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13 Cards in this Set

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WHAT ARE THE 3 OBJECTIVES OF FIRST AID?


PREVENT FUTHER INJURY


PREVENT INFECTION


PREVENT LOSS OF LIFE

WHAT ARE THE 4 METHODS OF CONTROLLING BLEEDING?


DIRECT PRESSURE


ELEVATION


PRESSURE POINTS


USE OF A TOURNIQUET AS A LAST RESORT

WHAT IS A PRESSURE POINT?

POINT ON THE BODY WHERE A MAIN ARTERY LIES NEAR THE SKIN SURFACE AND OVER A BONE.

HOW MANY PRINCIPAL POINTS ARE ON EACH SIDE OF THE BODY?

11

WHAT ARE THE PRINCIPAL PRESSURE POINTS?


TEMPLE


JAW


NECK


COLLAR BONE


INNER UPPER ARM


INNER ELBOW


WRIST


UPPER THIGH


GROIN


KNEE


ANKLE

WHAT ARE THE THREE CLASSIFICATIONS OF BURNS?

FIRST- PRODUCES REDNESS, WARMTH AND MILD PAIN


SECOND- CAUSES RED, BLISTERED SKIN AND SEVERE PAIN


THIRD- DESTROYS TISSUE, SKIN AND BONE IN SEVERE CASES

WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF FRACTURES?


CLOSED/SIMPLE- BROKEN BONE WITH NO BREAK IN THE SKIN


OPEN/COMPOUND- BREAK IN SKIN

WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF HEAT RELATED INJURIES?


HEAT EXHAUSTION- DISTURBANCE OF BLOOD FLOW TO THE BRAIN, HEART AND LUNGS. SKIN IS COOL, MOIST AND CLAMMY.


HEAT STROKE- BREAKDOWN OF SWEATING MECHANISM OF THE BODY. HOT AND/OR DRY SKIN AND WEAK RAPID PULSE

WHAT ARE THE THREE TYPES OF COLD WEATHER INJURIES?


HYPOTHERMIA


SUPERFICIAL FROSTBITE


DEEP FROSTBITE

WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF SHOCK?

THE BODY SUFFERS FROM INSUFFICIENT BLOOD FLOW THOUGHOUT THE BODY AS A RESULT OF A SERIOUS INJURY OR ILLNESS.

WHAT ARE THE 5 TYPES OF SHOCK?


SEPTIC


ANAPHYLACTIC


CARDIOGENIC


HYPOVOLEMIC


NEUROGENIC

WHAT IS CPR?

CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION- COMBINATION OF RESCUE BREATHING AND CHEST COMPRESSIONS DELIVERED TO VICTIMS THOUGHT TO BE IN CARDIAC ARREST

WHAT ARE THE BASIC STEPS OF CPR


CIRCULATION


AIRWAY


BREATHING