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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the FAA responsible for?
Establishing, reviewing, and enforcing general regulations for all aviation activities in the US (military and civilian)
To whom do FARs apply to?
All aviators in the US, military and civilian
Which FAR most affects Naval Aviators?
FAR Part 91: "General Operating and Flight Rules"
What is the AIM?
Official guide for basic flight information, ATC procedures, and health/medical/safety items
What are FLIPs?
DoD published - Flight Information Publications: route charts, en route supplements, instrument approach plates and planning guides
What governs the operations of Naval aircraft throughout the world?
OPNAVINST 3710.7: "NATOPS General Flight and Operating Instructions"
What does NATOPS stand for?
Naval Air Training and Operating Procedures Standardization
What are NATOPS aircraft flight manuals?
Manuals for specific aircraft (i.e. T-34)
What are the priority of Regulations?
(1) NATOPS Flight Manual; (2) OPNAVINST 3710.7; (3) FLIPs; (4) Federal Aviation Regulations
What is a NOTAM?
Notice to Airmean - immediate notice of changes essential to personnel
What does "Shall" mean?
procedure is mandatory
What does "Should" mean?
procedure is recommended
What does "May" and "Need Not" mean?
procedure is optional
What does "Will" mean?
indicates futurity NOT requirement
Which agency of the FAA enforces FAR Part 91?
Which agency of the FAA approves flight plans and grants clearances?
What are common sub-agencies of ATC?
FSS, Control Tower (clearance & ground control), Approach, ARTCC (Center)
What is the FSS?
Flight Service Station - provides breifings, en route comm, S&R, ATC clearances, NOTAMs, flight plans, flight following, nav aids, Flight Watch, weather, other advisories
What is the Control Tower?
Responsible for traffic on and IVO of airport - typically 3 stations: Clearance Delivery, Ground and Tower
What does Clearance Delivery provide?
ATC clearances to departing aircraft
Who is responsible for taxi clearance?
Who is responsible for takeoff and landing clearances?
What is ATIS?
Automatic Terminal Information Service - weather conditions, runway, etc
What is the primary purpose of Approach Control?
Control IFR traffic
What is the ARTCC and its primary purpose?
Air Route Traffic Control Center - provides en route IFR traffic between terminal areas
What is the FAR definition of PIC?
Pilot in Command: responsible for the operation and safety of an aircraft during flight time…
What preflight planning is required?
OPNAVINST 3710.7: familiarize with available weather reports and forecasts, NOTAMs, fuel requirements, alternatives, and traffic delays
What is adequate for a flight plan?
DD Form 175 (military flight plan); Squadron Flight Schedule (for local/close areas); FAA Form 7233-1 (if no military ops avail)
What are three methods for a/c fuel and oil purchase?
Direct military supply, government contract, commercial sources
What are the requirements for starting an aircraft engine?
OPNAVINST 3710.7 - Pilot or designated mechanic in the pilot's seat
What is the requirement for starting a helicopter engine?
Qualified helicopter pilot at the controls
What are OPNAVINST 3710.7 requirements for safety belts and shoulder harness?
Worn prior to takeoff until completion of flight, except as required; inertial reels locked for takeoff and landing
What are minimum PPE requirements?
Helmet, boots, floves, flight suit, ID tags, knife, survival kit, signal device, survival radio & beacon, flashlight. Also as required: anti exposure suit, anti blackout suit, pressure suit (above FL500), life preserver, laser eye protection, HEED (helos)
What are the requirements for supplemental oxygen?
Pilots: used w/ cabin altitude >10,000ft; PAX: >3hrs btwn 10,000 - 13,000ft
How are runways numbered?
Magnetic direction of centerline ot nearest 10 degrees
What is an Aldis lamp?
Hand held, variable color, directional light in the control tower
What is a steady green Aldis lamp (ground / flight)?
Cleared to takeoff / cleared to land
What is a flashing green Aldis lamp (ground / flight)?
Cleared to taxi / return for landing
What is a steady red Aldis lamp (ground / flight)?
stop / give way
What is a flashing red Aldis lamp (ground / flight)?
taxi clear of runway / airport unsafe; do not land
What is a flashing white Aldis lamp (ground / flight)?
Return to starting point / not used
What is a alternating red and green Aldis lamp (ground / flight)?
exercise extreme caution
What are the airport marking aid colors?
White for runway, yellow for taxiway
What are the six types of airport signs?
Direction, Runway remaining, Mandatory instruction, Information, Location, Destination (DR. MILD)
What are Mandatory instruction signs?
White on red - runway / critical area. Ex: hold short
What color are Runway/Taxiway Location signs?
Yelow on Black w/ Yellow border
What color are runway and ILS critical boundary signs?
Black on yellow
What are direction signs?
Black on yellow - intersection of taxiways
What are destination signs?
Black on yellow - taxi direction to specific locations
What are information signs?
Black on yellow - info such as frequencies or NAVAID data
What are runway distance remaining signs?
White on black - thousands of feet
What are common wind / landing indicators?
Wind Cone, Wind Sock, Wind Tee, Tetrahedron
What are Approach Light Systems (ALS)?
Transition from IFR to VFR for landing; Start at 2,400 - 3,000 ft precision, 1,400 - 1,500 ft non-precision
What are three basic visual glideslope indicators?
Visual Approach Slope Indicator (VASI), Optical Landing System (OLS), Stabilized Glide Slope Indicator (SGSI)
What is VASI visible distance?
3-5 miles day, 20 miles night
What is the OLS?
Optical Landing System - the meatball. Amber ball: on=green, below=red
What is the SGSI?
gyro-stabilized light system used for helo ops; tri-colored beam, green, amber, red; amber-red means on glideslope
What are REIL?
Runway End Identifier Lights - flashing
What color are Runway Edge Light Systems?
White on side, green and red on ends, depending on approach end (threshold / overrun)
What is touchdown zone lighting (TDZL)
Transverse white light bars on both sides of centerline, 3,000ft down runway or to midpoint (whichever is less)
What is runway centerline lighting (RCLS)?
Lights at 50 foot intervals along v centerline of the runway. White until last 3,000 feet of runway; red/white alternating for 2,000 feet, red for last 1,000 feet
What color are taxiway turnoff lights?
What are the two types of Airport (rotating) beacons?
Green and white, 180 degrees apart; civilian = solid green & solid white; military = solid green w/ dual peaked white; sunset to sunrise & poor visibility
What color are taxiway edge lights?
What color are taxiway centerline lights?