?
GOM 2.5.2 1. Maintains operational control for the organization.2. Responsible for manual(s) content and the execution of company policies,establishes operations, personnel and equipment standards.3. Ensure all crews assigned to fly charter are current and qualified.4. Ensures that all the flight crews are enrolled in the company drug and alcoholprogram and that the Pilot Records Improvement Act has been submitted.5. Coordinates with the Director of Maintenance for applicable inspections andmaintenance.6. May issue flight release e-mail and coordinate with the Director of Maintenancebut will not issue a maintenance release.7. Conducts personnel interviews, hiring and discharging of flight and maintenancepersonnel and oversees the training of all flight and maintenance employees8. Foreign Flight Planning: Obtains or his designee, the necessary diplomaticclearances prior to departure for all flights into or over foreign countries and thosecountries listed in the Operations Specifications.9. Submits revisions to the POI for acceptance.10. Distributes the Operations Manual or portions of it to those persons listed in thedistribution log.11. Supervises procurement, distribution and posting of all information or memorandarelative to any changes affecting Company policy, route information, navaids,NOTAMS, requisitioning of flying aids, aeronautical charts, etc.12. Ensures prompt reporting, filing and follow-up action on accidents, incidents orenforcement actions to the appropriate FAA agencies.13. Is responsible for the record keeping requirements of FAR 135.63. When a newmodel of aircraft is added to the existing revenue fleet, He will request, from themanufacturer and any other available sources, information unique to the safeoperation of that aircraft. The word “new” as used in this paragraph means new tothe Company. It could be a used aircraft obtained from any source.14. Adds or deletes aircraft from the aircraft list and operations specifications.
Who is the CP and what are some of the CP responsibilities? What is the major difference between CP and DO?
GOM 2.5.4 1. Coordinates with the D.O. to direct all training activities of flight crew membersand delegates of the Advanced Air Management Operational Control system.2. Coordinates operations policies, and training matters with appropriate activities.3. Maintains current flight training manual and activities and is responsible for crewmember’s standardization. Reference AAM FAA approved training program.4. Prepares and maintains pilot’s proficiency records, pilot flight schedules, flightactivity reports and FAA correspondence pertaining to operations. The chief pilotwill maintain the following records for the specified period:a. Pilot records – One year after release from duty.b. Weight and balance load manifests – 30 days.5. Ensures proper documentation for each flight6. Maintains aircraft check list.7. Disseminates information to all crew members as it pertains to routes, airports,NOTAMS, navaids and Company policies. Will maintain and make available to allemployees a current copy of the Aeronautical Information Manual, FAR Part 91and FAR Part 135.8. Requests and designates nominees for check pilot authorization from the FAA.9. He establishes pilot crewmanning after ensuring and reviewing pilot duty timeforms are current and within FAA regulations.10. Schedules aircraft to the available flight crew members and establishes personnelduty hours. He may delegate functions to other personnel, but retainsresponsibility.11. Ensures that Advanced Air Management, Inc. provides pertinent Navigationalcharts in a current form for each flight.12. Maintains responsibility for iPad program.13. Ensure QICP vendors are qualified per OpSpecs A010.14. Maintain a list of current and qualified TCEs.15. Ensure the A031 audit date is current.16. Review and update B450 every quarter.
GOM 2.5.4
Who is the DOM and what are some of the DOM responsibilities?
GOM 2.5.5 A. The Director of Maintenance must be qualified per 14 CFR 119.71(e). Director ofMaintenance supervises all Advanced Air Management, Inc. maintenance personneland maintenance operations.B. The DOM has the authority to hire and terminate maintenance personnel.C. The DOM is responsible for the management of the complete maintenance programin an efficient and satisfactory manner, including personnel, scheduling andproduction.D. The DOM contributes to safety, reliability, and economy, by anticipating equipmentproblems, developing skilled employees, utilizing effective tools and procedures, andby a judicious use of contract personnel, equipment and supplies.E. The DOM manages the daily activities of the assigned maintenance personnel by:1. He is responsible for maintenance personnel in the procedures, methods, andpractices to be followed in each respective duty, and will ensure that allmaintenance technicians will be adequately qualified prior to assigning them toany maintenance function.2. He is responsible for maintaining all equipment, tools, and facilities in serviceableand working condition.3. He is responsible for making available to all departments the necessarymaintenance manuals, service bulletins, airworthiness directives, and any otherrequired technical data.4. He maintains responsibility for all the necessary work recorded and filed bycertified mechanics for the operation.5. He is responsible for maintaining the premises of the repair facility in an orderlymanner.6. He is responsible for initiating requisitions for stock and material as required.Orders anticipated parts, lubricants, etc., in sufficient quantity to ensure no aircraftdown time for these items.7. He has overall responsibility for part handling and parts receiving.8. Manages the aircraft maintenance activities including overhaul, modifications,maintenance and repair of aircraft structure, engines and accessories.9. Coordinates closely with maintenance contracting agencies when maintenanceactivities are being performed on and ensures airworthiness of company aircraft.10. Is accountable for all expendable items.11. Maintains close liaison with personnel to provide current aircraft status andforecast down times.12. Determines personnel requirements based on present and projected workloads.13. Maintains weight and balance records of the aircraft.14. He shall review the maintenance status to include weight and balance currency ofeach company multi-engine aircraft.15. He will complete and ensure that both MRR & MIS reports required by FAR 135are submitted.16. That all maintenance forms and records are properly filled out, and filed.17. He is responsible for any additional maintenance requirements as listed in theCompany Operations Specifications.18. Maintains each aircraft status form.19. Verifies that mechanics performing maintenance away from home base arequalified per Section 6, Paragraph 10.3.
GOM 2.5.5
Who does the Safety Manager report to?
GOM 2.5.6 The President
GOM 2.5.6
What are some of the PIC's responsibilities?
