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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name five of the leading causes of injury-related deaths.
Work-related injuries, homicides, falls, motor-vehicle incidents, accidents with machinery, and electrocution.
What is a bruise and how do you treat it?
A bruise is a closed wound and can be treated with direct pressure, elevation, and an ice pack.
Name the four types of open wounds and their symptoms.
Abrasion - skin is rubbed or scraped away; victim should complain of pain.

Laceration - Cuts bleed freely; deeper cuts bleed severely.

Avulsion - part of the body is torn away or torn off.

Puncture - doesn't usually bleed a lot but can be severely infected; is something of a hole.
How do you care for an open wound? (detailed answer, please)
Use gloves: put a sterile dressing on the wound. Apply direct pressure for a few minutes, wash thoroughly with clean running tap water for at least five minutes, apply ointment, and cover wound.
Name three causes of burns.
Heat, chemicals, and electricity.
Name three types of burns and their symptoms.
Superficial burns - skin is red and dry and may swell.

Partial thickness burns - skin is red and has blisters that may open up, maybe wet, mottled, and swollen.

Full thickness burns - may be brown or black with tissue underneath appearing white.
How do you care for burns, in general?
Call 911 (or your emergency line), check scene for safety, remove person from source of burn, check for life-threatening situations, cool burn with large amounts of COLD running water until pain is relieved, prevent infection, minimize shock, and comfort person.
How do you treat an embedded object?
Don't remove it, bandage "bulky dressings" around object to keep it from moving, bandage dressing in place and minimize shock.
How do you treat a nose bleed?
Have the victim sit leaning ford a little, pinch nostrils for ten minutes, and apply ice to the bride of the victim's nose.
What are four types of injuries to muscles and bones?
Fracture, dislocation, sprains, and strains.
What does RICE stand for?
Describe the functions of RICE.
Rest - don't move or straighten
Immobilize - stabilize injured area in position found.
Cold - wrap ice or a plastic bag with a damp cloth and apply ice to injured area for twenty minutes.
Elevate - elevate the injured area unless it causes more pain.
If you injure a joint, what do you immobilize?
You immobilize the injured area, the joint in this case.
If you injure a bone, what do you immobilize?
You immobilize the injured area, the bone in this case.
What are some symptoms of bone or muscle injury?
Significant deformity, bruising, swelling, inability to use affected part normally, bone fragments sticking out of a wound, victim feels bones grating, heard snap or felt it at time of injury, injured area is cold and numb and/or cause of injury suggests severe injury.
What are the three types of splints? Explain each.
Anatomic Splint - keeps legs together.

Soft Splint - keeps injured area cushioned.

Rigid Splint - gives support to injured area.
What are the five symptoms of a head, neck, or back injury?
1. Severe pain in head, neck, or back.
2. Seizures
3. Nausea or vomiting
4. Loss of balance
5. Persistent Headache
Name six possible REASONS for sudden illness.
Fainting, Stroke, Poisoning, Seizure, Diabetic Emergency, Allergic Reaction.
Name six SIGNALS of sudden illness.
Sweating, Diarrhea, Paralysis or Inability to move, Seizures, Blurred or Loss of vision, Numbness/Weakness.
What does FAST stand for?
How do you treat sudden illness in general?
Call 911, check scene and person, monitor breathing and consciousness, help person into comfortable position, reassure the person, keep them at a moderate temperature, and give any specific care needed.
How do you care for bites or stings?
Remove stinger (if there even is a stinger), wash sites with soap and water, cover site and keep it clean, apply cold pack, and watch person for allergic reactions.
What are the three heat-related emergencies and how do you treat them?
Cramps -cool person down, call 911, check breathing and pulse.

Exhaustion -see note on cramps.

Stroke - see note on cramps.
What are the two types of cold related emergencies and how do you treat them?
Hypothermia - Move person to warm place, monitor airway, and dry person.

Frostbite - Get person out of cold, handle gently, warm gently, loosely bandage, place gauze between toes, don't break blisters, call 911, and prevent hypothermia.