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102 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

V02 Max

Ability to use oxygen efficiently

Middle Adulthood - Immune System

Weakens during this stage. B & T cells decrease

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (most at risk)

Young adults. 20 - 29 most at risk

Primary Aging

Age related changes biological. Universally shared.

Secondary Aging

Age related changes from social, environmental influences. Poor health habits or disease

Limbic System

Brain part that regulates emotional responses

Antisocial Personality

Sociopath or psychopath. Lack of empathy.

Histrionic Personality

Overly emotional or dramatic

Borderline Personality

Does not have disorder, but is overly clingy and needy

Locus of Control

Set of beliefs about the causes of events

Personality Disorder

Inflexible pattern of behaviour


Some things cannot be described as true or false. (Everything isn't black or white)

Dialectical Thought

Recognition and acceptance of paradox and uncertainty

Reflective Judgement

Identify underlying assumptions of differing views of co controversial issues

Crystallized Intelligence

Knowledge and judgement acquired through education and experience


Ability to form and sustain affectionate, supporting relationship

Parental Investment Theory

Parent who put most effort into raising child will be basis for mate that child chooses

Social Role Theory

Preferences in mating behaviour are adaptions to gender roles

Homogony (Assortive Mating)

Similarity of partners is primary consideration

Emerging Adulthood

Late teens to early 20s. Exploring options before commiting to adult roles

Living Apart Together

Intimate partners who do not live together

Kin Keeper

Family role (usually women). Responsible for maintaining family and friend relationships

Women Adult Friendships

Defined by self disclosure and emotional support

Men Adult Friendships

Childlike friendship. Friends are people you do stuff with

Career Development

Process of adapting to workplace and pursuing goals throughout employment


Decrease in ability to sexually reproduce


Causes bones to become brittle and porous. Affects women more. Calcium helps prevent


Normal loss of visual acuity with aging. Inability to focus eyes on close objects


Normal hearing loss with age. Especially high frequency tones


Clogging of arteries by plaque. Caused by inactivity and high cholesterol. Can be avoided

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)

Set of disease processes in heart and circulatory systems

Selective Optimization with Compensation

Process of balancing gains and losses associated with aging

Episodic Memories

Recollections of personal events

Flashbulb Memories

Extremely significant events

Semantic Memories

Recollections of general facts, knowledge, or word meanings

Middle Adulthood - Cognitive Function

Use it or lose it. Unexercized mental skills fade more quickly

Middle Adulthood - Physical Exercise

Leads to lower mortality. Improves cognitive function at all ages

Middle Age - Creativity

Peake in 40's. Ability to produce original ideas or solutions to problems.


Sense that you are making a valuable contribution to society by raising children.


People not prepared to no longer be central player in life. Focus remains on self, leads to frustration with life.

Fluid Intelligence

Aspect of intelligence that does not depend on experience, just biological

Mid Life Crisis

Research says there is little or no crisis. No more stressful than any other period in life

Role Conflict

Requirements of roles contradict eachother.(role of retiree or role of caregiver)

Multigenerational Caregivers

Middle age adults. Caring for both elderly parents and young adult kids.

Caregiver Burden

Negative effects of caring for an elderly or disabled person

Middle Age - Marriage

Marital stability increases. Getting good at being married.

Involuntary Career Changes

Due to external reasons. More stressful

Voluntary Career Changes

Choose to pursue different career or options


15 years advance preparation. Discuss options, reduce workload, calculate incomes

Boomerang Children

Leave home and then return. (Financial difficulty, low employment levels)


Study of aging

Middle Age - Friendship

Number of friends drop. Remaining friends interact less, but still close. Less need for social support.


Exhaustion, pessimism that results from chronic stress


Physical changes and declines associated with aging


String of repetitive DNA at tip of chromosomes that serve as timekeeping mechanism


Enzyme that some cells use to restore ends to chromosomes

Cross Linking

Formation of undesirable bonds between proteins or fats

Free Radicals

Molecules or atoms that possess an unpaired electron

Stem Cells

Cells capable of self renewal. Can split themselves unlimited times

Functional Status

Measure of persons ability to perform certain roles and tasks in daily living

Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)

Self help tasks. Bathing, dressing, using the toilet

Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs)

Complex daily tasks. Housework, cooking.

Synaptic Plasticity

Redundancy in nervous system. Ensures it's always possible for nerve impulse to move from one neuron to another


Consistent ringing in ear


Eye lenses becoming opaque

Incidence Glaucoma

Pressure build up on eyes. Leads to tunnel vision and blindness


Feeling of fullness following a meal

Terminal Drop

Final years of life. May be sudden decrease in functional deficits


Neurological disorder involving memory and thinking. Affects emotions, social, physical function

Multi Infarct Dementia

Form of dementia caused by one or more strokes.

Geriatric Dysthymia

Chronic depressed mood in older adults

Prospective Memory

Ability to plan and act. Paying rent and remember to follow through. Increases with age

Ego Integrity

Feeling your life has been worthwhile


Reflecting on past experience

Life Review

Evaluation process. Elders make judgements about past behaviours

Activity Theory

Idea that it's normal and healthy for elders to stay active as possible as long as they can.

Disengagement Theory

Idea that is normal and healthy for elders to scale down social lives, separate from others to certain degree

Continuity Theory

Idea that elders adapt lifelong interests to limitations imposed on them from aging

Religious Coping

Tendency to turn to religion on times of turmoil or stress

Negative Coping

When you abandon religion become bitter and blaming when dealing with hard times

Successful Aging

Maintain ones physical, mental health, social competence and overall satisfaction with life as you age

Amenity Move

Postretirement move away from kin location that is desirabl, maybe is warm all year

Compensatory (kinship) Move

Move near family or friends when elder needs a lot of help because of disability or disease

Institutional Migration

Move to institution, such as nursing home because of disability

Clinical Death

Vital signs are absent. Resuscitation is still possible

Brain Death

Absence of vital signs. No brain activity. Resuscitation not possible.

Social Death

Point where family, and medical persons treat deceased person as corpse.

Hospice Care

Holistic approach to care for terminally ill that emphasizes individual and family control of dying process

Palliative Care

Care that seeks to prevent relieve and soothe patients symptoms rather than cure diseases

Unique Invulnerability

Belief that bad thkngs, including death, only happen to other people

Terminal Decline

Individuals decline in mental functioning increases in few years before death


Scientific study of death and dying

Pathological Grief

Symptoms of depression brought on by death of a loved one

Passive Euthanasia

Hasten death by not using life support systems that would prolong life

Active Euthanasia

Hastens death actively by giving lethal dose of drug

Living Will Directives

Specify life support should not be used in case of clinical or near death

Assisted Suicide

Illegal in Canada. Legal in a few places. Okay in Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium

Motherhood Earnings Gap

How much earnings of women with children are below women without children


Second leading cause of death in middle age. Mostly caused secondary aging. Most risks can be avoided. (Smoking, bad diet, inactivity)

Type A Personality Pattern

Associated with greater risk of heart disease. Includes competitiveness , sense of urgency, sometimes aggressive


Hypothetical cognitive characteristic of older adults that includes accumulated knowledge and ability to apply it to practical problems

Hayflick Limit

Theory. All species subject to geneticay programmed time limit. After which cells cannot replicate accurately.