GOM 2.5.9 1. Retains final authority for the safe operation of the aircraft 2. Directs the activities of the SIC and ensures all crewmembers understand what duties they are expected to perform. 3. Performs pre-flight inspection of aircraft 4. Decide when to start, delay, cancel a flight 5. Responsible for the fuel 6. Obtains briefing on the flight, weather, notams 7. Within 10 business days after an Emergency deviation send report to Van Nuys CHDO 8. Prepare/Supervise Flight Plan 9. Ensure the WX and AC performance conditions are met 10. Ensure that a flight plan or other flight locating procedures are followed 11. Ensure the W&B is completed 12. Report all known or suspected FAA violations to the DO 13. Maintain a current Medical 14. Ensure that the VOR checks are completed 15. Ensure that crewmembers brief the passengers 16. Ensure that Emergency equipment is onboard 17. Ensure the prep of Flight Logs and recording of maintenance work 18. Ensure that all maintenance write-ups are passed to the maintenance personnel 19. Determine the applicability of regulations for each flight 20. Ensure theat copies of the GOM and other applicable manuals are onboard 21. Determine fi the Flight Crew are adequately rested, carrying the appropriate certificates 22. If a flight crewmember becomes incapacitated the flight will not commence, or if in the air will not pass up the nearest suitable airport 23. Ensure the aircraft is clean and prepared for flight with all aircraft stores and caering onboard 24. Operate the aircraft at favorable altitudes keeping in mind passenger comfort 25. Send in the Flight duty log at the end of each duty day 26. Highly knowledgeable of the GOM, Ops Specs, FARs, 27. Maintain radio or telephone contact with the flight department management often enough during the course of a flight
GOM 2.5.9
When does the PIC's have Final Authority?
GOM 2.5.9 Block out, aircraft begins movement under its own power
GOM 2.5.9
Do we have Flight Attendants or Cabin Service Representatives? What's the difference?
GOM 2.5.13 CSR's. Not allowed to give the passenger briefing. Not allowed to open and close main entrance doors
GOM 2.5.13
When is a First Class Medical due? What it the procedure for a lost medical?
GOM 2.6.5 & FAR 61.23 (Under age 40) 12th month after the month of the date of the examination on the Medical Certificate. (Age 40 or older) 6th month after the month of the date of examination shown on the Medical Certificate.*If you lose the medical or pilot certificate... go to the FAA website
GOM 2.6.5
Is a photo-copy of a Medical or Airman's Certificate valid?
GOM 2.6.5 NO
GOM 2.6.5
How long do you have to notify the FAA of your change in Address?
GOM 2.6.6. 30 days
GOM 2.6.6
If you receive a letter of investigation from the FAA, who must you report this to, and what is the time frame?
GOM 2.6.7 48 hrs, DO
GOM 2.6.7
What training and checking is required to be qualified as PIC?
GOM 2.7 135.293(a) 1 4-8 Competency check: 12 cal months 135.293(a)(2-3) & (b) Initial&Recurrent training from Ops Spec A31 approved location. 12 cal months 135.297 IFR Proficiency check (IPC): every 6 months 135.299 Line Check: 12 cal months Emergency traininga. General every 12 cal monthsb. Drill every 24 cal months International/RVSM trainingEvery 24 cal months
GOM 2.7
What are PIC landing currency requirements?
GOM 2.7.4 Previous 90 days: 3 T/O & Ldgs in type AC or Sim.Night Ops: 3 T/O & Full Stop Landings during the hours of "1 hr after sunset to 1 hr prior to sunrise".*FAR 135.247 Alternative:Every 6 months:- attend 142 school- 1500 hrs-ATP-15 hrs/90 days- 6 t/o and ldg in the sim (night)
GOM 2.7.4
If you perform your 3 night takeoffs and landings... are you current for landing during the day?
GOM 2.7.4 Yes
GOM 2.7.4
What is the procedure to fly the aircraft from the left seat?
GOM 2.7.5 1) ATP2) Qualified as PIC and Type Rated3) 2 letters of recommendation from 2 senior Captains4) Authorization from both the DO and Chief Pilot
GOM 2.7.5
When is it required to report for duty?
GOM 3.2 1 hr prior to departure (in uniform)*(1 hr prior to boarding on international flights)Duty day ends 30 mins after last landing.-Can increase or decrease at PIC discretion in coordination with the DO, crewmembers, and Ops Coordinator
GOM 3.2
Can the report time for a trip be less than one hour prior to departure?
GOM 3.2 Yes. Reporting time may be increased or decreased at the discretion of the PIC with DO approval
GOM 3.2
How does operations know when a crew is off duty after trip completion?
GOM 3.2 When the flight log is submitted via email (Send it in ASAP after your off duty!)
GOM 3.2
What is the alcohol policy?
GOM Absolutely no alcohol w/in 8 hrs of reporting for duty. No excessive consumption w/in 12 hrs of reporting for duty.
What certificates and documents does the PIC need in order to fly?
GOM 3.6.1.a (F-F-F-V-P-C-G)Flight Crew LicenseFirst Class MedicalFCC PermitVaccination CardPassportCrew IDGOM/Ops Specs
GOM 3.6.1.a
When does a Pilot's temporary airman certificate expire?
FAR 61.17 120 days
FAR 61.17
What does the PIC need to check in order to make sure the aircraft is airworthy?
GOM 3.6.1.b-d (A-R-R-O-W-C-I)AC AirworthinessRegistration (check exp date)Radio license (FCC)Ops Manuals:--QRH --AFM--FMS manuals--Avionics manuals--briefing cards--FAR/AIM--GOM, GMM, Ops Specs--RVSM--MELWt and Balance--Sheets--AA Plotter--Equip listCustoms Decal and copy of bondInsurance--Flt Pack--Mexico--Additional insurance if required--$300M liability War Risk cov for EU
GOM 3.6.1.b-d
What documents/manuals are required on board for Part 91?
FAR 91 A-R-R-O-W AC AirworthinessRegistration (check exp date)Radio license (FCC)Ops Manuals:--QRH --AFM--FMS manuals--Avionics manuals--briefing cards--FAR/AIM--GOM, GMM, Ops Specs--RVSM--MELWt and Balance--Sheets--AA Plotter--Equip list
FAR 91
List the AC Preflight items:
GOM 3.6.2-7 A-R-R-O-W-C-IPlus2. Appropriate flight preparations, including a check on the suitability of the proposedairports, and special service arrangements such as airport reservations, customs,special fueling, and catering. 3. Weather briefings are part of the preflight paperwork from ARINC or Honeywell.4. preflight inspection of the airplane. includes : maintenancerecords check, determination of service release, fire extinguishers, lavatorysmoke detector operation check (if required), and an appropriate preflight sign-off,if required. external covers and chocks are removedprior to boarding for engine start.5. A security check that consists of the PIC or designee going through the aircraftand looking in each compartment and area for anything out of the ordinary.6. Ensure that no hazardous material, weapons, or illegal drugs are on board.Exception, Law Enforcement officers may carry firearms.7. Airport Facility Directory, Aeronautical Information Publication,airport NOTAMS and ref noise list
GOM 3.6.2-7
How long is a VOR check valid?
GOM 3.6.2 30 days. Record on the AC Flight Log Form 1 Complete around the 1st of the month.
GOM 3.6.2
What weather sources are we allowed to use?
GOM 3.10.1 (U-U-F-Q) 1) US National WX Service2) Source approved by the US National Weather Service3)Source approved by the FAA (FSS)4)Qualified Internet Comm Provider (ARINC) A010
GOM 3.10.1
When is alternate required?
GOM 3.14.1 & 3.17.3 Departure:-Wx below landing minimumsLanding:+/-1hr of ETA1)Ceiling of at least 1500' above the lowest circling approach MDAOR2) If circling is not allowed at the field, Ceiling at least 1500' above the lowest published minimum or 2000' above the airport elevation (whichever is higher).AND3) Visibility forecast at least 3 miles, or 2 miles more than the lowest applicable visibility minimums (whichever is greater), for the approach to be used at the destination airport,
GOM 3.14.1 & 3.17.3
What are the US Standard Civil Takeoff minimums 2-engine?
FAR 91.175 & OpSpec C057 1SM (1600m) or 5000' (1500m) RVR
FAR 91.175 & OS-C57
What is the lowest RVR permitted for takeoff?
OpSpec C079 lower than standard IFR takeoff minimums: C079 clears us down to RVR 500' (150m), but must haveHIRL and CL lights,and minimum of two RVR reporting systems
OS-C57, C79
When is a takeoff alternate required?
GOM 3.14.1, FAR 135.223, OpSpec C055 When the weather is above takeoff minimums but below landing minimums. Must designate an alternate within 1 hour flying time at normal cruise speed Class G approved for an alternate C064
GOM 3.14.1, FAR 135.223, OS-C55
What minimum weather (ceiling and visibility) is required to designate an airport as an alternate?
OpSpec C055 takeoff or destination alternate: 1 nav facility and 1 runway:Ceiling - add 400' to MDA/DHVis - add 1sm or 1600m to landing min2 Nav facilities, each providing a straight-in approach to different suitable runways:Ceiling: add 200 ft to highest MDA/DA of the two approachesVis: add 1/2sm or 800m to the higher landing mins of the two approaches-Alternates are not subject to the "Wet" Rule
Describe the alternate airport fuel requirements?
GOM 3.18.1 1) Complete the flight to the 1st airport of intended landing2) Fly from that airport to the alternate airport3) Fly after that for 45 mins at normal cruise speed.
GOM 3.18.1
Can we use a Class G airport as an alternate? What do you need to make sure of?
Yes, due to OpSpec C064 (non-scheduled pax and all cargo flights can use Class G). Make sure:1) authorized IAP2) approved source of weather3) airport has a suitable means for the PIC to acquire timely air traffic advisories and the status of the airport services and facilities (someone on the ground that can tell you the runway is safe).4) facilities and services necessary to conduct IFR ops, available and operational at the time of operation.
What are the wet and dry runway length requirements?
GOM Dry Runway: Full Stop landing within 60% of the effective length of the most suitable rwy / by .6 Given Ldg distance:3000/.6 = 5000ft effect rwy length required Given rwy length:6000 x .6 = 3600ft dry Wet Runway:Requires 115% of dry distance x 1.15 5000 x 1.15 = 5750ft wet3600 x 1.15 = 4140ft wet
Scenario: If KTEB has a runway length of 6000ft... calculate the dry and wet ldg data.
GOM 3.19 6000 x .6 = 3600ft dry 3600ft x 1.15 = 4140ft wet
GOM 3.19
Can you land with a breaking action of Nil?
GOM 3.33.4 & 13.5.4 Operations are NOT allowed (unless emergency)
GOM 3.33.4 & 13.5.4
What if you go missed approach at your destination and then find out your alternate has a reported braking action of "Nil"... now can you land there?
GOM 3.33.4 & 13.5.4 Pilot judgement on where the best place to land would be.
GOM 13.5.4
When do we need to wear the O2 Mask?
GOM 3.32.1 *Anytime the Aircraft pressurization is above 10,000ft cabin altitudeFL 250-350 one pilot must wear if the other pilot leaves the cockpitAbove FL 350: one pilot must have on at all times
GOM 3.32.1
What do you not need to send for a 91 flight that you need to send for a 135 flight?
GOM 5.1 Weight and Balance It will be performed for all commercial flight operations (91 or 135) but there is no requirement to retain it on a 91 flight.
GOM 5.1
Scenario: You turn the battery on and get a DU 5 fail. What do you do and can you takeoff?
GOM 6.6.2 Prior to engine start:reference the Mel. If we can go without it then the DOM will sign off the Discrepancy, which drives a new airworthiness release, which drives a new ops release (DO/Chief Pilot). *If the DU fails after engine start: it's considered in flight. From engine start:-reference the MEL for corrective action until you are off the ground.-you can go... just write up the discrepancy after you land and send DOM an email in case they need to coordinate maintenance when you land. *if the item isn't in the MEL, return to the FBO and correct prior to the departure.
GOM 6.6.2
Thrust Reverser MEL'd on the 9th. It is a Cat C item. You are departing on the 19th... Can you go?
MEL Cat c = 10 days Exclude the day the malfunction was recorded in the logbook
What are the MEL Category Repair Intervals? A:B:C:D:
MEL A: time interval specified in the remarks column of the operator's approved MEL B: 3 consecutive calendar days excluding the day the malfunction was recorded C: 10 consecutive calendar daysexcluding the day the malfunction was recorded D: 120consecutive calendar daysexcluding the day the malfunction was recorded
What is the Circuit Breaker policy?
GOM 6.7 Tripped CB not reset unless approved by the op manual or PIC deems necessary for the safety of the flight.-Mx entry recorded of the tripped cb and the phase of flight.
GOM 6.7
List the aircraft refueling procedures.
GOM 7.2.2 -Must be present-Don't start the APU during fueling-No Smoking within 100 ft-No fueling with an active thunderstorm within 10 nm-Pax may be onboard, one crew member must remain onboard and the main entrance door open and fire extinguisher on fuel truck
GOM 7.2.2
If a passenger wants to smoke while your refueling the jet, how far away must they be?
GOM 7.2.2 100 ft
GOM 7.2.2
Can you carry Drugs?
GOM 8.1 No
GOM 8.1
Can a passenger bring their own alcohol on board?
GOM 8.2 Yes however a company representative typically the CSR must provide and serve that beverage.
GOM 8.2
Can we carry people who need medical oxygen?
GOM 8.4 No
GOM 8.4
Can you carry portable oxygen bottles?
GOM 8.4 No
GOM 8.4
Can you carry guns?
GOM 8.10.12 Yes, Authorized to have a loaded weapon: Employee of the US, State or local government, authorized by the FAA, or by AAM. Unloaded weapons must be specifically manifested on the trip sheet. Must be carried in an external baggage area or an AAM trigger guard must be placed on the weapon. The PIC must verify the security of the lock and retain the key. Handling of a weapon by AAM crew is strictly forbidden
GOM 8.10.12
How do you know if someone is on the TSA No Fly List?
GOM 8.10.3 & GOM 2.5.11 The Scheduler runs the TSA no-fly list. It will be shown on the Trip Sheet top left corner.
What is the purpose of the GEN DEC, and when must it be stamped?
It is a required Customs form for both Part 91 and 135 on international flights (for each airport of entry). Declares Operator, departure/arrival/enroute stops, number of passengers and crew, and declaration of health Must be stamped for each part 135 international flight originating in the USA
Are we authorized to carry animals?
GOM 8.10.11 A properly restrained animal may be carried. Must be restrained in a cage and cannot block exits or aisles. PIC must ensure the passenger is familiar with the entry requirements for the animal in the destination country.
GOM 8.10.11
What would your passenger brief sound like?
GOM Introduction, cruising altitude, time in flight:(SSSSDOFE-FAA)1. Use of Seat belts2. Adherence to NO SMOKING signs3. Placement of Seat backs, tables and, as appropriate, seat position relating toemergency exits prior to takeoff and landing4. All personal items Stowed for takeoff and landing5. Ditching procedures, location and use of flotation devices, emergencyequipment and survival gear, as applicable.6. For flight at an altitude above 12,000 ft MSL: The normal and emergency useof Oxygen7. Location and operation of Fire extinguishers8. Location and operation of passenger oxygen9. Location and use of cabin doors and emergency Exits10. Location and use of life jackets and life rafts11. FAA regulations prohibit tampering with, disabling or destroying any smokedetector installed in the aircraft12. Smoking in the lavatory and compliance with the placards and lightedinformation signs (if in service) and crewmember instructions with regard tothese items (as applicable)13. Keep seat belts fastened while seated in the event of unexpected turbulence.14. Any in-flight customer safety and convenience considerations.15. Location and use of passenger convenience and service items, as applicable
When can passengers use their cell phones?
GOM Table 8-1 Banned at all times. *note 1 - may be used after landing and clearing the runway if permission is given by the PIC or designated first.
GOM Table 8-1
What are our Company's Flight Locating Procedures?
GOM 11.3.1 Filed IFR Flight plan via:1) ARINC2) Honeywell3) FAA/ICAO If an aircraft is overdue by one hour the chief pilot will:1)Call pilot cell phones2) Call proposed FBO3) Call FSS and ask for last known position4) Ask FSS Sector to relay a message5) Notify NTSB
GOM 11.3.1
What are the two-crew crew flight hour and duty limitations?
GOM 12.5.1 FAR 135.267 500 hrs Cal qtr800 hrs 2 consecutive Cal qtrs1400 hrs/ Cal year 10 hr rest prior14 hr max duty day10 hr max flight time in a 24 hours period 10 hr rest after
GOM 12.5.1
What are the three-crew flight hour and duty limitations?
GOM 12.5.2 FAR 135.269 500 hrs Cal qtr800 hrs 2 consecutive Cal qtrs1400 hrs/ Cal year 10 hr rest prior to duty18 hr max duty day12 hr max flt time8 hr max Flt Deck duty (seat time) per pilot in a 24 hour period 12 hr rest after
GOM 12.5.2
If you go over the flight time limitation... how long should you extend crew rest by?
GOM FAR 135.267/269 two-crew:-11 hrs rest: if exceeded by not more than 30 mins-12 hrs rest: 31-60 mins-16 hrs rest: 61 or more minsthree-crew:16 hrs rest: 61 or more mins
He then gave me the following Scenario and had me do a W&B KVNY to LFPB. 0900 T/O. 4 PAX, 200lbs bags, 3 crew... Whats the earliest you can takeoff from LFPB to return to KVNY?
KVNY to LFPB Flight time came out to 10+15. 3-man crew... land at 19:15. Assume Duty off at 19:45. 12 hrs of rest means you can show for Duty at 07:45... takeoff about an hour later = 08:45 departure.
What is the procedure for documenting "beyond planned hours" (exceeding FAR 135.267 or FAR 135.269) flight time limitations?
Any time the flight time is exceeded, an explanation must be given in the note section of the flight log. Example: "exceeded 10 hours flight time due to stronger than forecast head wind"
The flight time from KVNY to LFPB is calculated and planned at 10 hr two crew. If the actual flight time was 10hr15minutes (overflew the flight by 15 min), what would be the earliest we could takeoff to return?
Remember that rest is now 11 hrs since we overflew 0-30 mins. T/O at 0900. Land at 19:15. Assume Duty off at 19+45. 11 hrs of rest means Duty on at 06:45. Earliest T/O would be 07:45.
For a 6 hour flight from KTEB to KLAX and takeoff is made at 1100z and landing at 1700z. What is the earliest time a takeoff can be made back to KTEB? Assume 5 hours for the return.
0700z takeoff due to rolling 10 hours flight time in a 24 hour period
GOM 12.5.1
On a 3-man crew, how many pilots must be present to hear the clearance?
GOM All 3 to prevent a mistake
What are some Autopilot use limitations?
GOM 12.16 -Weather less than 4000RVR or 3/4sm, a coupled approach must be flown Not Permitted Below: -500'AGL on departure On IAP:-ILS: 80' AGL-NP: not more than 50' below the MDA
GOM 12.16
What would your Pre-Takeoff brief sound like? (WARTS Brief)
GOM 12.17 WeatherAbnormalRwyTerrainSpecial
GOM 12.17
What is a HAS brief?
GOM 12.22 HeadingAltitudeSpeed
GOM 12.22
What altitude is considered the beginning of the Critical Phase of Flight?
GOM 12.24 10,000ft MSL
GOM 12.24
What will both crew verify when cleared for take off?
GOM 12.26 1) FMS dept procedure/trans matches correct rwy and dept clearance 2) Hdg indicators agree with rwy cleared for takeoff.
GOM 12.26
When cleared for takeoff, what are our standard calls for runway lineup?
GOM Table 12-4 *Should sound like thisPNF: "Departure procedure and transition for runway __ is checked"PF: "Crosschecked"PNF: "Runway heading checked"PF: "Crosschecked"
GOM Table 12-4
What would your Approach Brief sound like? (NATS brief)
GOM 12.32 NotamsApproach briefTerrainSpecial
GOM 12.32
What are the Standard calls on an Approach?
GOM 12.26 PNF: "1,000, cleared to land,” or“1,000, no landing clearance.”PNF: “500”PF: “Stabilized"PNF: "Sink ______" if below 500ft and descent rate >1000fpmPNF: “NAV armed, NAV capture, APPROACHarmed, APPROACH capture, ALTITUDEarmed, ALTITUDE capture, etc.”PNF: “Approaching inbound course.” PNF: "Localizer alive"PNF: "Glide slope alive" PNF: "Approaching minimums" 100 ft above PNF: "Approaching VDP" PNF: "Minimums" PNF & PF: "Runway in sight" PNF" "Missed Approach Point" PNF & PF: "Missed Approach" PF: "Approach lights in sight" or "Runway in sight" prior to leaving the DA/MDA
GOM 12.26
What Category are we for circling?
GOM 12.34, OpSpec C075 Cat Dspeed 141-165 ktsDistance: 2.3nm TERPSUse the highest of the IAP minimum or table...HAA 550' and 2sm vis
GOM 12.34, OS-C75
When is an approach and landing not advised in regards to thunderstorms?
GOM 12.35 Thunderstorms within 3 miles of an airport
GOM 12.35
Utilizing any runway less than ______ft requires prior approval by ___?
GOM 12.37 4500ft DO or Chief Pilot
GOM 12.37
What is the difference between an ASOS and an AWOS? Which can we use?
GOM 13.3.1 ASOS: (Auto Sfc Obs System)-continuos and augmented w/ manual observations when necessaryAWOS: (Automated Wx Observing System)-Sensors... dont predict the wx*We can use ASOS and AWOS 2 and above... we need the visibility.
GOM 13.3.1
What is our policy for a "clean aircraft" in cold weather?
GOM 14.2 No aircraft should takeoff when frost, ice, or snow is adhering to the wings, control surfaces, or propellor (engine inlets). So we use a Pre-Takeoff contamination check, 5 mins prior to t/o. Outside the aircraft... a tactile examination
GOM 14.2
What type of anti-icing can you use? And do we use holdover charts?
GOM 14.8, OS- A041 Anti-Ice: Type II or IV Holdover charts are not mandatory. They are for reference only.
GOM 14.8, OS- A041
What do you squawk if being hijacked?
GOM 15.3.1 7500
GOM 15.3.1
What do you Squawk for Lost Comm?
Definition of a fatal injury?
GOM 16.2 Death within 30 days of the accident
GOM 16.2
Definition of a Serious Injury?
GOM 16.2 -Hospitalization for more than 48 hrs w/in 7 days of injury date-fracture bone-severe hemorrage, nerve, muscle, tendon damage-internal organ-2nd or 3d degree burns over 5% of body
GOM 16.2
What are the limitations on the iPad?
GOM 18.5 Class 1 EFB:-external comm turned off-charged to 85%-Backup battery charded to 90%- must charge if at 30%-Op Temp: 32-95 deg F-Software up to date-thermal runaway bag
GOM 18.5
FAR 135.293
What are the first four characters of the FAA certificate number?
I1DA OpSpec A001 Note located on every OpSpec. At foreign airports you will frequently show A999, the AOC which also has the FAA certificate number
Are aircraft authorized to conduct VFR en route operations?
No, only IFR en route operations permitted in OpSpec A003
Where is the summary of special authorizations and limitations listed?
OpSpec A004 Often referred to as the "wish list" There are certain OpSpecs that are generic to all part 135 operators, these are not contained here.
What are the different sections of the OpSpecs?
A - Basic infoB- EnrouteC - TerminalD- MX/RVSME- W&B
OpsSpec A___ authorized us to use electronic record keeping. What can we keep electronically?
OpSpec A025 GOM 1.5.2 1. Airman training records2. Aircraft qualification records3. Flight time limitation and rest requirement records4. Pilot medical records5. Pilot recency of experience records6. Check airman records7. Special training or testing requirements8. Operations Specifications9. Load manifests10. General Operations Manual11. General Maintenance Manual12. International Operations Manual13. Reduced Vertical Separation Manual14. Minimum Equipment List
Where may 135.297 checking be accomplished?
OpSpec A031 CAE Dallas, TX:G-IVG-VBBD-700 Bombardier Dallas, TXBBD-700 CAE Morristown, NJG-V Flight Safety International Savannah, GAG-IV-450 FYI:BD-700-1A10 = Global ExpressBD-700-1A11 = Global 5000G 5000 = Global Vision Flight DeckG 6000 = Global Vision Flight Deck
Can you do a Global Differences Training at the DFW Bombardier training center?
OpSpec A031 Yes, even though the aircraft M/M/S column states only for a BD-700-1A10 (Global Express). It states differences training under the curriculum column for the G 5000 or G 6000 (Global Vision Aircraft).
Which Ops Spec allows us to use the iPad?
OpSpec A061 It's a Hardware Class 1
What OpsSpec do you find your AOC in-case you get Ramp checked?
OpSpec A999 Air Operator Certificate (AOC) AOC # I1DA914J
OpSpec B31 allows us to...
Class 1 Nav in the US and areas defined by B50*Class 1 Nav - inside service volumes of ICAO std gnd based navaids (VOR, VOR/DME, NDB).
OpSpec B032 allows us to...
Allows us to fly on airways
OpSpec B034 allows us to...
Allows us to utilize GPS for Class 1 Nav
What RNP Level are we authorized?
B34, B36, Global Class CAE Authorized P-RNAV+/-1nmRNP 10 for GLobal Express RNP Airways: 2,4,10,12.6 Performance Area: 1xRNP either side of center (95%) Containment Area: 2xRNP either side of center (100%) ie: RNP 10 =20 mile performance area (95%) 40 mile containment area (100%)
B34, B36, Global Class CAE
OpSpec B035 allows us to...
Allows us to fly in Class A airspace (above 180 in the US)
OpSpec B036 allows us to...
Allows us to fly Class 2 NAV using GPS (RNP 10) Class 2 Nav is dependent on use of long range navigation systems (LRNS) i.e. GPS (sat based), IRS (self contained), LORAN-C (ref to gnd based).
When leaving California flying to Hawaii, when are you in Class 2 Airspace?
230nm or less off the coast. ( I just assumed the max range of a High VOR)
OpSpec B037 allows us to...
Allows us to go to the Central East Pacific to go to Hawaii(RVSM, RNP 10)
OpSpec B038 allows us to...
Allows us to go into North Pacific Airspace (RVSM/RNP 10)
OpSpec B039 allows us to...
Allows us to go to North Atlantic Min Nav Performance Special AirspaceNAT/MNPS airspace Must meet1/2 of RNP 12.6 (6.3)
OpSpec B046 allows us to...
Allows us to go into RVSM-2 indep alt measure equip-alt alert sys-AP (Alt control)-Mode C transponder (alt report)Check altimiters +/-75 ft of eachother on the ground and 75ft of ramp elevation
What countries and FIRs are en route operations not authorized?
OpSpec B050:Asia- North KoreaAfrica- Ethiopia ***NOTE 1***- Libya- SomaliaCaribbean- Havana FIR ***NOTE 2***Middle East- Iraq SFAR 77 ***NOTE 3*** Note 1 - Operations in Ethiopia south of 12 degrees north latitude ONLY Note 2 - Havana FIR overflight ONLY Note 3 Overflight of Iraq above FL200 ONLY*check sensitive intl area FAA site before fly. Chief pilot sends these out too.
OpSpec B059 allows us to...
go into Canada MNPS, but avoid the Area of Magnetic Unreliability (AMU)
OpSpec C052 allows us to...
Approaches:-Lists the approaches we can fly-TDZ RVR controlling-Limits visib to 1/2sm min on ldg-allowed to fly a prec appch to 200ft DH/1800 RVR w/ no TDZ/RCL lights-No MDA = OCL + airport elev as the new MDA/DH
When can you descend out of the DH?
OpSpec C052 Position where a normal approach to the runway can be made and at least one of the following visible: R_R_A_T_T_VRunway (markings, lights)Runway end identifier lightsALS (not below 100' above TDZE unless see red side row bars)Threshold (markins,lights)Touchdown zone (markings, lights)Vis GP indic (VASI, PAPI)
What Approaches are we allowed to fly?
OpSpec C052 NP w/o vertical guidance:GPSRNAV (GPS)LDALDA/DMELOCLOC BCLOC/DMENDBVORVOR/DME Precision:ILSILS/PRM (Prec Rwy Monitor)
A PIC shall not begin an IAP when the visibility is less than 3/4sm or RVR 4000 unless...?
OpSpec C054 1) 15% addtl rwy length is available over the landing field length 2)Precision instrument runway markings or runway centerline lights are operational.
What is a High Minimum Captain and do they have the same approach minimums?
OpSpec C054 PIC who have not met 135.225(100 hrs as PIC) will use the min RVR table (lowest RVR being 4500) and will increase the DA/MDA and vis mins by 100ft and 1/2sm
Be ready to answer some scenario based questions on C64 - Terminal Area IFR operations in Class G Airspace and at airports without an operating control tower
OpSpec C064
If taking off 1000RVR (300m)... what are the requirements?
OpSpec C079 Need: Operative Runway CL lights OR HIRL and serviceable RCLM (Runway Centerline Marking)
What are the lowest landing RVR and Visibility for approaches?
OpSpec C079 RVR: 1800ft (600m)Visibility: 1/2sm (800m)
Terminal Arrival IFR - "Visual Approach" B, C, or D: E?
OpSpec C077 1) Stay within Class B,C,D airspace:B (sfc-10,000MSL) approx 40nmC (sfc-4,000AGL) approx 10nmD (sfc-2,500AGL) approx 5nm 2) or within 35 nm of the Class E destination airport. * VFR Cloud Clearance mins (3-152s)*Visual contact with airport or aircraft*no lower than1,000ft ceiling and 3sm vis
Terminal Arrival VFR..."Canceling IFR" at controlled airports: B, C, or D? E?
OpSpec C077 1) Stay within Class B,C,D airspace:B (sfc-10,000MSL) approx 40nmC (sfc-4,000AGL) approx 10nmD (sfc-2,500AGL) approx 5nm 2) In E you can cancel within 10nm but must remain in controlled airspace. 3) the flightcrew requests radar-monitored traffic advisories *VFR Cloud Clearances mins*Reported Ceiling must be 1,000ft or greaterif ceiling less then need 2sm visibility
Terminal Arrival VFR..."Canceling IFR" at an uncontrolled Airport... Must have?
OpSpec C077 1) Cancel within 10nm of dest2) Air/Ground communication for traffic advisories and landing surface*VFR Cloud Clearances mins*Reported Ceiling must be 1,000ft or greaterif ceiling less then need 2sm visibility
When can you land at an uncontrolled airport?
OpSpec C064, C077, 135.205, 91.155 Terminal Area IFR--Nonscheduled pax and all cargo operationsTerminal Area VFR: (within 10 nm of the airport)Ceiling 1,000ft (2sm) or greatercloud clearancesUncontrolled airspace:-direct communication with air/ground communication facility or agent of the cert holder which provides airport traffic advisories and pertinent info on the conditions of the landing surface,
C-64, C77, 135.205, 91.155
Non-towered airports...How do you enter the VFR pattern and what do you say at FAF on an IAP?
AIM 4-1-9 Enter 45 degree to downwind at Pattern Altitude“Frederick traffic, Global Express Three-Six Lima, RICKE inbound, four-mile final, Runway Two-Three, Full Stop, Frederick. “
AIM 4-1-9
Can you ever depart VFR?
OS-C77 Yes. 1000' ceiling (2sm) Must obtain IFR clearance within 50nm of departure airport
Can we Fly VFR Enroute?
GOM 3.15 No. Enroute is defined as more than 50NM
GOM 3.15
If you're going to takeoff from an uncontrolled airport, how can you get your IFR clearance on the ground?
Dial the FAA Clearance Delivery # 1-888-766-8267
State the VFR Cloud Clearance minimums
FAR 91.155 (cloud clearance triangle) B - 3 COC CDEG(night)- 3 152s G(day)below 1200'Agl: 1 COC1200'A - 10,000'M: 1 152s Top Row------EG above 10,000Msl: 5 111s
FAR 91.155
What are the VFR Cruising Altitudes?
FAR 91.159 More than 3,000' and up to 18,000'NEOSWEVEN+500ft*Remember no VFR enroute! Must pickup IFR within 50 miles of the dept airport
FAR 91.159
What is the minimum uncontrolled airspace VFR ceiling and visibility?
FAR 135.205 No person may operate an airplane under VFR in Uncontrolled airspace when the ceiling is less than 1,000 feet unless flight visibility is at least 2 miles
FAR 135.205
Where can you find the list of AAM aircraft authorized to conduct 135 Ops?
OpSpec D085 Aircraft listing
Where can you find the Ops Spec that lets us use an MEL on our airplanes?
OpSpec D095
Whats the difference between an MEL and an MMEL?
MMEL stands for Master Minimum Equipment List developed by the Manufacturer. The MEL is developed by the operator and derived from the MMEL for each individual aircraft. It is approved by the FAA. It can be more restrictive than the MMEL (never less restrictive).
FAR 135.293
When do you Squawk 2000?
NAT Doc 007 6.8 During Flight in the NAT Region. (the last assigned code must be retained for a period of 30 minutes after entry into the NAT airspaceor after leaving a radar service area)
NAT Doc 007 6.8
When do you Squawk 7700?
AIM 6-2-2 Emergency
AIM 6-2-2
When do you Squawk 7777?
AIM 4-1-20 Reserved for Military interceptor operations
AIM 4-1-20
When do you Squawk 4000
AIM 4-1-20 Reserved for Military pilots within Restricted/Warning Areas
AIM 4-1-20
When do you Squawk 1200?
AIM 4-1-20 When operating under VFR flight rules (unless otherwise instructed by ATC)
AIM 4-1-20
When do you Squawk 1277?
AIM 4-1-20 Reserved for USAF/USCG aircraft flying VFR SAR missions
AIM 4-1-20
When do you Squawk 1202?
AIM 4-1-20 Reserved for Gliders not in contact with ATC
AIM 4-1-20
Maximum Procedure turn speed?
AIM 5-4-9 200 kts max
AIM 5-4-9
Pilots complying with speed adjustments are expected to maintain?
AIM 4-4-12 within 10 kts and .02 Mach of the specified speed
AIM 4-4-12
Max airspeed underlying Class B Airspace?
FAR 91.117 200 Kts MAX
FAR 91.117
Maximum airspeed in Class D?
FAR 91.117 Cat C or Dat or below 2,500'within 4nm:200 Kts MAX
FAR 91.117
Speed restrictions of 250kts below 10,000 ft do not apply when...?
AIM 4-4-12 Beyond 12nm from the coastline within the US FIR in class E airspace below 10,000ft MSL
AIM 4-4-12
Maximum Holding Airspeeds?
AIM 5-3-8 In MSL altitudes MHA-6000ft = 200 6,001 - 14,000ft = 230 14,001 - above = 265
AIM 5-3-8
PANS-OPS Max Holding Speeds?
ICAO Doc 8168 up to 14,000 = 230kts 14,001 to 20,000 = 240kts 20,001 to 34,000 = 265kts 34,001 and above 0.83 Mach
ICAO Doc 8168
Lost communication procedures?
FAR 91.185 (AVEF - MEA) Last:AssignedVectoredExpectedFiled Highest of:MSAExpectedAssigned If clearance limit is a fix on and IAP: begin descent at ETA on filed flight plan If clearance limit is not a fix on an IAP: leave fix at EFC time.-if not given then upon arival of the clearance limit fix, depart to a fix where the approach begins. Commence descent at ETA time in filed flight plan.L
FAR 91.185
Lost Comm Scenerio: Flight from LAS to VNY.Clearance ABC departure to DCE arrival, runway heading to 10,000 expect FL 230. VNY is the final fix on the arrival and is not an IAF. What route do you fly?What Altitude do you fly?When do you descend?How and when will you depart the VNY VOR and what will you do?You break out at 3,000 feet and see flashing red on final... what do you do?
FAR 91.185 Assigned RouteHighest Altitude: 230Upon reaching the VOR proceed to the IAF and hold at 230. Descend and commence approach at ETA filed on flight plan, See flashing red = airport not safe to land, so I'll proceed to my alternate.
FAR 91.185
List the ATC Light Gun Signals in flight.
FAR 91.125 Steady Green - cleared to landFlashing Green - Return for ldgSteady Red - Give way to other aircraft, continue circlingFlashing Red - Airport not safe, don't landAlternating red and green - use extreme caution
FAR 91.125
List the ATC Light Gun Signals on ground.
FAR 91.125 Steady Green - Cleared for takeoff Flashing Green - Cleared to Taxi Steady Red - Stop Flashing Red - Taxi clear of runway in use Flashing White - Return to starting point on airport Alternating Red and Green - Use extreme Caution
FAR 91.125
If unable to communicate with Oceanic (ie. Gander OCA)... What other means is recommended for position reports?
NAT Doc 007 6.6 1. Another Oceanic center with which communication has been established 2. SATCOM voice relay 3. Try another HF frequency other then the primary or secondary 4. Another aircraft in the NAT region. (in the NAT region, when out of reach of VHF ground stations 123.45 may be used for relay). 3. Another aircraft on frequency 121.5 or 243.0 if no other means is available
NAT Doc 007 6.6
Explain the ARINC 424 Shorthand System that our FMS uses.
N:NorthWestE:NorthEastS:SouthEastW:SouthWest * N 52 00/W 075 00 = 5275N* N 75 00/W 170 00 = 75N70* S 50 00/E 020 00 = 5020S* N 50 00/E 020 00 = 5020E* S 52 00/W 075 00 = 5275W
How is S50 W060 Displayed in the FMS?
5060W (Since youre in the SW quadrant)
How are the DME Radial Waypoints displayed in the FMS (Using the ARINC 424)?
D090J D= "DME"090 = the radialJ= 10 DME because "J" is the 10th letter in the alphabet.
How do you find AIPs (Airport Improvement Programs)?


Walk me through what you would do as PIC if you lost an engine while in the NAT region (he'll point to a place on the plotting chart that is obviously well North of the NAT Tracks...

NAT Doc 007 CH 13/ Jepp Atlantic 1-2 1. Squawk 7700 2. You will not stay level! so pick an altitude (remember the NATs are FL 290-410) so maybe FL 265 (heading towards Gander). GLobal Express: shoot for around 200KIAS in the descent 3. Turn on all your lights 4. Broadcast intentions on 121.5/123.45 5. Tell ATC what you are doing (if in touch with them)

NAT Doc 007 Ch 13
What If you lose comm before entering Shanwick airspace... what should you do?
Jepp Atlantic 1-2/ Jepp Europe Manual Ireland ICAO Differences pg 1070 Do not enter Shanwick Airspace! Look in the Jepp Europe Manual. That is where you'll find information on special lost comm procedures over EINN. -Squawk 7600-Attempt to call via satellite voice comms-Attempt contact on VHF or 123.45 via another aircraft relay Jepp Europe Manual States:-While in the Shannon FIR, proceed maintaining the last assigned altitude to the Shannon Navaid and old over that aid for not less than 5 minutes. Then commence descent and complete a normal instrument approach for that navaid. For this procedure, Shannon is the only Irish aerodrome which may be used.
AIrcraft Requirements for flight in MNPS airspace
Lateral Navigation: 2 fully serviceable Long Range Navigation Systems (LRNS).- INS- GNSS- IRS Longitudinal Navigation:-Master clock (preflight to UTC time) Altimetry Equipment:1) 2 independent primary altimetry systems2) 1 automatic altitude control system3) One altitude alerting device(preflight altimeters +/- 200ft)
NAT MNPS In Flight Contingencies
Jepp Atlantic 1-2 -Attempt to get a new ATC clearanceMayday= distress signalPan Pan = urgency signal -If clearance can not be obtained: -turn at least 45deg to the R or L of course to offset the track at 15nm -If unable to maintain assigned altitude... Select an altitude that differs by 500ft if at or below FL 410 or 1000ft if above FL410 -Alert nearby aircraft of intentions on 121.5/123.45 -Turn on all lights -Squawk appropriately
NAT MNPS Weather Deviation
Jepp Atlantic 1-2 -Alert nearby aircraft of position/intentions on 121.5/123.45-turn on all exterior lights-Deviations less than 10nm = stay on ATC assigned Altitude-Deviations more than 10nm = one 10nm away from the track...going East:L of course = descend 300 ftR of course = climb 300 ft Going West:L of course = climb 300 ftR of course = descend 300 ft *When returning to course be at ATC altitude when 10nm away from course centerline
Jepp Atlantic 1-2
FAR 135.293
6 Primary forms of Fog?
(P_R_A_I_S_U)1)Precipitation fog2) Radiation fog3) Advection fog4) Ice fog5) Steam6) Upslope fog
When does freezing rain form?
This occurs whenever warm air is suspended above cold air
Three stages of a thunderstorm?
1) Cumulus2) Mature *the worst stage3) Dissapated
Three types of icing?
1) Clear2) Rime3) Mixed
Levels of icing?
1) Trace2) Light3) Moderate4) Severe
How often is emergency training required?
FAR 135.331Emergency General: 12 monthsEmergency Drill: 24 months
How ofter in CRM training required?
FAR 135.330Every 12 months
How often is International/RVSM training required?
Every 24 months
How often is HAZMAT training required?
Every 24 months
How often are you required to be tested on weight and balance and who preforms this check?
135.293(3) Initial&Recurrent training every 12 cal monthsPreformed by the approved OpSpec A031 contract training provider
What is polar north operations defined as and are we approved?
FAR 135.98Not approved. The north polar area of operation is that area that lies North of 78 degrees North Latitude
What is polar south defined as?
The south polar area of operation is that area that lies South of 65 degrees South Latitude. AMU in the southern hemisphere is also defined by 65 degrees south latitude
What is the ACN for the G-IV and BBD-700

Pavement Classification Number PCN G-IV @ 75,000 = 25 BBD-700 @ 98,250 = 33